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One Nation Under Drugs
Townhall.com ^ | January 13, 2014 | Scottie Hughes

Posted on 01/13/2014 11:39:29 AM PST by Kaslin

Right now, China and Russia are having a great laugh at America’s expense. For a once proud country with strong moral character and intellectual ambition, we have become a nation intent on destroying itself from within. The publicly sanctioned and widespread celebration of indolent potheads toking themselves into oblivion in Colorado is only the latest example.

We have come a long way from Nancy Reagan’s largely successful “Just Say No” campaign to educate students on the dangers of drugs and their consequences. Call it “You Can Say Yes. “

In the minds of many conservatives, the lines are becoming quickly blurred on the legalization of mind-altering substances as well as the punishment of drug offenders. Libertarians are taking up the cause to push for universal legalization of marijuana around the country. Some are doing this because of Americans’ growing fear of our government’s intrusion into our private lives while others are doing it because of easier access to their favorite recreational pastime. Indeed, the latter motivation seems to be so popular, that it quickly turned into one of the most popular battle cries amongst the young adults for the election of Rep. Ron Paul in the 2012 Republican Primary.

Unfortunately, many traditional Conservatives are also getting on the drug bus because they have bought the Democrat lie that the money collected by drug users could be fiscally beneficial. In the most recent year, Colorado generated $9.1 million in retail sales tax from the sale of medical marijuana. This figure is bound to grow with the introduction of recreational sales and the additional 25% in excise and sales taxes since becoming legal on January 1st.

Looking beyond just the tax revenue, the industry generates millions of dollars every year for the state from licensing and application fees. To apply for and obtain a license to run a medical marijuana facility serving more than 500 patients, for instance, the necessary application and license fees alone approach $40,000. Colorado has agreed to take this new revenue and use it for the education of its children and construction of new schools. Does this mean at 18 every high school graduate will be handed their diploma and a doobie with the instructions to get addicted in order to help fund future generations’ educations?

We are now seeing a very odd mix of bedfellows. One of my favorite Tea Party Senators, Mike Lee of Utah, and one of the most odious liberals in the Senate today, Senator Dick Durbin of Illinois, both are now in agreement to reduce the mandatory jail sentence time on non-violent drug offenses in hopes of reducing prison expenses. A federal inmate’s yearly cost for one inmate ranges from $21,000 to $33,000 depending on the prison's level of security. Because of the current system, about half of the nation's more than 218,000 federal inmates are serving time for drug crimes with virtually all of them subjected by some form of mandatory minimum sentencing.

Am I living in the twilight zone right now? Has our country become so ignorant that we have abandoned one of the few positive goals of eliminating substances from our cultural landscape? Drugs that have reduced the productivity, health and advancement of our society? Don’t think drugs have a negative effect on the community? Just look to Washington State, where within the first 6 months of pot being legalized, 745 drivers stopped by the police tested positive for marijuana’s psychoactive ingredient THC and over half of those tested were over the state’s legal limit of 5 nanograms. This means there are more impaired drivers on the roads of Washington and now Colorado driving alongside families on their way to school and people on their way to work. Please tell me how a price can be put on their safety or tell me that drugs cannot hurt innocent bystanders? Please go ask a family who has lost a loved one to drug use or more importantly whose family was affected by someone under the influence.

We are witnessing the steady decline and intentional corrosion of America’s social structure. This is the ultimate goal of leftists: total control of the state that would make middle and lower class its feudal subjects. What better way to destroy a culture then to encourage mind altering substance use by the general public?

Ronald Reagan often quoted John Winthrop’s shining “City upon a Hill” but ultimately under these types of legislative policy, we might suffer more the fate as predicted by Alexis de Toqueville who said “America is great because she is good. If America ceases to be good, America will cease to be great.”


TOPICS: Culture/Society; Editorial; Government
KEYWORDS: marijuana
Navigation: use the links below to view more comments.
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1 posted on 01/13/2014 11:39:29 AM PST by Kaslin
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To: Kaslin

Liberalism is a Drug.


2 posted on 01/13/2014 11:40:18 AM PST by Paladin2
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To: Kaslin

Good article.


3 posted on 01/13/2014 11:40:54 AM PST by gattaca (The heart of the wise inclines to the right, but the heart of the fool to the left. Ecclesiastes10:2)
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To: Kaslin

What a bunch of utter nonsense.

This sounds like 1932 and those opposed to Prohibition being repealed.

Not worth the time to go point by point on why the author’s article is idiotic.


4 posted on 01/13/2014 11:41:28 AM PST by MadIsh32 (In order to be pro-market, sometimes you must be anti-big business)
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To: MadIsh32
Not worth the time to go point by point

I can see a copout but what I can't see is why you copout.

You can avoid reality but you can't avoid the consequences of avoiding reality.

5 posted on 01/13/2014 11:46:46 AM PST by MosesKnows (Love many, trust few, and always paddle your own canoe.)
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To: Kaslin

fine by me

drugs help increase the distance between the winners and losers

my only problem is being FORCED to pay for them. screw that


6 posted on 01/13/2014 11:48:03 AM PST by sten (fighting tyranny never goes out of style)
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To: Kaslin

Once he declared “Just say no” a success we knew this article was a pack of lies and BS.


7 posted on 01/13/2014 11:49:40 AM PST by discostu (I don't meme well.)
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To: Kaslin

“Just look to Washington State, where within the first 6 months of pot being legalized, 745 drivers stopped by the police tested positive for marijuana’s psychoactive ingredient THC and over half of those tested were over the state’s legal limit of 5 nanograms.”

How many tested positive in the 6 months prior to legelization?


8 posted on 01/13/2014 11:51:01 AM PST by maine yankee (I got my Governor at 'Marden's')
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To: Kaslin

Go home, America. You’re high.


9 posted on 01/13/2014 11:53:10 AM PST by RichInOC (No! BAD Rich! (What'd I say?))
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To: Paladin2
Tax revenue is the drug of the Liberal masses. Pot heads did not pass this initiative.
10 posted on 01/13/2014 12:00:04 PM PST by right way right (What's it gonna take? (guillotines?))
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To: Kaslin
The government permitting of illicit drugs will soon become the government promoting illicit drugs, just as Lawrence permitting homosexual sodomy soon became an all-out push for government benefits for the same.

This new milieu of "legal-makes-moral" is the hallmark of a degenerate society. We once had relatively few laws because a moral underpinning, a societal fabric of morality, created and upheld effective taboos that were every bit, if not more so, effective as laws.

Now, that underpinning of a moral standard has been, after many decades of attacks by the destructive Left, virtually destroyed. In fact, the taboos which once made society liveable are now CRIMINALIZED as "hate speech," discrimination, and "theocracy" in the name of the fictional "separation of church and state."

11 posted on 01/13/2014 12:03:19 PM PST by fwdude ( You cannot compromise with that which you must defeat.)
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To: Kaslin
~~~we have become a nation intent on destroying itself from within~~~

Well under way, since November 4, 2008, especially.


12 posted on 01/13/2014 12:12:19 PM PST by F15Eagle (1Jn4:15;5:4-5,11-13;Mt27:50-54;Mk15:33-34;Jn3:17-18,6:69,11:25,14:6,20:31;Ro10:8-11;1Tm2:5-6;Ti3:4-7)
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To: Kaslin
Please tell me how a price can be put on their safety

Seems to me gun-grabbers and nanny-staters use this line of debate.

13 posted on 01/13/2014 12:19:06 PM PST by dirtboy
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To: Kaslin

The war on drugs is a failure.


14 posted on 01/13/2014 12:20:39 PM PST by onona (The Earth is the insane asylum for the universe (yup, I belong))
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To: Kaslin

“We are witnessing the steady decline and intentional corrosion of America’s social structure”

-Drugs play a minor role in that. Users are going to use, they’re going to get it one way or the other. The more taboo you make it, the more appealing it becomes.


15 posted on 01/13/2014 12:22:10 PM PST by woodro43
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To: maine yankee
How many tested positive in the 6 months prior to legelization?

You could NEVER get a job in the MSM, lol.

16 posted on 01/13/2014 12:23:14 PM PST by nascarnation (I'm hiring Jack Palladino to investigate Baraq's golf scores.)
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To: onona

I just don’t get why some on FR think that we should spend billions of dollars to combat pot use, when it obviously isn’t working when you are essentially trying to combat the smoking of a plant that can be grown almost anywhere.

And 100 years ago, it wasn’t even illegal! Spend the resources on hard stuff like crack, meth, ecstasy, LSD, and stuff that requires actual chemical manufacturing and not just a flower pot, dirt, and sun.


17 posted on 01/13/2014 12:30:18 PM PST by VanDeKoik
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To: Kaslin

Fact: Russia is a nation of alcoholics, and China has a huge narcotics problem, with rehabs jammed full.


18 posted on 01/13/2014 12:31:36 PM PST by SpaceBar
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To: MadIsh32
Not worth the time to go point by point on why the author’s article is idiotic.

All Righty Then. The points the author makes against legalization are idiotic.

Suppose YOU take the time to make just one point on why legalizing drugs is a GOOD idea.

19 posted on 01/13/2014 12:32:48 PM PST by Responsibility2nd (NO LIBS. This Means Liberals and (L)libertarians! Same Thing. NO LIBS!!)
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To: Kaslin

Collect all the taxes you want. The money will be used to hire Democrats and buy Democrat votes.


20 posted on 01/13/2014 12:34:49 PM PST by blueunicorn6 ("A crack shot and a good dancer")
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To: VanDeKoik

Why do some folks think that having cops kicking down doors, shooting dogs, and seizing assets over pot is good idea.

I’ve completely made the migration from “drug war supporter” to “tell the effin’ cops to settle down.”


21 posted on 01/13/2014 12:39:46 PM PST by Little Ray (How did I end up in this hand-basket, and why is it getting so hot?)
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To: Kaslin

We should see this as a golden opportunity...

If colorado can tell the federal agencies like the DEA to go take a hike on federal drug restrictions...

Then maybe a Other States out there can start telling the other federal agencies to go take a hike....

Maybe even saying “We refuse to enforce and EPA restrictions the state legislature finds limiting and if you wish to Stop us, start with Colorado...”


22 posted on 01/13/2014 12:41:02 PM PST by GraceG
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To: Kaslin

Might be interesting to see if Mr. Hughes has any money or contacts in the “Prison/Industrial Complex.”


23 posted on 01/13/2014 12:41:20 PM PST by Little Ray (How did I end up in this hand-basket, and why is it getting so hot?)
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To: Little Ray

[ Why do some folks think that having cops kicking down doors, shooting dogs, and seizing assets over pot is good idea.

I’ve completely made the migration from “drug war supporter” to “tell the effin’ cops to settle down.” ]

Agree 10000%

It is not the Drug war that is bad per se... It is HOW the Drug war has been executed...

A good chunk of the war on drugs would be actually closing down the southern border to any movement except well patroled checkpoints and crossings... Maybe even put up some chain-link, razor wire, and automated gunnery turrets with big warning signs...

But it is far better for the controllers to declare war on the citizens in the drug on wars so when they actually roll out with martial law we are all used to it....

Heck you wanna stop drug use I have an idea...

1. Quietly intercept drug shipments and poison them with a random poison.

2. Run a PSA that tells everyone drugs do indeed contain poison because the government put the poison in there.

3. Repeat 1 and 2 until the problem takes care of itself...

No shooting of dogs or no knock raids required...


24 posted on 01/13/2014 12:45:56 PM PST by GraceG
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To: fwdude
We once had relatively few laws because a moral underpinning, a societal fabric of morality, created and upheld effective taboos that were every bit, if not more so, effective as laws.

You can thank the punks from the 60's for this. A more accurate name for them would be, "useful idiots." They followed the communists who were determined to destroy the oountry.

25 posted on 01/13/2014 12:47:41 PM PST by saminfl
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To: Kaslin
We are witnessing the steady decline and intentional corrosion of America’s social structure.

If by "social structure" you mean - spending taxpayer money to stop, arrest, convict & incarcerate people for what they put in their bodies while destroying what little we have of the Fourth Amendment then I don't see the problem.

The anti-pot crowd is as bad as the anti-gun crowd when they say things like how concealed carry will be/is the end of our country as we know it.

26 posted on 01/13/2014 12:49:56 PM PST by gdani
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To: Kaslin
"The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people."

Why is Marijuana Illegal?

7000-8000 B.C.
First woven fabric believed to be from hemp.

1619
Jamestown Colony, Virginia passes law requiring farmers to grow hemp.

1700s
Hemp was the primary crop grown by George Washington at Mount Vernon, and a secondary crop grown by Thomas Jefferson at Monticello.

1884
Maine is the first state to outlaw alcohol.

1906
Pure Food and Drug Act is passed, forming the Food and Drug Administration. First time that drugs have any government oversight.

1913
California, apparently, passes the first state marijuana law, though missed by many because it referred to “preparations of hemp, or loco weed.”

1914
Harrison Act passed, outlawing opiates and cocaine (taxing scheme.

1915
Utah passes state anti-marijuana law.

1919
18th Amendment to the Constitution (alcohol prohibition) is ratified.

1930
Harry J. Anslinger given control of the new Federal Bureau of Narcotics (he remains in the position until 1962)

1933
21st Amendment to the Constitution is ratified, repealing alcohol prohibition.

1937
Marijuana Tax Act

1938
Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act

1951
Boggs Amendment to the Harrison Narcotic Act (mandatory sentences)

1956
Narcotics Control Act adds more severe penalties

1970
Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act. Replaces and updates all previous laws concerning narcotics and other dangerous drugs. Emphasis on law enforcement. Includes the Controlled Substances Act, where marijuana is classified a Schedule 1 drug (reserved for the most dangerous drugs that have no recognized medical use).

1972
Drug Abuse Office and Treatment Act. Establishes federally funded programs for prevention and treatment.

1973
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Changes Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs into the DEA

1974 and 1978
Drug Abuse Treatment and Control Amendments. Extends 1972 act.

1988
Anti-Drug Abuse Act. Establishes oversight office: National Office of Drug Control Policy and the Drug Czar.

1992
ADAMHA Reorganization. Transfers NIDA, NIMH, and NIAAA to NIH and incorporates ADAMHA’s programs into the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

Many people assume that marijuana was made illegal through some kind of process involving scientific, medical, and government hearings; that it was to protect the citizens from what was determined to be a dangerous drug.

The actual story shows a much different picture. Those who voted on the legal fate of this plant never had the facts, but were dependent on information supplied by those who had a specific agenda to deceive lawmakers. You’ll see below that the very first federal vote to prohibit marijuana was based entirely on a documented lie on the floor of the Senate.

You’ll also see that the history of marijuana’s criminalization is filled with:

Racism
Fear
Protection of Corporate Profits
Yellow Journalism
Ignorant, Incompetent, and/or Corrupt Legislators
Personal Career Advancement and Greed

These are the actual reasons marijuana is illegal.

Background

For most of human history, marijuana has been completely legal. It’s not a recently discovered plant, nor is it a long-standing law. Marijuana has been illegal for less than 1% of the time that it’s been in use. Its known uses go back further than 7,000 B.C. and it was legal as recently as when Ronald Reagan was a boy.

The marijuana (hemp) plant, of course, has an incredible number of uses. The earliest known woven fabric was apparently of hemp, and over the centuries the plant was used for food, incense, cloth, rope, and much more. This adds to some of the confusion over its introduction in the United States, as the plant was well known from the early 1600′s, but did not reach public awareness as a recreational drug until the early 1900′s.

America’s first marijuana law was enacted at Jamestown Colony, Virginia in 1619. It was a law “ordering” all farmers to grow Indian hempseed. There were several other “must grow” laws over the next 200 years (you could be jailed for not growing hemp during times of shortage in Virginia between 1763 and 1767), and during most of that time, hemp was legal tender (you could even pay your taxes with hemp — try that today!) Hemp was such a critical crop for a number of purposes (including essential war requirements – rope, etc.) that the government went out of its way to encourage growth.

The United States Census of 1850 counted 8,327 hemp “plantations” (minimum 2,000-acre farm) growing cannabis hemp for cloth, canvas and even the cordage used for baling cotton.

The Mexican Connection

In the early 1900s, the western states developed significant tensions regarding the influx of Mexican-Americans. The revolution in Mexico in 1910 spilled over the border, with General Pershing’s army clashing with bandit Pancho Villa. Later in that decade, bad feelings developed between the small farmer and the large farms that used cheaper Mexican labor. Then, the depression came and increased tensions, as jobs and welfare resources became scarce.

One of the “differences” seized upon during this time was the fact that many Mexicans smoked marijuana and had brought the plant with them, and it was through this that California apparently passed the first state marijuana law, outlawing “preparations of hemp, or loco weed.”

However, one of the first state laws outlawing marijuana may have been influenced, not just by Mexicans using the drug, but, oddly enough, because of Mormons using it. Mormons who traveled to Mexico in 1910 came back to Salt Lake City with marijuana. The church’s reaction to this may have contributed to the state’s marijuana law. (Note: the source for this speculation is from articles by Charles Whitebread, Professor of Law at USC Law School in a paper for the Virginia Law Review, and a speech to the California Judges Association (sourced below). Mormon blogger Ardis Parshall disputes this.)

Other states quickly followed suit with marijuana prohibition laws, including Wyoming (1915), Texas (1919), Iowa (1923), Nevada (1923), Oregon (1923), Washington (1923), Arkansas (1923), and Nebraska (1927). These laws tended to be specifically targeted against the Mexican-American population.

When Montana outlawed marijuana in 1927, the Butte Montana Standard reported a legislator’s comment: “When some beet field peon takes a few traces of this stuff… he thinks he has just been elected president of Mexico, so he starts out to execute all his political enemies.” In Texas, a senator said on the floor of the Senate: “All Mexicans are crazy, and this stuff [marijuana] is what makes them crazy.”

Jazz and Assassins

In the eastern states, the “problem” was attributed to a combination of Latin Americans and black jazz musicians. Marijuana and jazz traveled from New Orleans to Chicago, and then to Harlem, where marijuana became an indispensable part of the music scene, even entering the language of the black hits of the time (Louis Armstrong’s “Muggles”, Cab Calloway’s “That Funny Reefer Man”, Fats Waller’s “Viper’s Drag”).

Again, racism was part of the charge against marijuana, as newspapers in 1934 editorialized: “Marihuana influences Negroes to look at white people in the eye, step on white men’s shadows and look at a white woman twice.”

Two other fear-tactic rumors started to spread: one, that Mexicans, Blacks and other foreigners were snaring white children with marijuana; and two, the story of the “assassins.” Early stories of Marco Polo had told of “hasheesh-eaters” or hashashin, from which derived the term “assassin.” In the original stories, these professional killers were given large doses of hashish and brought to the ruler’s garden (to give them a glimpse of the paradise that awaited them upon successful completion of their mission). Then, after the effects of the drug disappeared, the assassin would fulfill his ruler’s wishes with cool, calculating loyalty.

By the 1930s, the story had changed. Dr. A. E. Fossier wrote in the 1931 New Orleans Medical and Surgical Journal: “Under the influence of hashish those fanatics would madly rush at their enemies, and ruthlessly massacre every one within their grasp.” Within a very short time, marijuana started being linked to violent behavior.

Alcohol Prohibition and Federal Approaches to Drug Prohibition

During this time, the United States was also dealing with alcohol prohibition, which lasted from 1919 to 1933. Alcohol prohibition was extremely visible and debated at all levels, while drug laws were passed without the general public’s knowledge. National alcohol prohibition happened through the mechanism of an amendment to the constitution.

Earlier (1914), the Harrison Act was passed, which provided federal tax penalties for opiates and cocaine.

The federal approach is important. It was considered at the time that the federal government did not have the constitutional power to outlaw alcohol or drugs. It is because of this that alcohol prohibition required a constitutional amendment.

At that time in our country’s history, the judiciary regularly placed the tenth amendment in the path of congressional regulation of “local” affairs, and direct regulation of medical practice was considered beyond congressional power under the commerce clause (since then, both provisions have been weakened so far as to have almost no meaning).

Since drugs could not be outlawed at the federal level, the decision was made to use federal taxes as a way around the restriction. In the Harrison Act, legal uses of opiates and cocaine were taxed (supposedly as a revenue need by the federal government, which is the only way it would hold up in the courts), and those who didn’t follow the law found themselves in trouble with the treasury department.

In 1930, a new division in the Treasury Department was established — the Federal Bureau of Narcotics — and Harry J. Anslinger was named director. This, if anything, marked the beginning of the all-out war against marijuana.

Harry J. Anslinger

Anslinger was an extremely ambitious man, and he recognized the Bureau of Narcotics as an amazing career opportunity — a new government agency with the opportunity to define both the problem and the solution. He immediately realized that opiates and cocaine wouldn’t be enough to help build his agency, so he latched on to marijuana and started to work on making it illegal at the federal level.

Anslinger immediately drew upon the themes of racism and violence to draw national attention to the problem he wanted to create. He also promoted and frequently read from “Gore Files” — wild reefer-madness-style exploitation tales of ax murderers on marijuana and sex and… Negroes. Here are some quotes that have been widely attributed to Anslinger and his Gore Files:

"There are 100,000 total marijuana smokers in the US, and most are Negroes, Hispanics, Filipinos, and entertainers. Their Satanic music, jazz, and swing, result from marijuana use. This marijuana causes white women to seek sexual relations with Negroes, entertainers, and any others.”

“…the primary reason to outlaw marijuana is its effect on the degenerate races.”

. “Marijuana is an addictive drug which produces in its users insanity, criminality, and death.”

“Reefer makes darkies think they’re as good as white men.”

“Marihuana leads to pacifism and communist brainwashing”

“You smoke a joint and you’re likely to kill your brother.”

“Marijuana is the most violence-causing drug in the history of mankind.”

And he loved to pull out his own version of the “assassin” definition:

“In the year 1090, there was founded in Persia the religious and military order of the Assassins, whose history is one of cruelty, barbarity, and murder, and for good reason: the members were confirmed users of hashish, or marihuana, and it is from the Arabs’ ‘hashashin’ that we have the English word ‘assassin.’”

Yellow Journalism

Harry Anslinger got some additional help from William Randolf Hearst, owner of a huge chain of newspapers. Hearst had lots of reasons to help. First, he hated Mexicans. Second, he had invested heavily in the timber industry to support his newspaper chain and didn’t want to see the development of hemp paper in competition. Third, he had lost 800,000 acres of timberland to Pancho Villa, so he hated Mexicans. Fourth, telling lurid lies about Mexicans (and the devil marijuana weed causing violence) sold newspapers, making him rich.

Some samples from the San Francisco Examiner:

“Marihuana makes fiends of boys in thirty days — Hashish goads users to bloodlust.”

“By the tons it is coming into this country — the deadly, dreadful poison that racks and tears not only the body, but the very heart and soul of every human being who once becomes a slave to it in any of its cruel and devastating forms…. Marihuana is a short cut to the insane asylum. Smoke marihuana cigarettes for a month and what was once your brain will be nothing but a storehouse of horrid specters. Hasheesh makes a murderer who kills for the love of killing out of the mildest mannered man who ever laughed at the idea that any habit could ever get him….”

And other nationwide columns…

“Users of marijuana become STIMULATED as they inhale the drug and are LIKELY TO DO ANYTHING. Most crimes of violence in this section, especially in country districts are laid to users of that drug.”

“Was it marijuana, the new Mexican drug, that nerved the murderous arm of Clara Phillips when she hammered out her victim’s life in Los Angeles?… THREE-FOURTHS OF THE CRIMES of violence in this country today are committed by DOPE SLAVES — that is a matter of cold record.”

Hearst and Anslinger were then supported by Dupont chemical company and various pharmaceutical companies in the effort to outlaw cannabis. Dupont had patented nylon, and wanted hemp removed as competition. The pharmaceutical companies could neither identify nor standardize cannabis dosages, and besides, with cannabis, folks could grow their own medicine and not have to purchase it from large companies.

This all set the stage for…

The Marijuana Tax Act of 1937.

After two years of secret planning, Anslinger brought his plan to Congress — complete with a scrapbook full of sensational Hearst editorials, stories of ax murderers who had supposedly smoked marijuana, and racial slurs.

It was a remarkably short set of hearings.

The one fly in Anslinger’s ointment was the appearance by Dr. William C. Woodward, Legislative Council of the American Medical Association.

Woodward started by slamming Harry Anslinger and the Bureau of Narcotics for distorting earlier AMA statements that had nothing to do with marijuana and making them appear to be AMA endorsement for Anslinger’s view.

He also reproached the legislature and the Bureau for using the term marijuana in the legislation and not publicizing it as a bill about cannabis or hemp. At this point, marijuana (or marihuana) was a sensationalist word used to refer to Mexicans smoking a drug and had not been connected in most people’s minds to the existing cannabis/hemp plant. Thus, many who had legitimate reasons to oppose the bill weren’t even aware of it.

Woodward went on to state that the AMA was opposed to the legislation and further questioned the approach of the hearings, coming close to outright accusation of misconduct by Anslinger and the committee:

“That there is a certain amount of narcotic addiction of an objectionable character no one will deny. The newspapers have called attention to it so prominently that there must be some grounds for [their] statements [even Woodward was partially taken in by Hearst's propaganda]. It has surprised me, however, that the facts on which these statements have been based have not been brought before this committee by competent primary evidence. We are referred to newspaper publications concerning the prevalence of marihuana addiction. We are told that the use of marihuana causes crime.

But yet no one has been produced from the Bureau of Prisons to show the number of prisoners who have been found addicted to the marihuana habit. An informed inquiry shows that the Bureau of Prisons has no evidence on that point.

You have been told that school children are great users of marihuana cigarettes. No one has been summoned from the Children’s Bureau to show the nature and extent of the habit, among children.

Inquiry of the Children’s Bureau shows that they have had no occasion to investigate it and know nothing particularly of it.

Inquiry of the Office of Education— and they certainly should know something of the prevalence of the habit among the school children of the country, if there is a prevalent habit— indicates that they have had no occasion to investigate and know nothing of it.

Moreover, there is in the Treasury Department itself, the Public Health Service, with its Division of Mental Hygiene. The Division of Mental Hygiene was, in the first place, the Division of Narcotics. It was converted into the Division of Mental Hygiene, I think, about 1930. That particular Bureau has control at the present time of the narcotics farms that were created about 1929 or 1930 and came into operation a few years later. No one has been summoned from that Bureau to give evidence on that point.

Informal inquiry by me indicates that they have had no record of any marihuana of Cannabis addicts who have ever been committed to those farms.

The bureau of Public Health Service has also a division of pharmacology. If you desire evidence as to the pharmacology of Cannabis, that obviously is the place where you can get direct and primary evidence, rather than the indirect hearsay evidence.”

Committee members then proceeded to attack Dr. Woodward, questioning his motives in opposing the legislation. Even the Chairman joined in:

The Chairman: "If you want to advise us on legislation, you ought to come here with some constructive proposals, rather than criticism, rather than trying to throw obstacles in the way of something that the Federal Government is trying to do. It has not only an unselfish motive in this, but they have a serious responsibility.

Dr. Woodward: We cannot understand yet, Mr. Chairman, why this bill should have been prepared in secret for 2 years without any intimation, even, to the profession, that it was being prepared.

After some further bantering…

The Chairman: "I would like to read a quotation from a recent editorial in the Washington Times:

"The marihuana cigarette is one of the most insidious of all forms of dope, largely because of the failure of the public to understand its fatal qualities.

The Nation is almost defenseless against it, having no Federal laws to cope with it and virtually no organized campaign for combating it.

The result is tragic.

School children are the prey of peddlers who infest school neighborhoods.

High school boys and girls buy the destructive weed without knowledge of its capacity of harm, and conscienceless dealers sell it with impunity.

This is a national problem, and it must have national attention.

The fatal marihuana cigarette must be recognized as a deadly drug, and American children must be protected against it.

That is a pretty severe indictment. They say it is a national question and that it requires effective legislation. Of course, in a general way, you have responded to all of these statements; but that indicates very clearly that it is an evil of such magnitude that it is recognized by the press of the country as such.

And that was basically it. Yellow journalism won over medical science.

The committee passed the legislation on. And on the floor of the house, the entire discussion was:

Member from upstate New York: “Mr. Speaker, what is this bill about?”

Speaker Rayburn: “I don’t know. It has something to do with a thing called marihuana. I think it’s a narcotic of some kind.”

“Mr. Speaker, does the American Medical Association support this bill?”

Member on the committee jumps up and says: “Their Doctor Wentworth[sic] came down here. They support this bill 100 percent.”

And on the basis of that lie, on August 2, 1937, marijuana became illegal at the federal level.

The entire coverage in the New York Times: “President Roosevelt signed today a bill to curb traffic in the narcotic, marihuana, through heavy taxes on transactions.”

Anslinger as precursor to the Drug Czars

Anslinger was essentially the first Drug Czar. Even though the term didn’t exist until William Bennett’s position as director of the White House Office of National Drug Policy, Anslinger acted in a similar fashion. In fact, there are some amazing parallels between Anslinger and the current Drug Czar John Walters. Both had kind of a carte blanche to go around demonizing drugs and drug users. Both had resources and a large public podium for their voice to be heard and to promote their personal agenda. Both lied constantly, often when it was unnecessary. Both were racists. Both had the ear of lawmakers, and both realized that they could persuade legislators and others based on lies, particularly if they could co-opt the media into squelching or downplaying any opposition views.

Anslinger even had the ability to circumvent the First Amendment. He banned the Canadian movie “Drug Addict,” a 1946 documentary that realistically depicted the drug addicts and law enforcement efforts. He even tried to get Canada to ban the movie in their own country, or failing that, to prevent U.S. citizens from seeing the movie in Canada. Canada refused. (Today, Drug Czar John Walters is trying to bully Canada into keeping harsh marijuana laws.)

Anslinger had 37 years to solidify the propaganda and stifle opposition. The lies continued the entire time (although the stories would adjust — the 21 year old Florida boy who killed his family of five got younger each time he told it). In 1961, he looked back at his efforts:

“Much of the most irrational juvenile violence and that has written a new chapter of shame and tragedy is traceable directly to this hemp intoxication. A gang of boys tear the clothes from two school girls and rape the screaming girls, one boy after the other. A sixteen-year-old kills his entire family of five in Florida, a man in Minnesota puts a bullet through the head of a stranger on the road; in Colorado husband tries to shoot his wife, kills her grandmother instead and then kills himself. Every one of these crimes had been proceeded [sic] by the smoking of one or more marijuana “reefers.” As the marijuana situation grew worse, I knew action had to be taken to get the proper legislation passed. By 1937 under my direction, the Bureau launched two important steps First, a legislative plan to seek from Congress a new law that would place marijuana and its distribution directly under federal control. Second, on radio and at major forums, such that presented annually by the New York Herald Tribune, I told the story of this evil weed of the fields and river beds and roadsides. I wrote articles for magazines; our agents gave hundreds of lectures to parents, educators, social and civic leaders. In network broadcasts I reported on the growing list of crimes, including murder and rape. I described the nature of marijuana and its close kinship to hashish. I continued to hammer at the facts.

I believe we did a thorough job, for the public was alerted and the laws to protect them were passed, both nationally and at the state level. We also brought under control the wild growing marijuana in this country. Working with local authorities, we cleaned up hundreds of acres of marijuana and we uprooted plants sprouting along the roadsides.”

After Anslinger

On a break from college in the 70s, I was visiting a church in rural Illinois. There in the literature racks in the back of the church was a lurid pamphlet about the evils of marijuana — all the old reefer madness propaganda about how it caused insanity and murder. I approached the minister and said “You can’t have this in your church. It’s all lies, and the church shouldn’t be about promoting lies.” Fortunately, my dad believed me, and he had the material removed. He didn’t even know how it got there. But without me speaking up, neither he nor the other members of the church had any reason NOT to believe what the pamphlet said. The propaganda machine had been that effective.

The narrative since then has been a continual litany of:

Politicians wanting to appear tough on crime and passing tougher penalties,
Constant increases in spending on law enforcement and prisons,
Racist application of drug laws,
Taxpayer funded propaganda,
Stifling of opposition speech,
Political contributions from corporations that profit from marijuana being illegal (pharmaceuticals, alcohol, etc.)

… but that’s another whole story.

"The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people."


27 posted on 01/13/2014 12:54:38 PM PST by Mikey (He that refuses to know and exert his rights, doesn't deserve them.)
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To: Kaslin
The author of this article thinks that a catchphrase (Just Say No) was a successful anti drug campaign.

Is this satire?

28 posted on 01/13/2014 12:55:10 PM PST by GSWarrior
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To: saminfl

I have a question for the people of Colorado. Are employers there still going to administer drug tests to applicants. Would Marijuana be flagged or not?

And as a businessman, can I trust Colorado companies with my business? Or is everyone going to be in the smoking area getting high?


29 posted on 01/13/2014 12:55:45 PM PST by skinndogNN
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To: maine yankee

According to one article I just found, in each of the two years prior to pot being legalized, about 1,000 people who were pulled over for suspicion of driving under the influence tested over the THC limit. In the same article, the police are quoted as saying they have not upped their “pull-over” rates.


30 posted on 01/13/2014 12:57:27 PM PST by WayneS (Respect the 2nd Amendment; Repeal the 16th (and 17th))
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To: Kaslin

This article is written by a moron with no knowledge of anything. Both Russia and China have their drug issues in far greater amount than we do.


31 posted on 01/13/2014 1:00:25 PM PST by CodeToad (When ignorance rules a person's decision they are resorting to superstition.)
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To: Responsibility2nd

I will.

Personal freedom.


32 posted on 01/13/2014 1:00:45 PM PST by WayneS (Respect the 2nd Amendment; Repeal the 16th (and 17th))
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To: Responsibility2nd

This nation did not make drugs illegal for its first 150 years. Wanna show why those years were so terrible?


33 posted on 01/13/2014 1:02:24 PM PST by CodeToad (When ignorance rules a person's decision they are resorting to superstition.)
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To: WayneS

Sorry. But just like abortion, queer marriages, pedophillia, and so on...

Your personal freedoms do not overide the common good.

Unless of course you think like a liberal.


34 posted on 01/13/2014 1:03:51 PM PST by Responsibility2nd (NO LIBS. This Means Liberals and (L)libertarians! Same Thing. NO LIBS!!)
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To: Mikey

Hemp makes the best rope in the world.


35 posted on 01/13/2014 1:04:13 PM PST by WayneS (Respect the 2nd Amendment; Repeal the 16th (and 17th))
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To: Kaslin
We have come a long way from Nancy Reagan’s largely successful “Just Say No” campaign

This is where I stopped reading.

36 posted on 01/13/2014 1:04:45 PM PST by Drew68
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To: Kaslin

How we going to keep the “EBT” cards out of the POT stores?


37 posted on 01/13/2014 1:04:46 PM PST by just me (GOD BLESS AMERICA Amen)
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To: just me
How we going to keep the “EBT” cards out of the POT stores?

Interesting question. Is grass defined as approved product under the agriculture dept regulations?

38 posted on 01/13/2014 1:06:33 PM PST by nascarnation (I'm hiring Jack Palladino to investigate Baraq's golf scores.)
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To: CodeToad

That’s your argument? That because marijuana was legal 100 years ago, it should still be legal?

How very libertarian of you.


39 posted on 01/13/2014 1:06:39 PM PST by Responsibility2nd (NO LIBS. This Means Liberals and (L)libertarians! Same Thing. NO LIBS!!)
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To: Responsibility2nd
Your personal freedoms do not overide the common good.

And if President Obama decides that includes you turning over your guns you'll go right along with it, correct?

You know, for the "common good".

40 posted on 01/13/2014 1:07:14 PM PST by gdani
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To: Responsibility2nd

On the contrary, “the common good” does NOT over-ride personal freedoms, so long as others are not harmed by their exercise. Abortion and pedophilia cause direct harm to people other than those who practice it. A person smoking a joint in their own house does not.

But thanks for supporting the “gun-grabbers” arguments anyway...


41 posted on 01/13/2014 1:12:36 PM PST by WayneS (Respect the 2nd Amendment; Repeal the 16th (and 17th))
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To: Little Ray

Amen to that.


42 posted on 01/13/2014 1:13:05 PM PST by WayneS (Respect the 2nd Amendment; Repeal the 16th (and 17th))
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To: Responsibility2nd
I'm glad that at least you can see that the author's points are idiotic. She is obviously not a writer. This is more like a letter to the editor.

But it is not unreasonable to decriminalize pot. The anti marijuana crusaders are way off base. In my, and millions of Americans, humble opinion.

43 posted on 01/13/2014 1:13:18 PM PST by GSWarrior
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To: gdani

How you equate ideals like being against “abortion, queer marriages, pedophillia, and so on...”

with being in favor of Obama deciding we should turn in our guns is fascinating.


44 posted on 01/13/2014 1:14:22 PM PST by Responsibility2nd (NO LIBS. This Means Liberals and (L)libertarians! Same Thing. NO LIBS!!)
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To: Mikey

Interestingly, “gun control” is also deeply rooted in racism.


45 posted on 01/13/2014 1:15:28 PM PST by WayneS (Respect the 2nd Amendment; Repeal the 16th (and 17th))
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To: WayneS

In what stoned out frame of mind do you see an argument for the “gun-grabbers” arguments here?

Its bad enough that you defend illgal drugs, but to make up and insert arguments not on the table is just too liberal.


46 posted on 01/13/2014 1:17:59 PM PST by Responsibility2nd (NO LIBS. This Means Liberals and (L)libertarians! Same Thing. NO LIBS!!)
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To: skinndogNN
You know, I wouldn't go to work while drunk. I don't believe many people would show up at work while high.

I have my own (small) business. I've been working as a mechanic for over 40yrs. I have two people working with me and I tell them both I don't care what you do at home, but when your at work, NO BEER, WEED or cell phones texting, etc .

One day (during the summer, 85degs) while pulling a tranny from a customers truck (at his house), the customer came outta the house with two cold beers. He went to hand it to my assistant, but I told him no. He became a little pissed off, but I told him NOT DURING WORK.

If any of my assistants ever came to work drunk, they'd be fired on the spot. I wouldn't blame the alcohol, just as I wouldn't blame the weed.

47 posted on 01/13/2014 1:18:58 PM PST by Mikey (He that refuses to know and exert his rights, doesn't deserve them.)
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To: Kaslin

Yep. A nation of degenerate dopeheads.

America has become a damned sewer of a country. Socialism, dope, and homo-marriage. My interest in its preservation gets smaller and smaller by the day. I suspect by 2016, I won’t even bother voting anymore. There is just no reason to.


48 posted on 01/13/2014 1:21:18 PM PST by greene66
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To: WayneS

Agreed.


49 posted on 01/13/2014 1:21:48 PM PST by Mikey (He that refuses to know and exert his rights, doesn't deserve them.)
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To: Responsibility2nd
How you equate ideals like being against “abortion, queer marriages, pedophillia, and so on...”

with being in favor of Obama deciding we should turn in our guns is fascinating.

No, what's fascinating is how far you seem ready to bend over for the "common good", comrade.

50 posted on 01/13/2014 1:22:11 PM PST by gdani
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