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One-Hour Oil Production? (article)
Institute for Creation Research ^ | 1-13-14 | Brian Thomas

Posted on 01/14/2014 7:47:58 AM PST by fishtank

One-Hour Oil Production? by Brian Thomas, M.S. *

Researchers at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in Washington State have pioneered a new technology that makes diesel fuel from algae—and their cutting-edge machine produces the fuel in just minutes.

The recipe seems surprisingly straightforward: Simply heat pea-green algal soup to 662°F (350°C) at 3,000 psi for almost 60 minutes. For comparison, temperatures at the base of Earth’s crust reach 1,500°F (815°C). The group published their results in the journal Algal Research.1

Throughout the process, the bench-top apparatus continuously siphons and processes algae at one end and yields burnable hydrocarbons at the other. This automatic device even recycles water and nutrients, placing them back into the tank of growing algae.

Gizmag wrote of the new technology, “The process mimics some of the conditions that originally turned prehistoric plant material into fossil fuel deep within the earth—high pressures and temperatures.”2

Lead researcher Douglas Elliott said in a PNNL news release, “In a sense, we are duplicating the process in the Earth that converted algae into oil over the course of millions of years. We're just doing it much, much faster.”3

How much faster? Let’s do the math: A process that takes one hour in a laboratory is over 26 billion times faster than one that supposedly takes three million years, for example. These lab experiments clearly show oil can form fast. But, what they can’t demonstrate is whether this process can in fact extend over a million years, as uniformitarian scientists contend. Maybe it simply can’t.

Apparently, the idea that Earth manufactured oil “over the course of millions of years” stems from the secular habit of assuming long ages, despite experiments demonstrating that it can form quickly. In addition, many other processes and products once thought to require vast time spans turned out to generate quite rapidly:

Normally slow-decaying radioisotopes sometimes decay in very short time frames.4 Wood petrifies in decades or even weeks.5 Coal forms within weeks.6 Bacteria produce opals in weeks.7 Floods gouge huge canyons within hours or days.8 Brown coal releases natural gas in two to five days.9 Magma moves over 2,000 feet per day through Earth’s crust.10 Sedimentary layers are laid down in minutes.11 Diamonds harden in a matter of minutes.12 Gold forms from deep earthquakes almost instantly.13 And now studies reveal oil can form in less than an hour using innovative technology to simulate natural conditions found deep below Earth’s surface. Does any Earth process or material actually require millions of years?

For decades, biblical geologists have described a Flood scenario that explains fast-forming oil. Earth movements rapidly forced ocean water, mud, and algae to great depths and pressures. Soon after, the buried algae and other organic material compressed and heated to become oil and other fossil fuels. Fast-forming oil comes as no surprise to Bible believers.

References

Elliot, D. C. et al. 2013. Process development for hydrothermal liquefaction of algae feedstocks in a continuous-flow reactor. Algal Research. 2 (4): 445-454.

Gover, F. Algae to crude oil: Million-year natural process takes minutes in the lab. Gizmag. Posted on gizmag.com December 24, 2013, accessed January 2, 2014.

Rickey, T. Algae to crude oil: Million-year natural process takes minutes in the lab. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory news release, December 17, 2013.

Humphreys, D. R. 2005. Young Helium Diffusion Age of Zircons Supports Accelerated Nuclear Decay. In Vardiman, L. et al. (eds.), RATE II: Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth: Results of a Young-Earth Creationist Research Initiative, Volume II. San Diego, CA: Institute for Creation Research and the Creation Research Society.

Snelling, A. 1995. 'Instant' petrified wood. Creation. 17 (4): 38-40.

Hayatsu, R. et al. 1984. Artificial coalification study: Preparation and characterization of synthetic macerals. Organic Geochemistry. 6: 463-471.

Thomas, B. Opals Can Form in Weeks. Creation Science Update. Posted on icr.org July 25, 2011, accessed January 2, 2014.

Thomas, B. Texas Canyons Highlight Geologic Evidence for Catastrophe. Creation Science Update. Posted on icr.org July 8, 2010, accessed January 2, 2014.

Thomas, B. Did Natural Gas Take Millions of Years to Form? Creation Science Update. Posted on icr.org August 8, 2011, accessed January 2, 2014.

Petford, N., R. C. Kerr, and J. R. Lister. 1993. Dike transport of granitoid magmas. Geology. 21 (9): 845–848.

Julien, P. Y., Y. Lan, and G. Berthault. 1993. Experiments on stratification of heterogeneous sand mixtures. Bulletin of the Geological Society of France. 164 (5): 649-660.

Irifune, T. et al. 2003. Materials: Ultrahard polycrystalline diamond from graphite. Nature. 421 (6923): 599-600.

Weatherley, D. K. and R. W. Henley. 2013. Flash vaporization during earthquakes evidenced by gold deposits. Nature Geoscience. 6 (1759): 294-298. Image credit: Algae feedstock, adapted from an image by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory under the Creative Commons license. Usage by ICR does not imply endorsement of copyright holders.

* Mr. Thomas is Science Writer at the Institute for Creation Research.

Article posted on January 13, 2014.


TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: creation; energy; oil

ICR article image.

1 posted on 01/14/2014 7:47:58 AM PST by fishtank
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To: fishtank

Algae to Bio-Crude in 60 Minutes (video from PNNL)

2 posted on 01/14/2014 7:50:41 AM PST by fishtank (The denial of original sin is the root of liberalism.)
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To: fishtank

COOL!


3 posted on 01/14/2014 7:52:50 AM PST by PATRIOT1876
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To: fishtank
So... can the People for Ethical Treatment of Algae be far behind?
4 posted on 01/14/2014 7:53:21 AM PST by Izzy Dunne (Hello, I'm a TAGLINE virus. Please help me spread by copying me into YOUR tag line.)
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To: fishtank

Cool, but the real question is, how much energy in the form of diesel oil is produce, versus the energy cost to produce it?


5 posted on 01/14/2014 7:53:22 AM PST by Little Ray (How did I end up in this hand-basket, and why is it getting so hot?)
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To: fishtank

Interesting, any idea on the ratio of potential energy being produced in the Bio-Oil vs. the amount of energy utilized to create the Bio-Oil?

I probably wrote that wrong, but I’m unsure of how to make it clearer than that.


6 posted on 01/14/2014 7:54:47 AM PST by The Working Man
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To: fishtank

My baby made that when I fed him peas. Who knew...


7 posted on 01/14/2014 7:54:48 AM PST by Sacajaweau
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To: fishtank
Is there an economy-to-scale that makes it commercially viable?

How much algae needed for a barrel? Cost produce a barrel?

8 posted on 01/14/2014 7:55:29 AM PST by AU72
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To: Little Ray

You got the question in first... Congrats!


9 posted on 01/14/2014 7:55:45 AM PST by The Working Man
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To: Little Ray

You are worrying about cost effectiveness, that is not the goal here. The goal is to sink more money into pet projects.


10 posted on 01/14/2014 7:57:27 AM PST by Resolute Conservative
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To: fishtank
"12 Gold forms from deep earthquakes almost instantly."

Weatherley, D. K. and R. W. Henley. 2013. Flash vaporization during earthquakes evidenced by gold deposits. Nature Geoscience. 6 (1759): 294-298

I'm not going to go dig this paper up, but I'm willing to bet it does not say gold is created by earthquakes.

11 posted on 01/14/2014 8:02:03 AM PST by SeeSharp
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To: The Working Man
The term you're looking for is EROEI, energy return on energy invested and yes, it's the main stumbling block in all these kinds of projects

Nothing has an EROEI like crude oil coming out of a well.

12 posted on 01/14/2014 8:03:31 AM PST by turducken
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To: Resolute Conservative
You are worrying about cost effectiveness, that is not the goal here. The goal is to sink more money into pet projects.

Bingo. I do not know anything about this but two things: There just is not enough algae and $$$ will be thrown at this a la global warming.

13 posted on 01/14/2014 8:04:46 AM PST by VRW Conspirator ( 2+2 = V)
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To: turducken

Thanks! Good information to know.


14 posted on 01/14/2014 8:04:54 AM PST by The Working Man
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To: Little Ray

I’m sure we can kill a few more birds for wind farms to produce fuel for our diesel trucks...


15 posted on 01/14/2014 8:06:14 AM PST by Bayard
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To: fishtank

Sounds like you need an algae pool as big as the Great Lakes to make it work.


16 posted on 01/14/2014 8:06:59 AM PST by AU72
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To: Resolute Conservative
You are worrying about cost effectiveness, that is not the goal here. The goal is to sink more money into pet projects.

Given the source, I don't think either one of those is the goal.

I think the goal is to help prove that the earth is only a few thousands of years old.

17 posted on 01/14/2014 8:24:07 AM PST by Balding_Eagle (Over production, one of the top 5 worries for the American Farmer every year.)
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To: The Working Man

A company has been making synthetic crude from turkey offal for a decade or so. The system of conversion is thermodynamically viable. The real question is whether the production and conversion of biomass to synthoil is economically viable?


18 posted on 01/14/2014 8:59:57 AM PST by dangerdoc (I don't think you should be forced to make the same decision I did even if I know I'm right.)
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To: SeeSharp
I'm not going to go dig this paper up, but I'm willing to bet it does not say gold is created by earthquakes.

You need to read more carefully.

The writer doesn't say that gold is "created by earthquakes," either. He says "gold forms...."

From the abstract of the paper to which he refers:

"Flash vaporization continues as more fluid flows towards the newly expanded cavity, until the pressure in the cavity eventually recovers to ambient conditions. Multiple earthquakes progressively build economic-grade gold deposits."

Flash vaporization during earthquakes evidenced by gold deposits.

Gold forming is common terminology in the trade How Does Gold Form?

FReegards!

 photo million-vet-march.jpg

19 posted on 01/14/2014 10:03:49 AM PST by Agamemnon (Darwinism is the glue that holds liberalism together)
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To: Agamemnon
You need to read more carefully.

No, I read it correctly. The article clearly intended to misrepresent that paper's findings to suggest that gold is created by earthquakes. And as the citation you gave demonstrates, I was correct. It isn't.

20 posted on 01/14/2014 10:36:01 AM PST by SeeSharp
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To: SeeSharp
From the abstract again:

"The veins formed under fluctuating pressures during earthquakes, but the magnitude of the pressure fluctuations and their influence on mineral deposition is not known."

Earthquakes are momentary occurrences. The article says gold veins are formed during earthquakes. The writer says "Gold forms from deep earthquakes almost instantly."

You have conflated the meaning of gold being formed with the very different meaning of gold being created.

The meanings are not the same. The author of the piece is correct, and you are not.

Unlike you, at least read the article abstract before I posted.

FReegards!

 photo million-vet-march.jpg

21 posted on 01/14/2014 10:55:36 AM PST by Agamemnon (Darwinism is the glue that holds liberalism together)
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To: Agamemnon
You have conflated the meaning of gold being formed with the very different meaning of gold being created.

No. That is what the author of the article of doing. I pointed out the error.

22 posted on 01/14/2014 11:09:35 AM PST by SeeSharp
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To: fishtank

I imagine that the “GW” crowd will still view the result as another part of the human “carbon footprint” and in spite of the “renewable” aspect, will not be supportive.

Diesl is composed of 75% saturated hydrocarbons and 25% aromatic hydrocarbons - with an average formula of C12H23, and with a range of formulas from approx. C10H20 to C15H28.

I don’t think the algae-process is changing much about that, and, thus for the “GW crowd” not much about it’s “carbon footprint”. (NOT a top concern of mine.)


23 posted on 01/14/2014 12:42:16 PM PST by Wuli
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