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BRITISH REPEL FIERCE CAEN TANK ATTACKS; AMERICANS MOP UP CHERBOURG PENINSULA (7/2/44)
Microfilm-New York Times archives, Monterey Public Library | 7/2/44 | Drew Middleton, Hanson W. Baldwin, Harold Denny, Will Lissner, David Anderson, George F. Horne, more

Posted on 07/02/2014 4:11:13 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson

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THE NEWS OF THE WEEK IN REVIEW

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THE NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW

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TOPICS: Extended News; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: history; milhist; realtime; worldwarii
Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
1 posted on 07/02/2014 4:11:13 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
Normandy, 1944: Expanding the Beachhead, Operations, 1-24 July 1944
The Marianas Islands: Saipan 1944 – Assault on Saipan, 15 June-10 July 1944
The Western Pacific, New Guinea and the Philippine Islands: Allied Advances to the Marianas, Biak and Noemfoor, 22 April-24 July 1944, and Japanese Kon and “A” Go Operations 30 May-19 June 1944
Eastern Europe, 1941: Operation Bagration – Operations, 22 June-19 August, 1944
Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
2 posted on 07/02/2014 4:12:05 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
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The Nimitz Graybook

3 posted on 07/02/2014 4:12:38 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
Shells Rain on Foe (Middleton) – 2-3
52 of Our Sailors Cherbourg Heroes (Baldwin) – 3
Allied Officials Keep Hans Off All Civic Affairs of Cherbourg (Denny) – 4
A Pattern of Modern War as Seen from the Air (photo) – 5
War News Summarized – 5
Red Army Races On – 6-7
Soviets’ Revisions of Marx Verified (Lissner) – 7-8
Churchill Speech on Robots Awaited (Anderson) – 8-9
Saipan Gains Made in Weird Cave War (Horne, Rembert James, first-time contributor) – 9
Saipan Landing a Grim Ordeal of ‘Taking’ Rain of Mortar Fire (by Capt. John N. Popham, first-time contributor) – 9-10
China Fliers Bomb Big Formosa Base – 10
Latest Casualties as Reported by the War Department – 12-13
The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 14-16
It Happened in Normandy (photo) – 16

The News of the Week in Review
Fifteen News Questions – 17
Beachhead Supplies for 250,000 Men for One Month (chart) – 18
Cherbourg Only Beginning of French Campaign (Baldwin) – 19
“Congratulations From One Who Knows” (cartoon) – 20
A Jolt for Dr. Goebbels – 20
The Red Army’s Summer Offensive Sweeps Ahead (map) – 21
Nazi Manpower Shrinks under Big Allied Blows (Middleton) – 22
Report from the Nation (by Lawrence Dame, Virginius Dabney, James E. Crown, Louther S. Horne, Roland M. Jones, and Lawrence E. Davies) – 23-24
All Roads Lead to Berlin (cartoon) – 24
Answers to Fifteen News Questions – 24

The New York Times Book Review
A Guide to Public Opinion Polls, by George Gallup (reviewed by R.M. MacIver, first-time contributor) – 25
Some Criminals at Large (by Beatrice Sherman, first-time contributor) – 26
The Best Selling books, Here and Elsewhere – 27

4 posted on 07/02/2014 4:13:47 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/jul44/02jul44.htm#

Allies land on Numfoor
Sunday, July 2, 1944 www.onwar.com

In New Guinea... There are Allied landing on Numfoor Island. About 7100 troops, including elements of the US 168th Infantry Division and Australian forces, under the command of US General Patrick establish a beachhead on the north coast near Kamiri Airfield. There is no Japanese resistance. Admiral Fechteler commands the naval support with US Task Force 74 and TF75 providing escort and a preliminary bombardment. On Biak Island, remnants of the Japanese force continue to resist.

In the Mariana Islands... On Saipan, American forces conduct a general advance. Garapan village is overrun.

On the Eastern Front... Soviet forces cut several rail lines leading west from Minsk.

In Italy... Allied forces advance in the west and the center. Foiano is captured by elements of the British 8th Army.

In the United States... The Bretton Woods conference continues.


5 posted on 07/02/2014 4:14:31 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/02.htm

July 2nd, 1944 (SUNDAY)
UNITED KINGDOM: The US Eighth Air Force in England dispatches 350 bombers and 171 P-51s on Mission 450 to hit 13 V-weapon sites in the Pas de Calais area; 1 B-24 is lost:

1. Of 78 B-17s, 24 hit Fleury, 24 hit Fressin, 21 hit Blengermont and 1 hits a target of opportunity; 33 B-17s are damaged.

2. Of 272 B-24s, 36 hit Crepy, 35 hit Fiefs, 24 hit Vignacourt, 23 hit Blanc Pignon, 22 hit Courbronne, 21 hit Renescure, 13 hit Haute Cote Island, 13 hit Mont Louis Ferme, 13 hit Santrecourt and 12 hit Belloy-sur-Somme; 1 B-24 is lost and 1 damaged beyond repair.

Escort for the above is provided by 166 of 171 P-51s without loss.

37 B-24s CARPETBAGGER missions in France during the night.

FRANCE: All USAAF IX Bomber Command missions are cancelled due to bad weather; fighters of seven groups of the IX Tactical Air Command fly interception missions in the Caen area and cover over the beach area, attack rail lines along the Loire, and hit a HQ and supply dumps and strongpoints near La Haye-du-Puits.

Paris: The review of Camus’ Le Malentendu appears in the Pariser Zeitung, the last opening night review of the German occupation newspaper.

GERMANY: U-3008 is laid down.

AUSTRIA: 26 USAAF Fifteenth Air Force B-17 Flying Fortresses bomb the industrial area at Gyor.

HUNGARY: USAAF Fifteenth Air Force bombers attack nine targets: (1-3) 509 bombers attack three targets in Budapest, the marshalling yard (253 aircraft), Vecses Airfield (142 aircraft) and the Shell Oil Refinery (114 aircraft) with the loss of 14 bombers; (4-5) one each aircraft bombs the city of Paks and the city of Kiskunhalas; (6) five bombers hit the Szolnok railroad bridge with the loss of one aircraft; and (7-9) four bombers hit targets of opportunity. Eighth and Fifteenth Air Force fighters sweep over the Budapest area; bombers and fighters claim 50+ fighters shot down;

ROMANIA: Liberators of the RAF No. 205 Group hit three targets. During the day, 44 hit the Prahova Oil Refinery at Bucharest with the loss of two aircraft. During the night, ten aircraft, in two groups of five, mine the Danube River.

FINLAND:

Battle of Tali-Ihantala

This day is relatively quiet at the Finnish 6th Division’s front. While the Soviet artillery is active all day, the

only Soviet attacks come at the right flank, around Tähtelä. One attempt is repelled early in the night, and another, more serious, commences at 3.30 pm. This time the Soviet forces, supported by tanks, are able to penetrate the Finnish positions, but are beaten back by the reserves. Finnish artillery is again crucial in repelling the Soviet attacks.

But this evening the Red Air Force manages to launch a surprise attack at the Finnish airfield in Immola, where the German Stukas and Fw 190’s of Obstlt. Kurt Kuhlmey’s force are based. The attack, starting at 7.59 pm, destroys 9 German aircraft and damages 24. This succesful Soviet operation greatly weakens the German air forces supporting Finns.

U.S.S.R.: Russian forces west of Minsk cut several railway lines.
Baltic Fleet, Ladoga Lake and Chudskoe Lake Flotillas: MS “T-210 “Gak”” - mined at Ola-Laht bay of Viborg Gulf (later raised). (Sergey Anisimov)(69)

ITALY: Foiano is liberated by the British 4th Infantry Division.

YUGOSLAVIA: The USAAF Fifteenth Air Force hits four targets: (1) 37 bombers hit the Brod marshalling yard; (2) 26 hit the Vinconvivi marshalling yard (2 lost); (3-4) two aircraft bomb two targets of opportunity.

The Hungarian Air Forces admit to losses of 28 planes this day. (Jack McKillop and Mike Yaklich)

INDIAN OCEAN: The US freighter SS Jean Nicolet is torpedoed by the Japanese submarine HIJMS I-8. The 99 people aboard the ship, 41 merchant seaman, 28 Armed Guards and 30 passengers, abandon ship and take to the lifeboats. HIJMS I-8 surfaces and sets the freighter afire with gunfire. The 99 survivors are taken aboard the submarine where they are searched, bound and questioned. One man is shot and some of them are made to run a gauntlet and beaten. The Japanese sink the lifeboats with gunfire and take the captain, radio operator and one passenger below deck. The hands of the remaining survivors are bound and they are left on deck as the submarine submerges and left to drown. However, some manage to free their hands and swim to the burning freighter where they launch rafts which had not been destroyed; a total of 28 are rescued on 4 July and only one of the three interned on the sub survives Japanese captivity.

MARIANAS ISLANDS, SAIPAN: The remains of Garapan village are overrun by US forces during their advance.

NEW GUINEA: In Operation TABLETENNIS, the USN’s Task Force 57 lands the USA’s 158th Regimental Combat Team (Reinforced) (General Patrick) and RAAF personnel on Noemfoor Island in the Schouten Islands off New Guinea. Noemfoor, located 60 miles (96.6 km) west of Biak Island, is small, 15 by 12 miles (24.1 by 19.3 km), but has three airfields, Kamiri, Kornasoren and Namber, and is invaded because of the delay in capturing the airfields on Biak Island. The invasion is support by the USN’s Task Force 75 consisting of heavy and light cruisers and destroyers.

The USAAF’s Fifth Air Force also supports the invasion. In the morning, A-20 Havocs, B-24s, B-25s and fighter-bombers attack the island and provide air support throughout the day.

No 62 Works Wing RAAF, with American engineer units under command , were involved in the Numfoor assault, landing 30 mins after the initial assault. They were mortared on the beach, two Americans being wounded. (Ric Pelvin)

The rejuvenated USAAF 17th Reconnaissance Squadron begins operating from Mokmer Airfield on Biak.

CANADA:

Corvette HMCS Guelph departed Halifax as escort for passage of submarines HMS P-553 and P-554 to Philadelphia.

Minesweepers HMCS Melville arrived Halifax from workups in Bermuda and assigned to Sydney Force.

U.S.A.:

Heavy cruiser USS Bremerton launched.

Submarine USS Bugara launched.

BRAZIL: The first contingent of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force has set sail from Rio de Janeiro heading for Naples to join the Allies forces in the desperate battle to liberate Italy. About 5,000 officers and men left aboard the American troop transport GENERAL W. A. MANN, escorted by three destroyers MARCILIO DIAS, MARIZ E BARROS and GREENHALGH. Brazil declared war on the Axis in August 1942 and its navy has participated in joint Allied action in the Atlantic. Last November it decided to send troops to join the fighting in Europe. The forces are to operate under the strategic command of the Americans.

ATLANTIC OCEAN: Minesweepers HMCS Melville arrived Halifax from workups in Bermuda and assigned to Sydney Force.
HMC MTB 460 sunk by mine in English Channel.

The German Type IXC/40 submarine U-543 is sunk about 335 nm (621 km) west-southwest of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Las Palmas Island, Canary Islands, in position 25.34N, 21.36W, by depth charges and a FIDO homing torpedo from a TBM Avenger of Escort Carrier Air Group Fifty Eight (VC-58) in the USN escort aircraft carrier USS Wake Island (CVE-65). All hands (58 men) in the U-boat are lost. (Alex Gordon)

At 0130, the unescorted Bodegraven was torpedoed and sunk by U-547, which took one man on board as POW.


6 posted on 07/02/2014 4:15:43 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Front page: "Norman H. Davis of Red Cross Dead."

Norman made millions of dollars from his financial dealings in Cuba from 1902 to 1917, where he was the President of the Trust Company of Cuba. While working in the financial industry, he built close friendships with Henry P. Davison, an influential partner with J.P. Morgan & Co. and Chairman of the American Red Cross, and Richard M. Bissell, president of Hartford Fire Insurance and a member of the National Defense Commission. Through these connections, he was able to get appointed as a financial adviser to the Secretary of Treasury on foreign loans during World War I.

He was chairman of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies from 1938 to 1944 and president of the Council on Foreign Relations 1936–1944. Died July 2 of a cerebral hemorrhage while vacationing in Hot Springs, Virginia.

The very model of a New World Order technocrat!

7 posted on 07/02/2014 4:25:18 AM PDT by Tax-chick (Todo lo puedo en El, en Jesus, mi amigo fiel.)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

That’s an interesting p5 aerial photo of foxholes in a field. It must have been in a rear area where only artillery and aerial bombardment were threats.


8 posted on 07/02/2014 4:28:21 AM PDT by fso301
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
I'm going to go map crazy today. Just for reference, here is the map that will appear tomorrow at Bradley's HQ:

 photo 4118ebfe-888f-4136-b879-fcef4ca70633_zpsfe9feb08.jpg

9 posted on 07/02/2014 5:50:23 AM PDT by henkster (Do I really need a sarc tag?)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Here is today's German Lage West:

 photo 83d1c19d-ff3a-4a30-b037-ee975aec2935_zps963c036d.jpg

10 posted on 07/02/2014 5:52:55 AM PDT by henkster (Do I really need a sarc tag?)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Occaisonally at the top of the Lage West Map, the Germans put the Order of Battle of their armies. I have cropped and pasted the attachments from today's Lage West with their OOB for 7th Army (now commanded by Hausser after the death of Dollman) and Panzer Group West (soon to be renamed 5th Panzer Army):

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 photo 241742c3-a207-4979-89cb-875ad62240d4_zps494bdff6.jpg

11 posted on 07/02/2014 5:58:09 AM PDT by henkster (Do I really need a sarc tag?)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
And just for fun I found today's situation map from HQ of II SS Panzer Corps fighting int the Caen area.

2JUL44 2ss pzk photo 2JUL442sspzkorpscrop_zps29b62e96.jpg

12 posted on 07/02/2014 6:00:55 AM PDT by henkster (Do I really need a sarc tag?)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

June 30, 1944:


"These children, who seem to have been treated well, were photographed in a park in Theresienstadt.
The Nazis established this "model" ghetto and concentration camp in Czechoslovakia partly as a propaganda ploy to create the impression that the Nazi camps were pleasant places.
It was the only camp that the Nazis permitted foreigners to visit, including representatives of the International Red Cross.
Of the 15,000 children who were interned at the camp, only about 100 survived the war."


"This photo from the German propaganda film about Theresienstadt, The Führer Gives the Jews a Town, shows women and children reading in their barracks early in 1944.
Several social agencies, including the Red Cross, were escorted through Theresienstadt.
The Nazis insisted that the Jews were living well, even though most of the inmates would be executed.
Of the 140,000 prisoners who passed through Theresienstadt, 90,000 were shipped to death camps, primarily Auschwitz."


"On June 4, 1942, Pavel Friedmann, 21, finished a poem about the last butterfly he ever saw.
'Butterflies,' the Jewish writer concluded, 'don't live in here, in the ghetto.'

"A few weeks earlier, the Germans had deported Friedmann to Terezín (Theresienstadt in German), the walled military town in Czechoslovakia where they began to ghettoize Czech Jews in the autumn of 1941.
A year later 50,000 Jews were struggling to survive in Theresienstadt's deteriorating conditions.

"Theresienstadt also became a concentration and transit camp for German and Western European Jews who were eventually deported to Auschwitz.
In mid-1944 the Nazis temporarily beautified Theresienstadt to deceive the visiting Red Cross and to make a propaganda film that pictured the ghetto as Hitler's gift to the Jews.
The facts were very different.
Of the more than 140,000 Jews who were sent to Theresienstadt, over 33,000 died and about 88,000 were deported and killed. Only about 20,000 survived.

"Theresienstadt's Jews included many prominent artists, writers, scientists, musicians, scholars, and teachers from Czechoslovakia, Germany, and Austria.
While in Theresienstadt, children and young people wrote poetry about their feelings and drew pictures about their experiences.
Pavel Friedmann died in Auschwitz on September 29, 1944, but his poem, 'I Never Saw Another Butterfly,' exemplifies the artistic expressions from Theresienstadt."



July 2, 1944:


"Marc Bloch, an eminent French-Jewish historian, authored Strange Defeat, an analysis of the causes of the fall of France in 1940.
He also served as a partisan leader at Lyon, where he was arrested, tortured, and shot on June 16, 1944, ten days after the Allied invasion of Normandy."


"Attesting to the meticulous record keeping of the Nazi doctors, this document from late June 1944 accompanied the head of a corpse of a 12-year-old Gypsy child.
Signed by Josef Mengele and sent from the infirmary of the Gypsy camp at Auschwitz, it directed that the head be given further examination."


"In June 1944 Jews remaining in Budapest, Hungary, were forced to move to houses marked with a Jewish star.
Starting on November 8, 1944, about 70,000 Hungarian Jews were forced by the SS and the Hungarian Fascist Arrow Cross to march from Budapest to the Austrian border.
Thousands of Budapest Jews died on the death marches. "



13 posted on 07/02/2014 6:04:25 AM PDT by BroJoeK (a little historical perspective...)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Page 23, talk of having Sen. Robert F. Bird run as FDR’s VP.


14 posted on 07/02/2014 7:43:02 AM PDT by Rebelbase
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To: Rebelbase

I predict Byrd will receive more consideration as a replacement for Roosevelt himself than for the VP slot.


15 posted on 07/02/2014 8:05:04 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Rebelbase
Page 23, talk of having Sen. Robert F. Bird run as FDR’s VP.

I don't believe he was any relation to the Exalted Cyclops Senator from West Virginia.

16 posted on 07/02/2014 8:44:08 AM PDT by fso301
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To: fso301

D’oh!

The article refers to Harry Byrd, not Robert Byrd.

Wiki says Robert didn’t become a congress critter until 1953.

I guess I thought Robert Byrd, like Helen Thomas, was born during the Pleistocene.


17 posted on 07/02/2014 8:49:42 AM PDT by Rebelbase
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Jap barbarism against survivors of the SS Jean Nicoleton on display in the Indian Ocean.


18 posted on 07/02/2014 1:45:48 PM PDT by Jacquerie (America 2017 - The tyrant may be gone, but the tyranny will remain.)
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To: Jacquerie

Reading the accounts of Japanese barbarism really boils my blood. When we get to the firebombing of Tokyo, my reaction will be “good.”


19 posted on 07/02/2014 5:55:04 PM PDT by henkster (Do I really need a sarc tag?)
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To: henkster
Reading the accounts of Japanese barbarism really boils my blood. When we get to the firebombing of Tokyo, my reaction will be “good.”

Just wait until next month when we have to put up with being told by the media and politicians about how racist and bloodthirsty Americans were for dropping the atomic bombs on the peace loving Japanese people.

20 posted on 07/02/2014 6:18:30 PM PDT by fso301
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To: henkster

Interesting interview with a German sergeant. He corroborates your statements about how much the Germans feared American artillery.


21 posted on 07/02/2014 8:06:22 PM PDT by colorado tanker
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To: fso301

Don’t make me barf before bed.


22 posted on 07/02/2014 8:11:10 PM PDT by henkster (Do I really need a sarc tag?)
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