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North America's Oldest Skeleton Discovery: 13,000-Year-Old Body of 'Naia' Discovered in Mexico
www.ibtimes.co.uk ^ | May 15, 2014 19:00 GMT | Lydia Smith

Posted on 05/16/2014 10:02:19 AM PDT by Red Badger

One of the oldest human skeletons in North America has been discovered by a team of international scientists in an underwater Yucatán Peninsula cave.

Named "Naia", the teenager fell to her death in a large pit called Hoyo Nego, meaning "black hole" in Spanish.

Patricia Beddows, a cave-diving researcher from Northwestern University, said: "The preservation of all the bones in this deep water-filled cave is amazing - the bones are beautifully laid out."

"The girl's skeleton is exceptionally complete because of the environment in which she died -- she ended up in the right water and in a quiet place without any soil. Her pristine preservation enabled our team to extract enough DNA to determine her shared genetic code with modern Native Americans," she added.

The skeleton, which is now covered in water, is estimated to be between 12,000 and 13,000 years old, suggesting Naia lived in the late Pleistocene or last ice age.

Naia measured 4ft 10in tall and was delicately built. Her estimated age of death was 15 or 16 years old, based on the development of her teeth.

The near-complete human skeleton, which has an intact cranium and preserved DNA, was found lying 130ft below sea level near a variety of extinct animals, including an elephant-like creature and relative of the mastodon called a gomphothere. These remains helped scientists establish the age of the skeleton.

In order to assess the age of the skeleton, the team analysed tooth enamel and seeds dropped by bats using radiocarbon dating and calcite deposits found on the bones using the uranium-thorium method.

They used similar methodology to date the remains of a variety of gomphothere found near the skeleton, which were found to be around 40,000 years old. The more than 26 large mammals found at the site included saber-toothed cats and giant ground sloths, which were largely extinct in North America 13,000 years ago.

Naia's age was further supported by evidence of rising sea levels, which were as much as 360ft (120m) lower during the last ice age than they are today.

The research was led by the Mexican government's National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) and Applied Paleoscience.

"Hoyo Negro is a very complex site," Beddows said. "By understanding the formation of the shallow caves and the shaft into which the girl fell, we know that the girl and the animals visited a site that looks almost like it does today, except that the water level was down in the bottom of the shaft."

"These discoveries are extremely significant," said Pilar Luna, INAH's director of underwater archaeology. "Not only do they shed light on the origins of modern Americans, they clearly demonstrate the paleontological potential of the Yucatán Peninsula and the importance of conserving Mexico's unique heritage."

The discovery was published in the journal Science.


TOPICS: Culture/Society; Mexico
KEYWORDS: ancientautopsies; ggg; godsgravesglyphs; hoyonegro; mexico

A cave diver inspects the newly-discovered skull of Naia in a submerged cave on the Yucatan peninsula of MexicoDaniel Riordan Araujo

1 posted on 05/16/2014 10:02:19 AM PDT by Red Badger
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To: SunkenCiv

GGG Ping!..................


2 posted on 05/16/2014 10:02:40 AM PDT by Red Badger (Soon there will be another American Civil War. Will make the first one seem like a Tea Party........)
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To: Red Badger

3 posted on 05/16/2014 10:04:11 AM PDT by Jeff Chandler (Hillary may have brain damage, but what difference does it make?)
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To: Jeff Chandler

She was found with a gomphothere, a relative of the elephant, so she must have been a Republican..................

4 posted on 05/16/2014 10:07:08 AM PDT by Red Badger (Soon there will be another American Civil War. Will make the first one seem like a Tea Party........)
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To: Red Badger
"Hoyo Negro is a very complex site," Beddows said.

Ruhroh .. another one who wadded up the memo !

<lol>

5 posted on 05/16/2014 10:07:45 AM PDT by tomkat
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To: Red Badger

Died because of mean Republican immigration policies!


6 posted on 05/16/2014 10:07:46 AM PDT by Fido969 (What's sad is most)
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To: Red Badger
Bill Clinton and ancient remains
7 posted on 05/16/2014 10:08:53 AM PDT by Jeff Chandler (Hillary may have brain damage, but what difference does it make?)
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To: tomkat

He’s in Mexico, so he’s safe.........................


8 posted on 05/16/2014 10:12:20 AM PDT by Red Badger (Soon there will be another American Civil War. Will make the first one seem like a Tea Party........)
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To: Red Badger

She’s a lot older than Kennewick Man (from 7500 BC).


9 posted on 05/16/2014 10:15:41 AM PDT by MUDDOG
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To: MUDDOG

He was late getting across the land bridge...............................


10 posted on 05/16/2014 10:18:58 AM PDT by Red Badger (Soon there will be another American Civil War. Will make the first one seem like a Tea Party........)
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To: Red Badger

Right, every democrats worst nightmare.
I think we’ve found a mascot.


11 posted on 05/16/2014 10:19:14 AM PDT by tet68 ( " We would not die in that man's company, that fears his fellowship to die with us...." Henry V.)
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To: tet68

No 13,000 year old donkeys around.......................except in Congress....................


12 posted on 05/16/2014 10:21:15 AM PDT by Red Badger (Soon there will be another American Civil War. Will make the first one seem like a Tea Party........)
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To: Red Badger
extract enough DNA to determine her shared genetic code with modern Native Americans

Guess it doesn't matter now whether Kennewick Man was a white man or not.

13 posted on 05/16/2014 10:24:35 AM PDT by MUDDOG
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To: MUDDOG
ABSTRACT from the Science article:

Because of differences in craniofacial morphology and dentition between the earliest American skeletons and modern Native Americans, separate origins have been postulated for them, despite genetic evidence to the contrary. We describe a near-complete human skeleton with an intact cranium and preserved DNA found with extinct fauna in a submerged cave on Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula. This skeleton dates to between 13,000 and 12,000 calendar years ago and has Paleoamerican craniofacial characteristics and a Beringian-derived mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup (D1). Thus, the differences between Paleoamericans and Native Americans probably resulted from in situ evolution rather than separate ancestry.

14 posted on 05/16/2014 10:34:23 AM PDT by Red Badger (Soon there will be another American Civil War. Will make the first one seem like a Tea Party........)
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To: Red Badger; SunkenCiv

She “fell”? Hmmmm.


15 posted on 05/16/2014 10:36:44 AM PDT by colorado tanker
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To: colorado tanker

Definistrated?...................


16 posted on 05/16/2014 10:39:10 AM PDT by Red Badger (Soon there will be another American Civil War. Will make the first one seem like a Tea Party........)
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To: Jeff Chandler

Oh God i remember when that bone head lusted after that mummy what a sick bastard


17 posted on 05/16/2014 10:46:01 AM PDT by al baby (Hi MomÂ…)
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To: Red Badger

Well, back then Demcorats didn’t survive. No government programs.


18 posted on 05/16/2014 10:46:44 AM PDT by ZULU (https://www.facebook.com/freejustina)
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To: al baby

His mummy?


19 posted on 05/16/2014 10:47:56 AM PDT by ZULU (https://www.facebook.com/freejustina)
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To: ZULU

You notice that they didn’t find any weapons near her. The tribal government must have confiscated them all.......................


20 posted on 05/16/2014 10:49:58 AM PDT by Red Badger (Soon there will be another American Civil War. Will make the first one seem like a Tea Party........)
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To: al baby

Well, considering what he’s married to...........................


21 posted on 05/16/2014 10:50:48 AM PDT by Red Badger (Soon there will be another American Civil War. Will make the first one seem like a Tea Party........)
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To: Red Badger

“She was found with a gomphothere, a relative of the elephant, so she must have been a Republican.................. “

I’ll bet she votes on the Democratic ticket from now on.


22 posted on 05/16/2014 11:04:34 AM PDT by TexasRepublic (Socialism is the gospel of envy and the religion of thieves)
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To: MUDDOG

Kennewick wasn’t a white man. That was a mistake by the original forensic guy who didn’t know he was dealing with an ancient skeleton.


23 posted on 05/16/2014 11:52:51 AM PDT by Varda
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To: Varda

So we’re back to the Vikings then (unless the Carthaginians and Celts made it to South America).


24 posted on 05/16/2014 11:58:48 AM PDT by MUDDOG
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To: Red Badger

Christie’s fault again.


25 posted on 05/16/2014 12:18:12 PM PDT by SgtHooper (This is my tag!)
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To: MUDDOG

The earliest Europeans were the Vikings a thousand years ago. There isn’t evidence for anyone else yet. Oddly enough due to the federal definitions of what a Native American is, the Vikings qualify as native to this continent.


26 posted on 05/16/2014 12:22:27 PM PDT by Varda
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To: Red Badger

Wow, she got 1000 years older since this morning...


27 posted on 05/16/2014 12:23:24 PM PDT by MrB (The difference between a Humanist and a Satanist - the latter admits whom he's working for)
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To: MrB

Must be global warming..................


28 posted on 05/16/2014 12:25:40 PM PDT by Red Badger (Soon there will be another American Civil War. Will make the first one seem like a Tea Party........)
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To: Red Badger

I wonder how old she’ll be by next week!


29 posted on 05/16/2014 12:26:37 PM PDT by MrB (The difference between a Humanist and a Satanist - the latter admits whom he's working for)
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To: MrB

They grow up so fast...


30 posted on 05/16/2014 12:26:56 PM PDT by GeronL (Vote for Conservatives not for Republicans!)
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To: MrB

Next week they will link her DNA to show she’s Helen Thomas’ mother................


31 posted on 05/16/2014 12:30:43 PM PDT by Red Badger (Soon there will be another American Civil War. Will make the first one seem like a Tea Party........)
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To: Red Badger

Or Helen Thomas was her mother...


32 posted on 05/16/2014 12:32:11 PM PDT by MrB (The difference between a Humanist and a Satanist - the latter admits whom he's working for)
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To: MrB
Or Helen Thomas was her mother...

Impossible! That means someone would have to have had one hell of a jones...................

33 posted on 05/16/2014 12:43:56 PM PDT by Red Badger (Soon there will be another American Civil War. Will make the first one seem like a Tea Party........)
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Thanks Red Badger and colorado tanker.

34 posted on 12/31/2014 7:31:07 AM PST by SunkenCiv (Imagine an imaginary menagerie manager imagining managing an imaginary menagerie.)
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