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Students Surprised to Find Noah's Ark Feasible
Institute for Creation Research ^ | 4-11-14 | Brian Thomas

Posted on 04/14/2014 8:43:16 AM PDT by fishtank

Students Surprised to Find Noah's Ark Feasible by Brian Thomas, M.S. *

Advanced physics students at Leicester University were tasked with determining if the Biblical dimensions of Noah's ark—assuming it was properly constructed—could have supported the mass of 70,000 animals. Student Kayie Raymer told UK's The Telegraph that after other "more serious" assignments, this one was "something different."1 What did they find?

The students used 48.2cm (almost 19 inches) as the length of a cubit to estimate the total dimensions of the ark. Using the density of water and Archimedes' principle of buoyancy, they calculated the total mass the ark could contain without sinking.

"Previous research has suggested that there were approximately 35,000 species of animals which would have needed to be saved by Noah," according to The Telegraph, though they cited no source for this estimate. Doubling this number to account for a male and female of each species, the student group estimated that the ark needed to have held approximately 70,000 creatures. To the students' surprise, they found that this amount did not exceed the total mass the ark could contain. Physics student Thomas Morris told The Telegraph, "You don't think of the Bible necessarily as a scientifically accurate source of information, so I guess we were quite surprised when we discovered it would work." The students published their results in Leicester University's Journal of Physics Special Topics.

The students' results at the ark having 70,000 creatures actually exceed biblical expectations, giving further assurance that the ark could hold all that it needed—including food and even water.

Creatures change within the boundaries of their own "kinds" or fundamental forms, so Noah certainly did not need to take on board all "species,"a modern term that seems to bear as many definitions as there are researchers who use it.

What about the biblical detail given in Genesis, which noted seven of each bird kind—probably meaning seven pairs of each bird kind—on board Noah's ark? If today's "species" were substituted for basic "kinds" here, then the total number of birds would probably have exceeded ark capacity. However, creation biologists have been combing the literature for breeding records that help them estimate which "species" likely belonged to a "kind."2 For example, breeding studies link sparrows and finches as within-kind creatures.3 Instead of over 1,000 sparrow or finch "species," perhaps as few as 14 sparrow-finch representatives were on the ark.

Applying this principle to all "species" would dramatically reduce Leicester University's student-estimated 70,000 animals. Creation researcher John Woodmorappe's book, Noah's Ark: A Feasibility Study, estimated the number of ark kinds as the number of families of extant and extinct air-breathing, land-dwelling animals, totaling about 8,000 kinds or 16,000 individuals—including the sevens of birds and clean animals.4 That would require merely one third of the ark's volume, leaving plenty of space for provisions and people.

It's amazing what happens when the Bible's accuracy is put to the test. The Leicester University physics students "were astonished to find out that the Ark would have floated," according to The Telegraph.1 How much more astonished would they be to find that the Ark not only could have floated, but could have carried all its passengers and their provisions for a whole year, just as the Scriptures say? Since the Bible contains spiritual truths, discovering that the Bible also records historical truth turns out to be "more serious" than secularized students at first suspect.

References

Knapton, S. Noah's Ark would have floated...even with 70,000 animals. The Telegraph. Posted on telegraph.co.uk April 3, 2014, accessed April 3, 2014

Henigan, T. An Initial Estimate toward Identifying and Numbering the Ark Turtle and Crocodile Kinds. Answers Research Journal. 7 (2014): 1-10.

Lightner, J.K. 2010. Identification of a large sparrow-finch monobaramin in perching birds (Aves: Passeriformes). Journal of Creation. 24 (3): 117-121

Woodmorappe, J. 1996. Noah's Ark: A Feasibility Study. Santee, CA: Institute for Creation Research.

* Mr. Thomas is Science Writer at the Institute for Creation Research.

Article posted on April 11, 2014.


TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: ark; noah; noahsark
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The ark was a mega-ship. (my comment)

1 posted on 04/14/2014 8:43:16 AM PDT by fishtank
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To: fishtank

2 posted on 04/14/2014 8:44:30 AM PDT by fishtank (The denial of original sin is the root of liberalism.)
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To: fishtank

3 posted on 04/14/2014 8:45:14 AM PDT by fishtank (The denial of original sin is the root of liberalism.)
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To: fishtank
And their feed weighed what? And they fed 70,000 animals every day how?

Many years ago, a company built an Olympic Sized Pool on the 5th floor of their new building.

Alas, they forgot to calculate the weight of the water and were never able to use it.

4 posted on 04/14/2014 8:51:32 AM PDT by Sacajaweau
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To: fishtank

I find it fascinating that he was also told to take 7 pairs of clean animals (food animals). This was before the “food laws”.


5 posted on 04/14/2014 8:55:57 AM PDT by FreeAtlanta (Liberty or Big Government - you can't have both.)
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To: fishtank

Amazing how true, unbiased science and math with no agenda keeps lining up with God’s Word, the Bible. Of course, that makes sense when one realizes that the Creator of the universe, earth, math, and science is also the Author of the Bible.


6 posted on 04/14/2014 8:59:00 AM PDT by PapaNew
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To: FreeAtlanta

Anything is feasible when you have the Hand of God guiding your way!


7 posted on 04/14/2014 8:59:06 AM PDT by DocJhn
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To: Sacajaweau
And their feed weighed what? And they fed 70,000 animals every day how?

Don't forget how much waste 70,000 animals produce & the task of keeping the animals from killing each other.

8 posted on 04/14/2014 9:09:21 AM PDT by gdani (Every day, your Govt surveils you more than the day before)
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To: gdani

“O ye of little faith”.


9 posted on 04/14/2014 9:18:20 AM PDT by Don Corleone ("Oil the gun..eat the cannoli. Take it to the Mattress.")
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To: gdani

God brought the animals to the ark, two by two, seven by seven (from the bible). I’m sure they were not trying to kill each other then (angels leading them in)and I wouldn’t be surprised if angles had something to do with keeping the peace on the ark. The ark and everything on it were protected supernaturally. I don’t know about the waste but maybe Noah and his family threw it overboard? Food? Maybe some kind of supernatural hibernation? Just guessing But I would guess I’m not too far off.


10 posted on 04/14/2014 9:20:12 AM PDT by Philsworld
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To: fishtank

11 posted on 04/14/2014 9:30:20 AM PDT by Marko413
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To: Philsworld

Some of the waste produced by some animals, think cow manure and birds for instance, could well have been used as food for others. Do not discount the hand of God in this whole undertaking, God created and could control the actions of all the animals in the ark. I agree totally with your remarks, God said my ways are not your ways and my thoughts are not your thoughts, at best our explanations are merely guesses.


12 posted on 04/14/2014 9:32:44 AM PDT by Foundahardheadedwoman (God don't have a statute of limitations)
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To: fishtank

Yes, but what is Mythbusters going to conclude on this one?


13 posted on 04/14/2014 9:34:45 AM PDT by Buckeye McFrog
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To: Foundahardheadedwoman

An entity that can do what Scotty couldn’t will change the rules of the game.

Is modern science the be-all and end-all of knowledge?

The theist has to say no.


14 posted on 04/14/2014 9:36:04 AM PDT by HiTech RedNeck (Embrace the Lion of Judah and He will roar for you and teach you to roar too. See my page.)
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To: Sacajaweau

Science has also discovered most every kind of animal is able to hibernate in times of extreme stress.

Furthermore, the ark dimensions have been calculated at approx 350 rail cars or 20 pairs per car per your extremely high estimate of 70,000 pairs.

Last, taking smaller juvenile animals rather than fully grown adults would also help alleaviate for floor space, food, water and weight requirements.

Experts built the Titanic too and we some of us know all too well what often happens with experts. Pride goes before the fall.


15 posted on 04/14/2014 9:43:42 AM PDT by BrandtMichaels
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To: BrandtMichaels
I said 70,000 critters...the same as in the article.

The Titanic hit an iceburg...it didn't fail in itself.

16 posted on 04/14/2014 9:49:45 AM PDT by Sacajaweau
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To: FreeAtlanta

When Moses penned the Torah [1st 5 books of the Bible], which was inspired text directly from the Holy Spirit, most of the Old Testament was already history.

Imho it proves God intervened in some/many ways from the very beginning. For instance, Hebrew was quite likely the only known language prior to the Tower of Babel. Some experts claim the book of Job to be the oldest in the Bible even though Job also follows proscribed Jewish customs.

Chapters 39 & 40 of Job describes 2 creatures Leviathan & Behemoth. Behemoth had a tail as big as a cedar tree trunk. Sure sounds like a dinoasaur too me. Now why should God ask Job about animals that he had not seen?


17 posted on 04/14/2014 9:58:20 AM PDT by BrandtMichaels
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To: Sacajaweau

I’ve read estimates that as few as 16,000 animals may have been all that were required due to natural selection.

Either way sure sounds like they had plenty of room. The average animal sizes were estimated to be about the size of an adult sheep so the larger kinds were fewer and disproportioned to those smaller than sheep.

Another poster mentioned animal waste being a problem, but I’ve read where the rainwater and/or crude water pumps could keep the place clean and tidy and possibly even used animals to power the pumps.

Regarding the Titanic didn’t the captain ignore iceberg warnings and command excessive speeds for the claimed ‘unsinkable Titanic’?

- sure sounds like pride to me. but ymmv :’)


18 posted on 04/14/2014 10:08:32 AM PDT by BrandtMichaels
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To: Sacajaweau
Many years ago, a company built an Olympic Sized Pool on the 5th floor of their new building. Alas, they forgot to calculate the weight of the water and were never able to use it.

I just hope they weren't civil engineers or architects...

19 posted on 04/14/2014 10:21:01 AM PDT by Smokin' Joe (How often God must weep at humans' folly. Stand fast. God knows what He is doing.)
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To: fishtank

What about the plants, most of which would be destroyed in a flood violent enough to create the conditions supposed by flood geology? How long would it take to repopulate the world with all the animals starting with one breeding pair?

This can safely be filed with the recent “complexity disproves evolution” and science as a heresy if it causes doubt on literal Biblical language.


20 posted on 04/14/2014 10:21:52 AM PDT by JimSEA
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To: HiTech RedNeck
Is modern science the be-all and end-all of knowledge? The theist has to say no.

So would any scientist worth their paycheck.

21 posted on 04/14/2014 10:23:02 AM PDT by Smokin' Joe (How often God must weep at humans' folly. Stand fast. God knows what He is doing.)
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To: Sacajaweau

There are loads more problems to overcome than either you or the article have postulated.

Here’s a website that explains how modern science could be mis-reading the evidence from the past.

Center for Scientific Creation - In the Beginning: Compelling Evidence for Creation and the Flood
http://www.creationscience.com/onlinebook/IntheBeginningTOC.html

Here’s another link to make you think. All too often we all are forced to swallow the long ages theories regarding geology and starlight yet if you apply critical thinking

I’m sure you can find many varied and myriad problems for long ages of critters roaming the Earth [i.e. scientists fearing the lunar landing getting swallowed up in several feet of moon dust that turned out to be a few inches].

Many ignore Einstein and gravitational time dialtion when postulating long ages for starlight too. Simply saying modern science often rushes to conclusions before clearly stating their assumptions first.

101 Evidences for a Young Age of the Earth...And the Universe
http://creation.com/age-of-the-earth

No scientist can claim to follow the scientific method when trrying to re-create long ages of history. Just how would those experiments work?


22 posted on 04/14/2014 10:29:46 AM PDT by BrandtMichaels
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To: JimSEA

Most areas that have been flooded or for that matter wiped out by fire show signs of life within 1 year. Also any seeds that were not able to survive 1 year underwater may well have been found clinging to animal fur on the ark.

I find it amazing that 99.9% of all life forms are now extinct. And our ‘betters’ decided to blame man and create several gov red-tape outfits to ‘solve’ the problem.


23 posted on 04/14/2014 10:34:27 AM PDT by BrandtMichaels
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To: All

Mentioned in the references for the article.

24 posted on 04/14/2014 10:35:54 AM PDT by fishtank (The denial of original sin is the root of liberalism.)
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To: fishtank

Food Requirements on the Ark

• The Ark would probably have carried compressed and dried foodstuffs, and probably a lot of concentrated food.

• Perhaps Noah fed the cattle mainly on grain, plus some hay for fiber.

• Woodmorappe calculated that the volume of foodstuffs would have been only about 15 % of the Ark’s total volume.

• Drinking water would only have taken up 9.4 % of the volume. This volume would be reduced further if rainwater was collected and piped into troughs.

http://www.answersingenesis.org/home/area/Magazines/docs/cen_v19n2_animals_ark.asp

Waste Disposal on the Ark

• It is doubtful whether the humans had to clean the cages every morning.

• Possibly they had sloped floors or slatted cages, where the manure could fall away from the animals and be flushed away (plenty of water around!) or destroyed by composting by worms which would also provide earthworms as a food source.

• Very deep bedding can sometimes last for a year without needing a change. Absorbent material (e.g. sawdust, softwood wood shavings and especially peat moss) would reduce the moisture content and hence the odor.

http://www.answersingenesis.org/home/area/Magazines/docs/cen_v19n2_animals_ark.asp


25 posted on 04/14/2014 10:36:19 AM PDT by fishtank (The denial of original sin is the root of liberalism.)
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To: BrandtMichaels

Furthermore, the ark dimensions have been calculated at approx 350 rail cars or 20 pairs per car per your extremely high estimate of 70,000 pairs.

<><><><

You may want to check your math. 350 * 20 = 7,000, not 70,000.


26 posted on 04/14/2014 11:42:08 AM PDT by dmz
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To: BrandtMichaels

Multi cellular life has been around for over one billion years with several mass extinction thrown in. That’s what give a 99.9% species extinction figure. Environmentalist are political animals and, as such are addicted to polemics.


27 posted on 04/14/2014 12:00:02 PM PDT by JimSEA
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To: Sacajaweau
The Titanic hit an iceburg...it didn't fail in itself.

Unless you consider that the rudder was undersized.

In hindsight - a massive engineering over-site...

28 posted on 04/14/2014 3:31:15 PM PDT by jonno (Having an opinion is not the same as having the answer...)
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To: JimSEA
What about the plants, most of which would be destroyed in a flood violent enough to create the conditions supposed by flood geology?

Between the flow velocities needed to attain "hydroplate" migration of the continents, and the temperatures and pressures required to form fossils and sedimentary rock in the timeframe required, everything in the water should have been ripped to shreds and parboiled.

29 posted on 04/14/2014 3:46:30 PM PDT by tacticalogic
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To: tacticalogic

My point exactly


30 posted on 04/14/2014 4:05:57 PM PDT by JimSEA
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To: JimSEA

Not just the land plants. All of the aquatic plants and animals, too. They say Noah didn’t have to make room on the boat for the fish, they could survive just fine in the water, then posit water conditions to explain the fossil record and continental drift that nothing could survive in.


31 posted on 04/14/2014 4:29:20 PM PDT by tacticalogic
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To: tacticalogic; JimSEA

Not quite - the hydroplate theory [have either of you even read it?] also posits the ripping open of the Earth’s atmosphere and causing the ice age. So the heat was offset by an immediate cooling. It’s possible there was a massive loss of sea life but the land, air and sea have been re-stocked fairly well considering a massive break in the Earth’s crust circumnavigating the globe.


32 posted on 04/15/2014 10:34:55 AM PDT by BrandtMichaels
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To: JimSEA

I too would find it impossible to believe if it were not for all of the evidence worldwide. There is no other theory that so completely explains so many of the unique biologic, geologic and stellar features found by modern man.


33 posted on 04/15/2014 10:38:08 AM PDT by BrandtMichaels
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To: All

Maybe a 6-part hour long video could help folks understand who have no time to read a free online book less than 500 pages.

Videos Fountains of the Deep, Flood of Noah by Pastor Kevin Lea of Port Orchard, OR
http://www.youtube.com/user/CalvaryChurchPO#p/c/11/XXQKSv5o_Po

Incidentally, Pastor Kevin Lea carries quite a bit more credibility than most pastors - he obtained a degree in Nuclear Physics prior to becoming a pastor.

The multi-part video on Earthquakes is a real eye-opener too if you’d like to understand where true climate change future is headed. Not that I like to be the bearer of bad news but I’d rather folks be informed as much as possible.


34 posted on 04/15/2014 10:44:23 AM PDT by BrandtMichaels
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To: BrandtMichaels
Not quite - the hydroplate theory [have either of you even read it?] also posits the ripping open of the Earth’s atmosphere and causing the ice age. So the heat was offset by an immediate cooling. It’s possible there was a massive loss of sea life but the land, air and sea have been re-stocked fairly well considering a massive break in the Earth’s crust circumnavigating the globe.

That doesn't mitigate the damage do to physical pounding from the water. If you could attain "immediate cooling", then you've lost one of the necessary conditions that have been used to explain the fossils. An atmosphere cold enough to cool off that much hot seawater that fast would have frozen everyone and everything on the ark in no time. Every explanation seems to involve some nearly impossible physical extreme that's incompatibly with the explanations of other events supposedly happening at the same time.

35 posted on 04/15/2014 11:10:18 AM PDT by tacticalogic
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To: tacticalogic

If you could just read....

To experience the problems you are describing one would have to be near to the fault line. How near is conjecture [just like your comments] but the Earth is 25,000 miles in circumference fcol.


36 posted on 04/15/2014 11:29:22 AM PDT by BrandtMichaels
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To: tacticalogic

Also akaik the fossils were laid down primarily by quick burial under heavily sediment-saturated waters. How quickly the heat dissipated is not nearly as problematic.

There is only one reality and for my money God has described the key pieces to the puzzle in the Holy Bible - ymmv but again only one reality truly...


37 posted on 04/15/2014 11:35:26 AM PDT by BrandtMichaels
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To: tacticalogic

Possibly you’re still miffed that I never responded in a prior thread from last Friday. So here’s a few more thoughts for you to chew on regarding long ages...

Debunking people and websites is child’s play compared to debunking accepted facts.

Radio-isotope dating: I am not arguing decay rates. Sure they are uniform when measured under normal conditions. But we don’t have instruments to measure decay rates when these clocks are most likely reset - extreme temperature and pressure - usually vulcanic - or maybe a global flood.

Why do you think the 1980 Mt. St. Helens blind age dating tests could produce rocks over a million years old according to these tests?

Long ages and evolution has done more to shake peoples faith in God’s Word in our day. Science can never follow the scientific method when history is involved - most esp. when longer and longer historical ages are involved.

God created light before the stars sounds like an impossibility but when taken at it’s simplest it means the light is always older than the star it eminates from.

Also Einstein posited and proved gravitational time dilation. God says the Earth is the center of it all [I assume Universe here not solar system]. For me it makes sense that the center of the universe contains much more mass that the fringes which may in fact be expanding at or execeeding the speed of light.

I write code for a living. The cleanest code has clearly known assumptions, but the vast majority has to be implemented with many assumptions in place and most are not even identified as such. Science is much the same.

If the Earth is really that millions or billions of years old then it means the original sin of Adam and Eve did not bring death and decay into the whole of creation - I assure you when God says his 6 day creation was good it means perfect, spotless, flawless ~ no death nor decay of any kind.

I’m OK with agreeing to disagree, but I’ve learned we are all on very shaky ground when anything clearly contradicts what God has said. The end times will be similar to the days before Noah entered the Ark.

Just ponder these thoughts and continue reading God’s Word. I not worried about any true believers nor the destiny but I am greatly concerned for those who currently follow and believe the father of all liars.


38 posted on 04/15/2014 11:42:18 AM PDT by BrandtMichaels
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To: BrandtMichaels
There is only one reality and for my money God has described the key pieces to the puzzle in the Holy Bible - ymmv but again only one reality truly...

I don't understand the point. You reject applying empirical scientific methods to the problem, arguing that things like physical constants can't be assumed to have been constant back then because they weren't observed, so none of those rules and laws apply. They you try to come up with theories that are consistent with some empirical scientific principle to make it sound scientifically plausible by the same standards you've already rejected.

39 posted on 04/15/2014 11:48:31 AM PDT by tacticalogic
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To: tacticalogic

I’m not arguing against empirical science nor the 6 constants of the physical universe - just trying to tell you there are many ‘roadsigns’ modern secular science misreads - whether it is willful or not - most of the bias in introduced by those who love money and do not care to credit nor worship the one true God. Modern secular science, like the democrats and the msm, think they don’t need God. The most pride-filled think they’ve dis-proven God emphatically!

Again there’s not much empiricism in any historical science - the further back you try to go the more swag [scientific wild a—ed guess]. My money on who the “flat-earther’s society” rests with the learned ‘experts’ of that day [not many, if any, true christians].

Heck, God [old testament reference to Psalms] and even BC science [pre-dating Jesus Christ] indicates the knowledge of Earth as a sphere.


40 posted on 04/15/2014 12:17:45 PM PDT by BrandtMichaels
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To: BrandtMichaels
I’m not arguing against empirical science nor the 6 constants of the physical universe

There are only 6? Which ones are they, and on what basis do you submit that they really are constant?

41 posted on 04/15/2014 12:28:06 PM PDT by tacticalogic
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To: BrandtMichaels

I have listened to the presentations of a couple of flood geologists and, frankly, they are spouting nonsense. Structural geology with its ties to plate tectonics gives a better understanding of the folds, faults, plutons, volcanos, etc. It also supports the age analysis radiometric dating gives us. The proof is in the use of this understanding in finding and exploiting oil, coal, gas and mineral deposits. In other words, it works.


42 posted on 04/15/2014 1:38:25 PM PDT by JimSEA
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To: tacticalogic

6 constants - maybe you should google it for yourself - ehh?

How many constants do you think there are? Have you not considered that the radio-isotope decays rates all differ depending upon which father/daughter elements are used? Does that still qualify them as constants even when they differ from each other and carbon dating too?

Are you unaware of recent scientific disclosures of carbon-14 found in artifacts and fossils claimed to be millions of years old yet the presence of carbon-14 completely contradicts those ages too?

Growing weary and leary of answering questions w/o any responses in kind to my queries as well as statements I think you long age folks have not pondered before.

Majority opinion does not mean anything has to be right. The greatest scientific findings often go against the herd mentality and cause major paradigm shifts. just sayin...


43 posted on 04/16/2014 6:35:39 AM PDT by BrandtMichaels
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To: BrandtMichaels
6 constants - maybe you should google it for yourself - ehh?

I did. there are lots of links and references, and many more than 6.

I'm not going to play this game with you.

If you say there are only 6, you should be able to name them, and explain why those are constant and none of the other of the myriad of things described as "physical contants" in various reference books aren't really constant.

Have you not considered that the radio-isotope decays rates all differ depending upon which father/daughter elements are used?

Yes. And I've considered that the masses of the atoms of different elements are all different. It never occurred to me to try to twist that into an argument that it means that the masses of atoms of the same element can't be constant.

44 posted on 04/16/2014 7:35:38 AM PDT by tacticalogic
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To: tacticalogic

Just saying constant decay rate if truly constant should but do not give the same age for the fossils and artifacts. Maybe there are more than 6 but not including any age-dating methods - none of which agree we each other.


45 posted on 04/16/2014 7:52:21 AM PDT by BrandtMichaels
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To: BrandtMichaels
Maybe there are more than 6

IOW, you don't really know what you're talking about, and are just making stuff up.

46 posted on 04/16/2014 8:35:23 AM PDT by tacticalogic
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To: tacticalogic

Putting words in my mouth are ya? I know much more than you’ll ever give me credit for. And I know you still have not answered the majority of my questions yet somehow think yours deserve priority.


47 posted on 04/16/2014 9:05:01 AM PDT by BrandtMichaels
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To: BrandtMichaels
Putting words in my mouth are ya?

Nope. Your own words:

the 6 constants of the physical universe

And I know you still have not answered the majority of my questions yet somehow think yours deserve priority.

I don't know how to answer questions that appear to be based on an irrational premise.

48 posted on 04/16/2014 9:14:12 AM PDT by tacticalogic
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To: tacticalogic

Just so


49 posted on 04/16/2014 9:18:13 AM PDT by Hegewisch Dupa
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To: tacticalogic

2 minutes to search:

http://www.amazon.com/Just-Six-Numbers-Forces-Universe/dp/0465036732

http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2013/05/29/the-fundamental-constants-behind-our-universe/


50 posted on 04/16/2014 9:20:40 AM PDT by BrandtMichaels
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