Skip to comments.BRITISH REPEL FIERCE CAEN TANK ATTACKS; AMERICANS MOP UP CHERBOURG PENINSULA (7/2/44)
Posted on 07/02/2014 4:11:13 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
The News of the Week in Review
Fifteen News Questions 17
Beachhead Supplies for 250,000 Men for One Month (chart) 18
Cherbourg Only Beginning of French Campaign (Baldwin) 19
Congratulations From One Who Knows (cartoon) 20
A Jolt for Dr. Goebbels 20
The Red Armys Summer Offensive Sweeps Ahead (map) 21
Nazi Manpower Shrinks under Big Allied Blows (Middleton) 22
Report from the Nation (by Lawrence Dame, Virginius Dabney, James E. Crown, Louther S. Horne, Roland M. Jones, and Lawrence E. Davies) 23-24
All Roads Lead to Berlin (cartoon) 24
Answers to Fifteen News Questions 24
The New York Times Book Review
A Guide to Public Opinion Polls, by George Gallup (reviewed by R.M. MacIver, first-time contributor) 25
Some Criminals at Large (by Beatrice Sherman, first-time contributor) 26
The Best Selling books, Here and Elsewhere 27
Allies land on Numfoor
Sunday, July 2, 1944 www.onwar.com
In New Guinea... There are Allied landing on Numfoor Island. About 7100 troops, including elements of the US 168th Infantry Division and Australian forces, under the command of US General Patrick establish a beachhead on the north coast near Kamiri Airfield. There is no Japanese resistance. Admiral Fechteler commands the naval support with US Task Force 74 and TF75 providing escort and a preliminary bombardment. On Biak Island, remnants of the Japanese force continue to resist.
In the Mariana Islands... On Saipan, American forces conduct a general advance. Garapan village is overrun.
On the Eastern Front... Soviet forces cut several rail lines leading west from Minsk.
In Italy... Allied forces advance in the west and the center. Foiano is captured by elements of the British 8th Army.
In the United States... The Bretton Woods conference continues.
July 2nd, 1944 (SUNDAY)
UNITED KINGDOM: The US Eighth Air Force in England dispatches 350 bombers and 171 P-51s on Mission 450 to hit 13 V-weapon sites in the Pas de Calais area; 1 B-24 is lost:
1. Of 78 B-17s, 24 hit Fleury, 24 hit Fressin, 21 hit Blengermont and 1 hits a target of opportunity; 33 B-17s are damaged.
2. Of 272 B-24s, 36 hit Crepy, 35 hit Fiefs, 24 hit Vignacourt, 23 hit Blanc Pignon, 22 hit Courbronne, 21 hit Renescure, 13 hit Haute Cote Island, 13 hit Mont Louis Ferme, 13 hit Santrecourt and 12 hit Belloy-sur-Somme; 1 B-24 is lost and 1 damaged beyond repair.
Escort for the above is provided by 166 of 171 P-51s without loss.
37 B-24s CARPETBAGGER missions in France during the night.
FRANCE: All USAAF IX Bomber Command missions are cancelled due to bad weather; fighters of seven groups of the IX Tactical Air Command fly interception missions in the Caen area and cover over the beach area, attack rail lines along the Loire, and hit a HQ and supply dumps and strongpoints near La Haye-du-Puits.
Paris: The review of Camus’ Le Malentendu appears in the Pariser Zeitung, the last opening night review of the German occupation newspaper.
GERMANY: U-3008 is laid down.
AUSTRIA: 26 USAAF Fifteenth Air Force B-17 Flying Fortresses bomb the industrial area at Gyor.
HUNGARY: USAAF Fifteenth Air Force bombers attack nine targets: (1-3) 509 bombers attack three targets in Budapest, the marshalling yard (253 aircraft), Vecses Airfield (142 aircraft) and the Shell Oil Refinery (114 aircraft) with the loss of 14 bombers; (4-5) one each aircraft bombs the city of Paks and the city of Kiskunhalas; (6) five bombers hit the Szolnok railroad bridge with the loss of one aircraft; and (7-9) four bombers hit targets of opportunity. Eighth and Fifteenth Air Force fighters sweep over the Budapest area; bombers and fighters claim 50+ fighters shot down;
ROMANIA: Liberators of the RAF No. 205 Group hit three targets. During the day, 44 hit the Prahova Oil Refinery at Bucharest with the loss of two aircraft. During the night, ten aircraft, in two groups of five, mine the Danube River.
Battle of Tali-Ihantala
This day is relatively quiet at the Finnish 6th Division’s front. While the Soviet artillery is active all day, the
only Soviet attacks come at the right flank, around Tähtelä. One attempt is repelled early in the night, and another, more serious, commences at 3.30 pm. This time the Soviet forces, supported by tanks, are able to penetrate the Finnish positions, but are beaten back by the reserves. Finnish artillery is again crucial in repelling the Soviet attacks.
But this evening the Red Air Force manages to launch a surprise attack at the Finnish airfield in Immola, where the German Stukas and Fw 190’s of Obstlt. Kurt Kuhlmey’s force are based. The attack, starting at 7.59 pm, destroys 9 German aircraft and damages 24. This succesful Soviet operation greatly weakens the German air forces supporting Finns.
U.S.S.R.: Russian forces west of Minsk cut several railway lines.
Baltic Fleet, Ladoga Lake and Chudskoe Lake Flotillas: MS “T-210 “Gak”” - mined at Ola-Laht bay of Viborg Gulf (later raised). (Sergey Anisimov)(69)
ITALY: Foiano is liberated by the British 4th Infantry Division.
YUGOSLAVIA: The USAAF Fifteenth Air Force hits four targets: (1) 37 bombers hit the Brod marshalling yard; (2) 26 hit the Vinconvivi marshalling yard (2 lost); (3-4) two aircraft bomb two targets of opportunity.
The Hungarian Air Forces admit to losses of 28 planes this day. (Jack McKillop and Mike Yaklich)
INDIAN OCEAN: The US freighter SS Jean Nicolet is torpedoed by the Japanese submarine HIJMS I-8. The 99 people aboard the ship, 41 merchant seaman, 28 Armed Guards and 30 passengers, abandon ship and take to the lifeboats. HIJMS I-8 surfaces and sets the freighter afire with gunfire. The 99 survivors are taken aboard the submarine where they are searched, bound and questioned. One man is shot and some of them are made to run a gauntlet and beaten. The Japanese sink the lifeboats with gunfire and take the captain, radio operator and one passenger below deck. The hands of the remaining survivors are bound and they are left on deck as the submarine submerges and left to drown. However, some manage to free their hands and swim to the burning freighter where they launch rafts which had not been destroyed; a total of 28 are rescued on 4 July and only one of the three interned on the sub survives Japanese captivity.
MARIANAS ISLANDS, SAIPAN: The remains of Garapan village are overrun by US forces during their advance.
NEW GUINEA: In Operation TABLETENNIS, the USN’s Task Force 57 lands the USA’s 158th Regimental Combat Team (Reinforced) (General Patrick) and RAAF personnel on Noemfoor Island in the Schouten Islands off New Guinea. Noemfoor, located 60 miles (96.6 km) west of Biak Island, is small, 15 by 12 miles (24.1 by 19.3 km), but has three airfields, Kamiri, Kornasoren and Namber, and is invaded because of the delay in capturing the airfields on Biak Island. The invasion is support by the USN’s Task Force 75 consisting of heavy and light cruisers and destroyers.
The USAAF’s Fifth Air Force also supports the invasion. In the morning, A-20 Havocs, B-24s, B-25s and fighter-bombers attack the island and provide air support throughout the day.
No 62 Works Wing RAAF, with American engineer units under command , were involved in the Numfoor assault, landing 30 mins after the initial assault. They were mortared on the beach, two Americans being wounded. (Ric Pelvin)
The rejuvenated USAAF 17th Reconnaissance Squadron begins operating from Mokmer Airfield on Biak.
Corvette HMCS Guelph departed Halifax as escort for passage of submarines HMS P-553 and P-554 to Philadelphia.
Minesweepers HMCS Melville arrived Halifax from workups in Bermuda and assigned to Sydney Force.
Heavy cruiser USS Bremerton launched.
Submarine USS Bugara launched.
BRAZIL: The first contingent of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force has set sail from Rio de Janeiro heading for Naples to join the Allies forces in the desperate battle to liberate Italy. About 5,000 officers and men left aboard the American troop transport GENERAL W. A. MANN, escorted by three destroyers MARCILIO DIAS, MARIZ E BARROS and GREENHALGH. Brazil declared war on the Axis in August 1942 and its navy has participated in joint Allied action in the Atlantic. Last November it decided to send troops to join the fighting in Europe. The forces are to operate under the strategic command of the Americans.
ATLANTIC OCEAN: Minesweepers HMCS Melville arrived Halifax from workups in Bermuda and assigned to Sydney Force.
HMC MTB 460 sunk by mine in English Channel.
The German Type IXC/40 submarine U-543 is sunk about 335 nm (621 km) west-southwest of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Las Palmas Island, Canary Islands, in position 25.34N, 21.36W, by depth charges and a FIDO homing torpedo from a TBM Avenger of Escort Carrier Air Group Fifty Eight (VC-58) in the USN escort aircraft carrier USS Wake Island (CVE-65). All hands (58 men) in the U-boat are lost. (Alex Gordon)
At 0130, the unescorted Bodegraven was torpedoed and sunk by U-547, which took one man on board as POW.
Norman made millions of dollars from his financial dealings in Cuba from 1902 to 1917, where he was the President of the Trust Company of Cuba. While working in the financial industry, he built close friendships with Henry P. Davison, an influential partner with J.P. Morgan & Co. and Chairman of the American Red Cross, and Richard M. Bissell, president of Hartford Fire Insurance and a member of the National Defense Commission. Through these connections, he was able to get appointed as a financial adviser to the Secretary of Treasury on foreign loans during World War I.
He was chairman of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies from 1938 to 1944 and president of the Council on Foreign Relations 19361944. Died July 2 of a cerebral hemorrhage while vacationing in Hot Springs, Virginia.
The very model of a New World Order technocrat!
That’s an interesting p5 aerial photo of foxholes in a field. It must have been in a rear area where only artillery and aerial bombardment were threats.
"These children, who seem to have been treated well, were photographed in a park in Theresienstadt.
The Nazis established this "model" ghetto and concentration camp in Czechoslovakia partly as a propaganda ploy to create the impression that the Nazi camps were pleasant places.
It was the only camp that the Nazis permitted foreigners to visit, including representatives of the International Red Cross.
Of the 15,000 children who were interned at the camp, only about 100 survived the war."
"This photo from the German propaganda film about Theresienstadt, The Führer Gives the Jews a Town, shows women and children reading in their barracks early in 1944.
Several social agencies, including the Red Cross, were escorted through Theresienstadt.
The Nazis insisted that the Jews were living well, even though most of the inmates would be executed.
Of the 140,000 prisoners who passed through Theresienstadt, 90,000 were shipped to death camps, primarily Auschwitz."
"On June 4, 1942, Pavel Friedmann, 21, finished a poem about the last butterfly he ever saw.
'Butterflies,' the Jewish writer concluded, 'don't live in here, in the ghetto.'
"A few weeks earlier, the Germans had deported Friedmann to Terezín (Theresienstadt in German), the walled military town in Czechoslovakia where they began to ghettoize Czech Jews in the autumn of 1941.
A year later 50,000 Jews were struggling to survive in Theresienstadt's deteriorating conditions.
"Theresienstadt also became a concentration and transit camp for German and Western European Jews who were eventually deported to Auschwitz.
In mid-1944 the Nazis temporarily beautified Theresienstadt to deceive the visiting Red Cross and to make a propaganda film that pictured the ghetto as Hitler's gift to the Jews.
The facts were very different.
Of the more than 140,000 Jews who were sent to Theresienstadt, over 33,000 died and about 88,000 were deported and killed. Only about 20,000 survived.
"Theresienstadt's Jews included many prominent artists, writers, scientists, musicians, scholars, and teachers from Czechoslovakia, Germany, and Austria.
While in Theresienstadt, children and young people wrote poetry about their feelings and drew pictures about their experiences.
Pavel Friedmann died in Auschwitz on September 29, 1944, but his poem, 'I Never Saw Another Butterfly,' exemplifies the artistic expressions from Theresienstadt."
"Marc Bloch, an eminent French-Jewish historian, authored Strange Defeat, an analysis of the causes of the fall of France in 1940.
He also served as a partisan leader at Lyon, where he was arrested, tortured, and shot on June 16, 1944, ten days after the Allied invasion of Normandy."
"Attesting to the meticulous record keeping of the Nazi doctors, this document from late June 1944 accompanied the head of a corpse of a 12-year-old Gypsy child.
Signed by Josef Mengele and sent from the infirmary of the Gypsy camp at Auschwitz, it directed that the head be given further examination."
"In June 1944 Jews remaining in Budapest, Hungary, were forced to move to houses marked with a Jewish star.
Starting on November 8, 1944, about 70,000 Hungarian Jews were forced by the SS and the Hungarian Fascist Arrow Cross to march from Budapest to the Austrian border.
Thousands of Budapest Jews died on the death marches. "
Page 23, talk of having Sen. Robert F. Bird run as FDR’s VP.
I predict Byrd will receive more consideration as a replacement for Roosevelt himself than for the VP slot.
I don't believe he was any relation to the Exalted Cyclops Senator from West Virginia.
The article refers to Harry Byrd, not Robert Byrd.
Wiki says Robert didn’t become a congress critter until 1953.
I guess I thought Robert Byrd, like Helen Thomas, was born during the Pleistocene.
Jap barbarism against survivors of the SS Jean Nicoleton on display in the Indian Ocean.
Reading the accounts of Japanese barbarism really boils my blood. When we get to the firebombing of Tokyo, my reaction will be “good.”
Just wait until next month when we have to put up with being told by the media and politicians about how racist and bloodthirsty Americans were for dropping the atomic bombs on the peace loving Japanese people.