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When U.S. Steps Back, Will Russia and China Control the Internet?
The National Journal ^ | March 17, 2014 | Brendan Sasso

Posted on 03/17/2014 2:12:07 PM PDT by Kenny

The United States is planning to give up its last remaining authority over the technical management of the Internet.

The Commerce Department announced Friday that it will give the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), an international nonprofit group, control over the database of names and addresses that allows computers around the world to connect to each other.

Administration officials say U.S. authority over the Internet address system was always intended to be temporary and that ultimate power should rest with the "global Internet community."

But some fear that the Obama administration is opening the door to an Internet takeover by Russia, China, or other countries that are eager to censor speech and limit the flow of ideas.

"If the Obama Administration gives away its oversight of the Internet, it will be gone forever," wrote Daniel Castro, a senior analyst with the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation.

Castro argued that the world "could be faced with a splintered Internet that would stifle innovation, commerce, and the free flow and diversity of ideas that are bedrock tenets of world's biggest economic engine."

Rep. Marsha Blackburn, a Tennessee Republican, called the announcement a "hostile step" against free speech.

"Giving up control of ICANN will allow countries like China and Russia that don't place the same value in freedom of speech to better define how the internet looks and operates," she said in a statement.

Critics warn that U.S. control of the domain system has been a check against the influence of authoritarian regimes over ICANN, and in turn the Internet.

But other advocacy groups, businesses, and lawmakers have praised the administration's announcement—while also saying they plan to watch the transition closely.

The Internet was invented in the United States, and the country has always had a central role in its management. But as the Internet has grown, other countries have demanded a greater voice. Edward Snowden's leaks about U.S. surveillance have only exacerbated that tension. China, Russia, Iran, and dozens of other countries are already pushing for more control over the Internet through the International Telecommunications Union, a United Nations agency.

The transition to full ICANN control of the Internet's address system won't happen until October 2015, and even then, there likely won't be any sudden changes. ICANN was already managing the system under a contract from the Commerce Department.

But having the ultimate authority over the domain name system was the most important leverage the United States had in debates over the operation of the Internet. It was a trump card the U.S. could play if it wanted to veto an ICANN decision or fend off an international attack on Internet freedom.

The Obama administration is keenly aware of the potential for an authoritarian regime to seize power over the Internet. ICANN will have to submit a proposal for the new management system to the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, an agency within the Commerce Department.

"I want to make clear that we will not accept a proposal that replaces the NTIA role with a government-led or an intergovernmental solution," Larry Strickling, the head of NTIA, said Friday.

Fadi Chehadé, the president and CEO of ICANN, said he will work with governments, businesses, and nonprofits to craft a new oversight system.

"All stakeholders deserve a voice in the management and governance of this global resource as equal partners," he said.

Verizon, AT&T, Cisco, and other business groups all issued statements applauding the administration's move. Senate Commerce Committee Chairman Jay Rockefeller argued that the transition will help ensure the Internet remains free and open.

Sen. John Thune, the top Republican on the Commerce Committee, said he will watch the process carefully, but that he trusts "the innovators and entrepreneurs more than the bureaucrats—whether they're in D.C. or Brussels."

The transition will reassure the global community that the U.S. is not trying to manipulate the Internet for its own economic or strategic advantage, according to Cameron Kerry, a fellow at the Brookings Institution and the former acting Commerce secretary.

Steve DelBianco, the executive director of NetChoice, a pro-business tech group, said the U.S. was bound to eventually give up its role overseeing Internet addresses. But he said lawmakers and the Obama administration will have to ensure that ICANN will still be held accountable before handing the group the keys to the address system in 2015. DelBianco warned that without proper safeguards, Russian President Vladimir Putin or another authoritarian leader could pressure ICANN to shut down domains that host critical content.

"That kind of freedom of expression is something that the U.S. has carefully protected," DelBianco said in an interview. "Whatever replaces the leverage, let's design it carefully."


TOPICS: Government; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: icann; internet; internetcontrol
Color me naive but this seems like a huge decision for one guy. Shouldn't this have to be approved by Congress? I know many of them have been effectively neutered but I'd like to at least see some debate.
1 posted on 03/17/2014 2:12:07 PM PDT by Kenny
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To: Kenny

Congress doesn’t want to be responsibile for anything.


2 posted on 03/17/2014 2:16:51 PM PDT by Starboard
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To: Kenny

Well...they certainly gonna to try!


3 posted on 03/17/2014 2:29:59 PM PDT by PoloSec ( Believe the Gospel: how that Christ died for our sins, was buried and rose again)
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To: Kenny
King Obama is our dictator. This jackass is crazy as a bed bug and should be impeached by the House. Screw the Senate. Get it done and we can hold this over his head until we get the Senate. He does not have the right to give the internet without the consent of Congress.

King Obama is a traitor and must stopped..

4 posted on 03/17/2014 2:36:16 PM PDT by Logical me
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To: Kenny

favorite sites being blocked will be a common thing


5 posted on 03/17/2014 2:36:52 PM PDT by GeronL (Vote for Conservatives not for Republicans!)
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To: Kenny
SCENARIO: A US citizen invests and works his butt off to build a successful Internet business and one day he discovers that all his business traffic has been re-routed to a knock-off web site hosted in China.

This is EXACTLY what is going to happen.

6 posted on 03/17/2014 2:39:07 PM PDT by The Duke ("Forgiveness is between them and God, it's my job to arrange the meeting.")
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To: Kenny

With the administration we have right now, having the Russians or Chinese in charge of the Internet will be 6 to 1 and half dozen to the other versus the current care takers.


7 posted on 03/17/2014 2:39:41 PM PDT by Carbonsteel
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To: Kenny

The ruling class wants to to kill the internet.
Makes sense to me.


8 posted on 03/17/2014 2:44:05 PM PDT by right way right (America has embraced the suck of Freedumb.)
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To: Kenny

Our stupid ass congress is so inept to not even put this at the forefront of the news...hey, let’s give away the Panama Canal, our ports, give the Chicoms satellite technology...the keys to the kingdom for goodness sakes!


9 posted on 03/17/2014 2:54:27 PM PDT by CincyRichieRich (Bloom right where you are.)
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To: Starboard

I predict a special council, group, or oversight committee that is backed and controlled by Soros will be pproved to take those reins and monitor Internet activity worldwide.


10 posted on 03/17/2014 2:57:58 PM PDT by jsanders2001
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To: Logical me
i have opinions on this and on the one...have made them very clear in the past here...but can no longer say anything as my local home net, my computers and my on-line accounts and many other on-line web sites accesses are experiencing very strange issues and insurance policies all of a sudden being canceled ...repeating over and over after being cleared...for whatever reason and i can only attribute to my comments here...some organization very high up or very “deep” in the web have me and mine in their cross-hairs
11 posted on 03/17/2014 3:05:54 PM PDT by ldish (Have had enough...you??????)
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To: GeronL

Censorship will be a common thing. Someone posted yesterday that he thought that was the whole reason behind the move; to get around the 1st Amendment. I think he may be right.


12 posted on 03/17/2014 3:06:35 PM PDT by logic101.net (How many more children must die on the altar of gun control?)
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To: Kenny

This is about commercial control and protocols. The ability to stop the flow of data will always be in US hands.


13 posted on 03/17/2014 3:35:44 PM PDT by Jumper
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To: Kenny
Welcome to carbon credits redux. In the interest of "fairness" we need to reserve 90% of the assignments to underdeveloped countries. Developed ones can purchase address space...for a price.

Watch it happen.

14 posted on 03/17/2014 3:39:47 PM PDT by Billthedrill
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To: Jumper
This is about commercial control and protocols. The ability to stop the flow of data will always be in US hands.

If we don't have control over IP addresses and domains, what control will we have? No IP/no connection. They don't like your content, no domain. I don't see any control staying with U.S. if they go through with this.

And look at the title of this article, who will get it, China, Russia, Iran, Egypt, so many aggressive enemies eager to bury us. This is nothing short of treason on every one of their heads, Obama and Congress for not stepping up to protect us.

15 posted on 03/17/2014 3:43:17 PM PDT by Kenny
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To: Kenny

What exactly would Obama do about it? The little faggot is totally ill-equipped mentally and morally to be a leader, so he has resorted to being a lousy, incompetent dictator. Other countries laugh in his face. China and Russia are way too much for him to handle. The Democrat Senate is stupid enough to worship him, and the GOPe House is afraid of him. Say hello to the Chicom internet.


16 posted on 03/17/2014 3:44:55 PM PDT by pallis
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To: pallis

And where is Rand Paul or Ted Cruz on this? Are they only in our corner, fighting for our rights, while they’re making a name and getting into the Presidential race?

Before now I would have thought they’d be there for us but I’m hearing nothing but a chilling silence from any of them on this and it’s one of the worst things Obama’s been able to do on his own.


17 posted on 03/17/2014 3:49:42 PM PDT by Kenny
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To: Kenny
The Obama administration is keenly aware of the potential for an authoritarian regime to seize power over the Internet.

Which is why I'd think he'd want to hang on to it! /S

18 posted on 03/17/2014 4:31:33 PM PDT by Pearls Before Swine
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To: Starboard

Good thing Republicans control the House!

Have these guys done ANYTHING to thwart Obama’s rampage? Obama is like Godzilla stomping all over America and the Republicans are all curled up in a corner somewhere crying like a little girl. Really, how utterly useless can you prove yourself to be?


19 posted on 03/17/2014 4:42:30 PM PDT by Obadiah (I Like Ted.)
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To: Kenny

president mom jeans’ carter panama canal moment. right here.


20 posted on 03/17/2014 5:58:06 PM PDT by Secret Agent Man (Gone Galt; Not averse to Going Bronson.)
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To: Kenny

According to my Signal Corps sources, the US can affect 85% of the entire Internet at the flip of a switch so to speak. There are ways to include combat that determine who actually controls the Internet; what we are talking about is the commercialization and politics of the Internet - the actual ability to project control under Combat conditions is the actual measurement per DARPA and the US can deny use of the Internet for communications to all other nations should we choose to do so, while maintaining our own capacity.


21 posted on 03/17/2014 7:23:38 PM PDT by Jumper
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To: Jumper

Thanks.


22 posted on 03/17/2014 8:36:17 PM PDT by Kenny
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