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Hungry? Print a Pizza!
NC State University ^ | 08.29.2013 | Mick Kulikowski

Posted on 08/30/2013 12:25:20 PM PDT by Red Badger

You’re just dying for a pizza: gooey cheese, sweet tomato sauce, blistered crust.

One problem: You’re millions of miles away from a pizza place, flying in some sort of spaceship toward Mars. Domino’s definitely doesn’t deliver up here, pal, so how do you satisfy your pizza craving?

Print one out.

Working with researchers from the Systems and Materials Research Corporation (SMRC), a materials and technology development company based in Texas, NC State researchers are figuring out the best ways to use a 3-D printer for printing pizza in outer space. NASA, you see, wants to provide space travelers some good old-fashioned comfort food, and gave SMRC a grant to figure out the mechanics behind pizza-making in space. SMRC, in turn, wants food-science expertise from NC State to figure out how to get the ingredients from the printer into an edible combination that looks and tastes like pizza.

Chris Daubert, professor and head of food, bioprocessing and nutrition sciences at NC State, says that pizza makes a good 3-D printing candidate because it is a layered product. So, theoretically, you could use a 3-D food printer to spray some dough onto a glorified hot plate, spray some sauce on top of the warming dough, and then spray some cheese to create – voila – pizza in space.

But wait a minute, Papa John. Think about the challenges of getting something as springy as pizza dough to come out of a nozzle that normally shoots out ink. Add to that the challenge of properly heating the items – The Abstract loves cold pizza, but with the caveat the pizza was hot at some time in its life. And don’t forget about that whole zero-gravity thing – also known as cooking while floating.

Daubert and researchers in his lab work specifically on the flow of food materials, or food rheology. So it’s their job to figure out how to make pizza dough with the proper consistency to flow into and through the 3-D printer, and then out of the 3-D printer via its nozzles, and then to repeat the process with the rest of the ingredients – sauce, cheese and, perhaps, other toppings.

Using common food-science testing equipment that lets food flow through it, the NC State researchers are testing current store-bought pizza doughs to see how they flow out of the device through different-sized nozzles. In other words, which dough consistency can be combined with the proper nozzle size to produce the proper layer of pizza crust? How do those factors change when the sauce layer is added? And how do they change again when you add the cheese to the pizza?

“Flexibility is the key when cooking in zero gravity,” Daubert says. “Getting food to flow out of a 3-D printer and making it appealing to an astronaut is a big challenge.”

When pizza delivery just isn’t possible – during space flights to Mars, maybe – printing out a pizza could be a good option.


TOPICS: Culture/Society; Technical
KEYWORDS: 3dprinting; food; pizza
All those Fast Food strikers are gonna be out of jobs, from Low Wage to NO WAGE............
1 posted on 08/30/2013 12:25:20 PM PDT by Red Badger
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To: Red Badger; Gamecock; Larry Lucido

You cannot-a put-a cucumbers on a pizza! It will taste-a terrible!


2 posted on 08/30/2013 12:27:22 PM PDT by F15Eagle (1Jn4:15;5:4-5,11-13;Mt27:50-54;Mk15:33-34;Jn3:17-18,6:69,11:25,14:6,20:31;Ro10:8-11;1Tm2:5-6;Ti3:4-7)
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To: F15Eagle

Howa Abouta zucchini?.....


3 posted on 08/30/2013 12:29:59 PM PDT by Red Badger (It is dangerous to be right in matters where established men are wrong. .....Voltaire)
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To: Red Badger

Next...Print me a beer!


4 posted on 08/30/2013 12:31:18 PM PDT by kaktuskid
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To: Red Badger
It is all a build-a-burger conspiracy!!!


5 posted on 08/30/2013 12:31:36 PM PDT by GraceG
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To: Red Badger
Would it be considered crude to just remove the base plate and have the printer squirt the ingredients directly into my mouth?
6 posted on 08/30/2013 12:37:55 PM PDT by KarlInOhio (This message has been recorded but not approved by Obama's StasiNet. Read it at your peril.)
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To: Red Badger
"Mom, you sure can print a pizza!"
7 posted on 08/30/2013 12:38:53 PM PDT by cuban leaf (Were doomed! Details at eleven.)
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To: Red Badger
Zucchini is OK, but only if it's roasted.

Broccoli is a definite no-no.

8 posted on 08/30/2013 12:43:05 PM PDT by who_would_fardels_bear
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To: KarlInOhio

Well, if you remove the ‘crust algorithm’ you can cut down on carbs............


9 posted on 08/30/2013 12:43:10 PM PDT by Red Badger (It is dangerous to be right in matters where established men are wrong. .....Voltaire)
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To: Red Badger

Your life is like a pizza and any topping you can think of is possible. It’s all good. All you have to do is believe in yourself and your dream pizza will come true.


10 posted on 08/30/2013 12:43:13 PM PDT by equaviator (There's nothing like the universe to bring you down to earth.)
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To: cuban leaf
"Mom, you sure can print a pizza!"

LOL you beat me to it!

11 posted on 08/30/2013 12:43:33 PM PDT by Alex Murphy (Just a common, ordinary, simple savior of America's destiny.)
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To: Red Badger

Now just figure out a way to print the flour, the yeast, the sugar, the tomatoes, the spices, the oil and the cheese. Voila!


12 posted on 08/30/2013 12:46:35 PM PDT by Mr Ramsbotham (I'll retire to Bedlam.)
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To: Mr Ramsbotham

IT’S ALL JUST ‘CHEMICALS’!...........


13 posted on 08/30/2013 12:52:43 PM PDT by Red Badger (It is dangerous to be right in matters where established men are wrong. .....Voltaire)
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To: Red Badger

14 posted on 08/30/2013 1:04:37 PM PDT by 11th Commandment (http://www.thirty-thousand.org/)
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To: Red Badger

Then it’s no longer a printer. It’s an automated pizza maker.


15 posted on 08/30/2013 1:04:48 PM PDT by I want the USA back
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To: Red Badger

Pizza, pepperoni. Hot


16 posted on 08/30/2013 1:06:36 PM PDT by Mugwump
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To: Red Badger
IT’S ALL JUST ‘CHEMICALS’!...........

Specifically 3,5-dimethyl-pizza and high fructose corn syrup.
17 posted on 08/30/2013 1:06:55 PM PDT by SpaceBar
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To: I want the USA back

But it doesn’t just do pizza! If you can print a pizza you can print anything!............


18 posted on 08/30/2013 1:14:10 PM PDT by Red Badger (It is dangerous to be right in matters where established men are wrong. .....Voltaire)
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To: I want the USA back

(my best Schwarzenegger voice) I know what this is. This is an espresso machine... No, no wait. It’s a snow cone maker... Is it a water heater?


19 posted on 08/30/2013 1:14:11 PM PDT by Resolute Conservative
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Only Two Days Until
September.
Less than $2.8k to go!!
We can do this!!

20 posted on 08/30/2013 1:19:26 PM PDT by RedMDer (http://www.dontfundobamacare.com/)
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To: Red Badger

21 posted on 08/30/2013 1:23:21 PM PDT by Slyfox (Without the Right to Life, all other rights are meaningless.)
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To: Slyfox

In the old days nutrient pills and water were good enough for astronuts.

Our space programs are dead anyways, where’s the money to fund them?

More gumbmint waste is all I see.


22 posted on 08/30/2013 1:51:34 PM PDT by Gasshog (Welcome to the United States of Stupidos!)
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To: Red Badger

Can I print a couple of nice, juicy, rare steaks?


23 posted on 08/30/2013 2:28:26 PM PDT by TBP (Obama lies, Granny dies.)
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To: F15Eagle

Atsa fine, Boss.


24 posted on 08/30/2013 2:28:51 PM PDT by TBP (Obama lies, Granny dies.)
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To: TBP

Sorry, we’re fresh out of ‘Beef Flavinoid’ mix............


25 posted on 08/30/2013 2:29:54 PM PDT by Red Badger (It is dangerous to be right in matters where established men are wrong. .....Voltaire)
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To: All


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26 posted on 08/30/2013 2:31:28 PM PDT by musicman (Until I see the REAL Long Form Vault BC, he's just "PRES__ENT" Obama = Without "ID")
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To: Red Badger
Fresh pizza in 2.5 minutes, from a vending machine:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YrBg0lObjro

Static image (but not from video):


27 posted on 09/03/2013 9:04:22 AM PDT by justlurking (tagline removed, as demanded by Admin Moderator)
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