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Study links Oklahoma earthquake swarm with fracking operations
Los Angeles Times Science ^ | 3 July 2014 | Hailey Branson-Potts Los Angeles Times

Posted on 07/07/2014 1:23:59 PM PDT by mbarker12474

Study links Oklahoma earthquake swarm with fracking operations

By Hailey Branson-Potts

[skip to the last paragraph if you want to skip the nonsense.]

Oklahoma ... boom ... recent years: oil and gas production and earthquakes.

To many residents, the timing .... Before the oil and gas industry started drilling... rare to feel an earthquake. Today, Oklahoma... second-most seismically active state ....

Now ... fresh scientific evidence .... Researchers from Cornell University and the University of Colorado say a large swarm of earthquakes ... caused by ... disposal wells, ... wastewater from drilling operations ... hydraulic fracturing ... deep geological formations....

Four high-rate disposal wells ... induced a group of earthquakes ... Jones swarm, ... 20% of the seismicity in the central and eastern United States ... journal Science.

The Jones swarm, ... more than 100 earthquakes ... five-year period. The four wells ... 4 million barrels of fluid monthly. Hydraulic fracturing... high-pressure mixture of water, sand and chemicals ... extract oil and natural gas. ... wastewater is often forced underground ....

When fluid is injected ... increases pressure ... pores of those formations..... The increased pressure .... trigger earthquakes ....

For ... researchers created a three-dimensional hydrogeological model... spread pressure through the pores. The computer model used actual... .......

The “more fluid you put in ... the sponge ....

....

Terry said disposal wells have been used in the state for more than 50 years and “have met and even exceeded current disposal volumes during that time.” Oil and natural gas are produced in 70 of Oklahoma’s 77 counties, so “any seismic activity within the state is likely to occur near oil and gas activity,” he said.

(Excerpt) Read more at latimes.com ...


TOPICS: Business/Economy; Government; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: drilling; earthquake; energy; fracking; injection
Climate change and AGW shame is complete.

Now we will shame western civilization for causing earthquakes.

1 posted on 07/07/2014 1:23:59 PM PDT by mbarker12474
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To: mbarker12474

I love how they label wastewater disposal wells as fracking.


2 posted on 07/07/2014 1:26:12 PM PDT by dirtboy
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To: mbarker12474

I thought globull warming was responsible, and George Bush before that. Fracking, huh? What will the liberals dream up next.


3 posted on 07/07/2014 1:27:42 PM PDT by Obadiah (None are more hopelessly enslaved than those who falsely believe they are free.)
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To: mbarker12474

“Los Angeles Times Science”....bwahahahahahahaha.

Stopped reading right there.


4 posted on 07/07/2014 1:28:31 PM PDT by Da Coyote
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To: mbarker12474

The problem with the study is who did it, it was done by anti fracking so called scientist and Feds.


5 posted on 07/07/2014 1:28:34 PM PDT by The_Republic_Of_Maine (Be kept informed on Maine's secession, sign up at freemaine@hushmail.com)
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To: mbarker12474
Always ask who funded the study?

Do the recipients want more grants?

6 posted on 07/07/2014 1:30:22 PM PDT by TexasCajun
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To: mbarker12474

Question #1: of these 100+ earthquakes, how many were generated from a depth equivalent to the common injection depth (approximately 10, 000 BSG)? How many quakes originated at depths never reached by drilling/fracking activities?

Question #2: Provided these injections “caused” minor eathquakes, can these not be attributed to “lubricating the slip and slide” of faults actually ^mitigating^ more severe earthquakes that would have caused disastrous results? Might this not be a beneficial activity in heavily faulted areas?


7 posted on 07/07/2014 1:30:22 PM PDT by Cletus.D.Yokel (Catastrophic Anthropogenic Climate Alteration: The acronym explains the science.)
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To: mbarker12474

I’ve seen War of the Worlds with Tom Cruise. I know its alien spaceships which were buried a long time ago.

ride the lightning baby


8 posted on 07/07/2014 1:30:28 PM PDT by driftdiver (I could eat it raw, but why do that when I have a fire.)
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To: mbarker12474

Did these swarms do a nickles worth of damage? Then who cares about it?


9 posted on 07/07/2014 1:30:37 PM PDT by DManA
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To: mbarker12474

One question: who funded the study? If you want to know why they found the results they did, follow the money.


10 posted on 07/07/2014 1:36:28 PM PDT by Hoffer Rand (Bear His image. Bring His message. Be the Church.)
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To: Da Coyote

You took my post. :)


11 posted on 07/07/2014 1:37:28 PM PDT by EEGator
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To: mbarker12474
There might be something to this, although the culprit is probably the disposal wells, not the fracking.

A deep disposal well drilled on the Rocky Mountain Arsenal in the 1960's caused minor quakes here until it was shut down.

12 posted on 07/07/2014 1:37:41 PM PDT by colorado tanker
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To: The_Republic_Of_Maine

And “insert name of OPEC Country Here”


13 posted on 07/07/2014 1:38:33 PM PDT by WorksinKOP
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To: colorado tanker

There have been proposals to pump water deep into the San Andreas Fault. The object being to relieve the stress along it’s length in a series of small quakes, and thus avoid “the big one”.

Perhaps the frackers are doing them a favor.


14 posted on 07/07/2014 1:39:09 PM PDT by Buckeye McFrog
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To: mbarker12474

Scientists wanted to ameliorate the larger earthquakes in California’s major faults by injecting water. This would lubricate the fault and cause it slip slowly, making many small quakes instead of one gigantic and super destructive quake. But a lot of rich people live on the fault line and since the water injection would be causing quakes they would result in ruinous lawsuits. So, instead of potentially saving cities like San Francisco we’ll have one giant quake that kills thousands and causes billions in damage.

It seems the same is probably happening in Oklahoma. On the other hand, it could be just normal quakes that occur periodically anyway. Given who the hysterical reports are from, Bill Moyers and the like, it’s probably just more anti-oil rhetoric.


15 posted on 07/07/2014 1:40:10 PM PDT by Gen.Blather
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To: Da Coyote

SHARKNADO!

Sharks tumbling out of the sky from hurricanes passing over shark-infested waters.

A much more believable premise.

Fracking CAUSES earthquakes? Please explain the correlation. Not that much material is released from the substrate to account for anything like the effects attributed to the process.


16 posted on 07/07/2014 1:40:13 PM PDT by alloysteel (Selective and willful ignorance spells doom, to both victim and perpetrator - mostly the perp.)
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To: driftdiver

I’ve seen War of the Worlds with Tom Cruise.


Terrible movie.


17 posted on 07/07/2014 1:41:27 PM PDT by laplata (Liberals don't get it .... their minds are diseased.)
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To: mbarker12474

I suspect the conclusion of this “study” was determined in advance.


18 posted on 07/07/2014 1:46:47 PM PDT by beethovenfan (If Islam is the solution, the "problem" must be freedom.)
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To: mbarker12474

Cornell, Columbia, U Co and USGS. Solved.


19 posted on 07/07/2014 1:50:41 PM PDT by steve8714 (Islam is militant. Atheism is militant. Where is my Catholic Church?)
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To: dirtboy
I love how they label wastewater disposal wells as fracking.

Yes, it's not the fracking that is causing the problem but instead injection of large volumes of wastewater into disposal wells, a conclusion I consider likely. There are other methods to handle the wastewater - collection at centralized facilities, minimal treatment and reuse for one. This is currently being allowed here in New Mexico where water is scarce. Yes it will increase the cost somewhat, but the benefits of fracking should far outweigh a change in the practice.

The companies will need to get ahead of the curve on this as perception of fracking as bad, as yelled from the rooftops by the radical, anti-fossil fuel environmentalists, will help convince the low-information voters that we should not use this technique to develop our oil and gas reserves.

20 posted on 07/07/2014 1:50:53 PM PDT by CedarDave
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To: Gen.Blather

GOOD; don’t inject water to cause a lot of very small quakes, let the big one happen and all the fags in San Francisco can suck salt water.


21 posted on 07/07/2014 1:54:01 PM PDT by 5th MEB (Progressives in the open; --- FIRE FOR EFFECT!!)
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To: mbarker12474

These liberals believe in voodoo. I mean, they are totally anti-science, book-burners. For real.

All of this is funded by the Saudis. Seriously.


22 posted on 07/07/2014 1:55:14 PM PDT by Noamie
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To: 5th MEB
let the big one happen and all the fags in San Francisco can suck salt water.

No way, dude. IF the big one happens, the San Andreas line would make like this huge cliff. Surfing would suck majorly, dude.

23 posted on 07/07/2014 1:58:07 PM PDT by rjsimmon (The Tree of Liberty Thirsts)
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To: mbarker12474

“probably” (multiple times)
“can trigger”
“are expected”
“can cause”
“potential hazard”

And the best one of all...

“additional studies are needed”


24 posted on 07/07/2014 2:06:21 PM PDT by Fresh Wind (The last remnants of the Old Republic have been swept away.)
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To: Cletus.D.Yokel
From the USGS.

100 2.5+ earthquakes in OK in last 30 days. 9 were less than 10,000 ft below surface. Eight of these were in Grant County.

BTW: Same experience in Arkansas a few years back. Stopped deep well injection and the earthquakes stopped. Given the new waste water treatment systems coming on-line, deep well injection of fracking fluids will be a thing of the past soon.

25 posted on 07/07/2014 2:19:40 PM PDT by fireforeffect (A kind word and a 2x4, gets you more than just a kind word.)
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To: mbarker12474

Some might think this is a good thing, to let off some tectonic tension in small doses, then again us Texicans may have always been right about Oklahoma.


26 posted on 07/07/2014 2:30:53 PM PDT by X-spurt (CRUZ missile - armed and ready.)
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To: mbarker12474
Regarding the debates on global warming, fracking, air quality or any other environmental issue, I look at where the information or declaration is coming from and then I apply the simple rule I learned on jury duty. As the judge said: "when it has been proven that a witness made a false statement, you can assume that the entire testimony was false".
27 posted on 07/07/2014 2:37:10 PM PDT by Baynative (How much longer will the media be able to prop up this administration?)
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To: mbarker12474
This LA Times story is not the only opinion. Geologist: History shows Oklahoma earthquakes not new phenomenon. An article from "The Oklahoman" says something a little different.
28 posted on 07/07/2014 2:43:42 PM PDT by JimSEA
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To: mbarker12474

I call BS on the fracking/earthquake thing: fracking causes global warming.


29 posted on 07/07/2014 2:49:41 PM PDT by catnipman (Cat Nipman: Vote Republican in 2012 and only be called racist one more time!)
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To: Cletus.D.Yokel

Your question 2 has always been my first question. Another question - “did these earthquakes cause any damage or injuries?”.

The answer is probably no. So who knows, lubing up the plates may be preventing more damaging earthquakes.

Another important point, which I don’t think anti-frackers bother to understand - the energy that causes earthquakes comes primarily from the earth. The power of man-made equipment injecting fluids into the earth can move a little dirt...but nothing near the energy found in an earthquake.


30 posted on 07/07/2014 2:50:10 PM PDT by lacrew (Mr. Soetoro, we regret to inform you that your race card is over the credit limit.)
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To: mbarker12474

I call BS.


31 posted on 07/07/2014 2:50:48 PM PDT by savedbygrace (But God!)
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To: mbarker12474
If prosperity rears its head, the Left are ready to
whac-a-mole it with their non-Science.
32 posted on 07/07/2014 3:14:07 PM PDT by PATRIOT1876
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To: mbarker12474

computer model -— need I say more?


33 posted on 07/07/2014 3:15:38 PM PDT by eccentric (a.k.a. baldwidow)
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To: laplata

Ride the lightning, ride


34 posted on 07/07/2014 3:19:08 PM PDT by driftdiver (I could eat it raw, but why do that when I have a fire.)
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To: driftdiver

?


35 posted on 07/07/2014 3:24:19 PM PDT by laplata (Liberals don't get it .... their minds are diseased.)
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To: laplata

The alien lighnting, remember their transport system to the buried spaceship assault tripods.


36 posted on 07/07/2014 3:29:42 PM PDT by driftdiver (I could eat it raw, but why do that when I have a fire.)
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To: Buckeye McFrog

That sounds like a really dangerous idea. What would the “right” amount be? A miscalculation could let the Fault “slip” too much and cause the big one.


37 posted on 07/07/2014 3:43:45 PM PDT by colorado tanker
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To: driftdiver

Yes, thanks for refreshing my memory.


38 posted on 07/07/2014 3:53:21 PM PDT by laplata (Liberals don't get it .... their minds are diseased.)
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To: rjsimmon

We got some really good beaches up here in Nor. Cal. with great waves, just watch out for the great whites.
What history and the geological maps show is that every thing south of Fort Bragg should slide into the Pacific to a greater or lesser degree.


39 posted on 07/07/2014 4:11:01 PM PDT by 5th MEB (Progressives in the open; --- FIRE FOR EFFECT!!)
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To: alloysteel
Fracking CAUSES earthquakes? Please explain the correlation. Not that much material is released from the substrate to account for anything like the effects attributed to the process.

Fracking probably explains why there are so many earthquakes in Alaska and Japan not to mention large sections of South America and Mexico.

40 posted on 07/08/2014 12:47:14 PM PDT by dearolddad (/i>)
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To: Fresh Wind
“additional studies are needed”

At just a slight increase in cost of course.

41 posted on 07/08/2014 12:58:43 PM PDT by dearolddad (/i>)
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