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Who Were The Knights Templar? (Sunday History Read) ^ | undated | Stephen Dafoe and Alan Butler

Posted on 07/21/2002 10:01:31 AM PDT by Hacksaw

The Knights Templar were a monastic military order formed at the end of the First Crusade with the mandate of protecting Christian pilgrims on route to the Holy Land. Never before had a group of secular knights banded together and took monastic vows. In this sense they were the first of the Warrior Monks.

From humble beginnings of poverty when the order relied on alms from the traveling pilgrims, the order would go on to have the backing of the Holy See and the collective European monarchies.

Within two centuries they had become powerful enough to defy all but the Papal throne. Feared as warriors, respected for their charity and sought out for their wealth, there is no doubt that the Templar knights were the key players of the monastic fighting orders. Due to their vast wealth and surplus of materials the Templars essentially invented banking, as we know it. The church forbade the lending of money for interest, which they called usury. The Templars, being the clever sort they were, changed the manner in which loans were paid and were able to skirt the issue and finance even kings.

They were destroyed, perhaps because of this wealth or fear of their seemingly limitless powers. In either case, the order met with a rather untimely demise at the hands of the Pope and the King of France in 1307 and by 1314, "The Poor Fellow Soldiers of Christ and the Temple of Solomon" ceased to exist.

Although originally a small group of nine knights, they quickly gained fame largely due to the backing of Bernard of Clairvaux and his "In Praise of the New Knighthood". Bernard at that time was often called the Second Pope and was the chief spokesman of Christendom. He is also the one responsible for helping to draw up the order's rules of conduct.

In European political circles, they became very powerful and influential. This was because they were immune from any authority save that of the Papal Throne. (Pope Innocent II exempted the Templars from all authority except the Pope.) After the crusades were over, the knights returned to their Chapters throughout Europe and became known as moneylenders to the monarchs. In the process many historians believe they invented the Banking System. The Templars fought along side King Richard I (Richard The Lion Hearted) and other Crusaders in the battles for the Holy Lands.

The secret meetings and rituals of the knights would eventually cause their downfall. The King of France, Philip the Fair used these rituals and meetings to his advantage to destroy the knights. The real reason for his crushing the Templars was that he felt threatened by their power and immunity. In 1307, Philip, who desperately needed funds, to support his war against England's Edward I made his move against the Knights Templar.

On October 13th, 1307, King Philip had all the Templars arrested on the grounds of heresy, since this was the only charge that would allow the seizing of their money and assets. The Templars were tortured and as a result, ridiculous confessions were given. These confessions included:

Trampling and spitting on the cross

Homosexuality and Sodomy

Worshipping of the Baphomet

Philip was successful in ridding the Templars of their power and wealth and urged all fellow Christian leaders to do the same thing. On March 19th, 1314 the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, Jacques de Molay was burned at the stake. De Molay is said to have cursed King Philip and Pope Clement as he burned asking both men to join him within a year. Whether he actually uttered the curse or if it is simply an apocryphal tale what remains as fact is that Clement died only one month later and Philip IV seven months after that.

TOPICS: Culture/Society; Extended News; Miscellaneous
KEYWORDS: archaeology; catholic; christian; churchhistory; crusades; freemasonry; fremasons; ggg; godsgravesglyphs; history; knights; knightstemplar; masons; middleages; pilgrims; templar
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To: KayEyeDoubleDee
LOL!!! I keep telling myself, "You bought it, now finish it!" Part of the reason is all those Italian names start to swarm together- "ini's" everywhere, and I get all the characters confused.
41 posted on 07/21/2002 1:06:41 PM PDT by stands2reason
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To: SR71A
While feel similarly to you about secret handshakes and such, I am more positively disposed to the Masons. First, George Washington was a Mason and I am a devoted Washingtonian. Second, as an amateur historian of the American Revolution, it is enlightening to learn how much the ideas of 18th century Freemasonry contributed to the founding of this Republic.

The secret stuff does keep me from applying for membership however.

42 posted on 07/21/2002 1:11:47 PM PDT by Pharmboy
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To: Katya
The monasteries created towns, schools and the need for trained knights guaranteed a boy of modest means the avenue for progress and property. This was entirely a western invention not based on any caste system. I wonder how much of the persecutions were a result of the fear by the papacy/aristocracy of this rise of the individual.

In its most basic sense, Christianity gives every individual worth and value they never had before in the ancient world, and the emigrant Irish monasteries were a way of recivilizing and rechristianizing Europe amid the Dark Ages.

43 posted on 07/21/2002 1:25:54 PM PDT by Cultural Jihad
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To: drjoe
Excellent book! Any freepers who haven't read it, one piece of advice: don't let the first fifty or so pages put you off. Eco starts a bit slow, but he'll make it up to you.
44 posted on 07/21/2002 1:35:39 PM PDT by Gwaihir
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To: Pharmboy
YORKRITE. Most Jews who become Masons go the Scottish rite. Because (as I understand it) to go Yorkrite you must absolutely swear to be of the CHRISTIAN faith. That is my next step as a Mason.
45 posted on 07/21/2002 2:06:23 PM PDT by ExSoldier
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To: 2 Kool 2 Be 4-Gotten
Wait, I thought that legend ocurred because the French Revolution began on Friday the 13th in 13something and it started simultaneously all over France because the Masons/Templars had it preplanned that way. They had an old enemity with the Knights of Malta and those folks were specifically targeted in the initial round of fighting. I'm not a "world history" guy (although I have taught it in the past) when I teach core curriculum, I'm more of an American History person; and American Government.
46 posted on 07/21/2002 2:14:17 PM PDT by ExSoldier
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To: ExSoldier
Thanks for the clarification. Good luck on your Masonic pursuits.
47 posted on 07/21/2002 2:53:03 PM PDT by Pharmboy
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To: stands2reason; one_particular_harbour
I keep telling myself, "You bought it [The Island of the Day Before], now finish it!"

My copy was a gift from my father, whose recommendations are normally gospel, and the only reason it is not still half-read on my nightstand is because I got rid of the nightstand. Of course, he now claims that "Oh, no, Eco is a fraud", in response to my offering that "Eco is supposed to be a deep thinker, so maybe I missed something..."

Note that this is a man who thought that notes from Martin Heidegger's lectures weren't worth the paper he had written them on.

48 posted on 07/21/2002 2:55:08 PM PDT by KayEyeDoubleDee
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To: SR71A
Ah, the Masons, and the Knights Templar -- the Templars were the original conspiracy crowd. They would have had tinfoil helmets, if it was around in those days.

It was. 2000+ years ago, it was exported from Southern Brittan.

49 posted on 07/21/2002 3:03:58 PM PDT by rightofrush
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To: Pharmboy
First, George Washington was a Mason and I am a devoted Washingtonian. Second, as an amateur historian of the American Revolution, it is enlightening to learn how much the ideas of 18th century Freemasonry contributed to the founding of this Republic.

The majority of the Founding Fathers were Masons. The majority of the Presidents were Masons. One large advantage of becoming a Mason is that you move in very "connected" circles, both at the local level, and regional and national levels. As you saw by my smileys, I was being facetious -- don't underestimate the political and financial power of FreeMasonry. I just never had the interest to "push" myself forward that much.

50 posted on 07/21/2002 3:04:30 PM PDT by SR71A
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To: SR71A
General Washington's Inauguration in NYC, April 30, 1789

1. Frederick William von Steuben, a Mason, was an army officer and aide-de-camp to Frederick the Great of Prussia. Von Steuben became a Major General during the Revolution and was known as the "drill master of the Continental Army."

2. John Jay, right and in the foreground, then Secretary of State, later became a Supreme Court Justice.

3. John Adams was the first Vice President and became the second President of the United States .

4. Henry Lee, a Mason, was known as "Light Horse Harry Lee" because of his brilliant cavalry operations in the Revolutionary War. He was also the father of General Robert E. Lee.

5. Robert R. Livingston, a Mason, was Chancellor of the State of New York and Grand Master of New York Masons from 1784 to 1800. He is to Lee's right, by the railing.

6. Samuel Otis, Secretary of the Senate, holds the Bible from St. John's Lodge No. 1, New York City.

7. George Washington, a Mason, stands with his right hand placed on the Bible.

8. Morgan Lewis, a Mason, was Grand Marshall during this ceremony and later became a Major General in the War of 1812. He was elected Grand Master of New York Masons in 1830.

9. Frederick A. C. Muhlenberg, a Mason, appears in a gold-colored coat. Born in Pennsylvania, he was educated in Germany as a Lutheran clergyman and was the elected Speaker of the House of Representatives.

10. Arthur St. Clair, a Mason, is dressed in military uniform. He was born in Scotland and came to America with the British Army in 1757 only to become a Major General in the Continental Army. At the time of the inauguration, he was the Governor of the Northwest Territory.

11. George Clinton, next to St. Clair, was Governor of New York at the time of the inauguration.

12. Henry Knox, a Mason, was a close adviser to Washington and a Major General and Chief of Artillery in the Revolutionary Army. He is to the far right in the painting and was Secretary of War at the time of Washington's first inauguration.

51 posted on 07/21/2002 3:25:07 PM PDT by Pharmboy
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To: bandleader
I thought those were the Knights of Malta, a related but not identical organization. (Maybe they were the same.)
52 posted on 07/21/2002 3:35:14 PM PDT by Doctor Stochastic
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To: another cricket
There was somebody on the Art Bell show (when it was hosted by Barbara) who thinks it may be hidden on Oak Island (Nova Scotia). That is where some of it could be hidden or it could be hype.
53 posted on 07/21/2002 3:51:47 PM PDT by Aliska
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To: KayEyeDoubleDee
Eco is really an amazing writer, I wish I could read his work in the original language. He is also a professor and has written several textbooks on language and its structure. I just finished reading "Island" and thought it was great. Oh the problems of being shipwrecked on a ship and not knowing how to swim to shore.
54 posted on 07/21/2002 4:09:47 PM PDT by Brad C.
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To: Pharmboy
Actually, you can walk into almost any public library or large bookstore and find books with all of the "secret stuff" written down in plain english, and probably any other language. Many of us Masons say our best kept secret is that we have no secrets.

It is the application of the things that are frequently inculcated to us inside the lodge room that make Masonry special. Most Masons will tell you that the purpose of Masonry is to make good men better. It's not magic, and its not a cure all for everyone, but it is something that works very well for me and my brothers, every where in the world.
55 posted on 07/21/2002 4:19:17 PM PDT by Brad C.
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To: BooBoo1000
Well, hello companion!
56 posted on 07/21/2002 4:36:35 PM PDT by a_Turk
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To: dubyaweluvya
"True heirs of Jesus"

Please explain. Jesus never married and since he is considered sinless he surely never committed adultery. How can he have heirs?
57 posted on 07/21/2002 4:42:48 PM PDT by mercy
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To: mercy
IIRC, they believe Jesus had children via Mary Magdelene...
58 posted on 07/21/2002 4:44:23 PM PDT by OHelix
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To: drjoe
The lesson of Foucault's Pendulum is that history and its various elucidations in part form a type of meta-psychosis that plagues the mind of mankind. A well-spring of contrived validations serving a cornucopia of aspirations, from the vile to the majestic, from the humble to megalomaniac.

Indeed we pay for the sins of our fathers, as actors unaware we caught up in the whirlwinds of a self-inflicted paranoid delusion in a quest for significance and meaning.

An unending jihad to destroy the 'evil ones', flinging glorified feces at each other in a primal territorial war of ideology.

Evil is mans deep recognition and eager exploitation of his fellow mans psychological weakness, his vice, his vanities and the thirst for revenge against forces he deems responsible for his own powerlessness.

Doctoral supremecy measured not in terms of truth, but in terms of functionality: does it achieve dominance by any means.

Our holy grail is an irresistable, unassailable, impervious ideology that will eradicate every source of these mystical aberrations, to end the haunting of ourselves.

59 posted on 07/21/2002 5:09:10 PM PDT by
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To: Aliska
Well, either there is something hidden on Oak Island or it is the world’s most elaborate practical joke. Although I doubt it is the Templar relics, those probably ended up in Scotland as well.
60 posted on 07/21/2002 5:14:33 PM PDT by another cricket
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