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Emmett, Idaho, Nullifies Indefinite Detention of NDAA
New American ^ | Wednesday, 08 January 2014 12:52 | Joe Wolverton, II, J.D.

Posted on 01/08/2014 8:43:57 PM PST by robowombat

Emmett, Idaho, Nullifies Indefinite Detention of NDAA Written by Joe Wolverton, II, J.D.

Another American town has decided its citizens will not be denied due process by the president of the United States.

By a vote of 5-1, the city council of Emmett, Idaho, passed a resolution last month prohibiting the enforcement of Sections 1021 and 1022 of the 2012 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA).

As readers are likely aware, those particular provisions of the NDAA subject citizens of the United States to indefinite detention in a federal prison upon suspicion by the president and unnamed “high-level security advisors” of aiding enemies of the state.

The Emmet measure — the Restoring Constitutional Governance Resolution — not only explicitly bans the offensive parts of the NDAA, but effectively nullifies any applicable “laws of war” (the Authorization for the Use of Military Force, for one) that designate Emmett and every other city and town in America a “battlefield” in the War on Terror.

Freeing themselves from such tyranny was not enough for the Emmett City Council, however, as the resolution calls upon the Idaho state legislature to take similar steps to stop the enforcement of the NDAA at the borders of the Gem State. Additionally, the measure encourages the state’s federal representatives to sponsor congressional bills repealing the relevant acts.

The hour is urgent. It is vital to remember the history of the enactment of these unconscionable and unconstitutional provisions and to remind lawmakers of their obligation to prevent them from being imposed upon the people they represent.

On December 31, 2011, with the president's signing of that law, the writ of habeas corpus — a civil right so fundamental to Anglo-American common law history that it predates the Magna Carta — is voidable upon the command of the president of the United States. The Sixth Amendment right to counsel is also revocable at his will.

One of the most noxious elements of the NDAA is that it places the American military at the disposal of the president for the apprehension, arrest, and detention of those suspected of posing a danger to the homeland (whether inside or outside the borders of the United States and whether the suspect be a citizen or foreigner). The endowment of such a power to the president by the Congress is nothing less than a de facto legislative repeal of the Posse Comitatus Act of 1878, the law forbidding the use of the military in domestic law enforcement.

Furthermore, a key component of the NDAA mandates a frightening grant of immense and unconstitutional power to the executive branch. Under the provisions of Section 1021 — one of the sections specifically nullified in the Emmett resolution — the president is afforded the absolute power to arrest and detain citizens of the United States without their being informed of any criminal charges, without a trial on the merits of those charges, and without a scintilla of the due process safeguards protected by the Constitution of the United States.

Further, in order to execute the provisions of Section 1021, Section 1022 (among others) unlawfully gives the president the absolute and unquestionable authority to deploy the armed forces of the United States to apprehend and to indefinitely detain those suspected of threatening the security of the “homeland.” In the language of this legislation, these people are called “covered persons.”

The universe of potential “covered persons” includes every citizen of the United States of America. Any American could one day find himself or herself branded a “belligerent” and thus subject to the complete confiscation of his or her constitutional civil liberties and nearly never-ending incarceration in a military prison.

Fortunately, as the action by the Emmett, Idaho, City Council demonstrates, there are state and local leaders willing to charge into the gap and protect the rights of citizens from being illegally classified by the Obama administration as enemies and imprisoned potentially forever without so much as a hearing.

Emmett is not alone is forbidding federal agents from enforcing the NDAA’s wholesale violations of fundamental civil liberties. As The New American has reported, local leaders in El Paso County, Colorado; Las Vegas, Nevada; Albany, New York; Oxford, Massachusetts; and Webster, Massachusetts, have lived up to their oaths of office, voting to protect, preserve, and defend the Constitution of the United States.

People Against the NDAA (PANDA) — perhaps the country’s most active organization in the fight against the despotism of the NDAA — reported on the laudable action of the Emmett City Council. Included in its article, PANDA reprinted key parts of the city’s resolution:

Emmett’s resolution states:

“…it is unconstitutional, and therefore unlawful for any person to:

a. arrest or capture any person in Emmett, or citizen of Emmett, within the United States, with the intent of “detention under the law of war,” or

b. actually subject a person in Emmett, to “disposition under the law of war,” or

c. subject any person to targeted killing in Emmett, or citizen of Emmett, within the United States;…”

Jason Casella, PANDA Idaho’s Take Back Campaign Coordinator, said:

“I want to thank the great people of Emmett for taking the time to study and act on the issue. Once you stop and do your own research, you find how egregious this truly is and how this is not about ‘left’ or ‘right;’ this is about freedom vs. tyranny. We can restore our republic and our human rights city by city and county by county.”

The most effective weapon in the war against federal tyranny is nullification. Nullification occurs when a state, county, city, or other local entity holds as null, void, and of no legal effect any act of the federal government that exceeds the boundaries of its constitutional powers.

Nullification recognizes that states possess the right to invalidate any federal measure that exceeds the few and defined powers allowed the federal government as enumerated in the U.S. Constitution.

States (and their legal subdivisions) retain the right to act as arbiters of the constitutionality of federal acts because they formed the union, and as creators of the compact, they hold ultimate authority as to the limits of the power of the central government to enact laws that are applicable to the states and the citizens thereof.

Despite criticism by those who advocate for a more powerful federal government, nullification would not lead to anarchy, as it is only unconstitutional federal acts that will be subject to state invalidation.

An analogy from everyday life makes the practice of nullification easier to understand.

Imagine that a person entered into a contract with a homebuilder to construct a new home. The blueprints contained the agreed-upon specifications of the house and the contract set out the duties and obligations of the homeowner and the homebuilder.

As long as both parties abide by the terms of the contract, the relationship will continue as set forth in the contract. What would happen, however, if the homebuilder decides to exceed the scope of the contract and begins digging a pool? On a visit to the construction site, the homeowner notices the pool and confronts the contractor. When the homebuilder hands his client the bill for the cost of the pool, would the homeowner be required to pay for it?

Absolutely not.

However, when it comes to the bills sent to the states by the federal government demanding payment for unconstitutional acts, for some reason the states and cities have forgotten the terms of the contract and unnecessarily pay the bills, and now they are going broke.

There is a better way. Nullification is the “rightful remedy” and can not only restore the rule of law in this Republic, but can restore the independence of states and cities, freeing them from the financial chains that have them bound to the federal behemoth.

And, as Congress continues to surrender to the president all legislative, executive, and judicial power, the need for nullification is urgent, and liberty-minded citizens are encouraged to see state legislators boldly asserting their right to restrain the federal government through application of that very powerful and very constitutional principle.

By passing similar anti-NDAA resolutions, cities and counties can boldly join Emmett, Las Vegas, and the other towns and counties in steadfastly resisting President Obama’s potential use of the NDAA to abolish centuries-old due process and habeas corpus protections, and help restore the states’ rightful place as bulwarks of liberty.

Photo of Emmett, Idaho

Joe A. Wolverton, II, J.D. is a correspondent for The New American and travels frequently nationwide speaking on topics of nullification, the NDAA, the Second Amendment, and the surveillance state. He is the co-founder of Liberty Rising, an educational endeavor aimed at promoting and preserving the Constitution. Follow him on Twitter @TNAJoeWolverton and he can be reached at

TOPICS: Constitution/Conservatism; Government; Philosophy; US: Idaho
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1 posted on 01/08/2014 8:43:57 PM PST by robowombat
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To: robowombat

Wish we had a “LIKE” button.


2 posted on 01/08/2014 8:48:33 PM PST by Forgotten Amendments (I remember when a President having an "enemies list" was a scandal. Now, they have a kill list.)
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To: robowombat

Like some city counsel resolution would stop them. I applaud their effort, but this NDAA thing is dangerous.

3 posted on 01/08/2014 8:55:56 PM PST by bk1000 (A clear conscience is a sure sign of a poor memory)
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To: robowombat; Hulka

Good read. I wonder if this will gather some traction in other areas? We will have to stay tuned I guess.

4 posted on 01/08/2014 9:11:05 PM PST by bobby.223 (Retired up in the snowy mountains of the American Redoubt and it's a GREAT life!)
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To: robowombat

Save, I want Texas to do this!

5 posted on 01/08/2014 9:13:22 PM PST by CPT Clay (Follow me on Twitter @Clay N TX)
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To: robowombat

Emmmet Idaho nearby me. Been there many times. Wish Boise would do this...

6 posted on 01/08/2014 9:35:57 PM PST by babygene ( .)
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To: Jeff Head


7 posted on 01/08/2014 9:55:38 PM PST by Disambiguator
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To: Disambiguator

Yep. We’re not going to go along. We’re not going to allow our citizens to have their rights trampled just because some group of people in Washington DC (or anywhere else) says so.

They want to get a warrant based upon probable cause, signed by a constitutionally recognized judge, and then go through the grand jury system...fine.

Otherwise, LUTHA!

America at the Crossroads of History

8 posted on 01/08/2014 10:12:38 PM PST by Jeff Head
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To: robowombat
A slight case of treason, and the clowns in DC are culpable for just that.

Marbury v. Madison

It is also not entirely unworthy of observation that, in declaring what shall be the supreme law of the land, the Constitution itself is first mentioned, and not the laws of the United States generally, but those only which shall be made in pursuance of the Constitution, have that rank.
Thus, the particular phraseology of the Constitution of the United States confirms and strengthens the principle, supposed to be essential to all written Constitutions, that
a law repugnant to the Constitution is void,
and that courts, as well as other departments, are bound by that instrument.

"18 USC §2381. Treason

Whoever, owing allegiance to the United States, levies war against them or adheres to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort within the United States or elsewhere, is guilty of treason and shall suffer death, or shall be imprisoned not less than five years and fined under this title but not less than $10,000; and shall be incapable of holding any office under the United States.

18 USC § 2382 - Misprision of treason

Whoever, owing allegiance to the United States and having knowledge of the commission of any treason against them, conceals and does not, as soon as may be, disclose and make known the same to the President or to some judge of the United States, or to the governor or to some judge or justice of a particular State, is guilty of misprision of treason and shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than seven years, or both.

18 USC § 2384 Seditious conspiracy

If two or more persons in any State or Territory, or in any place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, conspire to overthrow, put down, or to destroy by force the Government of the United States, or to levy war against them,or to oppose by force the authority thereof, or by force to prevent, hinder, or delay the execution of any law of the United States, or by force to seize, take, or possess any property of the United States contrary to the authority thereof, they shall each be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than twenty years, or both.

There is no doubt that DC is a toilet of corruption and needs to be flushed (pun intended)

9 posted on 01/08/2014 11:55:43 PM PST by SERE_DOC ( “The beauty of the Second Amendment is that it will not be needed until they try to take it.” TJ.)
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With the history of not obeying the laws of our country (the Constitution) will stop odumbo and his ilk? Think again. He will do anything he wants and who in that little Utah town will be able to stop them before it is a place in the history books. It will be wiped off the face of the earth and odumbo’s ilk will move on to the next place of resistance.

10 posted on 01/09/2014 3:52:56 AM PST by DaveA37
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To: Forgotten Amendments
Here ya go .. copy/paste at will:



11 posted on 01/09/2014 4:40:53 AM PST by tomkat (you'll know when it's time)
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To: robowombat

I seem to remember from reading here and there there is a distinction made between “The United States” (being interpreted as the D.C.) and the “several” states - being everything else. I could well be wrong.

12 posted on 01/09/2014 5:17:18 AM PST by pa_dweller (Extremist tea-party-driven hostage-taking legislative arsonist without a life)
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To: bobby.223

Notwithstanding the military budget makes no reference to indefinite detention of American citizens, but does allow for indefinite detention of foreigners captured abroad (such as we have done detaining POWs in all other wars. . .until the war is over).

Asked Cruz’s office to cite the specific part of the military budget where indefinite detention of Americans is allowed and they have not identified specific reference in the legislation.

Apparently, his staff is unable to cite the actual section of the law they are against. I’ve asked them to ask the Senator. They did promise to get back to me.

So, as it stands, no one has been able to quote/cite a specific provision of the law that allows what a lot of people are saying it allows.

Interesting. . .ACLU and other lefties snookering people just so the American-hating left can derail indefinite detention of foreign POWs. Why? Whatever for.

If you can cite the specific part of the actual legislation (not news reports or commentary), allowing indefinite detention of Americans, please do. I’ve looked and read and can’t find it.

13 posted on 01/09/2014 11:58:58 AM PST by Hulka
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To: Hulka

What is the indefinite detention mentions in sections 1021 and 1022 all about? I wonder why Cruz, (and the many others), would even bother with this entire deal if it was bogus. I hope you hear back from him. Thanks for taking the time to contact him.

14 posted on 01/09/2014 1:04:11 PM PST by bobby.223 (Retired up in the snowy mountains of the American Redoubt and it's a GREAT life!)
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To: bobby.223

Yes, been reading those sections and have a detailed description/answer. . .if you have time (with quotes from the legislation).

My review of what the actual legislation says is here:

15 posted on 01/09/2014 2:49:45 PM PST by Hulka
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To: Hulka

In the link you provided and I read I saw this: (1) UNITED STATES CITIZENS-—The requirement to detain a person in military custody under this section does not extend to citizens of the United States. ‘Requirement’. Interesting wording. So as far as I see it here it does not mean an administration will not use indefinite detention or have it available.....but just that they are just not ‘required’ to do so. Any thoughts on that wording? I guess my largest questions of anyone on this NDAA is that if it was not authorizing indefinite detention why are so many saying it does? By so many I do not mean internet folks, but judges, mayors, govs, Wa. DC politicians etc. Are they ALL wrong on it? Why would they be wasting time if there was no ‘there there’?

16 posted on 01/09/2014 3:47:55 PM PST by bobby.223 (Retired up in the snowy mountains of the American Redoubt and it's a GREAT life!)
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To: bobby.223

Yes, I noticed that as well, but there is legislation that clarifies (indirectly) that point in the FY12 NDAA.

In the FY13 NDAA ((

Nothing in the Authorization for Use of Military Force (Public Law 107–40; 50 U.S.C. 1541 note) or the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112–81) shall be construed to deny the availability of the writ of habeas corpus or to deny any Constitutional rights in a court ordained or established by or under Article III of the Constitution to any person inside the United States who would be entitled to the availability of such writ or to such rights in the absence of such laws.”

In plain language it is clear US citizens can’t be scooped up and held indefinitely.

It is refreshing to exchange thoughtful views and I thank you for that.

17 posted on 01/10/2014 9:12:42 AM PST by Hulka
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To: bobby.223

Oh, I also wonder why many that should know better, or should know they should provide proof of their accusation, do not push back and instead jump on the bandwagon. Can’t figure it out. Even Cruz’s office appears to have done so.

Shallow political reasons, perhaps? A politically motivated position driven by “common knowledge” and not fact, unwilling to take the time to fight emotion with facts, especially when we have (and rightfully so), a populace wary of the government (NSA, IRS, this sort of abuse).

Perhaps then politicos are taking a political stand when faced with unified opposition of American-haters on the left and spring-loaded I-don’t-trust-the-government on the right.

A perfect storm where the scandals of the Zero’s administration and the assault on Americans rights has taken place, so now when an allegation is made, no one offers facts to prove the allegations false.

No too far fetched a thought, after all, as we have seen here on FR the knee-jerk reactions are to favor being misled rather than reading and thinking for themselves.

All to often in history we have seen people being led by emotion rather than fact.

IMHO, of course.

18 posted on 01/10/2014 9:28:16 AM PST by Hulka
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To: Progov
No doubt what you write it technically correct.

My posting was to make the case that they are subject to the Constitution, if they follow it or not, is not my concern, what I am stating in a oblique manner is when America wakes up, (preferring it is sooner rather than later)and just like Al Capone, it is the little things that will bite you in the end. Not saying that the Constitution is a little thing, but the American style Nuremberg Trials which will be repeated there in the states will have to be strictly followed.

At some point the majority of America will wake up and smell the tyranny.

19 posted on 01/11/2014 4:33:14 PM PST by SERE_DOC ( “The beauty of the Second Amendment is that it will not be needed until they try to take it.” TJ.)
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To: Hulka

What are your views on Judge Andrew Napolitano? He has consistently for 2 solid years now stated his views are that the NDAA gives a/the president exactly what folks are afraid of. That the Feds. can pick up people off of the street with no judicial process required. The Judge has quite a lot of experience. Is he wrong also? If so, where and why?

20 posted on 01/11/2014 7:32:35 PM PST by bobby.223 (Retired up in the snowy mountains of the American Redoubt and it's a GREAT life!)
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