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Study: Emissions Changing Climate (Eco Barf Alert)
Associated Press ^ | Thu Sep 26, 5:47 PM ET | JOHN HEILPRIN

Posted on 09/27/2002 6:07:18 PM PDT by anymouse

Black carbon soot from coal burning, diesel engines, open fires and other sources is contributing to global warming ( news - web sites) and climate change in China and India, researchers report.

A study appearing in Friday's issue of the Science magazine is based on computer modeling at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies by researchers Surabi Menon and James Hansen.

"If our interpretation is correct, then reducing the amount of black carbon or soot may help diminish the intensity of floods in the south and droughts in the northern areas of China, in addition to having human health benefits," Hansen said.

The research, based on data from Chinese ground stations provided by Yunfeng Luo of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, is continuing in order to see if a similar pattern of disturbances exists in India.

Black carbon — a product of incomplete combustion — comes from industrial pollution, traffic, fires, the burning of coal in homes and biomass fuels. It is especially prevalent in countries such as China and India, where cooking and heating are typically done at a low temperatures using wood, cow dung or coal.

Unlike carbon dioxide emissions, which add to global warming by trapping heat in the atmosphere, soot emissions may contribute to global warming and climate change by absorbing sunlight, heating the air and making the atmosphere more unstable, according to the study.

Research into black carbon is a relatively new area, global climate change experts say. Some of the uncertainties include exactly how particles behave in sunlight and how much of the soot comes from any particular burning process.

Daniel A. Lashof, a senior scientist and director of the global warming project for Natural Resources Defense Council, said the study shows there are very strong reasons for China to take action to reduce soot emissions from cook stoves and coal-burning furnaces.

Doing so would moderate both the local health effects and the regional climate effects from those emissions, Lashof said.

"I don't think the study should be interpreted to mean that carbon dioxide emissions from automobiles and power plants in the United States should be taken off the hook," he said. "Those emissions are continuing to build up in the global atmosphere and are the primary driver of global warming."

TOPICS: Business/Economy; Culture/Society; Foreign Affairs
KEYWORDS: biofraud; ccrm; china; chinastuff; energylist; enviralists; environment; fareast; globalwarminghoax; globalwhining; kyotolist; lamestreammedia; nasa; zanupf
More enviro-mental-ist babble non-sense from this biased AP author.
1 posted on 09/27/2002 6:07:18 PM PDT by anymouse
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To: *biofraud; *CCRM; *China stuff; *china_stuff; *Energy_List; *Enviralists; *Far East; ...
2 posted on 09/27/2002 6:13:12 PM PDT by anymouse
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To: anymouse
It is especially prevalent in countries such as China and India, where cooking and heating are typically done at a low temperatures using wood, cow dung or coal.

Oh, yum. I can just taste that juicy steak cooked over burning dung from the same cow.

3 posted on 09/27/2002 7:04:44 PM PDT by 07055
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To: 07055
Something fun to read:

Copied below for your convenience:
Frigid South Pole atmosphere reveals flaw in global circulation models
Jim Kloeppel, Physical Sciences Editor
(217) 244-1073;


CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Atmospheric measurements made at Earth's geographic poles provide a convenient way of validating and calibrating global circulation models. Such measurements also might provide some of the first conclusive evidence of global change in the middle and upper atmospheres. But new data shows that the current models are wrong: Temperatures over the South Pole are much colder in winter than scientists had anticipated.

As reported in the Aug. 28 issue of Geophysical Research Letters, scientists have found that temperatures during mid-winter in the stratopause and mesopause regions at the South Pole are about 40-50 degrees Fahrenheit colder than model predictions.

The work was performed by ECE Professor Chester Gardner, Weilin Pan, a doctoral student at Illinois; and Ray Roble, a senior scientist at the High Altitude Observatory of the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colo.

"Our results suggest that wintertime warming due to sinking air masses is not as strong as the models have assumed," Gardner said. "But, in all fairness, since no one had made these measurements before, modelers have been forced to estimate the values. And, in this case, their estimates were wrong."

Gardner’s group was the first to make upper atmosphere temperature measurements over the South Pole. From December 1999 until October 2001, the scientists operated a laser radar (lidar) system at the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station. By combining the lidar data with balloon measurements of the troposphere and lower stratosphere, the scientists recorded temperatures from the surface to an altitude of about 70 miles.

"After the autumnal equinox in March, radiative processes begin cooling the polar atmosphere," Gardner said. "During the long polar night, the atmosphere above Antarctica receives little sunlight and is sealed off by a vortex of winds that spins counterclockwise. This stable polar vortex prevents the transport of warmer air from lower latitudes into the pole, and leads to extreme cooling of the lower stratosphere."

In May, June and July, the stratopause region near 30 miles altitude was considerably colder than model predictions, Gardner said. "The greatest difference occurred in July, when the measured stratopause temperature was about 0 degrees Fahrenheit, compared to about 40 degrees Fahrenheit predicted by the models."

With no sunlight to warm the polar atmosphere, the only source of heat in the wintertime is the adiabatic compression of down welling air masses. This heating effect partially offsets the effects of radiative cooling of greenhouse gases – particularly carbon dioxide – in the middle and upper atmospheres.

"Current global circulation models apparently overpredict the amount of down-welling, because they show warmer temperatures than we observed," Gardner said.

To test this hypothesis, the researchers reduced the amount of down-welling over the polar cap using the NCAR Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model. Developed by Roble and his colleagues, it is the latest in a series of sophisticated three-dimensional, time-dependent models that simulate the circulation, temperature, and compositional structure of the upper atmosphere and ionosphere.

"With the reduced down-welling, the predicted mesopause temperature near 60 miles altitude decreased from about minus 120 degrees Fahrenheit to about minus 140 degrees Fahrenheit, in better agreement with our measurements for mid-winter conditions," Gardner said. "In the stratopause region, the predicted temperature decreased from about 35 degrees Fahrenheit to about 12 degrees Fahrenheit, also in better agreement with our measurements."

The recent measurements establish a baseline for polar temperatures, which can then be compared against future changes as greenhouse gases continue to accumulate, Gardner said. "The measurements also show that we have a flaw in some of our global atmospheric circulation models. Now we can go back and improve those models to better predict the temperatures in the middle and upper atmospheres throughout both hemispheres."

The National Science Foundation funded the work.
4 posted on 09/27/2002 9:04:22 PM PDT by yevgenie
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To: anymouse
Oh yeah...relevance of above article is that the models used to predict global warning are in error!!!

Heck, if they can't predict the weather 3-7 days ahead how can we expect them to realistically predict weather in a couple hundred years?
5 posted on 09/27/2002 9:05:59 PM PDT by yevgenie
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