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Fear Of Black Pre-Schoolers: Halting The Preschool-To-Prison Pipeline
Black Star News ^ | March 28, 2014 | Professor Travis L. Gosa

Posted on 03/30/2014 8:06:49 AM PDT by 2ndDivisionVet

Why black children are being funneled into the preschool-to-prison pipeline.

Black students, particularly Black boys, are most likely to be suspended, expelled, and referred to law-enforcement. The school-to-prison pipeline has been well documented for middle and high school students: black teenagers are forced out of school, onto the streets, and ultimately become trapped in the revolving door of crime and incarceration. New data issued by the U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights reveal that thousands of black preschool students are also being suspended from our nation’s public schools. While black students comprise about 18 percent of preschool students, they represent half of the students suspended multiple times. Black boys are the largest victims of racial disparities in pre-K punishment, though black girls are suspended more than girls of any other race. The data also show that punishment begins early and persists in later grades: black students are three times more likely than white students to be suspended or expelled. Black students only represent about one-sixth of all public school students, but account for nearly one-third of those arrested in school. Likewise, the proportion of black student with disabilities being restrained—strapped down, handcuffed, or legs tied—is almost twice that of other special needs children. Calling the police, handcuffing students, and kicking four-year-olds out of school are irresponsible educational practices that contribute to the criminalization of black children. These experiences can traumatize any child, at any grade level, but the stigma of punishment for black kids has been shown to increase the odds of dropout and incarceration. Racial disparities in early childhood education threaten to destroy the potential of black children before they even have a chance to excel. Why are black children being funneled into the preschool-to-prison pipeline? Part of the problem can be traced to the rise of “get tough” and zero-tolerance policies that have become popular in the post-Columbine era of schooling. Far from increasing school safety, these strategies have resulted in kindergarten students being suspended for "Hello Kitty" bubble guns, kissing another student on the hand, or playing cops and robbers.

In Tulsa, Oklahoma, a 7-year-old girl was sent home and banned from school because of her “distracting” locks. Ninety-five percent of school suspensions are for non-violent offenses like dress code violations and tardiness, according to the U.S. Department of Justice. In early 2014, Attorney General Eric Holder and Education Secretary Arne Duncan called for the end of zero-tolerance policies, which disproportionately target black and Latino students, “make students feel unwelcome in their own schools,” and “disrupt the learning process.” Instead, they advocate what good teachers and smart parents would recognize as common sense: clear boundaries, high expectations for students, and caring relationships between teachers and students make a difference—not kicking students out of school. The Obama Administration should be applauded for tackling the misuse of punishment in our nation’s public schools. However, this does not address the main reason why black students are suspended so often. America continues to see our children as natural born criminals.

For example, The National Review offered the following commentary on the preschool discipline gap: “…The black crime rate […] explains the school-suspension rate. Black males between the ages of 14 and 17 commit homicide at ten times the rate of white and Hispanic males of the same age combined. Given such high crime rates, what do the civil-rights advocates and the Obama administration think is going on in the classroom — docile obedience and strict self-discipline? In fact, the same weak impulse control that leads to such high crime rates among young black males inevitably means more disruptive behavior in school.” [Emphasis added]

In addition to the “weak impulse control” of black people, the author blames single black mothers, absentee black fathers, and the “civil rights industry.” Ronald Reagan perfected this kind of fear mongering about black criminality in the 1980s, while the politics of fear fuel Bill O’Reilly and today’s white minority politics.

Let’s be clear, there is no evidence that black four- and five-year-olds are baby thugs. Disparities in school discipline cannot be explained by the behavior of black children, or black boys in particular. This month, Indiana University researchers released an exhaustive review of the published scientific literature on race, behavior, and discipline. The researchers concluded: “Regardless of the source, there is virtually no support in the research literature for the idea that disparities in school discipline are caused by racial/ethnic differences in behavior. Studies comparing the severity of behavior by race have found no evidence that students of color in the same schools or districts engage in more severe behavior that would warrant higher rates of suspension or expulsion.”

Black kids aren’t little gangsters; rather, we have lost the ability to recognize the innocence of black children. Fear of black children can make Trayvon Martin’s Skittles and a hoodie seem like an eminent threat, or cause Jordan Davis’ killer to fire nine rounds over loud rap music. In the classroom, fear results in harsh punishment for behaviors that might be overlooked among white children. Cutting-edge research published by the American Psychological Association confirms the tendency to see black children as older, less innocent, and as potential criminals. “Racist” preschool teachers are not hatching a plot to destroy black people, but it’s not difficult to find teachers who are afraid of and fearful for black children.

The vast majority of early childhood teachers are white, middle-class, female teachers who too often enter the profession with little prior experience interacting with black children, families, or communities. Some white teachers are less patient, less forgiving, and underestimate their black students, resulting in black students feeling disrespected and treated unfairly because of their race. Teachers are not immune to the harmful stereotypes of black criminality that circulate in popular culture. Rap videos, such as 6-year-old Albert squirting half-naked women with a supersoaker, or 10-year-old Lil Poopy posing as a drug dealer, contribute to the view that black children need harsh discipline before they grow up to become a real threat. Breaking the supposed “cycle of violence and thuggery” was the motivation behind the Omaha police releasing the video of the swearing toddler. Closing the preschool-to-prison pipeline will require abandoning “get tough” school rules and challenging those politicians and media moguls who profit from the myth of black criminality. We must also address the lack of diversity in the nation’s teaching workforce. Black men represent only two percent classroom teachers. The #Dangerous Black Kids social media movement is flooding the Internet with photos of adorable, innocent black children. This is one example of how everyday folk can fight back. Of course, parents must remain the first and last line of defense by continuing to demand that all children are afforded basic civil rights throughout the entire schooling process.


TOPICS: Crime/Corruption; Culture/Society; Government; Politics/Elections
KEYWORDS: blackfamily; blacks; crime; education; ericholder
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Travis L. Gosa, Ph.D., is assistant professor of Africana Studies at Cornell University, where his research focuses on racial inequality and African-American youths.
1 posted on 03/30/2014 8:06:49 AM PDT by 2ndDivisionVet
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To: 2ndDivisionVet

Makes me wonder if he ever stepped foot in a Title I school


2 posted on 03/30/2014 8:11:47 AM PDT by NonValueAdded (Operating out of weakness? Imagine if he was working from a position of strength!)
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To: 2ndDivisionVet

It’s because black parenting is sub-standard. Don’t go blaming me.


3 posted on 03/30/2014 8:12:47 AM PDT by ClearCase_guy
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To: 2ndDivisionVet
Disparities in school discipline cannot be explained by the behavior of black children, or black boys in particular.

Only an academic, and a Cornell one at that, could believe something so idiotic.

4 posted on 03/30/2014 8:13:12 AM PDT by 17th Miss Regt
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To: 2ndDivisionVet
"where his research focuses on racial inequality and African-American youths." to the exclusion of EVERYTHING else! "In addition to the “weak impulse control” of black people, the author blames single black mothers, absentee black fathers, and the “civil rights industry.”" OH REALLY?? given that the above is a RECIPE for chaos...what DOES Travis EXPECT??
5 posted on 03/30/2014 8:13:18 AM PDT by MeshugeMikey ( "Never, never, never give up". Winston Churchill)
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To: ClearCase_guy

Breakdown of the family due to liberalism and over dependency of the state (cradle to incarceration care).


6 posted on 03/30/2014 8:15:06 AM PDT by corlorde (forWARD of the state)
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To: 2ndDivisionVet
Of course, parents must remain the first and last line of defense by continuing to demand that all children are afforded basic civil rights throughout the entire schooling process.

Not by good parenting but by demanding that their little thugs are afforded basic civil rights throughout the entire schooling process.

7 posted on 03/30/2014 8:15:30 AM PDT by 17th Miss Regt
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To: 2ndDivisionVet

He is naïve.


8 posted on 03/30/2014 8:16:12 AM PDT by A_perfect_lady
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To: 2ndDivisionVet

Wonder why there’s a problem with little black boys.

Howzabout’ 1) over 75% illigitimacy problem in black community (during WWII, it was 7%, lower than whites), 2) mostly female union member teachers who’d much rather deal with girls than boys, 3) baby-mommas having numerous boyfriends exposed to the little boys and totally confusing the little guys as to what roll is he to play as he gets older, 4) (fill in the blank)


9 posted on 03/30/2014 8:18:42 AM PDT by laweeks
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To: 2ndDivisionVet

But the ACLU claims blacks are disproportionately incarcerated because of racist cops, prosecutors and juries. One of the wonderful attributes of liberals is situational reality-the truth is whatever serves the cause du jour. Never mind what they said five minutes ago.


10 posted on 03/30/2014 8:18:59 AM PDT by Spok ("What're you going to believe-me or your own eyes?" -Marx (Groucho))
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To: 2ndDivisionVet

This must be his thesis. Wait until he gets a real job in a school with blacks.


11 posted on 03/30/2014 8:21:10 AM PDT by DeWalt (Times are more like they used to be than they are today.)
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To: 2ndDivisionVet

I will add that I work in a school district that is 96% Latino. The few black students we have are there because, as they tell me themselves, their parents did not want them going to school in their own neighborhood. That says it all.


12 posted on 03/30/2014 8:21:12 AM PDT by A_perfect_lady
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To: 2ndDivisionVet
What we need is all black schools where all the students, faculty and staff are black.

Then everything will be fine and all the students will become Rhodes scholars.

13 posted on 03/30/2014 8:22:19 AM PDT by E. Pluribus Unum ("The man who damns money has obtained it dishonorably; the man who respects it has earned it.")
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To: 2ndDivisionVet

When minorities finally understand why liberals situate their abortion clinics in minority neighborhoods and why liberals send their own kids to good private schools but force minorities into urban , union controlled cesspools, then they may begin to vote appropriately and things might change.


14 posted on 03/30/2014 8:22:42 AM PDT by allendale
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To: A_perfect_lady

I think he’s suggesting we apply Affirmative Action to children’s class room conduct.


15 posted on 03/30/2014 8:23:53 AM PDT by DJ Taylor (Once again our country is at war,and once again the Democrats have sided with our enemy.)
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To: 2ndDivisionVet

“Closing the preschool-to-prison pipeline will require abandoning “get tough” school rules and challenging those politicians and media moguls who profit from the myth of black criminality.”

Well...there you have it, the crime stats are a myth. Everyone can join the author in a stroll through the ghetto tonight.

I can’t make it, so somebody please tape it for me.


16 posted on 03/30/2014 8:24:58 AM PDT by Beagle8U (Unions are an Affirmative Action program for Slackers! .)
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To: 2ndDivisionVet
Liberal values (lack of values), multiculturalism, no fathers and current black culture create the pipeline to prisons. Here is a video of an event sponsored by Linda Thompson, Mayor of Harrisburg, PA at the time. It is child abuse the things they teach these yuts.

Harrisburg - Allison Hill Multicultural Festival

Note the lack of American culture.

17 posted on 03/30/2014 8:25:53 AM PDT by ConservativeInPA (We need to fundamentally transform RATs lives for their lies.)
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To: 2ndDivisionVet

A pervasive lack of stable, consistent male guidance, while being “raised” by one’s maternal grandmother, she also very likely sans husband, has far-reaching socio-cultural consequences.

This socio-pathology is becoming prevalent also among Americans of Caucasian racial derivation, childbearing and rearing by unmarried women becoming normative. However, poverty seems not presently “normative” among these “determined to be husbandless and self-sufficient” women.
IMO


18 posted on 03/30/2014 8:26:10 AM PDT by Elsiejay (in)
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To: 2ndDivisionVet

We need a different system, one that intimidates teachers out of expelling black students for breaking the rules, and distracting classes to make the educational experience equally useless for all kids.

Hire all black teachers where there are large populations of blacks. That should fix the problem. Let the white, Hispanic and Oriental teachers go to the suburbs and rural communities where they will have to put up with white kids.

Let intelligent parents homeschool.


19 posted on 03/30/2014 8:26:31 AM PDT by pallis
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To: 2ndDivisionVet

Yes, of course. The only possible reason for these disciplinary problems are racism. That, and UFOs.


20 posted on 03/30/2014 8:26:35 AM PDT by rbg81
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To: 2ndDivisionVet

Memo for Gosa:

I do not, and never will, worship the negro.


21 posted on 03/30/2014 8:28:38 AM PDT by Old Sarge (TINVOWOOT: There Is No Voting Our Way Out Of This)
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To: 2ndDivisionVet

Victomology.


22 posted on 03/30/2014 8:28:52 AM PDT by PGR88
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To: 2ndDivisionVet
You can be a Black Star on the DemoRat plantation!

But off of it ya gotta obey the law.

23 posted on 03/30/2014 8:31:53 AM PDT by Navy Patriot (Join the Democrats, it's not Fascism when WE do it, and the Constitution and law mean what WE say.)
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To: 17th Miss Regt

Most urban black adolescent males live in a vaginocracy. There is not a good adult male influence in their lives that is related to them by blood and can lead them properly to be normal adult males.

The ones who are still alive are either gangbangers, drug dealers/users, losers, or in prison.

Let’s start there professor, in changing the culture where there are only women leading.


24 posted on 03/30/2014 8:34:09 AM PDT by Ouderkirk (To the left, everything must evidence that this or that strand of leftist theory is true)
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To: ClearCase_guy
"It’s because black parenting is sub-standard."

Lies, lies - all perpetrated by the MAN, just to keep the brother down!

25 posted on 03/30/2014 8:35:51 AM PDT by Slump Tester (What if I'm pregnant Teddy? Errr-ahh -Calm down Mary Jo, we'll cross that bridge when we come to it)
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To: 2ndDivisionVet
.. black teenagers are forced out of school, onto the streets, and ultimately become trapped in the revolving door of crime and incarceration.

             

26 posted on 03/30/2014 8:36:32 AM PDT by tomkat (we shoulda gone with flax)
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To: 2ndDivisionVet

Who knew the DoE had a civil rights division?


27 posted on 03/30/2014 8:37:24 AM PDT by Amberdawn
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To: 2ndDivisionVet

All these problems can be solved by the government. Family and faith have no role. /Marx


28 posted on 03/30/2014 8:38:56 AM PDT by Oldeconomybuyer (The problem with socialism is that you eventually run out of other people's money.)
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To: MeshugeMikey

’ “In addition to the “weak impulse control” of black people, the author blames single black mothers”

I believe if you read the article the “ author” is quoting an article from another source and pointing out how wrong that is.
The article does not believe what you quote his as saying. I am not aupporting that the author actually is saying. I am saying we need to be accurate

BUT how funny it is t read that the author and Holder NOW don’t want zero tolerance when they were fine with is as they suspected a white child for eaitng a poptart in the sorta shape of a gun


29 posted on 03/30/2014 8:42:11 AM PDT by RWGinger
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To: 2ndDivisionVet
black teenagers are forced out of school, onto the streets, and ultimately become trapped in the revolving door of crime and incarceration

It has NOTHING at all to do with them coming from single parent homes with mothers barely children who were raised by mothers who were barely children. It has NOTHING at all to do with the "gangsta" culture they are exposed to and encouraged to emulate from the earliest age.

Black Americans need to get their act together and quit blaming everyone else for things only they can control.

30 posted on 03/30/2014 8:42:13 AM PDT by Feckless (I was trained by the US << This Tagline Censored by FR >> ain't that irOnic?)
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To: MeshugeMikey

’ “In addition to the “weak impulse control” of black people, the author blames single black mothers”

I believe if you read the article the “ author” is quoting an article from National Review and pointing out how wrong that is.
The article does not believe what you quote his as saying. I am not aupporting that the author actually is saying. I am saying we need to be accurate

BUT how funny it is t read that the author and Holder NOW don’t want zero tolerance when they were fine with is as they suspected a white child for eaitng a poptart in the sorta shape of a gun


31 posted on 03/30/2014 8:44:03 AM PDT by RWGinger
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To: Ouderkirk
raised by a bunch of Hair-Hatted-Hooligans...
32 posted on 03/30/2014 8:44:18 AM PDT by Chode (Stand UP and Be Counted, or line up and be numbered - *DTOM* -vvv- NO Pity for the LAZY - 86-44)
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To: pallis

“Hire all black teachers where there are large populations of blacks.”

Then enforce a simple rule that no black children will be disciplined for anything. According to this wise academic, that should solve the problem. Won’t that be nice?


33 posted on 03/30/2014 8:45:06 AM PDT by Avid Coug
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To: A_perfect_lady
He is naïve.
Quite the contrary. He's a hard corp racist blaming every white person in America for the demise of black people.
34 posted on 03/30/2014 8:45:14 AM PDT by oh8eleven (RVN '67-'68)
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To: laweeks
I'll bet every one of those little, black miscreants came from a single-mother household where he was allowed to do whatever he wanted by a mother who was not prepared to discipline a misbehaving child. My older sister was a single mother, and her little boy could do no wrong. He did whatever he wanted and anybody (like yours truly) who tried to deter him was told off by my sister that it was HER!!! child. The boy had constant disciplinary problems in his early grades. And none of his aunts and uncles wanted to be around him.

Fortunately, he was a very smart kid and came around by his early teens. But many times single mothers raising boys without a strong adult male around is a recipe for disaster.

35 posted on 03/30/2014 8:46:44 AM PDT by driftless2
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To: 2ndDivisionVet

“Travis L. Gosa, Ph.D., is assistant professor of Africana Studies at Cornell University, where his research focuses on racial inequality and African-American youths.”

What an immense waste of resources. Travis should get a real education in something productive like welding. Or anything useful.


36 posted on 03/30/2014 8:47:41 AM PDT by HereInTheHeartland (Obama lied; our healthcare died.)
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To: 2ndDivisionVet

Culture and lifestyle.


37 posted on 03/30/2014 8:47:41 AM PDT by jeffc (The U.S. media are our enemy)
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To: Beagle8U
myth of black criminality.”

It is too frustrating to express, the way these people constantly ignore crime statistics.
38 posted on 03/30/2014 8:49:07 AM PDT by mrsmel (One Who Can See)
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To: 2ndDivisionVet

I knew it! Whitney’s fault.


39 posted on 03/30/2014 8:49:32 AM PDT by Eagles6 (Valley Forge Redux)
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To: Avid Coug

Yes, that should make everything work out nicely.


40 posted on 03/30/2014 8:50:14 AM PDT by pallis
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To: 2ndDivisionVet
Travis L. Gosa, Ph.D., is assistant professor of Africana Studies at Cornell University, where his research focuses on racial inequality and African-American youths.

As someone here or elsewhere cogently pointed out, any 'studies' department at any college is simply tacked on and meant to house the quota hires.

41 posted on 03/30/2014 8:50:26 AM PDT by relictele (Principiis obsta & Finem respice - Resist The Beginnings & Consider The End)
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To: DJ Taylor

Yes, the Zero Tolerance policy will only apply to white kids, as is the case already.


42 posted on 03/30/2014 8:50:39 AM PDT by mrsmel (One Who Can See)
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To: ConservativeInPA
Harrisburg - Allison Hill Multicultural Festival

Thanks for the headache.

43 posted on 03/30/2014 8:51:08 AM PDT by LoneRangerMassachusetts (The meek shall not inherit the Earth)
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To: 2ndDivisionVet
This is one example of how everyday folk can fight back

Another example, albeit a shameful one, is Louisville's weekend orgy of violence.

44 posted on 03/30/2014 8:51:21 AM PDT by relictele (Principiis obsta & Finem respice - Resist The Beginnings & Consider The End)
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To: oh8eleven

I suspect he doesn’t realize that in inner-city schools where black boys are being “unjustly punished,” the teachers are black as well, along with the administrators. I bet one year of trying to teach some of these students would open his eyes wide.


45 posted on 03/30/2014 8:53:28 AM PDT by A_perfect_lady
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To: 2ndDivisionVet
In addition to the “weak impulse control” of black people, the author blames single black mothers, absentee black fathers, and the “civil rights industry.”

Who would be silly enough to draw a correlation between a lack of self control with a lack of parenting?

46 posted on 03/30/2014 8:53:44 AM PDT by CaptainK (...please make it stop. Shake a can of pennies at it.)
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To: ClearCase_guy

We can see it in our politicians of color who are now embracing the “thug culture” Single parent homes, unwed mothers, irresponsible black males, children out of wedlock and most of all a security net encouraged, supported and funded with tax dollars by community organizers,activists the media and politicians makes this thug life scenario attractive to the young. They are brought up surrounded by it and adapt. It’s difficult to look inward and blame yourself much easier to look out and find someone to blame.


47 posted on 03/30/2014 8:55:26 AM PDT by ronnie raygun (Im missing a jumbo jet with 235 passengers has anyone seen it?)
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To: Eagles6
Whitney's fault

g

Aww look now you hurt her feelings!

48 posted on 03/30/2014 8:55:34 AM PDT by Fightin Whitey
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To: 2ndDivisionVet

Start with poor parenting.


49 posted on 03/30/2014 8:55:37 AM PDT by Paladin2
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To: NonValueAdded

Bingo!

I’m repeating myself again posting this story. I have a friend that is an assistant principal in minority heavy school. The kids are so out of control that the school hired a behavioral specialist to try and help the hard cases.
Her husband at the end of last school year was shoved through a sheet rock wall by a middle school student.

I’ve been in a classroom where a black kid refused to set down despite being repeatedly asked by the teacher. The counselor came up and tried, nothing. They gave up.

Another time I saw a principal and assistant principal physically drag a disruptive boy out of class because he was pitching a fit in class. At least they took action, but one wonders if this happened today under these new rules of engagement, if they would even still have a job.

Isolated incidents? perhaps, in all cases it was black boys. Seems black boys arrive feral, girls seem to join them in early part of middle school.


50 posted on 03/30/2014 8:55:37 AM PDT by 12th_Monkey (One man one vote is a big fail, when the "one" man is an idiot.)
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