Skip to comments.Germany is now the bordello of Europe
Posted on 01/22/2014 8:51:51 PM PST by Tailgunner Joe
BERLIN - Bordellos with flat rates, package deals, everyone-at-once gangbangs and airport quickies. This is just a tiny sampling of the erotic specialties on offer these days in Germany, where prostitution has boomed so dramatically since its legalization in 2002 that opponents - ranging from radical feminists to Christian conservatives - carp that its now the "bordello of Europe."
The transformation of Germanys sex industry has occurred almost overnight. In the last two decades, the number of (overwhelmingly female) sex workers has more than doubled to 400,000, according to some estimates. And you dont have to go to Hamburgs notorious Reeperbahn street to find them. Berlin alone has some 500 brothels; Osnabr√ºck, a small university city, has 70; and another 3,000 or so exist across the rest of the country. Their neon-red lights and windowless facades dot even picturesque little towns known primarily for their cuckoo clocks and gingerbread.
The Pascha brothel in Cologne, for example, services an estimated 800 men every day. The 12-story building, open 24 hours a day, is the biggest whorehouse in Germany, with 126 rooms as well as a restaurant, beauty salon, boutique, laundromat, tanning studio, and several bistros. About 150 women work there, supported by 90 other staff members. An entire floor is dedicated to transsexual services.
Every day, more than a million men in Germany visit sex workers - mostly of whom hail from poorer neighboring countries like Romania and Ukraine. The country has become a prime destination for male sex tourists looking for cheap, legal and relatively hygienic pleasures of the flesh.
Busloads of pleasure seekers from nearby countries - even, now, from the Netherlands, a country once known for its lax attitude toward prostitution - simply cross the border into Germany instead of traveling to faraway sex-tourism destinations like Thailand. All told, the German sex industry rakes in some $16 billion per year.
The battle lines on commercial sex services confound the usual political fronts, pitting feminist against feminist, and putting human rights activists and church officials on one side of the barricades and social workers on the other. The incoming German government - a centrist coalition led by Angela Merkels Christian Democrats - dared to broach the subject during coalition negotiations, only to drop it again pretty quickly in light of the ensuing brouhaha: There simply isnt a consensus within either party about what to do about it. Prostitution, it turns out, is a tricky problem to get right, and a decade after instituting one of Europes most liberal laws governing the industry, Germany is no closer to being there.
At the center of the storm are the "progressive" prostitution laws that Germanys Social Democrat-Green administration passed in 2002. The idea was to bring sex workers in from the murky underworld of red light milieus and give them rights and social benefits that would improve their working conditions. In theory, this should have pried them loose from pimps and mafia structures, even if it legalized the "promotional" activities of middlemen in the process.
Under current law, sex workers can sue for wages, pay into social security and demand that employers help pay for health insurance. The sex industry, never strictly illegal, had long paid taxes, but prostitution was not considered legitimate work. The goal was to make prostitution a job like any other. This way, the liberal politicos thought, women could be rescued from evils like human trafficking.
The legislation was meant to set in motion full-scale legalization and aboveboard regulation of the industry, making sex workers as legit as bakers or physical therapists. But conservative opposition stalled the process, stranding it in the gray zone where it has remained since.
A decade down the road, almost nobody is happy with the result. Although the numbers are all estimates - reflecting a very un-Germanic shortage of research - there is little evidence that the plight of sex workers has improved, though its clear that the sex industry itself is flourishing.
Prostitutes do have more rights, but they rarely avail themselves of them. Most sex workers still dont register as such, and few speak out against their handlers. Only very rarely, say police officials, do sex workers file criminal complaints against pimps.
German statistics for human trafficking are also woefully incomplete: The German Federal Office of Criminal Investigation logged 987 victims in 2001 and 482 in 2011. How many of them had backgrounds in red light milieus is anyones guess, and the figures are surely just the tip of the iceberg in terms of trafficking, especially via Eastern Europe.
With evidence piling up that the decade-old prostitution law has failed - or at best, been a wash - a growing chorus of Germans is trying to ban the practice outright. Alice Schwarzer, a best-selling author and Germanys feminist in chief, has been at the forefront of this movement. In her view, prostitution is a straightforward human rights violation and should be outlawed as it has been in Sweden and, more recently, in France.
The 2002 laws protect pimps, Schwarzer says, not prostitutes, whose plight has only gotten worse - a point echoed by many law enforcement officials. According to Schwarzer, sex work is on a par with slavery, and its clientele and handlers should be treated like the criminals that they are.
"Ninety percent of prostitutes are forced into the sex industry through poverty and trafficking," she argues in her new book, "Prostitution: ein deutscher Skandal," the publication of which kicked off a nationwide campaign against prostitution this year. At her urging, over 100 big-name actors, artists, politicians and church figures signed a petition calling for a ban on prostitution. The Brussels-based European Womens Lobby is also on board, as is the womens liberationists onetime nemesis, the Catholic Church.
Abolitionists have relied heavily on the firsthand testimonials of former prostitutes. Their graphic stories of abuse, exploitation and shattered lives are gut-wrenching. Some women tell of regularly being forced to have sex with as many as 60 men per day at the Pussy Club near Stuttgart. Others tell of group sex situations in which several men would have anal, oral and vaginal sex with them at the same time.
These womens passports are confiscated, their movements controlled, and their living conditions squalid. The lions share of their earnings, meanwhile, is pocketed by the middlemen.
Theres no doubt that these stories are true. The question is whether they are representative of the average sex worker. Schwarzer says they are; her critics say they arent.
There is a formidable array of well-informed German and international observers who think that Schwarzer is well off the mark. They may not share her media canny, but when the two camps do battle on talk shows, the sparks often fly. One particularly raucous public discussion this past November in Berlin degenerated into tumult. Pro-prostitution groups like Sexworker, Hydra and Do√±a Carmen, which include many sex workers and former professionals, had members scattered through the audience who booed and jeered Schwarzer, hoisting symbolic red umbrellas and banners reading: "Our Profession Belongs to Us!"
As is often the case, Schwarzer was flanked on stage by a big-city police chief and former sex workers. When the latter spoke, the activists in the crowd shook signs reading: "You Dont Speak for Us!" At the end of it all, one activist, naked from the waist down, stormed on stage.
The sex worker groups are a welcome addition to a debate that until now has largely been conducted over the heads of those involved. These groups, together with other defenders of the 2002 reforms, argue that Schwarzers numbers are bogus, that most sex workers in Germany choose their profession voluntarily, and that what is needed is more openness, not less. Unsurprisingly, many sex workers object to the notion that they are helpless victims: "We dont need to be saved" is one of their slogans.
The contention that most sex workers are trafficked and then held against their will is a red herring, argues Juanita Rosina Henning of Do√±a Carmen, a group that provides sex workers with rights-based counsel. "Ive conducted studies myself in which Ive gone into brothels and interviewed the women," she told the left-wing daily Die Tageszeitung. "Over 90 percent told me they knew they were coming to Germany to work as prostitutes."
"Its telling that these groups accuse the likes of Alice Schwarzer of denying them the ability to exercise their own free will," says Mariam Lau, a columnist of the weekly Die Zeit, who advocates reform of the present law. "Its like the way the left used to talk about the working class - that it has to speak for them because they hadnt developed the right consciousness yet. These women have their own minds and volition."
The sex worker groups, among many others, argue that outlawing prostitution has never worked and that doing so will only turn sex workers into criminals and force the industry back underground. The vast majority of male clients, they claim, are composed of decent-enough men who require sex or tenderness for a range of reasons. The clichéd picture of the abused woman at the hands of violent johns and predatory pimps simply isnt accurate, they say. Schwarzer has never set foot in a brothel, they like to point out. What does she know?
What sex workers need, says Berlin-based sociologist Christiane Howe, are broader labor laws that avail them of all the rights enjoyed by workers in other fields, not just some of them. "The standards for the sex industry have to be on a par with those for hotels, restaurants, etc. These actions together are the only way to stop trafficking and rape and other abuses in a sustained manner," says Howe. She says foreign women who speak out should be offered asylum in Germany, rather than being sent back to their home countries.
In all likelihood, the incoming government will make small adjustments to the law, but not in the direction Howe and other experts suggest. One proposal is to raise the minimum age for sex workers to 21 from 18. Another is to ban flat-rate sex. Tinkering with the current legal status probably wont change much for those who experience abuse as sex workers.
The real solution, full legalization, isnt at the moment on the table in Germany - or anywhere else in Europe for that matter. The one country in the world with a fully legal, highly regulated sex industry is New Zealand. And how has that worked out? Just ask the Kiwis: http://bit.ly/1gFqzly. Ten years down the road from their landmark Prostitution Reform Act, they say its a no-brainer.
Airport quickies? Gives the word “layover” a whole new meaning.
We have a bordello on the Potomac which is even bigger but it has more male members.
But like Germany it has a floor dedicated to transsexual services
Result: net gain of morality for the US.
Sodom and Gomorrah.
I’ll bet you anything, this was yet another poison larvae laid in the final months of East German occupation by the communists, ready to hatch just a decade later. Their intention was to make the west so corrupt it would stink. They got their wish.
"No thank you, fifteen is my limit on Schnitzengruben!"
Must be in the VIP Lounge.
About 10 years ago I had some Internet conversations with one of these German prostitutes. (I don’t remember how it all initiated - probably via some sort of chat room.) Anyway, she worked at a sex club, and she took it for granted that having sex with the owner was part of the price she had to pay for being allowed to work there. I found it all weird and depressing, but she seemed to regard it as all very normal. There was a kind of resignation or slight depression in her attitude, but she insisted she was happy. I had my doubts.
The market has been flooded, driving down the costs of piece-work.
Bill Clinton is relieved. Now he doesn’t have to learn Austrian.
Happy with the money. But the conscience was not so easily purchased perhaps.
Bill Clinton is probably begging Obama to appoint him as U.S. ambassador to Germany.
When ???? Was it not????
I heard soooo much about Germany in the postwar era from the old international metal traders I used to work with. Come on. It has always been like that.
Prostitutes earnings are falling in Germany
Interview with a prostitute in Germany
I see people going to movies, paying for high priced football tickets and buying new cars. Now this. I can’t understand where people are getting the money.
I’ve thought for quite some time that West Germany was much better off before reunification. “Wind of Change”, indeed.
It's different. You have to pay to not be screwed.
It's different. You have to pay to not be screwed.
Right... and WE are their pimps... because we put them there