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The Selling of Attention Deficit Disorder
New York Times ^ | December 14, 2013 | Alan Schwarz

Posted on 12/15/2013 12:58:30 PM PST by Cincinatus' Wife

After more than 50 years leading the fight to legitimize attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Keith Conners could be celebrating.

Severely hyperactive and impulsive children, once shunned as bad seeds, are now recognized as having a real neurological problem. Doctors and parents have largely accepted drugs like Adderall and Concerta to temper the traits of classic A.D.H.D., helping youngsters succeed in school and beyond.

But Dr. Conners did not feel triumphant this fall as he addressed a group of fellow A.D.H.D. specialists in Washington. He noted that recent data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show that the diagnosis had been made in 15 percent of high school-age children, and that the number of children on medication for the disorder had soared to 3.5 million from 600,000 in 1990. He questioned the rising rates of diagnosis and called them “a national disaster of dangerous proportions.”

“The numbers make it look like an epidemic. Well, it’s not. It’s preposterous,” Dr. Conners, a psychologist and professor emeritus at Duke University, said in a subsequent interview. “This is a concoction to justify the giving out of medication at unprecedented and unjustifiable levels.”

The rise of A.D.H.D. diagnoses and prescriptions for stimulants over the years coincided with a remarkably successful two-decade campaign by pharmaceutical companies to publicize the syndrome and promote the pills to doctors, educators and parents. With the children’s market booming, the industry is now employing similar marketing techniques as it focuses on adult A.D.H.D., which could become even more profitable.

(Excerpt) Read more at nytimes.com ...


TOPICS: Culture/Society; Extended News; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: ada; autismspectrum; drugs; youthmedicated

1 posted on 12/15/2013 12:58:31 PM PST by Cincinatus' Wife
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To: Cincinatus' Wife

Most “diagnosed” with ADHD to not have it.

...its because they have a small video screen in their face and don’t go outside and PLAY anymore!!


2 posted on 12/15/2013 1:06:04 PM PST by LiveFreeOrDie2001 (Elections have consequences - NOW LOOK what we have to deal with...)
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To: Cincinatus' Wife

A doctor once told me. (To the best of my recollection it was words to the effect of:) “Medicine is subject to the same popularity trends as fashion. Hemlines go up and down. Doctors diagnose trendy new things. For a while it was stylish, if you will, to perform (procedure to close off veins in the penis for better erections.) Now nobody does that. Did it help? Most likely not. But doctors did thousands of them and now nobody does it. You have to be aware of what’s stylish and trendy and evaluate what the doctor is saying with a jaundiced eye.”


3 posted on 12/15/2013 1:07:33 PM PST by Gen.Blather
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To: Cincinatus' Wife

Just listen to the Autism Speaks ads on the radio. Every few months they announce higher odds of a kid having it.


4 posted on 12/15/2013 1:10:47 PM PST by Catmom (We're all gonna get the punishment only some of us deserve.)
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To: Cincinatus' Wife
“The numbers make it look like an epidemic. Well, it’s not. It’s preposterous,” Dr. Conners, a psychologist and professor emeritus at Duke University, said in a subsequent interview. “This is a concoction to justify the giving out of medication at unprecedented and unjustifiable levels.”

I'm surprised this made it into the New York Times. When you think of the lobbying power of all the industries that profit from this over-medication of patients, the ObamaCare mandates that require insurance coverage for all kinds of procedures and treatments really deserves another look.

5 posted on 12/15/2013 1:11:14 PM PST by Alberta's Child ("I've never seen such a conclave of minstrels in my life.")
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To: Cincinatus' Wife

bump for later


6 posted on 12/15/2013 1:22:42 PM PST by Volunteer (Though I know that the hypnotized never lie, do ya? - The Who)
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To: Cincinatus' Wife

The War on Boys is evolving into the War on Men. Adderall is the weapon of mass destruction in this war. This article wants to blame the evil drug companies. They are only one of the culprits. Doctors, Psychologists, Counselors, Teachers, Administrators, and Parents are all culpable


7 posted on 12/15/2013 1:23:29 PM PST by centurion316
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To: LiveFreeOrDie2001

Please don’t think that’s it.

We always had hyperactive kids. I was outside a lot as a kid, playing and doing what kids did. I would come home tired and ready to konk out.

Kids today don’t just have the electronics, no they are kept inside during what used to be recess. Schools have been turned into feminist centers, to hell with those infected with testosterone. They have medication for that now.

Was I less hyperactive because I went outside? No. The next day I needed physical activity again. Then, I got it. Today little boys don’t always get it.

Then little boys who were hyperactive were considered a probnlem, but also gifted. They were the ones who thought outside the box, imagineers as Disney would call them.

Today they are drugged into to stupor, so that they more closely and artificially mimic girl’s behavior. This is not to say girls are drugged or act as if in a stupor. They have more demeanor at an early age. The only way to get what seems like that into boys, is to drug them. And then you don’t wind up with the same thing at all.

So now the discoverer of ADHD has realized there’s a problem. And what did the guy think was going to happen in a society that wanted girls to achieve, and boys to perhaps achieve a little less, so there would be more room for women at the top?

This guy fell over a cliff right into the hands of the women’s movement. Today we have far fewer men in college than women. Excellent work there doctor.

You’ve really got to wonder if all this blossoming violence perpetrated by men across our society, is somehow related to all this ‘perfection’ we have managed to pump into our little boys, now turned troubled men.


8 posted on 12/15/2013 1:28:52 PM PST by DoughtyOne (Reagan 1980: Shining city on a hill / RNC 2013: Dim flickering candle in a dark deserted dungeon.)
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To: DoughtyOne

the time frame for the victims of being drugged for hyperactivity...and the rash of crazy crime matches fairly closely.

being boxed in could indeed do a lot of damage to the developing minds...and attitudes of such people.

the human brain doesnt reach it’s full development until around age 25. If someones been drugged form age eight through 18....there are several years of development “under the influence”


9 posted on 12/15/2013 1:38:17 PM PST by MeshugeMikey ( Visit http://icantenroll.com/ In Glitch We Trust....;o})
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To: LiveFreeOrDie2001

A small amount of time with the iPad is actually therapeutic for my son. During the time he watches a movie (with the iPad on a solid surface as he jumps up and down the entire time) he can actually prevent his brain from flipping from idea to idea to idea to idea . . . The best way I’ve heard his condition explained is by the character Dr. Sheldon Cooper on the Big Bang Theory: He has an itch in his brain that can’t be scratched. The rest of his day is constant high energy movement. I even have him do jumping jacks during his reading lessons.


10 posted on 12/15/2013 1:41:12 PM PST by goodwithagun (My gun has killed fewer people than Ted Kennedy's car.)
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To: MeshugeMikey

Agreed...


11 posted on 12/15/2013 1:42:17 PM PST by DoughtyOne (Reagan 1980: Shining city on a hill / RNC 2013: Dim flickering candle in a dark deserted dungeon.)
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To: centurion316; LiveFreeOrDie2001
"...small video screen in their face ~snip~ ...The War on Boys"

The combination of these two effects are causing a generation of males to grow up without masculine socialization. Gone are the days when young males got on their bikes, pedaled across town to a ball field and learned by experience how to deal with testing themselves against anyone and everyone who showed up and learning [quickly] how to handle disagreements.

Welcome to the age of metrosexuals who get trophies for showing up and kids who get bullied, don't know how to handle it and take revenge by shooting up the landscape, a classroom, or a theater.

12 posted on 12/15/2013 1:45:07 PM PST by Baynative (Wake me up early, be good to my dogs and teach my children to pray.)
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To: DoughtyOne

You are so right. When my grandson seems to be “bouncing off the walls,” we go outside for a run around the block, several times if need be. It really calms him down.


13 posted on 12/15/2013 1:47:00 PM PST by GrannyAnn
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To: GrannyAnn

And when he is done, he still has bright eyes.

Beware the glazed look...


14 posted on 12/15/2013 2:02:12 PM PST by DoughtyOne (Reagan 1980: Shining city on a hill / RNC 2013: Dim flickering candle in a dark deserted dungeon.)
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To: LiveFreeOrDie2001

Kids are overly stimulated these days and don’t know how to play the way we did. Lack of discipline contributes greatly.

After 60 years, I have come to the conclusion that (ideally) every boy should be raised on a farm. So good for you.


15 posted on 12/15/2013 2:12:16 PM PST by JudyinCanada
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To: DoughtyOne

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/28/opinion/sunday/diagnosing-the-wrong-deficit.html?pagewanted=all&_r=1&&gwh=10EBC9B62E271FA34B7AC030AA44D300&gwt=pay

This is an old article….the guy says most adhd is lack of sleep in kids…they need 10 to 12 hours a night,,


16 posted on 12/15/2013 2:14:05 PM PST by Hojczyk
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To: Cincinatus' Wife

ADD = drugs rather than discipline and self-control. Kids were not given drugs for being too active when I was in school, and they were better behaved, sometimes with the inducement of a few whacks with a paddle or rubber hose.


17 posted on 12/15/2013 2:14:08 PM PST by Socon-Econ ( is no model of USA-style democracy)
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To: Cincinatus' Wife

Spoiled kids usually grow up to be spoiled adults...
Not always but usually..

did I mention and also mostly democrats?..
and dumb as posts even sometimes with large I.Q’s...


18 posted on 12/15/2013 2:21:45 PM PST by hosepipe (This propaganda has been edited to include some fully orbed hyperbole..)
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To: Cincinatus' Wife

This has me worried. VERY worried.


19 posted on 12/15/2013 2:40:19 PM PST by Attention Surplus Disorder (At no time was the Obama administration aware of what the Obama administration was doing)
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To: Hojczyk

Nice catch. Thanks.


20 posted on 12/15/2013 3:06:51 PM PST by DoughtyOne (Reagan 1980: Shining city on a hill / RNC 2013: Dim flickering candle in a dark deserted dungeon.)
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To: Cincinatus' Wife

ADD and ADHD are very real conditions that reflect the progressive loss of fully functional gray matter in the brain. Loss of gray matter is illuminated by mri in toddlers through to Alzheimer’s and other other neurodegenerative diseases. This pathology does not occur in other primates. ADD and ADHD are intermediate states in this progression. The higher incidence in males is related to the fact that testosterone increases the rate of iron retention (excess intracellular iron accumulation in the gray matter of both sexes). This iron accumulation begins with the first bottle of iron fortified formula milk and accelerates at puberty with increasing testosterone production.


21 posted on 12/15/2013 3:27:00 PM PST by kruss3
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To: DoughtyOne

Millions of children and adults struggle with symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), a condition marked by problems with concentration, impulse control, organization, and memory. It can be a frustrating and difficult condition, stigmatizing and often isolating for those who suffer from it.

But what if some of those who’ve been diagnosed with ADHD are, in fact, suffering from another disorder altogether — a sleep disorder? That’s the provocative and important question posed in this commentary by a practicing psychiatrist with extensive experience treating patients with ADHD. Dr. Vatsal Thakkar, who is also a clinical assistant professor of psychiatry at NYU Langone Medical Center, makes a powerful argument for the need to consider sleep problems as a possible cause when evaluating patients for ADHD.

As Dr. Thakkar points out, many of the symptoms of ADHD are very often similar to symptoms of insufficient and disordered sleep for both children and adults. In children, the symptoms of ADHD and sleep deprivation can be indistinguishable. A diagnosis of ADHD in children frequently comes about after a child exhibits some or all of behavioral symptoms such as these:

Lack of focus: difficulty paying attention, problems listening, forgetfulness, disorganization

Agitated, excitable, impulsive behavior: excessive talking, inability to sit still, difficulty playing quietly, tendency to interrupt, difficulty sharing or waiting for one’s turn

These behaviors associated with ADHD interfere with a child’s social and intellectual development, causing problems with relationships with peers and adults, at school and at home. But what if ADHD isn’t always the underlying cause of these symptoms? Signs of poor quality and insufficient sleep in children can look remarkably like symptoms of ADHD, as a number of recent studies show. There’s particularly strong evidence that children with sleep-disordered breathing exhibit many of the same symptoms — and suffer many of the same behavioral problems — as children who’ve been diagnosed with ADHD.

Sleep-disordered breathing in children has been an area of growing interest among sleep scientists — with good reason. I’ve written about the dangers of sleep-disordered breathing in children, which is linked to a range of developmental and behavioral problems — problems that often mirror those associated with ADHD:

This study found that children with obstructive sleep apnea had higher rates of behavioral problems including difficulty paying attention, hyperactivity, communication problems, and aggressiveness. These children were also more likely to have learning difficulties and low academic performance than those without sleep-disordered breathing.
This large-scale study of more than 11,000 children found that those with sleep-disordered breathing were significantly more likely to show signs of hyperactivity, trouble interacting with peers, and conduct issues including aggressiveness and inability to follow rules. The study examined the effects of sleep-disordered breathing on children as young as 6 months. Researchers found that very young children who experienced some form of sleep-disordered breathing were, by the age of 7, 40-100 percent more likely to have behavioral problems similar to those used to diagnose ADHD.


22 posted on 12/15/2013 3:38:30 PM PST by Hojczyk
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To: Cincinatus' Wife

The liberal medical establishment always finds cures for diseases that have not been INVENTED yet.

It seems strange that when I was in school over 50 years ago we did not have anything like the “invented” mental problems of today.

BACK THEN IT WAS CALLED “BAD BEHAVIOR!” and was generally cured by a male (dad) who introduced the culprit to the “board of education” which was called a paddle.

Now, with timid and cowed males we call today’s men, real dads don’t exist any more. Worse yet, these testosterone filled mothers (man haters) raise their families (without dad) in the manner that is expected by today’s society....complete with physiological counselling and drugs to “zone” out the little brats during their entire stint at the public school system and at home.

How many of you readers older than 60 ever heard of any of these current cures and problems while you went to school? How many ever knew of anyone in school that went to a “shrink?” I would say very, very few.


23 posted on 12/15/2013 3:55:00 PM PST by DH (Once the tainted finger of government touches anything the rot begins)
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To: Hojczyk

This study found that children with obstructive sleep apnea had higher rates of behavioral problems including difficulty paying attention, hyperactivity, communication problems, and aggressiveness. These children were also more likely to have learning difficulties and low academic performance than those without sleep-disordered breathing.
This large-scale study of more than 11,000 children found that those with sleep-disordered breathing were significantly more likely to show signs of hyperactivity, trouble interacting with peers, and conduct issues including aggressiveness and inability to follow rules. The study examined the effects of sleep-disordered breathing on children as young as 6 months. Researchers found that very young children who experienced some form of sleep-disordered breathing were, by the age of 7, 40-100 percent more likely to have behavioral problems similar to those used to diagnose ADHD.

________________

True one of my kids had a neuropsych and dx of ADHD. She snored like a train when she did sleep. Her tonsils shrunk at the end of latency and all the ADHD symptoms went away.


24 posted on 12/15/2013 4:05:33 PM PST by Chickensoup (we didn't love freedom enough... Solzhenitsyn.)
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To: Cincinatus' Wife

My pet theory is change in bedding in winter.

Before the seventies most children slept in unheated rooms with heave wool blankets and heavy batting comforters and wool crochet blankets. In impoverished homes a few wool coats were thrown on top.

The weight pressed the kids and was good for their sensory pro-reception. Then synthetics came into style. Way too ligh.

In facilities today bouncy behavior is dealt with sand weighted blankets.


25 posted on 12/15/2013 4:09:43 PM PST by Chickensoup (we didn't love freedom enough... Solzhenitsyn.)
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To: Hojczyk

Thanks. That’s a factor I hadn’t considered before. Sounds quite reasonable.


26 posted on 12/15/2013 4:19:50 PM PST by DoughtyOne (Reagan 1980: Shining city on a hill / RNC 2013: Dim flickering candle in a dark deserted dungeon.)
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To: Gen.Blather
Pressure is brought to bear on docs like anyone else. Do you know Fybromyalgia means? Pain in the joints. Millions of people took a lot of comfort in having their collection of symptoms given a name. "I have fybromyalgia, my new doctor told me, my old doctor said I just had pain in my joints."

You would be amazed how much you're loved when you give a name to a disorder. Be careful, though, next time you hear someone diagnosed with fybromyalgia and you snicker!

27 posted on 12/15/2013 4:31:10 PM PST by Mamzelle
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To: Cincinatus' Wife

In one my masters classes I had to do research on this. One interesting article said the problem in a majority of cases it wasn’t ADD but DAD. No father or absent dad in the home; when a responsible male role model was introduced most behaviors declined or disappeared completely.

Almost all my ADHD students over the years were from single parent homes.


28 posted on 12/15/2013 4:36:11 PM PST by fungoking (Tis a pleasure to live in the Ozarks)
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To: kruss3
The higher incidence in males is related to the fact that testosterone increases the rate of iron retention (excess intracellular iron accumulation in the gray matter of both sexes). This iron accumulation begins with the first bottle of iron fortified formula milk and accelerates at puberty with increasing testosterone production.

MRI Technique Reveals Low Brain Iron in ADHD Patients

29 posted on 12/15/2013 4:47:11 PM PST by wideminded
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To: Hojczyk

I’m going to check this out. Mt son stopped napping at 14 months and sleeps from 7 pm to 7 am; however, he snores very loudly.


30 posted on 12/15/2013 5:08:28 PM PST by goodwithagun (My gun has killed fewer people than Ted Kennedy's car.)
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To: kruss3

Why is it worse now than when we were growing up in the 50s and 60s?


31 posted on 12/15/2013 5:48:25 PM PST by ilovesarah2012
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To: wideminded

Your Science posting is “spot on” but the author for the magazine article may have missed the insights of the researchers entirely. Progressive Brain Iron loading is an accepted fact and acknowledged by these researchers. There is a monstrous paradox here. The dopaminergic cells within the substantia nigra pars compacta appear to be iron loaded within the cytosol with lipofuscin bound iron that contributes nothing the to the ordinary function of iron in catalyzing the formation of dopamine and the other neural transmitters. Lipofuscin bound iron may comprise up to 60% of the total cell weight before the cells dies. Dosing these cells with iron will produce more neural transmitters at the cost of accelerating the aging of these cells. The hypothesized iron deficiency is related to the ongoing deficient insulin mediated uptake of transferrin bound iron that is able to routinely catalyze the neural transmitters. This iron will be dribbled out of an iron replete liver every night for five years or more from a modern human (iron replete) who consumes no iron in his diet for the next five years. Our daily iron losses are believed to be about one mg and we can store up to 35 grams of excess iron in our liver and other tissues.

http://www.ajnr.org/content/33/9/1810.long

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24080959

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22392846

MFC is sensitive to brain iron in GM regions and detects age-related iron increases known to occur from adolescence to adulthood. MFC may be more sensitive than R2 to iron-related changes occurring within specific brain regions.

During typical development and aging, brain iron concentration is extremely low at birth but progressively accumulates until the end of the fourth decade of life with varying rates depending on the region. Starting from the first few years of life, the highest iron concentrations occur in the basal ganglia.

In Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases, regional elevations in iron concentration are found, whereas iron is deficient in restless legs syndrome as well as in preliminary findings on attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (8 – 11).

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3371302/#R8


32 posted on 12/15/2013 6:07:48 PM PST by kruss3
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To: ilovesarah2012

The FDA mandates iron supplementation in flour, baked goods, and formula milk. High fructose corn syrup and fructose from fruit accelerate the iron loading process.


33 posted on 12/15/2013 6:11:04 PM PST by kruss3
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To: kruss3

Interesting.

http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Iron-HealthProfessional/


34 posted on 12/15/2013 6:16:40 PM PST by ilovesarah2012
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