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1,300 year-old mummy and her intimate tattoo
Telegraph ^ | March 27, 2014 | Robert Mendick

Posted on 03/28/2014 4:16:37 AM PDT by NYer

Wrapped in bandages and caricatured as figures of terror in Hollywood movies, Egypt’s mummies have long captivated and bewildered scientists and children alike.

Now a new exhibition at the British Museum will disclose the human side of the mummies of the Nile.

Eight have been – scientifically speaking – stripped bare revealing secrets taken to the grave thousands of years ago.

snip

One of the mummies, whose remains were found just seven years ago, was so well preserved that archaeologists could almost make out the tattoo on her skin on the inner thigh of her right leg with the naked eye. Infra-red technology helped define it more clearly.

The woman, aged between 20 and 35, had been buried wrapped in a linen and woollen cloth and her remains had mummified in the dry heat. The tattoo has been deciphered by curators and spells out in ancient Greek – M-I-X-A-H-A, or Michael.

The owner of the tattoo was a woman who died in about AD 700 and lived in a Christian community on the banks of the Nile.

The tattoo represents the symbol of the Archangel Michael, who features in both the Old and New Testaments. The symbol has previously been found in ancient churches and on stone tablets, but never before in the form of a tattoo.

“You can see her tattoo really clearly using infra red reflectography,” said Dr Antoine, “The tattoo on her right inner thigh represents a monogram that spells Michael in ancient Greek.

“She is the first evidence of a tattoo from this period. This is a very rare find.”


(Excerpt) Read more at telegraph.co.uk ...


TOPICS: Culture/Society; Foreign Affairs
KEYWORDS: ancientautopsies; archangelmichael; epigraphyandlanguage; godsgravesglyphs; mummy; tattoo
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1 posted on 03/28/2014 4:16:37 AM PDT by NYer
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To: Tax-chick; GregB; Berlin_Freeper; SumProVita; narses; bboop; SevenofNine; Ronaldus Magnus; tiki; ...

Ping!


2 posted on 03/28/2014 4:16:56 AM PDT by NYer ("You are a puff of smoke that appears briefly and then disappears." James 4:14)
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To: SunkenCiv

Ping!


3 posted on 03/28/2014 4:17:15 AM PDT by NYer ("You are a puff of smoke that appears briefly and then disappears." James 4:14)
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To: NYer

“Tattoos - while you wait.”


4 posted on 03/28/2014 4:18:41 AM PDT by eCSMaster ("It is not the color of his skin, ... it is the blackness that fills his soul")
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To: NYer

I wonder if it is like a cattle brand, indicating she was the property of Michael.


5 posted on 03/28/2014 4:20:31 AM PDT by Erik Latranyi (When religions have to beg the gov't for a waiver, we are already under socialism.)
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To: eCSMaster
NO one is asking ...

How far 'inner' in the thigh and what would a woman tattooing a man's name in her 'inner' thigh be thinking?

You ladies that have such tats ... you know what YOU were thinking ... DON'T you ?

6 posted on 03/28/2014 4:21:43 AM PDT by knarf (I say things that are true .. I have no proof .. but they're true.)
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To: NYer

Another story about Nancy Piglosi ???


7 posted on 03/28/2014 4:28:07 AM PDT by Iron Munro (The future ain't what it use to be -- Yogi Berra)
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To: NYer

My first impression was butterfly but the archangel seems to be a modern phenomenon as well. The depiction above is the least elaborate modern example I could find.

8 posted on 03/28/2014 4:28:21 AM PDT by bert ((K.E. N.P. N.C. +12 ..... History is a process, not an event)
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To: NYer

Probably the brand of her owner


9 posted on 03/28/2014 4:32:40 AM PDT by GeronL (Vote for Conservatives not for Republicans!)
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To: NYer

Gives new meaning to the phrase “Tattoos are forever”


10 posted on 03/28/2014 4:33:35 AM PDT by CIB-173RDABN (I do not doubt that our climate changes. I only doubt that anything man does has any effect.)
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To: GeronL

No. That sure looks like a Christian cross.


11 posted on 03/28/2014 4:33:39 AM PDT by Biggirl (“Go, do not be afraid, and serve”-Pope Francis)
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To: NYer

Did they check for a tramp stamp?


12 posted on 03/28/2014 4:35:11 AM PDT by KSCITYBOY
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To: Biggirl

I doubt that it is


13 posted on 03/28/2014 4:35:22 AM PDT by GeronL (Vote for Conservatives not for Republicans!)
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To: GeronL

For you that is.


14 posted on 03/28/2014 4:35:56 AM PDT by Biggirl (“Go, do not be afraid, and serve”-Pope Francis)
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To: NYer

Very early Christian art forms.


15 posted on 03/28/2014 4:41:30 AM PDT by Biggirl (“Go, do not be afraid, and serve”-Pope Francis)
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To: GeronL

Obviously you did not finish reading the article.


16 posted on 03/28/2014 4:41:32 AM PDT by Justa
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To: NYer

Looks like she promised herself to someone named michael
If she wasn’t entombed with him ...
Egypt her


17 posted on 03/28/2014 4:43:39 AM PDT by daku
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To: NYer

could this have been added after death as some form of burial ritual?

Because body tattoos are stickly prohibited in the bible


18 posted on 03/28/2014 5:05:30 AM PDT by TexasFreeper2009 (Obama lied .. the economy died.)
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To: NYer

Has Bill Clinton asked her for a date?


19 posted on 03/28/2014 5:12:57 AM PDT by Fresh Wind (The last remnants of the Old Republic have been swept away.)
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To: NYer

Given the name, the hidden location, that it was in Greek, and she lived in the 700’s, I’d say that she was a “secret Christian” during the time of Muslim conquering. Christians were not allowed to wear signs of their faith in most Muslim lands.


20 posted on 03/28/2014 5:26:06 AM PDT by VanShuyten ("a shadow...draped nobly in the folds of a gorgeous eloquence.")
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To: TexasFreeper2009
Because body tattoos are stickly(sic) prohibited in the bible

For the Jewish people.

21 posted on 03/28/2014 6:11:17 AM PDT by verga (Poor spiritual health is often manifested with poor physical health.)
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To: NYer
The tattoo represents the symbol of the archangel Michael...


22 posted on 03/28/2014 6:16:02 AM PDT by Oberon (John 12:5-6)
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To: verga
um, no.

Jesus said “Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.”

Matthew 5:17

The old testament is very clear on this subject. Tattoos are no more allowed than adultery.

23 posted on 03/28/2014 6:18:10 AM PDT by TexasFreeper2009 (Obama lied .. the economy died.)
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To: knarf
Look... she probably didn't want the traditional ancient symbol of Christianity tattoo'd there, for obvious reasons...


24 posted on 03/28/2014 6:18:24 AM PDT by Oberon (John 12:5-6)
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To: TexasFreeper2009
The old testament is very clear on this subject. Tattoos are no more allowed than adultery.

Or pork.

25 posted on 03/28/2014 6:18:55 AM PDT by Oberon (John 12:5-6)
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To: Oberon

um... pork is different. Jesus specifically appeared to the apostle Paul on the road to Damascus to tell him all foods were now clean.


26 posted on 03/28/2014 6:21:48 AM PDT by TexasFreeper2009 (Obama lied .. the economy died.)
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To: TexasFreeper2009

Well, all righty then. What about all the other stuff in the law we modern-day Christians don’t do?


27 posted on 03/28/2014 6:22:52 AM PDT by Oberon (John 12:5-6)
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To: TexasFreeper2009

When Christians making this claim are able to demonstrate to me that they carefully follow ALL the OT laws, I’ll be able to take them seriously.

Not picking and choosing the ones they will follow and the ones they will ignore.


28 posted on 03/28/2014 6:23:56 AM PDT by Sherman Logan
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To: TexasFreeper2009

Can you cite an old testament passage about tattoos that applies here?


29 posted on 03/28/2014 6:28:24 AM PDT by George from New England (escaped CT in 2006, now living north of Tampa)
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To: NYer
Thanks NYer, earlier: Tattoo Discovered on Ancient Egyptian Mummy.

30 posted on 03/28/2014 6:29:10 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (http://www.freerepublic.com/tag/alreadyposted/index)
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To: Sherman Logan
It's rather simple actually. If Jesus didn't specifically change or modify the law. Then the law still stands.

In many cases Jesus actually strengthened the law, by for example saying in the case of adultery that to even “looks” at a woman in a lustful manner has already committed adultery.

Peoples failure to follow the law in it's entirety does not change the law. The law is the law, and the law is there mostly for our benefit.

Do you really think God cares what we eat? or how what we eat is prepared for cooking? of course not! but in the ancient world they didn't have the USDA approved label that food had been prepared properly to not make people sick.

How does it benefit God if we take a day off of work each week? (I know, some would argue that if we use that day off to glorify him then it has some direct impact on him) But I would argue that the Sabbath was made for us. Our maker made us to sleep every night as to rest every 7th day. To do otherwise is only hurting ourselves, those who never take a day off, or who rest all the time, get ill and die early.

Heck, one could even argue that the old testament admonition for men to not shave is important. Men shouldn't emasculate themselves and act like women. Basically God didn't think it was a good thing for men to act like metrosexuals.

I could go on and on.

31 posted on 03/28/2014 6:39:17 AM PDT by TexasFreeper2009 (Obama lied .. the economy died.)
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To: George from New England

Do not cut your bodies for the dead or put tattoo marks on yourselves. I am the LORD” (Leviticus 19:28)


32 posted on 03/28/2014 6:40:37 AM PDT by TexasFreeper2009 (Obama lied .. the economy died.)
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To: TexasFreeper2009
So I just went back and re-read Acts chapter 9... the story of Saul of Tarsus on the Damascus Road.

There's nothing there about pork, even by implication. I think you're probably thinking of Peter's vision of the sheet full of unclean animals, which is in Chapter 10.

33 posted on 03/28/2014 6:42:28 AM PDT by Oberon (John 12:5-6)
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To: TexasFreeper2009
Jesus specifically appeared to the apostle Paul on the road to Damascus to tell him all foods were now clean.

I think you need to review the book of Acts.

34 posted on 03/28/2014 6:46:42 AM PDT by Disambiguator
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To: Erik Latranyi

Property of St. Michael the Archangel? Uh, no.


35 posted on 03/28/2014 6:47:39 AM PDT by Bigg Red (1 Pt 1: As he who called you is holy, be holy yourselves in every aspect of your conduct.)
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To: TexasFreeper2009

Go back, re-read Leviticus, and make sure you want to take that logical route...

“You shall not round off the hair on your temples or mar the edges of your beard.” (Lev. 19:27)

If you shave or cut your hair, you are in violation and could be stoned to death for your sin.


36 posted on 03/28/2014 6:51:26 AM PDT by Dead Corpse (Tre Norner eg ber, binde til rota...)
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To: knarf

Well, as you all should be aware, I have delved in a little studies of a historical nature, did a little museum curating of my own back in college and am quite keenly aware of the complexities of the ancient Egyptian culture. It's a little known fact that the Nile was the Rt. 66 of ancient Egypt and their culture spawned the original traveling bands of gypsies which later evolved into the motorcycle gangs of today. It is quite evidently clear that this young lady was a member of this hard-nosed rogue society by the correct interpretation of the tattoo on this unfortunate young trollop’s inner thigh. It actually sayss… ‘If the stink don’t kill you, my husband, Michael, will.’

37 posted on 03/28/2014 6:54:05 AM PDT by Hatteras
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To: Oberon

You are correct, I was referring to the incident in Chapter 10 with the sheet and the unclean animals that most interpret to mean God had forever lifted the dietary restrictions on his followers.

“Do not call anything impure that God has made clean”

now... like many things in the bible this can be interpreted in many ways. But the most commonly accepted interpretation is what I deffer to.

Now, it just so happens that I don’t care for most of the banned foods anyway. So I am good either way (with the exception of bacon)

yum.... bacon...

And if I am wrong about bacon... well... at least Jesus forgives us when we fall short :)


38 posted on 03/28/2014 6:56:42 AM PDT by TexasFreeper2009 (Obama lied .. the economy died.)
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To: Hatteras

“It is quite evidently clear that this young lady was a member of this hard-nosed rogue society by the correct interpretation of the tattoo on this unfortunate young trollop’s...”

More likely since she lived following the Muslim conquest of Egypt, that her tattoo is of Saint Michael and that she died in her mid-20s she was killed by Muslims and, rather than a trollop, she is a martyr.


39 posted on 03/28/2014 7:05:34 AM PDT by Justa
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To: TexasFreeper2009
now... like many things in the bible this can be interpreted in many ways. But the most commonly accepted interpretation is what I deffer to.

So you're saying that you think that episode was about food?

Funny... I thought it was about Peter accepting Gentiles into the church.

40 posted on 03/28/2014 7:06:18 AM PDT by Oberon (John 12:5-6)
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To: Dead Corpse
quote “You shall not round off the hair on your temples or mar the edges of your beard.”

actually nothing could be further from the truth.

1 Corinthians 11:14 clearly states “Does not the very nature of things teach you that if a man has long hair, it is a disgrace to him”

and from the old testament:

Ezekiel 44 The priests must not shave their heads. They must not let their hair grow long.

now on the other hand Nazirites were commanded that:

Numbers 6:5 During the entire period of their Nazirite vow, no razor may be used on their head. They must be holy until the period of their dedication to the LORD is over; they must let their hair grow long.

So, I am going to argue that men should (in general) keep their hair short and they shouldn't shave their beards. If I am wrong, I am wrong. The admonition in lev 19:27 in my opinion is referring to a specific hair style worn by followers of a pagan God.

Now some would argue that the admonition against tattoos was for a similar reason, that it (like the rounded hair cut) was a practice used by followers of some pagan Gods to display to the world which God they worshiped. It could also be argued that it falls into the same category as the dietary restrictions, in that it simply was dangerous and risked infection and death in the ancient world to shave or prick your skin with a needle.

But either way, I don't like tattoos either way, so it makes no difference to me.

I look at it this way (from a purely secular perspective)... when I pull out old pictures from the 80’s and look at what I was wearing... I laugh. Now what if I had tattooed those clothes on me? No thanks, my tastes change to much to do something so permanent to myself.

41 posted on 03/28/2014 7:11:54 AM PDT by TexasFreeper2009 (Obama lied .. the economy died.)
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To: knarf

She would be thinking where would I put that homage to Michael the archangel where no one will see it.

AMDG


42 posted on 03/28/2014 7:13:23 AM PDT by LurkingSince'98 (Ad Majoram Dei Gloriam = FOR THE GREATER GLORY OF GOD)
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To: TexasFreeper2009

I have tattoos, no sideburns, relatively short hair, and a neatly trimmed goatee.

Guess I’m a Heathen then...


43 posted on 03/28/2014 7:13:28 AM PDT by Dead Corpse (Tre Norner eg ber, binde til rota...)
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To: Oberon

Actually, you are sort of right. It was about Peter accepting Gentiles into the church. And one of the stumbling blocks to getting Gentiles to come into the church was the dietary restrictions and the rules about eating with others.

Circumcision was also a major stumbling block to conversion and was also removed as a requirement.

(although I personally had both my boys circumcised and would never have considered not doing so)


44 posted on 03/28/2014 7:17:14 AM PDT by TexasFreeper2009 (Obama lied .. the economy died.)
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To: Dead Corpse

lol

No, your just a nice guy who made a mistake, just like the rest of us. And when enough years have gone by you will come to agree with me on the tattoo.


45 posted on 03/28/2014 7:20:32 AM PDT by TexasFreeper2009 (Obama lied .. the economy died.)
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To: TexasFreeper2009
I personally had both my boys circumcised and would never have considered not doing so...

Even though Paul says that circumcision of the flesh is of no value to the Kingdom of God?

My thoughts on this were guided primarily by ideas found in Galatians chapter 2. For this reason, we opted out of circumcisions for my two sons.

46 posted on 03/28/2014 7:24:09 AM PDT by Oberon (John 12:5-6)
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To: TexasFreeper2009

Been almost twenty years since I got my first one. Haven’t regretted any of them yet. They are each related to a turning point in my life. Things I’d rather not forget.

Thanks for the kind sentiments though. :-)


47 posted on 03/28/2014 7:24:41 AM PDT by Dead Corpse (Tre Norner eg ber, binde til rota...)
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To: Justa
“We can only speculate why she had a tattoo. Perhaps for protection.”

Like asking St. Michael to protect her and help her to remain pure. Or a reminder to herself that she belongs to God.

48 posted on 03/28/2014 7:25:28 AM PDT by Slyfox (When Jesus sees a momma holding her little baby, it reminds him of his own momma.)
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To: Dead Corpse
I know your sort of kidding, but I honestly dont understand why people dont seem to “get” that Christians are not perfect.

Many non-believers claim that any Christian that isn't perfect is a hypocrite. Well I am sorry to inform them, but no one is perfect. We all fall short, as was clearly stated in Romans 3:23

“for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God”

To me there is a BIG difference between falling short and denying that you have fallen short.

I for instance have been married for 20+ years. According to what Jesus taught about adultery, I have committed adultery because I have looked at other women in a lustful manner. But I know that it is not right and ask for forgiveness and strength in the future.

I do not however go around and say that it's ok to look at women in a lustful manner to justify my shortfalls.

49 posted on 03/28/2014 7:27:11 AM PDT by TexasFreeper2009 (Obama lied .. the economy died.)
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To: Dead Corpse
Having said all the above, I would add one more thought.

Many things in the bible are not as cut and dry as many (including myself at times) might want to believe. And I believe that many passages of scripture can be interpreted in many different ways by those “honestly” seeking to know God's will, and NOT just to justify the actions they are already taking, or wish to take.

And I feel pretty confident that God will look into our hearts and see that we were doing our best with the information that we had at the time, and if and more likely when we were wrong about something and made the wrong assumption about what God wanted.. then I have full faith and confidence he wont hold that against us.

For God can see into our hearts and knows the truth motivations behind what we did.

50 posted on 03/28/2014 7:40:14 AM PDT by TexasFreeper2009 (Obama lied .. the economy died.)
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