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MiG-31: A fighter ahead of its time
Russia & India Report ^ | February 21, 2014 | Ekaterina Turysheva

Posted on 02/21/2014 12:18:54 PM PST by sukhoi-30mki

Defence analysts believe that no other aircraft of its kind would be able to compete with what NATO calls the Foxhound in the next 10 to 15 years

Russian airspace is guarded by a unique aircraft, which can intercept any target, from hidden cruise missiles to satellites – day and night, rain or shine, and at any speed. Defence analysts believe that no other aircraft of its kind would be able to compete with the Russian MiG-31 in the next 10 to 15 years.

Arctic barrier

The two-seat supersonic fighter-interceptor, referred to as Foxhound by NATO, is the first Soviet combat aircraft of the fourth generation. In the late 1960s, there were two reasons to build this aircraft, internal and external. On the one hand, the US put strategic cruise missiles and the FB-111 bomber into service. These could fly over the North Pole and reach boundaries of the USSR at low altitudes, following the relief and avoiding coming into sight of our satellites. On the other hand, there was a gap in the radar barrier in the North of Russia.

In order to fill this gap and to meet any ‘uninvited guests,’ Moscow decided to launch an aircraft capable of monitoring air space over a wide front and altitude range. These aircraft were the new MiGs, built in the Artem Mikoyan Experimental Design Office (today the Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG). After their assignment to combat duty, American reconnaissance aircraft started to fly less frequently across the boundaries of the USSR.

Now, when the issue of protecting Russian interests in the Arctic region has become increasingly important, the MiG-31 “Arctic” experience can be of great service to the northern formations of the Russian Army. Military Read section: Defence and Security

The MiG-31 is capable of intercepting and destroying any target from low-flying satellites to cruise missiles. A group of interceptors can control a large portion of air space, by directing fighters to any target, as well as ground-based anti-aircraft missiles.

This aircraft was called the “flying radar” by the pilots, for its unique avionics capabilities. This complex has at its basis the ‘Barrier’ control system, equipped with the world’s first phased-array antenna. This PAA differs from the classic radar as it allows to move the beam at a fixed antenna, as well as to create the necessary number of rays, tracking multiple targets simultaneously.

The Barrier is able to detect 24 objects at a distance of 200 kilometres. The on-board computer chooses the four most dangerous targets and directs long-range air-to-air missiles at them. The other four targets (the maximum number of simultaneous targets that can be attacked is eight) are destroyed either by the medium-range and short-range missiles or their coordinates are transmitted to fighters and anti-aircraft missiles on the ground.

Experts say that in the next 10 to 15 years there will be no aviation system built that can match the MiG-31. All modern fighters (except for the fifth generation fighter aircraft) are not fully supersonic, since their supersonic flight time is limited to 5–15 minutes, due to various kinds of restrictions in the airframe design. Duration of the MiG-31 supersonic flight is only limited by the fuel supply. Moreover, the MiG-31 is able to pass the sound barrier in level flight and in climb mode, while the majority of supersonic aircraft pass the M=1 speed in a shallow dive.

Short takeoff history

Production of the MiG-31 began in 1981 at the Sokol plant in Gorky (now Nizhny Novgorod). By the end of 1994, more than 500 of these machines were built, and then their production was curtailed. Today about one hundred of these are operational.

The modernization of the MiG-31, launched in 1984, led to the creation of the MiG-31M. This is considered the best invention and creation in Soviet military aviation history, with some information about it still being considered confidential today. It is known that the MiG-31M, at the maximum speed, is faster than any similar aircraft in the world, by at least 500 kilometres per hour. In August 1995, the aircraft was shown at the MAKS-95 Air Show in Zhukovsky and caused a sensation. However, the MiG-31M did not go into serial production.

Nevertheless, at the Sokol plant and at aircraft repair plants, the production capacity, staffing and documentation necessary for the resumption of work still exist. Aviation professionals believe all these factors will reduce production costs for the restoration of so promising an aircraft by a third.


TOPICS: Foreign Affairs; News/Current Events; Russia
KEYWORDS: aerospace; foxhound; mig31; russia

1 posted on 02/21/2014 12:18:54 PM PST by sukhoi-30mki
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To: sukhoi-30mki

Lots of hot air with a few interesting tidbits.


2 posted on 02/21/2014 12:19:23 PM PST by sukhoi-30mki
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To: sukhoi-30mki

3 posted on 02/21/2014 12:20:56 PM PST by PLMerite
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To: sukhoi-30mki

Cool! I didn’t know they were still making the MIG 25.


4 posted on 02/21/2014 12:21:03 PM PST by Sirius Lee (All that is required for evil to advance is for government to do "something")
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To: sukhoi-30mki

Exactly.

Ahead of time? Now waaaaayyyyy behind the times.

Pierce of gas-guzzling shoot-me-first junk designed to go against a jet we never put on the line (B-70).


5 posted on 02/21/2014 12:21:30 PM PST by Hulka
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I don’t care what the Ruskies say. That thing looks like Rosie O’Donnel riding the Goodyear Blimp on radar!

Perfect target!


6 posted on 02/21/2014 12:23:08 PM PST by InsidiousMongo
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To: sukhoi-30mki
As a non-expert, I'm a tad confused.

1. The design is obviously pre-stealth..possibly not that important i that it seems to be viewed as a defensive fighter..protect the Rodina..

2. Why all the talk about the plane's radar..I thought that now, if you turn on your radar..you'r dead. Period..

7 posted on 02/21/2014 12:23:20 PM PST by ken5050 ("One useless man is a shame, two are a law firm, three or more are a Congress".. John Adams)
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To: Hulka

Fugly piece of crap.


8 posted on 02/21/2014 12:23:47 PM PST by DarrellZero
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To: sukhoi-30mki

The wheels wobble on this crate as it rolls.


9 posted on 02/21/2014 12:24:06 PM PST by Coffee... Black... No Sugar (I'm gonna' BICKER!)
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To: Sirius Lee
Cool! I didn’t know they were still making the MIG 25.

LOL! My thoughts exactly.

10 posted on 02/21/2014 12:27:39 PM PST by sauron ("Truth is hate to those who hate Truth" --unknown)
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To: sukhoi-30mki
All modern fighters (except for the fifth generation fighter aircraft) are not fully supersonic, since their supersonic flight time is limited to 5–15 minutes, due to various kinds of restrictions in the airframe design.

I assume the author is speaking only of Russian aircraft, such as the predecessor MiG-25 that could dash at Mach 2.5 and burn out its engines in the process.

11 posted on 02/21/2014 12:27:44 PM PST by Yo-Yo (Is the /sarc tag really necessary?)
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To: Hulka; sukhoi-30mki

Ditto.

Birds of a feather...


12 posted on 02/21/2014 12:27:56 PM PST by logi_cal869
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To: sukhoi-30mki
Duration of the MiG-31 supersonic flight is only limited by the fuel supply

Would that not be the limiting factor of all supersonic aircraft?

13 posted on 02/21/2014 12:30:17 PM PST by thackney (life is fragile, handle with prayer)
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To: Sirius Lee

Yes, the Foxbat.


14 posted on 02/21/2014 12:34:12 PM PST by Red Steel
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To: thackney

Nah, on the Mig-25 I think it was limited by how long it would take to break down.

Thus, this is an upgrade.


15 posted on 02/21/2014 12:34:18 PM PST by drbuzzard (All animals are created equal, but some are more equal than others.)
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To: sukhoi-30mki

The real name of this jet is the MiG-TARGET.


16 posted on 02/21/2014 12:38:18 PM PST by LeonardFMason (LanceyHoward would AGREE)
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To: sukhoi-30mki

“the world’s first phased-array antenna.”

Laughable...


17 posted on 02/21/2014 12:38:25 PM PST by piytar (The predator-class is furious that their prey are shooting back.)
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To: Coffee... Black... No Sugar

How does the Amos compare? Doesn’t it out range an F15 with AIM 120 AMRAM?


18 posted on 02/21/2014 12:42:09 PM PST by Wildbill22 (They have us surrounded again, the poor bastards- Gen Creighton Williams Abrams)
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To: PLMerite

Alright!

Gosh that was a fun movie. I had a great night out with some friends.

Remember there was a great video arcade game, too.


19 posted on 02/21/2014 12:44:40 PM PST by F15Eagle (1Jn4:15;5:4-5,11-13;Mt27:50-54;Mk15:33-34;Jn3:17-18,6:69,11:25,14:6,20:31;Ro10:8-11;1Tm2:5-6;Ti3:4-7)
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To: piytar

I believe the nickname given to this accomplished aircraft is “Raptor food.”


20 posted on 02/21/2014 12:45:25 PM PST by EQAndyBuzz (Insurgent Conservative)
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To: piytar

Maybe the first Russian phased-array antenna. However for the rest of the world, Karl Braun did it in 1905; many others followed.


21 posted on 02/21/2014 12:46:24 PM PST by thackney (life is fragile, handle with prayer)
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To: sukhoi-30mki

It would have been ahead of it’s time....if they had developed it in 1965 instead of 1975!!!


22 posted on 02/21/2014 12:50:55 PM PST by ontap
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To: LeonardFMason

has to start with an “F” like fishbed, flanker, etc.

how about “Fireball”? “Flame-Trail”? “FacePlant”?


23 posted on 02/21/2014 12:52:48 PM PST by epluribus_2 (he had the best mom - ever.)
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To: sukhoi-30mki

Wasn’t the Mig-31 a revamp of the Mig-25 Foxbat?


24 posted on 02/21/2014 12:53:35 PM PST by doorgunner69
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To: doorgunner69

Yes, a follow-on.


25 posted on 02/21/2014 12:55:23 PM PST by F15Eagle (1Jn4:15;5:4-5,11-13;Mt27:50-54;Mk15:33-34;Jn3:17-18,6:69,11:25,14:6,20:31;Ro10:8-11;1Tm2:5-6;Ti3:4-7)
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To: drbuzzard

The Mig-25 had about thirty seconds on full after burner. It was basically a missile with a pilot....it’s bark was way more than it’s bite. When Viktor Belenko defected the Mig-25 was exposed for what it was.....a propaganda piece!! The Mig-31 was the Mig-25 with a really fancy radar!!!


26 posted on 02/21/2014 12:57:06 PM PST by ontap
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To: ken5050

“As a non-expert, I’m a tad confused.
1. The design is obviously pre-stealth..possibly not that important i that it seems to be viewed as a defensive fighter..protect the Rodina..”

That plane the F-25 was designed as an interceptor.If it really got into a dog fight it would have been turned into dog food since it had very poor maneuverability.


27 posted on 02/21/2014 1:07:27 PM PST by puppypusher ( The World is going to the dogs.)
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To: ontap

C’mon. It was a top interceptor and virtually invincible by earlier 1990s unless some camel jockeys abused it and tried to pull turns against F-15s. AFAIK it’s earlier variant scored a first kill in a Gulf War against USN F-18. It’s radar proved to be immune to countermeasures as well, Iraqi Foxbats disrupted numerous Allied sorties at the time.


28 posted on 02/21/2014 1:10:49 PM PST by cunning_fish
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To: sukhoi-30mki

Ahead of its time?
It’s time must be 1975...................


29 posted on 02/21/2014 1:18:12 PM PST by Red Badger (LIberal is an oxymoron......................)
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To: sukhoi-30mki

“The MiG-31 is capable of intercepting and destroying any target from low-flying satellites to cruise missiles. A group of interceptors can control a large portion of air space, by directing fighters to any target, as well as ground-based anti-aircraft missiles.”

(wondering why Saddam buried his MiG-31’s in the sand)


30 posted on 02/21/2014 1:44:08 PM PST by Tallguy
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To: F15Eagle

But there was no CGI how could there be a movie made without CGI.... MODELS!!!


31 posted on 02/21/2014 1:56:07 PM PST by Baseballguy (pharaphase (If someone does not believe in heaven or hell - they should not care where they go))
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To: sukhoi-30mki

80,000lbs?!?!?!?!


32 posted on 02/21/2014 1:57:22 PM PST by gura (If Allah is so great, why does he need fat sexually confused fanboys to do his dirty work? -iowahawk)
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To: Tallguy

In fact he had earlier version, powered by inferior engines, using 1960s avionics.
They still scored well in the Gulf War, considering the fact how badly Saddam’s AF was outnumbered and outgunned.


33 posted on 02/21/2014 1:58:29 PM PST by cunning_fish
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To: puppypusher

““As a non-expert, I’m a tad confused.
1. The design is obviously pre-stealth..possibly not that important i that it seems to be viewed as a defensive fighter..protect the Rodina..””

A mig-25 was flown to Japan by a Russian Pilot and the USAF was able to take that plane and fly it and they determined that it was designed to be a point Defence interceptor to shoot down bombers and possibly the SR-71.

As quick as the mig 25 was it never got close.

This information allowed the U.S. To build the F-15 knowing it would have the ability to out fight the FoxBat.


34 posted on 02/21/2014 2:34:13 PM PST by puppypusher ( The World is going to the dogs.)
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To: cunning_fish
"They still scored well...."

I see Baghdad Bob is alive and well, posting on Free Republic.

35 posted on 02/21/2014 4:51:49 PM PST by diogenes ghost
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To: F15Eagle

I remember being home on leave at my friend’s house who’d just gotten cable. That movie was on all the movie channels, staggered so that it seemed you could pick it up at any point in the film by switching channels.


36 posted on 02/21/2014 5:07:19 PM PST by PLMerite
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To: diogenes ghost

>>>”They still scored well....”

I see Baghdad Bob is alive and well, posting on Free Republic.<<<

...Comparing to the rest Iraqi assets! At least one USN jet shot down and a dozen mission kills were a success comparing to overall performance of Iraqi AF during Gulf War.


37 posted on 02/21/2014 5:08:38 PM PST by cunning_fish
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To: cunning_fish
"At least one USN jet shot down and a dozen mission kills..."

Okay, Bob, Ya got Scott, but what does 'a dozen mission kills' refer to?

38 posted on 02/21/2014 7:33:42 PM PST by diogenes ghost
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To: diogenes ghost

>>Okay, Bob, Ya got Scott, but what does ‘a dozen mission kills’ refer to?<<

A wing of F-111s or Tornadoes dropped their loads short of target and chased away by Foxbat is a mission kill and a success in terms of air defence.

I have no idea why are you painting me sympathetic to an Iraqi cause which I obviously don’t.

We are discussing a weapons platform here.


39 posted on 02/21/2014 8:00:10 PM PST by cunning_fish
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To: cunning_fish
Sorry pal, but referring to the MIG-25 as a 'top interceptor' and 'invincible' are Bob's lines.

If the shoe fits.....wear it.

40 posted on 02/21/2014 8:37:13 PM PST by diogenes ghost
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To: cunning_fish
“it’s earlier variant scored a first kill in a Gulf War against USN F-18.”

Where did you get that? First, it were F-15’s that scored first kills, and secondly, most importantly, the Gulf War Air Power Survey (GWAPS) lists a MiG-25 as one of many possibilities for the loss of the jet. So, while you state as fact the loss was due to a MiG-25, there are no facts to support that allegation.

“It’s radar proved to be immune to countermeasures as well,”

“Immune?” Not hardly. It is am improvement over standard doppler notch tactics and such, but hardly immune from electronic jamming/spoofing. ALL electronic sensors can be jammed or spoofed. . .the MiG-31 is by far one of the easiest scanned-array radars to be jammed or spoofed.

“Iraqi Foxbats disrupted numerous Allied sorties at the time”

Where did you get that? A close study of the air war, and even a cursory examination, reveals no such disruption took place. . .especially after the first night. “Disruption” was most always the result of SAM activity and not the result of A/A activity. Again, GWAPS (the definitive fact-based report on the air war).

41 posted on 02/22/2014 10:39:07 AM PST by Hulka
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To: cunning_fish
Ahhh. . .you got me. . .upon looking at what you wrote you set a trap. . .you left out the sarcasm tag and I fell for it.

Good one.

42 posted on 02/22/2014 10:40:15 AM PST by Hulka
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To: cunning_fish

“They still scored well in the Gulf War”

That is funny.

Thanks for the laugh.


43 posted on 02/22/2014 10:41:51 AM PST by Hulka
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To: diogenes ghost

It did not get Scott. The MiG was listed as a possible sources of the downing. It was never stated or determined to be the cause of the loss.


44 posted on 02/22/2014 10:43:31 AM PST by Hulka
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To: cunning_fish; diogenes ghost
“A wing of F-111s or Tornadoes dropped their loads short of target and chased away by Foxbat is a mission kill. . .”

First, “mission kill” is not a term used by aviators, planners or weaponeers.

Second. . ."F-111 or Torandoes"? Yet you claim "mission kill" to MiG-25s?.

Third, unless you provide accurate facts and sources, you are just saying things. I provided an excellent academic source with facts, stats, interviews, ets. . .and what you are talking about never happened.

Some missions on the first and second night were terminated early (”aborted” is the correct term) but that was because they over-ran their OCA SEAD coverage.

45 posted on 02/22/2014 10:49:45 AM PST by Hulka
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To: Hulka

Well, I am not an expert in military aviation. Most of the above I took from public forums. As for Mig vs F/A-18 it is often referred as a first engagement, at many sources. So does accounts on how hard Mig-25 was to intercept.


46 posted on 02/22/2014 4:27:43 PM PST by cunning_fish
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To: cunning_fish
Public forums are full of ‘experts’ offering snippets of brilliance from their superior minds when, actually, their ‘facts’ are about as trustworthy as Bill Clinton in a backwater Bayou Cat-house.

Caution is best used when reading about technical capabilities of anything, especially aircraft.

A ‘first engagement’ is far from accurate and I think they are referring to “may be among the first engagements.”

As far as how hard to intercept, not really hard at all. In fact, easy. Here is why: Huge RCS, sun-sized thermal plume, massive physical size so easy to see.

Once seen (by whatever means), you can run an intercept on the jet very easily because it simply can't change direction without making a turn that would take up the entire state of Kansas.

Basically, see it and put it on the CATA and it is toast. Just draw a little lead and pull the trigger. Easy.

I suspect your sources are simply ignorant about A/A and simple tactics and confuse speed with difficulty to intercept. It's either they are a) ignorant, b) trying to sound smart, c) engaged in disinformation, or d) in love with the target. . .errr. . .jet. . .and simply cant stand having others calling their baby ugly.

Cheers

47 posted on 02/23/2014 12:25:03 PM PST by Hulka
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