Skip to comments.Austria Formally Declares War on Servia; Russia Moving Troops; Peace of Europe In Kaiser's Hands
Posted on 07/27/2002 11:33:34 AM PDT by swarthyguy
Austrian Emperor to Take Command at Vienna Headquarters War Fever at Capital
Crowds Cheer Outbreak of Hostilities and Demonstrate at Friendly Embassies Outbreak of Food Riots
Prices Soar as Hostilities are Declared and the Government Steps in to Regulate There
Manifesto From Emperor
Forced to Grasp the Sword, He Says, to Defend the Honor of His Monarchy
France Fears a Great War
Army Moves to the Frontier - Belief in Paris That Russia Will Not Desert Servia
VIENNA, July 28- Upon the issue of the formal declaration of war against Servia today Emperor Franz Josef gave orders for the removal of the Summer Court from Ischl to the capital. His entourage tried to persuade him that Vienna air would not suit him, but the aged Emperor replied:
"I do not want the air of Vienna. I want the atmosphere of headquarters." The opening of the war has caused the imposition of all kinds of restrictions upon public business. All the railways, of course, are under military control, and the telegraphs are being reserved entirely for the service of the State. The hope is still entertained here that the war will be confined to Austria-Hungary and Servia. The report that Russia and France have intervened in Vienna is incorrect. In official circles here it is maintained that any action by those powers must be supported by the third party to the Triple Entente, namely, Great Britain. It is known that Great Britain and France do not want a European war. Peace among the great powers or war among the great powers must depend on the action of St. Petersburg.
At the Foreign Office here it is freely stated that now that war has begun Austria-Hungary will be bound to no more conditions such as she propounded prior to the outbreak of hostilities.
Food Prices Up in Vienna.
There was an abnormal rise in the price of provisions today, which caused great indignation on the part of the public, who flocked to the markets to lay in stores in anticipation of a possible scarcity. Vegetables in many cases trebled in price. Feeling ran so high that in many instances stallkeepers in the markets were mobbed or assaulted, and the police and to be called out to restore order. The authorities declare that the sudden increase in the prices of provisions and vegetables is totally unwarranted.
A permanent committee appointed to deal with the question of provisioning the country, sat today to discuss the regulation of prices in order to prevent the public being cheated. A similar meeting with the same object also was held in the Diet.
It was officially asserted that there was no reason for apprehension with regard to the food supply, and that it was needless for citizens to start the accumulation of stores of provisions. The only effect of such procedure, it was added, would be to still further raise prices.
Official arrangements have been made to take care of families of reservists called to the colors. In the event of a reservist being killed or reported missing an allowance of about 25 cents per day for each adult and 12 1-2 cents a day for children will be continued for six months.
Notice Sent to the Powers of the Opening of Hostilities: Servian Vessels Seized:
Sharp Fighting, Begins Along the River Drina on the Bosnian Frontier:
Counter Invasion Plan: Montenegrin and Serb Armies to Invade Bosnia and Start a Rebellion There:
Grey's Peace Plan Fails: Kaiser Declines to Join in Conference to Exert Pressure on Austrian Ally: But Reply Is Conciliatory: And London Still Has Faith That His Influence Will Avert General Conflict
Czar's Forces Mass on Eastern Border: His Capital Expects War and Counts Confidently on England's Aid: Mobilization Order Ready: German, Official Says Its Issue Would Mean Launching of Kaiser's Army
Text of Austria-Hungary's Declaration of War
Russia Announces Its Wish to Remain at Peace Yet Is Determined to Guard Its Interests
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The NYT was as medacious in 1914 as it is now. When they say that peace is in the Kaiser's hands, what they mean is that the Kaiser should roll over and let Austria-Hungary be trashed by the Russians. And maybe if Germany is real real lucky, the English won't just attack the High Seas Fleet without bothering to declare war, as suggested by Lord Fisher.
Had Kaiser Wilhelm been as unprincipled as his Opa and Prince Bismarck, he would have let Austria-Hungary be dismembered by the Russians, Servians, and Italians, and stepped in to pick up deutsch-Oesterreich as the price of betrayal. But he wasn't . . . so HM and Prussia have been vilified ever since by Anglo-American "historians."
Es lebe das Haus Hohenzollern!
But what a rereading of Morton reminded me of is what reasons people in the Austrian government had for wanting to be rid of the heir apparent Franz Ferdinand. Kaiser Franz Josef had nearly died in the spring, and Franz Ferdinand had made clear his hostility both to the Army commander Conrad and to the Hungarian premier Count Tisza. I strongly suspect that those who felt threatened by his policies and by Serbian irredentism saw a way to be rid of both threats: let Serb hotheads kill him, and then he's gone, and Austria is free to attack Serbia.
I don't know if my suspicions are right, but, if World War One, which nearly resulted in the extinction of Western civilization, was caused by a government conspiracy in Vienna, I find that thought disturbing in the extreme.
I consider Kaiser Wilhelm II the most honourable of the Hohenzollerns, on a par with Friedrich Wilhelm I. It is one of history's tricks that Prussia's destruction (or, more hopefully, abeyance) was brought about precisely because the German Kaiser did not regard his alliance with Austria-Hungary as a "scrap of paper," even when it would have been in his nation's best material (but not moral) interest to do so.
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