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DEEP AMERICAN THRUST IS NEARING COUTANCES, THREATENS SEVEN NAZI DIVISIONS IN NORMANDY (7/28/44)
Microfilm-New York Times archives, Monterey Public Library | 7/28/44 | E.C. Daniel, Frederick Graham, Harold Denny, Drew Middleton, W.H. Lawrence, George Horne, more

Posted on 07/28/2014 4:29:25 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson

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TOPICS: Extended News; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: history; milhist; realtime; worldwarii
Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
1 posted on 07/28/2014 4:29:26 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
St. Lo and Vicinity: The Cobra Operation, 25-29 July 1944
Normandy, 1944: The St. Lo Breakthrough – Operations 25-31 July 1944
The Marianas Islands: Tinian 1944 – Seizure of Tinian, 24 July-1 August 1944
The Marianas Islands: Guam 1944 – Invasion of Guam, 21 July-8 August 1944
Eastern Europe, 1941: Operation Bagration – Operations, 22 June-19 August, 1944
Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
2 posted on 07/28/2014 4:29:55 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
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The Nimitz Graybook

3 posted on 07/28/2014 4:30:39 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
We Chase Germans (Daniel, Graham) – 2-4
Foe Reels before Blitzkrieg Mightier Than His in 1940 (Denny) – 4-5
U.S. Might Strikes Awe in Normandy (Middleton) – 5
McNair Killed in Normandy Watching Push on U.S. Front – 5-6
M’Nair a Student of War Technique – 6
War News Summarized – 6
6 Nazi Bases Fall (Lawrence) – 7-8
Ten-Ton Robots Called Possible as Flying Bombs Batter Britain – 8
U.S. Carrier Planes Sink 10 Ships in Blow at Japanese in Carolines (Horne, Charles P. Arnot) – 10
Montagu Collet Norman Named a Baron on 250th Anniversary of Bank of England – 10
Raid on Brooklyn Garage Yields Vast Store of ‘A’ Gasoline Coupons – 11
Casualties of U.S. Now Exceed 313,000 – 11
The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 14-16
Pelley is Pictured in Plot for Revolt – 16
4 posted on 07/28/2014 4:31:50 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/jul44/28jul44.htm#

Americans enter Coutances
Friday, July 28, 1944 www.onwar.com

On the Western Front... The first objective of “Operation Cobra” is reached by elements of US 1st Army. The US 4th Armored Division enters Coutances.

On the Eastern Front... Soviet forces capture Brest-Litovsk and Przemysl.

In the Mariana Islands... On Guam, American marines occupy much of the Orote Peninsula. Other US forces take Mount Chachao and Mount Alutom in the continuing effort to link up the beachheads.


5 posted on 07/28/2014 4:32:47 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/28.htm

July 28th, 1944 (FRIDAY)

UNITED KINGDOM: The US Eighth Air Force in England flies two missions:

- Mission 501: 1,057 bombers and 753 fighters are dispatched to bomb targets in Belgium, France and Germany; 7 bombers and 2 fighters are lost.
Col. Avelin Tacon (CO of 359th FG) sights an Me 163b Komet, but no combat occurs. (77)

291 B-24s in 2 forces are dispatched to hit signal depots, fuel dumps and V-weapon supply sites and a bridge in Belgium and France but the forces are recalled because of cloud cover over the targets; the first force of 180 B-24s is dispatched to northwest France V-weapon sites, fuel dumps and a railroad bridge; escort is provided by 235 P-47 Thunderbolts and P-51 Mustangs; the second force of 111 B-24s, escorted by 40 P-51s, is dispatched to hit Brussels and Vilvorde fuel and supply depots. 766 B-17s are dispatched to bomb the synthetic oil plant at Merseburg, Germany; 652 hit the primary while 36 hit Leipzig/Taucha oil refinery, 18 hit the Wiesbaden marshalling yards and 8 hit targets of opportunity; 7 B-17s are lost. Escort is provided by 386 P-38 Lightnings and P-51s; 2 P-51s are lost.

Personal Memory: New crews that arrived a couple of weeks ago are now ready for their first mission. And I am the guy who is starting them out, taking their pilot as my copilot. FUN!! This is to be my 26th mission and our target is Mersberg, the most heavily defended city in Germany. I don’t expect a milk run! I’m flying the “Betty Jane” today that I have flown several times before including the ill fated glide bomb raid on Cologne. The 303rd put up 37 B-17s that were all in the air in 29 minutes. We formed up over the Harrington Buncher at 9,000 feet with our ten, five hundred pound bombs. During the forming up phase I was approached by another B-17 and to avoid a collision I turned away and did a 360 degree turn. Pulling up or diving would have put too much strain on the wings and tail of this overloaded bomber. I was now not able to catch up with the 303rd so I latched onto the 379th which I knew was going to the same target. My new copilot for this mission was J.A. Dr ewry with all his crew except for his copilot who was flying with another experienced crew. My regular group saw no enemy aircraft on this mission but my new group saw a few. Our top turret gunner, E. H. Koch fired at a FW190 that was trying to tow a bomb on a long wire through our formation. For some reason the bomb didn’t explode. The 190 was about three thousand feet above us and the other German planes were hanging back, evidently waiting for the big explosion which never came. We encountered flak at seven different locations and our “Betty Jane” suffered two minor wounds on this trip. It was overcast at the target and we had been discharging chaff which seemed to work to our advantage as the flak always seemed to be behind us. Evidently we didn’t do such a great job on the Luena synthetic oil plant as we soon learned that this would also be our target tomorrow. This target takes a flight time of eight hours and ten minutes with four hours and twenty minutes over enemy territory. During my PIC training an attempt on Hitler’s life occurred on July 20. Too bad it didn’t succeed as hundreds, if not thousands of lives could have been saved by shortening the war. Score: Milk Runs 13, Others 13. (I did not consider this a milk run.) (Dick Johnson)

- Mission 502: 6 B-17s drop leaflets in France during the night.

Hatfield, Hertfordshire: The de Havilland Hornet, long-range fighter makes its maiden flight. It has exceptional performance with a top speed of 485 mph and a range of 3,000 miles. (22)

Destroyer HMS CASSANDRA is commissioned.

FRANCE: The US 4th Armored Division enters Coutances, France. They have achieved the first objective of Operation Cobra.

The USAAF’s IX Bomber Command operates in support of the US First Army, bombing rail bridges, supply dumps and ammunition dumps in the Foret de Conches, Dreux, and Le Mans areas; fighters escort bombers, fly armed reconnaissance in the Le Mans, Laval, and Dreux areas and furnish cover over assault areas and armed columns.

GERMANY: U-2515 is laid down.

ITALY: The US Fifteenth Air Force in Italy dispatches 345 B-17s and B-24s to attack 2 oil refineries at Ploesti, Romaniaand a marshalling yard at Florina, Greece; P-51s and P-38s provide support for the Ploesti raid.

EASTERN FRONT: Brest-Litovsk and Przemysl fall to the Russians.

BALTIC SEA: At 0318, Soviet ASW craft MO-107 was badly damaged by a torpedo from U-475 in Viborg Bay.

GUAM: US forces take Mount Chachao and Mount Alutom in their continuing fight to consolidate their beachheads. Most of Orote Peninsula has been captured.

KURILE ISLANDS: USN aircraft from the Aleutians fly an antishipping mission east of Paramushiru Islands. Participating are a PBY Catalina and 8 PV-1 Venturas. On the surface 6 USN destroyers sweep for enemy pick boats northeast of Shimushu Island.

CAROLINE ISLANDS: Carrier-based aircraft of the USN’s Task Groups 58.2 and 58.3 again attack Japanese installations in the Palau Islands while aircraft of TG 58.1 attack targets Utlihi and Yap Atolls. Four B-24 squadrons of the USAAF’s Far East Air Force attacks targets in Woleai Atoll; the airfield and supply area are well covered.

BIAK ISLAND: Charles Lindbergh flies with the 433d Fighter Squadron, 475th Fighter Group. The 475th, known as Satan’s Angels, was commanded by Colonel Charles H. MacDonald and two of the pilots were Major Richard I “Dick” Bong and Major Thomas B. “Tommy” McGuire, Jr. The 475th and it’s three squadrons, the 431st, 432d and 433d Fighter Squadrons.
The mission that day, Mission 3-407, consisted of a flight of eight Lockheed P-38 Lightnings and they were to bomb and strafe “targets of opportunity” on Amboina Island off the southwest coast of Ceram.

As they approached the target, someone announced over the radio that Japanese aircraft had been spotted nearby. As Lindbergh, Colonel MacDonald and Captain Danforth Miller dove through a white cloud and AA fire, the three encountered a Mitsubishi Ki-51, Army Type 99 Assault Plane, Allied Code Name Sonia, flying towards the Americans head-on. Lindbergh opened fire with his 20mm cannon and 50-calibre (12.7 mm) machine guns and saw hits on the Sonia. Just before the two aircraft collided head-on, Lindbergh pulled back on the controls and pulled up; the Sonia entered a vertical dive and crashed into the sea. Lindbergh never bragged about this; when asked, he just said, “I shot in self-defence.”

Meanwhile US forces destroy Japanese defences at Ibdi.

CANADA: Frigate HMCS Lanark arrived Halifax from builder Montreal, Province of Quebec.
Corvette HMCS Alberni was narrowly missed an aircraft-laid mine when a depth charge laid over an asdic contact set off another mine 200 yards off Alberni’s starboard beam without significant damage.
Frigate HMCS St Stephen commissioned.

U.S.A.: Coast Guard-manned Army vessel FS-391 was commissioned at Los Angeles with LTJG Ted C. Larsen, USCGR, assuming command, relieving LT Thomas A. Buddy, USCGR. He was succeeded by LTJG Henry P. Mistrey, USCGR, who in turn was succeeded on 10 October 10, 1945, by LTJG George W. Litchfield, USCGR. She was assigned to and operated in the Southwest Pacific area.


6 posted on 07/28/2014 4:34:23 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

July 28, 1944:


"One of about 20,000 Gypsies registered in Auschwitz-Birkenau, a young woman is photographed in various mug shots.
The Nazis' treatment of the young woman was determined in part by whether or not she was of "pure" or "mixed" blood.
Those who were considered Mischlinge (mixed blood) ironically suffered more than those who were "pure" Gypsies, who were originally considered Aryans.
Those housed in the family camp, perhaps this young woman among them, were sent to their deaths in the summer of 1944."



7 posted on 07/28/2014 4:38:59 AM PDT by BroJoeK (a little historical perspective...)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Here's what's left of LXXXIV Corps holding a "pocket" around Coutances. The American gains in less than a week are impressive. If you think this map is jumbled up, just wait a few days.

28 JUL 44 7a photo 28JUL447a_zps5bcb50a5.jpg

8 posted on 07/28/2014 6:28:39 AM PDT by henkster (Do I really need a sarc tag?)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
The Panzer Group West sector is still cohesive:

28 JUL44 5pz photo 28JUL445pz_zpsf39dbdcb.jpg

9 posted on 07/28/2014 6:29:39 AM PDT by henkster (Do I really need a sarc tag?)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

The NYT is still referring to Rommel as German commander? His injuries have not been made public?


10 posted on 07/28/2014 6:30:50 AM PDT by henkster (Do I really need a sarc tag?)
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To: henkster

The other day, the NYT incorrectly stated that Rommel was a Party Member.


11 posted on 07/28/2014 6:32:15 AM PDT by dfwgator
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To: henkster; Homer_J_Simpson; colorado tanker

You can also see from the map that 2nd Panzer Division won the race with American 30th Infantry Division for the crossroads at Tessy-sur-Vire. They are going to have a nasty fight, but the upshot is that 30th Infantry will keep 2nd Panzer from making a counterattack into the American flank.

This is the first time 30th ID will be called upon to stop a German armored attack. It will not be the last.


12 posted on 07/28/2014 6:34:28 AM PDT by henkster (Do I really need a sarc tag?)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Robot Party platform eh?

I wonder what they items on that platform would be.
Liberal robots would go for:
Free oil for all!
No neural network left behind!
Equality for robots with different chassis and servos.
Expand the robot repair fund (while implementing Scrap Panels)

Conservative robots might prefer:
End deathray control!
Lower taxes on wire and steel
Greater autonomy for all robots
Reduce the size of the Central Control Computer
Stop giving preferential treatment for robots of uncommon chassis design.


13 posted on 07/28/2014 7:32:01 AM PDT by TalonDJ
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To: henkster

They reported that General McNair was killed by “enemy fire”.

He was killed with over 100 other American troops by American bombers during Operation Cobra. They kept his death secret as long as possible.

George Patton will be making headlines soon.


14 posted on 07/28/2014 8:15:59 AM PDT by laplata (Liberals don't get it .... their minds are diseased.)
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To: henkster

I don’t think that Rommel’s injuries will become public for weeks.


15 posted on 07/28/2014 8:32:35 AM PDT by iowamark (I must study politics and war that my sons may have liberty to study mathematics and philosophy)
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To: laplata
He was killed with over 100 other American troops by American bombers during Operation Cobra. They kept his death secret as long as possible.

The cause of McNair's death, as well as "a number" of other casualties, will be front page news on August 3.

16 posted on 07/28/2014 9:27:53 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Thanks, Homer__J_Simpson.


17 posted on 07/28/2014 9:35:47 AM PDT by laplata (Liberals don't get it .... their minds are diseased.)
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To: laplata; Homer_J_Simpson

On page 13, there’s a small item, “Bombing of troops in error explained.”

I had a feeling, when I saw the articles about Gen. McNair, that I remembered a different story about his death!


18 posted on 07/28/2014 1:59:19 PM PDT by Tax-chick (No power in the 'verse can stop me.)
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To: Tax-chick; laplata
On page 13, there’s a small item, “Bombing of troops in error explained.”

Good catch. I guess some of the dots are still waiting to be connected.

19 posted on 07/28/2014 2:13:30 PM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Initially they didn’t want how he was killed to get out. He had a very quiet funeral which only a few senior officers attended. I think Patton attended.

The bomb hit him directly and about all they found that could be identified were some stars on a collar.


20 posted on 07/28/2014 2:34:53 PM PDT by laplata (Liberals don't get it .... their minds are diseased.)
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To: Tax-chick

Initially they didn’t want how he was killed to get out. He had a very quiet funeral which only a few senior officers attended. I think Patton attended.

The bomb hit him directly and about all they found that could be identified were some stars on a collar.


21 posted on 07/28/2014 2:36:23 PM PDT by laplata (Liberals don't get it .... their minds are diseased.)
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To: laplata

Oh, ick.


22 posted on 07/28/2014 3:18:04 PM PDT by Tax-chick (No power in the 'verse can stop me.)
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To: henkster

I can’t find Panzer Lehr. Have they taken it off the map?


23 posted on 07/28/2014 6:10:44 PM PDT by colorado tanker
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To: colorado tanker

Atkinson’s “The Guns at Last Night: The War in Western Europe, 1944-1945 p. 186....

In truth, German defenses had been blown to smitherereens: the enemy was profoundly hurt, mortally hurt. The main opponent confronting VII Corps, the Panzer Lehr Division, has earlier been described as “worn out” by the German high command after six weeks of fighting; Tuesday’s “conveyor belt bombings” had devastated the weakened division, flipping tanks, smashing radios, and obliterating headquarters. The division commander, General Fritz Bayerlein, former chief of staff for Rommel’s Afrika Korps, described “half-crazed soldiers jumping out of the craters of a lunar landscape, running in circles... Everything was burned and blasted.” He calculated that 70 percent of his men were dead, wounded, or inert with “a feeling of helplessness, weakness, and inferiority.” Orders could be transmitted only by motorcycle couriers nosing a path through drifted debris. When Field Marshal Kluge passed word the the St.-Lo-Periers corridor must hold, Baylein replied, Tell the Field Marshal that the Panzer Lehr is destroyed. Only the dead can still hold.”


24 posted on 07/28/2014 7:02:54 PM PDT by occamrzr06
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To: colorado tanker

“Reste Pz Lehr” just south of “A A 2 Pz”

“Reste” in this content means “remnants.” It took the Germans a while to realize Panzer Lehr was gone. Also, “A A 2 Pz” means “Aufklarungs Abteilung 2nd Panzer,” or reconnaisance battalion of 2nd Panzer Division. The Germans tended to use their panzer division recon elements as rapid deployment light combat forces, because they had to.


25 posted on 07/28/2014 7:12:32 PM PDT by henkster (Do I really need a sarc tag?)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
I was a bit surprised to see that p11 article about Hanna Reisch flying the V-1. Didn't realize she was known over here.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CzgCtef-GA0

26 posted on 07/28/2014 7:31:22 PM PDT by fso301
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To: fso301

She flew a V-1? I have a mental image of Slim Pickens riding the Bomb.

Actually, Hanna Reisch was probably well-known as an aviatrix from before the war. Perhaps not as accomplished as Lindbergh or Earhart, but the aviators were celebrities at the time.


27 posted on 07/28/2014 7:39:40 PM PDT by henkster (Do I really need a sarc tag?)
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To: henkster; Homer_J_Simpson
I have a mental image of Slim Pickens riding the Bomb.

I'm only aware of Slim flying a V-2.

I suspect the article and probably the German radio report blended her ME-163 and V-1 test experience. The description of her accident sounds a lot that what happened to her when she got pretty messed up in a ME-163 crackup.

28 posted on 07/29/2014 4:43:00 AM PDT by fso301
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To: occamrzr06; henkster

Thanks. Sometimes I feel sorry for the German dogfaces who are not fanatical Nazis.


29 posted on 07/29/2014 9:37:42 AM PDT by colorado tanker
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To: colorado tanker

The lucky ones were US POWs.


30 posted on 07/29/2014 1:51:01 PM PDT by wordsofearnest (Proper aim of giving is to put the recipient in a state where he no longer needs it. C.S. Lewis)
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To: wordsofearnest

Life as a Russian POW wasn’t worth a crap.


31 posted on 07/29/2014 1:54:39 PM PDT by Nachoman (libertyarmstx.com is now open!)
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To: wordsofearnest

True, that!


32 posted on 07/29/2014 2:15:26 PM PDT by colorado tanker
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