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Children's Drug Is More Potent Than Cocaine
The Observer (UK) ^ | Sept. 9, 2001

Posted on 09/09/2001 3:33:18 PM PDT by Wolfie

Children's Drug is More Potent than Cocaine

The children's drug Ritalin has a more potent effect on the brain than cocaine, a study has found. Using brain imaging, scientists have found that, in pill form, Ritalin - taken by thousands of British children and four million in the United States - occupies more of the neural transporters responsible for the 'high' experienced by addicts than smoked or injected cocaine.

The research may alarm parents whose children have been prescribed Ritalin as a solution to Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder.

The study was commissioned to understand more about why Ritalin - which has the same pharmacological profile as cocaine - is effective in calming children and helping them concentrate, while cocaine produces an intense 'high' and is powerfully addictive.

In oral form, Ritalin did not induce this intense psychological 'hit'. But Dr Nora Volkow, psychiatrist and imaging expert at Brookhaven National Laboratory, in Upton, New York, who led the study, said that injected into the veins as a liquid rather than taken as a pill, it produced a rush that 'addicts like very much'. Interviewed in last week's Journal of the American Medical Association newsletter, she said: 'They say it's like cocaine.'

Even in pill form, Ritalin blocked far more of the brain transporters that affect mood change and had a greater potency in the brain than cocaine. Researchers were shocked by this finding. A normal dose administered to children blocked 70 per cent of the dopamine transporters. 'The data clearly show the notion that Ritalin is a weak stimulant is completely incorrect,' said Volkow. Cocaine is known to block around 50 per cent of these transporters, leaving a surfeit of dopamine in the system, which is responsible for the hit addicts crave. But now it is known that Ritalin blocks 20 per cent more of these auto-receptors.

'I've been almost obsessed about trying to understand Ritalin with imaging,' said Volkow. 'As a psychiatrist I sometimes feel embarrassed about the lack of knowledge because this is by far the drug we prescribe most frequently to children.'

However, it was still not clear why a drug that has been administered for more than 40 years was not producing an army of addicted schoolchildren. Volkow and her team concluded that this was due to the much slower process of oral ingestion. It takes around an hour for Ritalin in pill form to raise dopamine levels in the brain. Smoked or injected, cocaine does this in seconds.

Dr Joanna Fowler, who worked with Volkow on the project, said: 'All drugs that are abused by humans release large quantities of dopamine. But dopamine is also necessary for people to be able to pay attention and filter out other distractions.'

But opponents of Ritalin, labelled a 'wonder drug' and a 'chemical cosh', believe it may be addictive and has dangerous side-effects. Moreover, many believe ADHD is a fraudulent title for a non-existent condition once put down to the exuberance of youth. Professor Steve Baldwin, a child psychologist from Teesside University, who died this year in the Selby rail crash, campaigned against Ritalin. He pointed out similarities between the drug and amphetamines as well as cocaine.

Mandy Smith of Banff in Scotland has a son of eight who was prescribed Ritalin for nine months. 'I am astonished the British Government have allowed this drug to be prescribed,' she said. 'It can destroy people's lives. My son was a changed person when he took Ritalin. He was suicidal and depressed.'

Janice Hill, of the Overload Support Network, a charity for parents of children with behavioural problems, said: 'Now we have thousands of children in Scotland taking a drug that is more potent than cocaine. What does it take before the situation is thoroughly investigated?'

A spokeswoman for Novartis, which makes Ritalin, said: 'Ritalin is available as tablets only. It should only be initially prescribed by a doctor who is a specialist in child behavioural disorders and should always be used and monitored under strict medical supervision.'

TOPICS: Culture/Society; News/Current Events
Geez. Let's hope Ochoa's defense team doesn't get a hold of this.
1 posted on 09/09/2001 3:33:18 PM PDT by Wolfie
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To: Wolfie
Can we get a better link to the article? I can't locate it from the one that has been furnished.
2 posted on 09/09/2001 3:44:03 PM PDT by B. A. Conservative (Dumokrauts@Ash-heap.History)
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To: B. A. Conservative
Try here.
3 posted on 09/09/2001 3:52:37 PM PDT by Wolfie
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To: B. A. Conservative
Here is the link .

Related FR threads:   Ritalin Acts Like 'Cocaine Dripped Through Molasses' ,   New Research Indicts Ritalin

4 posted on 09/09/2001 3:53:07 PM PDT by Al B.
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To: Wolfie
ADHD is a fraudulent title for a non-existent condition once put down to the exuberance of youth.

As an "ADHD"kid who milked it for all it was worth, I say HELL YES! ADHD is complete BS, and use as an excuse for parents who can't control their kids. Not only physically. Diet can greatly effect a child's personality. I loved fatty foods and sugars and coke (the drink).

Now of course some kids are made to be more active than others. But there is never a case I have seen that required any drug.

< sarcasm>And as for the Ritalin problem, I think we should just legalize it, that would make people stop taking it. < /sarcasm>

5 posted on 09/09/2001 4:01:22 PM PDT by Texaggie79
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To: Wolfie
...Ritalin blocks 20 per cent more of these auto-receptors...

shouldn't this be "40 percent more"? (going from 50 percent to 70 percent is a 40 percent increase, not 20).

...we have thousands of children in Scotland taking a drug that is more potent than cocaine...

More potent? Get real. Maybe she can explain why anyone would want cocaine when they could get something "more potent" legally and for a lot less money. Ritalin can be abused like any drug, but it's not in the league of cocaine.

6 posted on 09/09/2001 4:09:07 PM PDT by Flashlight
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To: Texaggie79
There is more to this ADHD syndrome than meets the eye. Many if not all of these children are then entitled to SSI.....along with drug addicts, alcoholics, etc. Is it any wonder social security is drying up.
7 posted on 09/09/2001 4:10:42 PM PDT by OldFriend
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To: Flashlight
Well, you can only get Ritalin by prescription. Cocaine, on the other hand, is a controlled substance, and can be purchased on select city street corners.
8 posted on 09/09/2001 4:14:58 PM PDT by Wolfie
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To: Texaggie79
ADHD is complete BS, and use as an excuse for parents who can't control their kids.

Plus I think ADHD happens when people try to control their kids instead of accepting that many kids have high energy levels and are unable to focus on only one thing but would be better in an environment that allows them to multitask. Making little kids sit still for hours is part of the problem.

9 posted on 09/09/2001 4:34:00 PM PDT by FITZ
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There have been other studies done on Ritalin exposing the violence statistics on Ritalin. It seems that about 3% of patients using this drug experience violent behavior problems.

Most of the school shootings have been committed by students on this drug or drugs in the same drug family. Another thing that has been found that this article verifies is the fact that it is very addictive and a lot of the students have went onto college having to stay on the drug.

There is quite a racket getting kids on this drug so the parent can draw SSI for a disability especially with single mothers. Our government while fighting the war on drugs is the biggest drug pusher. Go figure. There are approximately 3/4 of a million school children on this drug.

10 posted on 09/09/2001 4:49:11 PM PDT by meenie
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To: Wolfie
Sheeees! 4 Million kids in the states ?!?! ? ? ?

The NEA has to be stoped!

School choice, vouchers, move, do anything to get your kids off this stuff.

11 posted on 09/09/2001 4:54:10 PM PDT by ChadGore
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To: Flashlight
It is also prescribed for adults under the brand name Alderal. It is long lasting and is comparable to methampphetamine. Psychiatrists prescribe it like candy to treat depression. News Flash.........Give anyone depressed methamphetamine and they will be very happy. The only problem is that you become completely nuts after a year.
12 posted on 09/09/2001 5:23:15 PM PDT by blackdog
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To: meenie
I'm very against putting kids on any drugs. Many of these kids just need more creative schools, more hands-on learning and less structure.
13 posted on 09/09/2001 5:50:24 PM PDT by FITZ
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I have a hyper child and was pressured by a dr to use this toxic poison....I said NO WAY! Needless to say 2 yrs later he out grew his hyperactivity,and we recently found out he is a gifted child( he was probably bored to death in Public school)and to think ...we could have followed a doctors advice and DUMBED-UP & DOPED-UP a intelligent kid! That is a LAZY way to cope w/ a child who requires more stimulation in their environment!!!!!
14 posted on 09/09/2001 7:58:45 PM PDT by Dawning Glory
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A week ago, a lady with whom I work mentioned this article, because she was concerned since your son takes Ritalin. She stated that the only reason her son takes Ritalin is because she cannot take his activity. Her husband called from work, she hears her son being active in the background, and she makes a comment to me similar to, "I hear my son in the background. I don't want to go home. I can't take it anymore." That is the only reason children are on Ritalin, folks.
15 posted on 09/09/2001 8:10:04 PM PDT by GOP_Lady
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To: GOP_Lady
You just hit the nail on the head. Parents are not doing their job nowdays!!!! 50 yrs ago parents werent so whiney.They knew kids were hard work,Before they Mass-produced,if they dont think they can handle children that require MORE..they should use birth control!!!!!
16 posted on 09/09/2001 8:42:35 PM PDT by Dawning Glory
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To: Wolfie
"...administered for forty years...not producing an army of addicted school children.." Are they sure about that? Kurt Cobain got ritalin and grew up to be very happy and well adjusted with no taste at all for controlled substances (attempted sarcasm).
17 posted on 09/10/2001 12:25:25 AM PDT by jothamdorn
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To: jothamdorn
Are they sure about that?

LOL I have never yet met an addict that was an addict until they tried to stop.

18 posted on 09/10/2001 12:35:24 AM PDT by Texasforever
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To: Wolfie
Stanley Kurtz asks in National Review Online:
[Why,] while any schoolchild can recite the anti-drug catechism, we are medicating up to four million youngsters with a drug virtually indistinguishable from cocaine? (The two drugs are very difficult to differentiate chemically, and animals given the opportunity to self-medicate either show no preference for Ritalin over cocaine, or actually prefer Ritalin.)

19 posted on 09/10/2001 5:34:37 AM PDT by sendtoscott
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