And the Commandments from the Old Testament predate the Roman Empire by how many thousand years?
God commands that a person has a right to the truth and that right starts popping up in several different societies that humans have formed, therefore it does NOT come from God?
“God commands that a person has a right to the truth...”
Actually, I’m not familiar with that particular edict, except for the commandment to not bear false witness.
But it is a huge step from that to the other rights I mentioned. A lot of it goes to the relationship of the parties involved. That is, of Heaven and the individual, of individuals to other individuals, and of individuals in contention with each other whose dispute is mediated by a judge.
Biblical law in its origins was very harsh, at the time of Moses, it was much like the later code of Hammurabi, and much later, Sharia law. Eye gouging, amputation, execution for many crimes, etc. Talmudic jurisprudence dispensed with much of the wanton cruelty over the years, but in essence it remained a minor Asiatic system of law.
By the time of the Romans, the Hebrews were a tiny, unimportant realm in a corner of the great empire, intellectually of no consequence to it. And it was at this time that Roman law, and the law of the pagan tribes of Gaul came into being.
Legal systems were pretty much established by the time Christianity began to dominate the western world.