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U.S. TANKS SMASH GERMAN LINE IN NORMANDY; GAIN AS MUCH AS 5 MILES ON 25-MILE FRONT (7/27/44)
Microfilm-New York Times archives, Monterey Public Library | 7/27/44 | E.C. Daniel, Harold Denny, Hanson W. Baldwin, W.H. Lawrence, John MacCormac, George Horne, more

Posted on 07/27/2014 4:41:23 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson

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TOPICS: Extended News; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: history; milhist; realtime; worldwarii
Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
1 posted on 07/27/2014 4:41:23 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
St. Lo and Vicinity: The Cobra Operation, 25-29 July 1944
Normandy, 1944: The St. Lo Breakthrough – Operations 25-31 July 1944
The Marianas Islands: Tinian 1944 – Seizure of Tinian, 24 July-1 August 1944
The Marianas Islands: Guam 1944 – Invasion of Guam, 21 July-8 August 1944
Eastern Europe, 1941: Operation Bagration – Operations, 22 June-19 August, 1944
Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
2 posted on 07/27/2014 4:42:02 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
 photo 0727-british14_zps79ba4d02.jpg  photo 0727-british15_zps5d4e05df.jpg

The Nimitz Graybook

3 posted on 07/27/2014 4:43:15 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
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Major General H.W. Blakeley, USA, Ret., 32d Infantry Division in World War II

4 posted on 07/27/2014 4:44:07 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
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Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

5 posted on 07/27/2014 4:45:09 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
British Fall Back (Daniel) – 2-3
Impressed Russians Surrender to Americans in France (photos) – 3-4
Germans’ ‘Crust’ Cracked at Last (Denny) – 4
Normandy Called a Magnified Anzio (Baldwin) – 5
Red Army in Deblin (Lawrence) – 6-7
War News Summarized – 7
Double-Size Robot Rains on England – 8
Rebuilding of London’s City Area Outlined in a $600,000,000 Plan (MacCormac) – 8
Marines Close on Guam Airport; Win Fourth of Tinian, with Strip (Horne) – 9
Hengyang Chinese Defy Four Divisions; Fliers Aid Relief Force Battling Cordon – 9
Aitape Trap Grinds Japanese Steadily (by Lindesay Parrott) – 10
Allied Ships, Planes Hit Sabang, Foe Says – 10
The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 11-13
6 posted on 07/27/2014 4:46:07 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/jul44/27jul44.htm#

Soviets advance along the front
Thursday, July 27, 1944 www.onwar.com

Soviet T-34-85 crossing the Bug around Lvov [photo at link]

On the Eastern Front... Soviet forces advance. The 2nd Baltic (Yeremenko) captures Daugavpils in the north; 1st Baltic (Bagramyan) takes Siauliai; 2nd Belorussian (Zakharov) captures Bialystok; and 1st Ukrainian Front (Konev) takes Lvov and Stanislav 70 miles to the south.

On the Western Front... US 1st Army continues its offensive. The US 8th Corps breaks through between Lessy and Periers, capturing both towns.

In the Mariana Islands... On Guam, the US 77th Division prepares to attack Mount Tenjo. On Tinian, Americans being work on a new airfield at Ushi Point.


7 posted on 07/27/2014 4:47:18 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/27.htm

July 27th, 1944 (THURSDAY)

UNITED KINGDOM: No. 616 Squadron RAF flies its first mission with the Gloster Meteor jet against V1s, but with little success at first owing to difficulties firing the guns. (Jack McKillop and 22)

The US Eighth Air Force in England flies three missions.

- Mission 498: 26 B-17s are dispatched to hit coastal batteries at Ostend and Cap Gris Nez/Calais area but weather prevents bombing. In Belgium, of 120 B-24s, 34 hit a Luftwaffe communication center at Brussels/Vilvorde, 20 hit a coastal battery at Gravelines, 11 hit oil installations and industrial plants at Ghent and 1 hits a target of opportunity without loss.

Escort is provided by 154 P-38s, P-47 Thunderbolts and P-51 Mustangs; 1 P-51 is lost.

- Mission 499: 193 P-38s, P-47s and P-51s fly fighter-bomber mission against rail traffic south of Rouen and Amiens; 2 P-38s and 1 P-51 are lost.

- Mission 500: 7 B-17s drop leaflets in the Netherlands and France during the night.

FRANCE: The US VII Corps breaks through between Lessay and Periers.

Lyon: Five prisoners of the Gestapo are shot dead after a Resistance bomb attack on a restaurant used by German officers.

HUNGARY: The US Fifteenth Air Force dispatches 366 B-17s and B-24s to bomb an armament works at Budapest; 24 other B-24s attack Pecs marshalling yards; P-38s and P-51s escort the Budapest mission.

EASTERN FRONT: The First Ukraine Front, under Konev, takes Lvov and Stanislav. The Second Belorussian Front, under Zakharov, captures Bialystock. The First Baltic Front, under Bargamyan, takes Siauliai. The Second Baltic Front, under Yeremenko, takes Daugavpils and Rezekne.

U.S.S.R.: Polar Fleet and White Sea Flotilla: (Sergey Anisimov)(69)Submarine loss. “V-1” (ex- “S-81 Sunfish”) - accidentally, by British aviation, off English coast.

ITALY: General Mark Clark presents the Distinguished Presidential Unit Citation to the 100th Infantry Battalion at Vada, Italy for action at Belvedere. (Gene Hanson)

GUAM: The US 77th Division is preparing an attack on Mount Tenjo.

TINIAN: US construction begins on the newly captured airfield at Ushi Point.

PACIFIC: Supporting the US invasions in the Mariana Islands, Seventh Air Force B-24s from the Marshall Islands bomb Truk Atoll.

In the Caroline Islands, USAAF Far East Air Force (FEAF) B-24s hit the airfield on Woleai Atoll and supply areas on Mariaon and Tagaulap Islands in the Caroline Islands. Carrier-based aircraft of the USN’s Task Groups 58.1 continue their attacks on Fais and Ngulu Islands and Sorol, Ulithi and Yap Atolls while aircraft of Task Groups 58.2 and 58.3 attack targets in the Palau Islands.

CANADA: HM S/M Unseen arrives Digby, Nova Scotia for ASW training.

U.S.A.: The 10-minute documentary “Battle Stations” is released in the U.S. Narrated by James Cagney and Ginger Rogers, this short describes the role of the U.S. Coast Guard’s SPARS and how they are freeing men for service overseas in World War II.

In the U.S., the top four pop songs today are (1) “I’ll Be Seeing You” by Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra with vocal by Frank Sinatra; (2) “Swinging on a Star” by Bing Crosby which becomes the Number 1 song of the year; (3) “Amor” by Bing Crosby; and (4) “Straighten Up and Fly Right” by The (Nat) King Cole Trio.


8 posted on 07/27/2014 4:48:29 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

If those surrendering Russians on p3 and p4 knew what was in store for them upon their return to Russia, they might have stood and fought to the end.


9 posted on 07/27/2014 5:39:15 AM PDT by fso301
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Without the caption, I never would have guessed the river crossing photo was in New Guinea.


10 posted on 07/27/2014 5:41:51 AM PDT by fso301
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

July 27, 1944:


"The Nazis sought not only to exterminate every last Jew in Europe, but also to erase most evidence that the Jews ever existed.
This photograph shows two Red Army soldiers inspecting a partially burned Torah scroll, a remnant of the culture the Third Reich sought to destroy.
The scroll was found when Soviet troops liberated the Majdanek death camp."



11 posted on 07/27/2014 5:44:02 AM PDT by BroJoeK (a little historical perspective...)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

“Ice Cream Output Cut Again Aug. 1”

Oh, that’s just wrong.


12 posted on 07/27/2014 6:31:28 AM PDT by Tax-chick (No power in the 'verse can stop me.)
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To: fso301; Homer_J_Simpson

We seem to have deforested Aitape pretty thoroughly.

It would be interesting to see the long-term ecological impact. With the soil exposed, erosion will change the river courses, among other effects.


13 posted on 07/27/2014 6:36:58 AM PDT by Tax-chick (No power in the 'verse can stop me.)
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To: Tax-chick
It would be interesting to see the long-term ecological impact. With the soil exposed, erosion will change the river courses, among other effects.

That is an interesting question. I don't know if the barren landscape was due to chemical defoliants, flamethrowers/napalm, hard fighting, or mechanical clearing.

My understanding in general is that rain forest soil is quite poor due to high rates of leaching. If the topsoil was churned under due to hard fighting, some time may have been required for seeds to be deposited and begin sprouting.

In Stalingrad, my understanding is that Mamayev Kurgan remained a bald knob for several years after the battle.

14 posted on 07/27/2014 7:08:40 AM PDT by fso301
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To: fso301

Left to itself, the jungle would eventually reestablish itself, but the resulting terrain is likely quite different from the original.

Some ecosystems never recover, such as near-desert grasslands that are overgrazed and grow up in cactus and scrub. However, rainforest is pretty resilient, if things are left alone after the original clearance.


15 posted on 07/27/2014 7:13:52 AM PDT by Tax-chick (No power in the 'verse can stop me.)
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To: fso301; Tax-chick

I suspect that photo might have been taken near the Aitape beachhead looking out to sea. I don’t think the limited amount of bombing and artillery fire unleashed on the north coast of New Guinea would much disturb the jungle. This is different than the central Pacific islands bombarded by battleships and certainly not comparable to the devastation around Stalingrad.


16 posted on 07/27/2014 7:16:29 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson; fso301

Oh, I see, having pulled up a map of New Guinea, that it is quite near the coast. That’s a different situation from inland terrain, particularly mountains.


17 posted on 07/27/2014 7:19:22 AM PDT by Tax-chick (No power in the 'verse can stop me.)
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To: Tax-chick
Some ecosystems never recover, such as near-desert grasslands that are overgrazed and grow up in cactus and scrub. However, rainforest is pretty resilient, if things are left alone after the original clearance.

Just speculating here but fire and overgrazing strike me as similar in effect. Might an arid grassland tend to remain an arid grassland with adequate rain?

18 posted on 07/27/2014 7:21:36 AM PDT by fso301
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To: fso301

No, fire burns off the grass tops and leaves ash in the soil, which is beneficial in the long term. Grazing, especially by sheep, gets down to the root systems and keeps the grass from coming back after a rain. Then the soil is open to hardier desert plants.


19 posted on 07/27/2014 7:32:01 AM PDT by Tax-chick (No power in the 'verse can stop me.)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
The American 1st Army map:

 photo 6ffb655c-6be8-445e-aaeb-9135d18a4b8c_zps56e3a003.jpg

20 posted on 07/27/2014 9:48:29 AM PDT by henkster (Do I really need a sarc tag?)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Panzer Group West sector:

27 JUL 44 5pz photo 27JUL445pz_zpsb0c8d0db.jpg

21 posted on 07/27/2014 9:49:29 AM PDT by henkster (Do I really need a sarc tag?)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
7th Army Sector:

27 JUL 44 7a photo 27JUL447a_zps24c77af5.jpg

22 posted on 07/27/2014 9:50:33 AM PDT by henkster (Do I really need a sarc tag?)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Order of Battle for LXXXIV Corps. A number of kampfgruppen and remnants previously listed are not listed any more. Panzer Lehr is still listed, but in reality, that division no longer exists:

27 JUL 44 7a OOB photo 27JUL447aoob_zpsba5c4ee1.jpg

23 posted on 07/27/2014 9:53:03 AM PDT by henkster (Do I really need a sarc tag?)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson; fso301; colorado tanker; Tax-chick; BroJoeK; Jacquerie; EternalVigilance; ...

I have been devoting a lot of my limited available time on these threads to the battles in Normandy. And thanks to Homer for hosting these daily posts, it has given me new insight into the Normandy campaign.

But it has been at the cost of not doing as much reading on the Soviet offensives that are unfolding in the East, and that has always been one of my favorite areas of study in World War 2. Yes, D-Day and it’s aftermath haven been pivotal points in World War 2, but what the Soviets have been doing to the Germans on the Eastern Front since June 22 is mind-boggling. Tax-chick (I still can’t get used to using that handle. Sorry) put it best by calling the Red Army “unstoppable.” At this point, they are. The Germans had prepared their defenses in the East as best they could for this onslaught, although they guessed wrong where it would be. And against those prepared defenses, the Soviets have destroyed the Wehrmacht at will. German divisions and corps that have stood for years as bulwarks have simply vanished. Even if the “butcher’s bill” has exacted a high price.

Oh, and we’re not done yet. There is still some unfinished business in Romania.


24 posted on 07/27/2014 4:06:20 PM PDT by henkster (Do I really need a sarc tag?)
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To: henkster

Not that Stalin cared much about the butcher’s bill.


25 posted on 07/27/2014 4:37:29 PM PDT by EternalVigilance
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To: EternalVigilance

“One death is a tragedy. One million deaths is a statistic.”


26 posted on 07/27/2014 4:38:16 PM PDT by henkster (Do I really need a sarc tag?)
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To: henkster

Yup.


27 posted on 07/27/2014 4:39:44 PM PDT by EternalVigilance
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To: henkster; Homer_J_Simpson; fso301; Tax-chick; BroJoeK; Jacquerie; EternalVigilance
The Russians are so close to the pre-War German borders this is now an existential threat to Germany. The only course is to withdraw from the Baltics and use those troops to try to stop the Russians from crushing Warsaw and going straight to Berlin.

So, of course, that's not what Hitler will do.

28 posted on 07/28/2014 10:12:37 AM PDT by colorado tanker
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To: fso301; Homer_J_Simpson; henkster; Tax-chick

This was a rare occasion when Hanson Baldwin got one wrong. His column calling Normandy an Anzio-style stalemate was published right at the time of the breakout.


29 posted on 07/28/2014 3:25:32 PM PDT by colorado tanker
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To: colorado tanker

If you get a prediction right, you get a round of applause for your brilliant perception. If you get it wrong ... oh, well, tomorrow is another news day!


30 posted on 07/28/2014 3:45:30 PM PDT by Tax-chick (No power in the 'verse can stop me.)
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To: Tax-chick; SunkenCiv

page 4

I wonder what this new NAZI weapon will be... heh


31 posted on 07/28/2014 3:53:46 PM PDT by GeronL (Vote for Conservatives not for Republicans)
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To: GeronL

Interesting item below that, “Marriages By Mail Sanctioned By Army.”

Interesting word, “sanctioned”: it can mean “approved” or “punished.” In this case, it’s “approved.’


32 posted on 07/28/2014 4:08:08 PM PDT by Tax-chick (No power in the 'verse can stop me.)
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To: colorado tanker; Homer_J_Simpson; henkster; Tax-chick
Colorado tanker: "This was a rare occasion when Hanson Baldwin got one wrong. "

Thanks for drawing attention to Hanson's column, go back and carefully read the whole thing.
You'll see that he again nailed it, from top to bottom.

Final paragraph:

In short: target zeroed, fire for effect.

33 posted on 07/30/2014 1:07:01 AM PDT by BroJoeK (a little historical perspective...)
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