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USO Canteen FReeper Style ~ Fallen Warriors ~ February 15 2003
February 15 2003 | snippy about it and friends of FR

Posted on 02/15/2003 5:04:56 AM PST by snippy_about_it

Edited on 02/15/2003 5:12:00 AM PST by Admin Moderator. [history]

In Memoriam

Operation Enduring Freedom

"Come unto me all ye who are weary and
burdened, and I shall give you rest." (Matt: 11:28).

Fallen Warriors

U.S. Army

• Spc. Marc A. Anderson, 30, of Brandon, Fla. Anderson, a member of the 1st Battalion of the 75th Ranger Regiment, based at Hunter Army Airfield in Savannah, Ga., was one of six U.S. troops killed March 4, 2002 after their helicopter came under intense fire near the Afghan town of Gardez, southeast of Kabul. Anderson left behind a wife and three sons.

• Spc. Curtis A. Carter, 25, a scout with Headquarters and Head-quarters Company, 3rd Battalion, 8th Cavalry Regiment. 1st Cavalry Division soldier who deployed with the 2nd Brigade Combat Team to Kuwait in November, died of a gunshot wound from his weapon. Curtis was married.

• Sgt. 1st Class Nathan Ross Chapman, 31, of San Antonio, Texas Chapman was killed Jan. 4, 2002 by hostile, small arms fire in eastern Afghanistan, near the city of Khost. Chapman, a special forces soldier who has spent more than 12 years in the military, was the first U.S. combatant killed by enemy fire.

• Sgt. Steven Checo, 22, of Elizabeth, N.J. Checo, a paratrooper in the 82nd Airborne Division, died in surgery at a field hospital on Dec. 21, 2002 after he was shot during a gun battle in the eastern Afghanistan town of Shkhin. An uncle said Checo moved to Elizabeth from New York with his mother and sister about three years ago to "make a better life." A neighbor said Checo has a brother who is also in the military.

• Pfc. Matthew A. Commons, 20, of Boulder City, Nev. Commons, a member of the 1st Battalion of the 75th Ranger Regiment, based at Hunter Army Airfield in Savannah, Ga., was one of six U.S. troops killed March 4 after their helicopter came under intense fire near the Afghan town of Gardez, southeast of Kabul. His father and grandfather were U.S. Marines.

• Staff Sgt. Brian Craig, 27, of Texas Craig was one of four soldiers killed April 15, 2002 in an explosion in Afghanistan. Craig and the other victims were killed when old Chinese-made rockets they were attempting to dismantle exploded. Craig was a member of the 710th Explosive Ordnance Detachment based in San Diego.

• Sgt. Bradley S. Crose, 27, of Orange Park, Fla. Crose, a member of the 1st Battalion of the 75th Ranger Regiment, based at Hunter Army Airfield in Savannah, Ga., was one of six U.S. troops killed March 4 after their helicopter came under intense fire near the Afghan town of Gardez, southeast of Kabul. Crose was a tae kwon do master who competed on a national level.

• Master Sgt. Jefferson Donald Davis, 39, of Watauga, Tenn. Davis was killed with Prosser and Petithory on Dec. 5, 2001 when a U.S. bomb missed its Taliban target north of Kandahar in Afghanistan. He was a Green Beret and former high school athlete who leaves behind a wife and three children in Clarksville, Ky.

• Army Spc. Jason A. Disney, 21, of Fallon, Nev. Disney died shortly after a piece of heavy equipment fell on him February 13, 2002

• Pvt. James H. Ebbers, 19, Bridgeview, Ill, October 14, 2002, Djibuoti, Africa Pvt. Ebbers was deployed in the U.S. Central Command area of operations overseas, but the location was not released by Fort Campbell. Died from an apparent self-inflicted gunshot wound.

• Spc. Jonn J. Edmunds, 20, of Cheyenne, Wyo. Edmunds, who died Oct. 19, 2001 with Stonesifer in the helicopter accident in Pakistan, was planning to make a career out of the military, according to friends and family. "He was just a happy-go-lucky guy," said John Steichen, the father of a close friend of Edmunds. Steichen told The Associated Press that Edmunds wanted to be a Ranger and "wanted to be where the action was."

• Sgt. Ryan D. Foraker, 31, Logan, Ohio, Foraker was reported missing from his unit in Guantanamo, Cuba, on Sep. 24. Exhaustive ground, sea, and air searches were conducted in an effort to locate him but were unsuccessful. Foraker was assigned to the 342nd Military Police Company, U.S. Army Reserve, Columbus, Ohio, which was deployed as part of Operation Enduring Freedom to support detainee operations in Guantanamo. He was married with two children.

• Sgt. Gregory M. Frampton, 37, of California Frampton, a member of the 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment, was one of four soldiers who died when their Black Hawk helicopter crashed on Jan. 30, 2003, while on a training mission, 7 miles east of Bagram Air Base, in Afghanistan. The U.S. military has said the cause of the crash is unclear, but there was no indication of enemy fire.

• Staff Sgt. Justin Galewski, 28, of Kansas Galewski was killed in Afghanistan April 15, 2002 when rockets he was attempting to dismantle exploded. He was a member of the 710th Explosive Ordnance Detachment based in San Diego.

• Chief Warrant Officer Thomas J. Gibbons, 31, of Maryland Gibbons, a member of the 106th Special Operations Aviation Regiment, was one of four soldiers who died when their Black Hawk helicopter crashed on Jan. 30, 2003, while on a training mission, 7 miles east of Bagram Air Base, in Afghanistan. The U.S. military has said the cause of the crash is unclear, but there was no indication of enemy fire.

• Chief Warrant Officer Stanley L. Harriman, 34, of Wade, N.C. Harriman was killed March 2, 2002 in a ground attack shortly after American forces, joined by Afghan and other allied troops, began an offensive against al Qaeda fighters near the town of Gardez. The father of two children, Harriman was assigned to the 3rd Special Forces Group at Fort Bragg, N.C.

• Staff Sgt. Daniel L. Kisling Jr., 31, of Neosho, Mo. Kisling, a member of the 106th Special Operations Aviation Regiment, was one of four soldiers who died when his special operations helicopter crashed on Jan. 30, 2003, while on a training mission, 7 miles east of Bagram Air Base, in Afghanistan. The U.S. military has said the cause of the crash is unclear, but there was no indication of enemy fire.

• Pvt. Giovanny Maria, 19, of Camden, N.J. Maria, a 10th Mountain Division soldier, died on Nov. 29, 2001 in Uzbekistan from a gunshot wound unrelated to enemy action, according to U.S. officials.

• Sgt. Jamie Maugans, 27, of Kansas Maugans was killed April 15, 2002 in Afghanistan when rockets he was attempting to dismantle exploded. He was a member of the 710th Explosive Ordnance Detachment based in San Diego.

• Chief Warrant Officer Mark S. O'Steen, 43, of Ozark, Ala. O'Steen, a member of the 106th Special Operations Aviation Regiment, was one of four soldiers who died when the special operations helicopter he piloted crashed on Jan. 30, 2003, while on a training mission 7 miles east of Bagram Air Base in Afghanistan. The U.S. military has said the cause of the crash is unclear, but there was no indication of enemy fire. O'Steen followed in his three brothers' footsteps when he joined the Army almost 18 years ago. He had a daughter from a previous marriage.

•Spec. Pedro Pena, 35, Fla., November 7, 2002, Kuwait
I could find no other information on this soldier.

• Sgt. 1st Class Daniel Petithory, 32, of Cheshire, Mass. One of three special forces soldiers killed Dec. 5, 2001 when a U.S. bomb missed its Taliban target north of Kandahar in southern Afghanistan. He was a member of the Army's 3rd Battalion, 5th Special Forces Group, stationed at Fort Campbell, Ky. His brother described him as a practical joker who had always wanted to join the Army.

• Staff Sgt. Brian Cody Prosser, 28, of Fraizer Park, Calif. Prosser died with Petithory and a third soldier on Dec. 5, 2001 when a U.S. bomb missed its Taliban target north of Kandahar in southern Afghanistan. They were all members of the Army's 3rd Battalion, 5th Special Forces Group, stationed at Fort Campbell, Ky.

• Sgt. 1st Class Daniel Romero, 30, of Colorado Romero, of the Colorado Army National Guard, was killed April 15, 2002 in Afghanistan when rockets he was attempting to dismantle exploded. He was a member of the 19th Special Forces Group based in Pueblo, Colo. He is survived by his wife and parents.

• Army Sgt. 1st Class Christopher James Speer, 28, of Albuquerque, N.M. Speer was one of five U.S. soldiers injured in an ambush while hunting for al Qaeda and Taliban fighters in eastern Afghanistan on July 27, 2002. He was moved shortly after to a hospital in Germany, where he died Aug. 12, 2002. Speer was based at U.S. Army Special Operations Command at Fort Bragg, N.C.

• Pvt. 1st Class Kristofor T. Stonesifer, 28, of Missoula, Mont. Stonesifer grew up in Pennsylvania and went on to attend the ROTC program at the University of Montana. An instructor there recalls that Stonesifer left the program early with a desire to become one of the best soldiers in the U.S. Army. He died Oct. 19, 2001 when his Black Hawk helicopter crashed upon attempting to land in Pakistan.

• Sgt. Philip J. Svitak, 31, of Joplin, Mo. Svitak, a flight engineer assigned to 2nd Battalion of the 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment in Fort Campbell, Ky., was one of six U.S. troops killed March 4, 2002 after their helicopter came under intense fire near the Afghan town of Gardez, southeast of Kabul. His mother recalled him saying, "If they send me over there and anything happens to me, I'm proud to die for my country." Svitak left behind a wife and two sons, ages 2 and 4.

• Army Sgt. 1st Class Peter P. Tycz II, 32, of Tonawanda, N.Y. Tycz, assigned to the Army's 3rd Special Forces Group, Fort Bragg, N.C., was killed in the June 12, 2002 crash of an Air Force MC130-H near an airstrip in the Gardez region of Afghanistan.

• Gene Arden Vance, a U.S. Special Forces sergeant, was fatally wounded when his unit came under heavy fire while on patrol in eastern Afghanistan on May 19, 2002 and died while waiting to be evacuated. The 38-year-old soldier from Morgantown, W. Va., was recently married and had canceled his honeymoon plans when he was called up to serve in Afghanistan with the 19th Special Forces Unit. He is survived by his wife Lisa and a daughter.

U.S. Navy

• Chief Petty Officer Matthew J. Bourgeois, 35, of Talahassee, Fla. Bourgeois, a Navy SEAL, was killed after stepping on and setting off a land mine March 28, 2002 during a training mission near the U.S. base at Kandahar airport in Afghanistan, officials said.

• Machinist's Mate Fireman Apprentice Bryant L. Davis, 20, of Chicago Fell overboard into the Arabian Sea from the USS Kitty Hawk on Nov. 7, 2001, and declared dead by the Defense Department on Nov. 10.

• Navy Fireman Apprentice Michael J. Jakes Jr., 20, of New York City Jakes died Dec. 4, 2001 of head injuries sustained in a fall from his bunk on the carrier USS Kitty Hawk in the Arabian Sea.

• Petty Officer 1st Class Vincent Parker of Preston, Miss. Parker, 38, was lost at sea Nov. 18, 2001 when the suspicious vessel his security team had boarded sank. Parker joined the Navy after graduating from high school, and was supposed to be on his last tour of duty before his retirement from the military. He had been serving aboard the USS Peterson.

• Petty Officer 1st Class Neil C. Roberts, 32, of Woodland, Calif. Roberts was killed March 4, 2002 after falling from his helicopter during fighting near the Afghan town of Gardez, southeast of Kabul. One of 12 children, he also left behind a wife and an 18-month-old son.

• Petty Officer 3rd Class Benjamin Johnson of Rochester, N.Y. Johnson drowned Nov. 18, 2001 when a suspicious vessel his security team boarded in the Persian Gulf sank. The 21-year-old had been serving aboard the USS Peterson.

U.S. Air Force

• Air Force Master Sgt. Evander Andrews, 36, of Solon, Maine He died Oct. 10, 2001 in a forklift accident while he was helping construct an airstrip in Qatar. Friends and colleagues described Andrews as an ace mechanic and cook. His widow, Judy Andrews, said her husband was devoted to his family and the Air Force.

• Tech. Sgt. John A. Chapman, 36, of Waco, Texas. Chapman was one of six U.S. troops killed March 4, 2002 after their helicopter came under intense fire near the Afghan town of Gardez, southeast of Kabul. Chapman, who received two Air Force commendation medals, left behind a wife and two daughters.

• Air Force Tech. Sgt. Sean M. Corlew, 37, of Thousand Oaks, Calif. A member of the Air Force's 16th Special Operations Wing at Hurlburt Field, Fla., Corlew was one of three troops killed June 12, 2002 when their Air Force MC130-H crashed near an airstrip in the Gardez region of Afghanistan.

• Senior Airman Jason D. Cunningham, 26, of Camarillo, Calif. Cunningham, a pararescueman and combat medic with the 38th Rescue Squadron, stationed at Moody Air Force Base near Valdosta, Ga., was one of six U.S. troops killed March 4, 2002 after their helicopter came under intense fire near the Afghan town of Gardez, southeast of Kabul. He left behind a wife and two daughters, ages 2 and 4.

• Air Force Staff Sgt. Anissa A. Shero, 31, of Grafton, W.Va. Shero, of the Air Force's 16th Special Operations Wing, was killed June 12, 2002 when an Air Force MC130-H crashed near an airstrip in the Gardez region of Afghanistan.

U.S. Marine Corps

• Capt. Matthew W. Bancroft, 29, of Shasta, Calif. The command pilot of the KC-130 plane that crashed in Pakistan on Jan. 9, 2002 Bancroft had been a Marine since 1994. His parents said he was seven years old when he decided he wanted to be a pilot.

• Lance Cpl. Bryan P. Bertrand, 23, of Coos Bay, Ore. Bertrand could have been home a month ago, but volunteered for another tour of duty as flight navigator. He recently wrote his parents that he had saved enough money to buy an electric guitar. He was among the seven who died on the KC-130 that crashed on Jan. 9, 2002 in Pakistan.

• Gunnery Sgt. Stephen L. Bryson, 35, of Montgomery, Ala. Bryson had just called his mother on his birthday, to tell his mother he was thinking about her — one day before he was killed on Jan. 9, 2002, along with six other Marines when their KC-130 crashed. He joined the Marines straight out of high school in 1983.

• Staff Sgt. Walter F. Cohee III, 26, of Wicomico, Md. Cohee joined the Marine Corps Aug. 3, 1993, and was a communications navigations systems technician. Cohee died Jan. 20, 2002 aboard a CH-53E helicopter that crashed south of Kabul, Afghanistan.

• Staff Sgt. Scott N. Germosen, 37, of Queens, N.Y. A 19-year-veteran of the Marines, Germosen was the loadmaster on the KC-130 that crashed Jan. 9, 2002 in Pakistan.

• Sgt. Nathan P. Hayes, 21, of Lincoln, Wash. In his hometown of Wilbur, Wash., Hayes was remembered as a football player who worked harder than many of the others on his high school team, even if he did not have as much talent as some athletes. He joined the Marines in 1999 and was the flight mechanic on the KC-130 that crashed Jan. 9, 2002 in Pakistan.

• Capt. Daniel G. McCollum, 29, of Richland, S.C. McCollum joined the Marines in 1993 and was the co-pilot of the KC-130 that crashed on Jan. 9, 2002.
Arlington National Cemetary website

• Sgt. Dwight J. Morgan, 24, of Mendocino, Calif. Morgan joined the Marine Corps August 15, 1998 and was a helicopter mechanic. Morgan died Jan. 20, 2002 aboard a CH-53E helicopter that crashed south of Kabul, Afghanistan.

• Lance Cpl. Antonio J. Sledd, 20, Tampa, Fla., October 8, 2002, Kuwait Sledd was assigned to the 11th Expeditionary unit from Camp Pendleton, California. He was killed in a terrorist attack. Gunmen killed Marine Lance Cpl. Antonio Sledd of Hillsbrough, Fla., on Tuesday when they opened fire on a training exercise in Kuwait.

• Sgt. Jeannette L. Winters, 25, of Du Page, Ill. A radio operator who joined the Marines in 1997, she was the first U.S. servicewoman to die since the U.S.-led Afghan bombing began in early October. She was on the KC-130 that crashed on Jan. 9, 2002. Her high school track coach remembered her as someone who gave everything she had, even if she was in physical pain, for her team.


• CIA officer Johnny "Mike" Spann, 32, of Winfield, Ala. Spann, a former Marine from a small town of 4,500, was questioning Taliban prisoners in a compound near the Afghan city of Mazar-e-Sharif when they erupted in riot. He was killed on Nov. 25, 2001 on the first day of the three-day riot, making him the first American to be killed in combat in Afghanistan. U.S. officials say he died of a gunshot wound and was not tortured.

• CIA officer Helge Boes,32, of Washington Boes, an operations officer assigned to the CIA's Counterterrorism Center was killed on Feb. 5, 2003, when a grenade detonated prematurely during a live-fire training exercise in eastern Afghanistan. He is the second CIA officer to die in the line of duty in Afghanistan. Boes joined the CIA in January, 2001, after working as a private practice attorney. He is survived by his wife, Cindy, and his parents, Roderich and Monika Boes, of Germany.

Operation Enduring Freedom - Philippines

U.S. Army
size="1">Crashed at sea in MH-47 aircraft in Philippines February 21, 2002
The following crashed at sea in MH-47 aircraft in Philippines

• Spec. Thomas F. Allison, 22, Roy, Washington, February 21, 2002

• Staff Sgt. James P. Dorrity, 37, Goldsboro, N.C., February 21, 2002

• Chief Warrant Officer 2 Jody L. Egnor, 32, Middletown, Ohio, February 21, 2002

• Maj. Curtis D. Feistner, 34, White Bear Lake, Minn., February 21, 2002

• Sgt. Jeremy D. Foshee, 25, Pisgah, Ala., February 21, 2002

• Staff Sgt. Kerry W. Frith, 37, Las Vegas, Nev., February 21, 2002

• Capt. Bartt D. Owens, 31, Middletown, Ohio, February 21, 2002

• Staff Sgt. Bruce A. Rushforth, Jr., 35, Middleboro, Mass., February 21, 2002

• Sgt. 1st Class Mark Wayne Jackson, 40, of Glennie, Mich., Oct. 2, 2002
U.S. Army Special Forces Sgt. 1st Class Mark Jackson was killed by an Abu Sayyaf terrorist bomb.

U.S. Air Force
Crashed at sea in MH-47 aircraft in Philippines February 21, 2002

• Master Sgt. William L. McDaniel II, 29, Greenville, Ohio, February 21, 2002

• Staff Sgt. Juan M. Ridout, 36, Maple Tree, Wash., February 21, 2002

On honoring those before us and continuing to fight the good fight.


I was honored to be asked to write a few words in remembrance of the fallen who sacrificed everything in defense of God, country and our precious freedoms.

When I sat down to write, I remembered my friend Marshall.

Marshall was tall and skinny, with a bit of acne.

He was nerdy before the word was invented, the kind of kid that lurked in the dim fog of high school anonymity.

Marshall was my best friend. We had the sort of friendship that would beat all odds and not fade somewhere after graduation day, but would last forever.

I remember Marshall telling me about kissing his first girl.

I remember what he wore to the prom.

I remember when we took the van to the lake with Laura Thompson and Becky Jo. I've long forgotten Becky Jo's last name, but I still remember the sweet scent of her perfume, like fresh-cut roses.

I remember the night we discovered it wasn't such a good idea to mix cheap vodka with Gatorade.

I remember that we both once loved the same girl.

I remember how ridiculous Marshall looked the first time I saw him in his ROTC uniform. My longhaired, unkempt jeans, Led Zeppelin T-shirt, grungy-before-the-word-was-invented self mercilessly and relentlessly reminded Marshall how ridiculous he looked in his crew cut and spotless uniform.

Marshall played the dumbest instrument in our high school marching band, the huge bass drum, while I played the trumpet, blowing high notes like the melodious song of a metallic songbird high above the relentless boom-boom-boom of Marshall's drum.

I wonder what Marshall might have done in this war, how far he might have climbed in rank. And I wondered how he would look at my age. Is middle-age girth inevitable or is it the 10,000 Dunkin Donuts and 15 sit-ups over the last score and seven years?

I wondered if our kids would have been friends, but then I realized he probably wouldn't have waited until his fortieth birthday to have them. I wondered what his kids would look like, tall and skinny with a bit of acne, awkward and nerdy and self-conscious in their ROTC uniform, like Marshall the day he left for basic training.

That image is indelibly inscribed in my memory, of a lanky, nerdy, pimply-faced kid, looking so small and out of place in a man's uniform.

I didn't get a chance to see Marshall the day he left for camp, but we talked on the phone the night before. We talked about getting together when he got back and planned a celebration that would put that night with the Gatorade, the cheap vodka and the pretty girls to shame.

Marshall died when his training flight crashed somewhere in the southwest desert. But the memories of our youth and friendship endure undiminished despite the passage of time.

So to honor and remember the valiant dead, I honor and remember my friend Marshall. To me, he represents the very best of us, as do all the valiant boys and men, heroes all who gave everything for God, country and freedom.

When our troops enter the fray in a distant desert, I know that Marshall will be with them. My friend will be there among a vast avenging host of fallen heroes somewhere in the clouds, far above the smoke and thunder of the battlefield, somewhere below heaven, BOOM-BOOM-BOOMING away on his big war drum.

From Lexington, Concord and Valley Forge, Antietam, Cold Harbor, Bellau Wood, Cantigny, Normandy Beach, Iwo Jima, Inchon, Khe Sanh, Kuwait City, Mogadishu and Kabul, their spirits will rise up. From the green grass of Gettysburg to the poppy fields of Flanders, their spirits will awaken to the sound of drums calling them to battle once more.

BOOM-BOOM-BOOMING away, merciless and relentless as a rock.

BOOM-BOOM-BOOMING away from somewhere above a formation of metallic birds, beautiful and terrifying to behold, their guns shrieking like trumpet blasts above the booming thunder of the iron horses far below.

BOOM-BOOM-BOOMING away, relentlessly and mercilessly, to victory and everlasting glory.

Luis Gonzalez

Someone joked the other day about how many French soldiers it would take to defend Paris.

Answer? No way to know -- it's never been tried before.

Nobody jokes about the American soldier, though.

For heroism and valor, courage and bravery, our men and women in uniform are second to none. And I do mean second to none.

Take Iraq and the wrangling at the United Nations.

France, China, Germany (you name it) opposed the U.S. going to war. Oh, they all have ulterior reasons.

The French and the Germans have their oil contracts.

The Chinese hate to lose a client.

But, while their motives for opposing us differ, there's an underlying assumption: Each of them know darn well what the outcome of war in Iraq would be -- U.S. Victory. It's why they're dead-set against it.

Think about that for a moment.

Has there ever been a military force so powerful, so overwhelming that the outcome -- defeating the enemy -- was but a foregone conclusion?

But strength in our military isn't just the number of tanks, planes or ships, nor how advance the technology.

It isn't just the number of Tomahawk cruise missiles or smart bombs either.

No, greatness here comes from men -- not metal.

The men and women who put their lives at risk so that we may be free.

As a nation, we can never thank them enough. But that shouldn't stop us from trying.

May God bless every one of them.

And may God bless the United States of America.

My two cents...

Enrique Noval AKA "JohnHuang2"

TOPICS: Editorial; Foreign Affairs; Free Republic; Government; Miscellaneous; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: enduringfreedom; fallenwarriors; kia; michaeldobbs; operation; usmilitary; waronterror
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To: 68-69TonkinGulfYatchClub
Morning bump!
21 posted on 02/15/2003 6:09:03 AM PST by JohnHuang2
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To: snippy_about_it
On This Day In History

Birthdates which occurred on February 15:
0037 Claudius Drusus Germanicus Caesar Nero emperor of Rome (54-68)
1368 Sigismund Nürnberg Germany, Holy Roman emperor (1410-37)
1483 Babur founder of Mughal dynasty in India (1526-30
1497 Philipp Melanchthon Germany, Protestant reformer
1519 Pedro Menéndez de Aviles explored Florida - founded St Augustine FL
1524 Charles de Guise archbishop/cardinal of Reims
1557 Alfonso Fontanelli composer
1564 Galileo Galilei Pisa, Italy, astronomer/physicist
1571 Michael Praetorius Kreuzberg Germany, music theorist/composer (Syntagma music)
1620 François Charpentier French scholar/archaeologist
1650 Anne Jules duke de Noailles marshal of France (hugenot)
1660 Frans Anneessens Belgian merchant/dean of artisans
1666 Antonio M Valsalva Italian anatomist (eardrums, glottis)
1705 Charles A Vanloo French painter
1707 Claude Prosper Paris France, novelist
1710 Louis XV the Well-Beloved Versailles, King of France (1715-74)
1726 Abraham Clark farmer/lawyer, signed Declaration of Independence
1740 Ernst Eichner composer
1748 Jeremy Bentham London England, philosopher/originator (Utilitarian)
1759 Friedrich A Wolfius [Wolf], German philological (Prolegomena)
1760 Jean-François Le Sueur composer
1764 Jens I Baggesen Danish writer/linguist (Danske V'rker)
1768 Jozef B Cannaert [Olim], Flemish lawyer
1774 W G Frederik prince of Orange
1780 Carel Asser Dutch jurist
1783 Johann Nepomuk Poissl composer
1785 Claude Louis Marie Navier
1789 Friedrich Fesca composer
1795 Charles Niellon Belgian brigade general (10 day campaign)
1797 Henry Engelhard Steinway piano maker (Steinway)
1800 Frederik W Conrad Dutch hydraulic engineer/railway pioneer
1803 John Augustus Sutter Swiss/US colonist of California gold rush fame (New Helvetia CA, Sutter Mill)
1807 Ignacy Feliks Dobrzynski composer
1809 Cyrus Hall McCormick inventor (Mechanical reaper)
1811 Domingo F Sarmiento President of Argentina (1868-74)
1812 Charles Lewis Tiffany Killingly CT, jeweler (Tiffany)
1817 Charles F Daubigny French restauranteur/painter
1819 Christopher Sholes Mooresburg PA, inventor (typewriter)
1820 Susan Brownell Anthony Adams MA, women's suffragette
1821 Abraham de Amorie van der de Have theologist/poet
1822 Theodor Uhlig composer
1823 Li Hung-Tshang Chinese rebel leader/viceroy of Tsheli Canton
1826 George J Stoney Irish physicist
1828 Johan H van Dale schoolmaster (New Dutch Language Dictionary)
1829 Silas Weir Mitchell US physician/author (Roland Blake)
1834 Sir William Preece English electrical engineer, wireless pioneer
1835 Alexander Stuart Webb Major General (Union Army), died in 1911
1845 Elihu Root (R)/US Secretary of State (1905-09)/Nobel Peace Prize (1912)
1847 Robert Fuchs composer
1855 Gustav Hollaender composer
1856 Frank Harris Galway England, writer
1858 William Pickering Boston, astronomer (9th & 10th moons of Saturn)
1861 Alfred North Whitehead English mathematician/philosopher (Adventures of Ideas)
1861 Halford John Mackinder Gainsborough Lincolnshire, geographer
1866 Bannister Fletcher London, architect & architectural historian
1874 Emilis Melngailis composer
1874 Ernest H Shackleton Kilkee Ireland, explorer (Endurance, Antarctica)
1882 John Barrymore [Blythe], Philadelphia PA, actor (Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde, The Tempest, Beloved Rogue)
1885 Richard Wurz composer
1886 Sax Rohmer England, author (Dr Fu Manchu)
1887 H M Bateman Sutton Forest New South Wales, cartoonist
1890 Robert Ley German chemist/MP (NSDAP)
1892 James Forrestal US, banker/minister of Navy
1893 Harm H Kamerlingh Onnes painter/etcher/ceramist
1893 Walter Donaldson US pianist/composer (Girl Crazy, Whoopee)
1894 Oswaldo Aranha Brazil, lawyer/statesman (1st President of UN)
1896 Arthur Shields Dublin Ireland, actor (River, Enchanted Island)
1897 Earl H Blaik Detroit MI, college football hall of fame coach (elected 1965)
1898 Ibuse Masuji Japanese writer (Yôhai Taichô, Kuroi Ame)
1898 Toto (Antonio de Curtis), Naples Italy, actor (Motorizzate, Noi Duri)
1899 Gale Sondergard Litchfield MN, actress (Cat & Canary, Road to Rio)
1899 Georges Auric Lodève France, composer (It Always Rains on Sunday)
1899 Lillian Disney Mrs Walt Disney
19-- Claire Yarlett England, actress (Rituals, Dynasty)
19-- Kevin Cloud Hartford CT, rocker (Rhythm Syndicate)
1901 André Parrot French archaeologist/theologist (Assur)
1901 Christmas Humphreys England, lawyer/writer/Buddhist (Awakening of Zen)
1901 Paul Haesaerts Flemish architect/painter (Animisme)
1904 Antonin Magne French bicyclist (Tour de France 1931, 34)
1904 Mary Adshead muralist/painter
1905 Harold Arlen [Hyman Arluck], US, composer (Over the Rainbow)
1906 Stephen Brown CEO (Stone-Platt Industries)
1907 Cesar Romero New York NY, actor (Joker-Batman, Ocean's 11, The Thin Man)
1907 Jean Langlais composer
1908 Sidney Gilliat producer
1908 Ypk fan der Fear Frisian writer (Reade Runen)
1909 Harold Beeley British diplomat
1910 9th Earl of Jersey English large landowner/art collector
1911 Leonard Woodcock labor leader (UAW)
1912 George Mikes Hungary, British writer (How to Be an Alien)
1913 Willy Vandersteen Belgian cartoonist (Suske & Wiske)
1914 Arthur Sydney Martin spy catcher
1914 Kevin McCarthy Seattle WA, actor (Invasion of Body Snatchers, Howling)
1914 R W Woods bishop (Worcester)
1915 Paul Ferris British author
1916 Ian Ballantine publisher (Ballantine Books)
1918 Alan Arbus New York NY, actor (Dr Sidney Freedman-MASH)
1920 Ingmar Milveden composer
1920 Piet van Aken Flemish writer (Devil Sails to US, Niggers)
1920 Richard O'Brien CEO (Manpower Services Commission)
1922 Herman Kahn New Jersey, writer (Thinking About the Unthinkable)
1923 Keene Curtis Salt Lake City UT, actor (Magician, Amanda's)
1923 Yelena Bonner Moscow, soviet dissident/wife of Andre Sakharov
1923 Justice Drake British justice
1927 Harvey Korman Chicago IL, actor (Carol Burnett Show, Blazing Saddles)
1927 Frank Dunlop director (Edinburgh International Festival)
1927 Gottfrid Grasbeck composer
1927 William Bentley diplomat
1929 James Schlesinger US Secretary of Defense (1973-75)
1929 Countess of Dysart
1929 Gerald Harper broadcaster/actor (Tunes of Glory, Extra Day)
1929 Graham Hill London England, auto racer (1962, 68 international racing champion)
1930 C F Payne Cleveland OH, British chief constable
1931 [Patricia] Claire Bloom London, actress (Charly, Look Back in Anger)
1931 W K Reid British ombudsman
1932 Adrian Swire British aircraft magnate (Cathay Pacific)
1933 Adolfo Cardones Cuba, fashion designer (Nancy Reagan)
1934 Niklaus Wirth Switzerland, computer programmer/inventor (PASCAL)
1935 John R Block US Secretary of Agriculture (1981-86)
1935 Roger B Chaffee Grand Rapids MI, Lieutenant Commander USN/astronaut
1935 Susan Brownmiller Brooklyn NY, feminist author (Against Our Wills)
1936 Andrew Miller British principal (Stirling U)
1937 Nicholas Bayne diplomat
1937 P J Squire British headmaster (Bedford Modern School)
1937 Terry Everett (Representative-R-AL)
1937 Zoltan Pesko composer
1938 Jack Tinker drama critic
1938 Lord Justice Ward British judge
1939 Ollie Ellefsäter Norway, 3K steeplechase (Olympics-1960)
1939 Jo Clayton US, sci-fi author (Irsud, Maeve, Star Hunters)
1939 Tony Bloom deputy CEO (Sketchley)
1941 Brian Holland US pianist/producer (Holland/Dozier/Holland)
1941 Dan Crompton Nottinghamshire, Chief Constable
1941 Florinda Bolkan Ceara Brazil, actress (Damned, Last Valley, Word)
1944 Mick Avory rock drummer (Kinks-Lola)
1944 Aleksandr A Serebrov USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-7, T-8, TM-8, TM-17)
1944 Tineke Netelenbos Dutch MP (PvdA)
1945 Douglas R Hofstadter New York NY, author (Gödel, Escher, Bach)
1946 Clare Short British MP
1946 John Greenway British MP
1947 John Adams Worcester MA, composer (Nixon on China)
1947 Rusty Hamer Tenafly NJ, actor (Rusty-Make Room for Daddy)
1947 Marisa Berenson New York NY, actress (Barry Lyndon, Death in Vienna, SOB)
1948 Ron "The Penguin" Cey Tacoma WA, 3rd baseman (Los Angeles Dodgers)
1949 Ken Anderson NFL quarterback (Cincinnati Bengals)
1949 Christopher Rouse composer
1949 Earl of Carlisle
1949 Jess Walton Michigan, actress (Jill Foster Abbott-Young & Restless)
1950 Donna Hanover Giuliani TV news anchor (WPIX)/wife of Mayor Giuliani
1950 Nikolai Sergeivich Grekov Russia, cosmonaut
1951 Melissa Manchester Bronx NY, singer (Don't Cry Out Loud)
1951 Jane Seymour [Joyce Frankenberg], Middlesex England, actress (Dr Quinn, East of Eden, Lassiter)
1953 Derek Conway British MP
1954 Matt Groening cartoonist (Life in Hell, Simpsons)
1955 Bev Francis Australia, world women's power-lifting champion
1955 Clive Aslet British editor (Country Life)
1956 Desmond Haynes cricket (West Indies opener-greatest batsman in 1-day history)
1956 Hilda Beatriz "Hildita" Guevara Cuba, daughter of "Che" Guevara
1957 Bienvenida Buck Velencia Spain, lover of British Peter Harding
1957 Charles Edward Pevensey Tennant aristocrat
1957 Jake E Lee rocker (Badlands-Dreams in the Dark)
1959 Ali Campbell British reggae vocalist/guitarist (UB40-Red Red Wine)
1959 Guy De Alwis cricket wicket-keeper (Sri Lankan mid 80s)
1959 Joe Hesketh US baseball player (Boston Red Sox)
1960 Mikey Craig rock bassist (Culture Club-Do You Really Want to Hurt Me)
1960 Darrell Green NFL cornerback (Washington Redskins)
1960 Jeanne Goldsmith Los Angeles CA, WPVA volleyballer (National-5th-1987)
1962 [Babette] Renee Props Oklahoma, actress (Ellie-As the World Turns, Get Shorty, Weird Science)
1964 Chris Farley actor (Saturday Night Live, Wayne's World, Coneheads)
1964 Mark Price NBA guard (Washington Bullets, Orlando Magic)
1965 Craig Matthews cricket pace bowler (South African Test)
1966 Melido Perez Dominican/US baseball pitcher (New York Yankees)
1966 Petra Huber Austria, tennis star
1967 Michael Easton actor (Ally McBeal, Total Recall 2070, VR.5, Tanner-Days of Our Lives)
1968 Kurt Robin McKinney Louisville KY, actor (Ned-General Hospital)
1968 Michael Easton Los Angeles CA, actor (Tanner-Days of Our Lives)
1969 Brian Williams Lancaster SC, pitcher (Detroit Tigers, Astros)
1969 Edgar Bennett NFL running back (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31)
1970 Gloria Trevi Mexico, sexy Spanish vocalist (A Gatas)
1970 Nathaniel Mills Evanston IL, speed skater (Olympics-1994)
1970 Tyrone Legette NFL cornerback (New Orleans Saints)
1971 Barbara Failey-Herbert South Africa, golfer (1989 winner South Africa Champion)
1971 Jim Butler Iowa City IA, table tennis player (Olympics-92, 96)
1971 Renee O'Connor actress, (Xena Warrior Princess)
1971 Tyrone Legette cornerback (Tampa Bay Buccaneers)
1972 Jaromir Jagr Kladno Czechoslovakia, NHL right wing (Penguins, Czechoslovakia Olympics-gold-1998)
1972 Lance Scott NFL offensive linesman (Arizona Cardinals)
1973 Amy Van Dyken 50 meter/100 meter freestyle/100 meter butterfly swimmer (Olympics-2 gold-96)
1974 Erik Schulz Port Huron MI, pairs skater (& Ilana Goldfogel)
1974 Jodie McMullen Miss Australia-Universe/Miss Congeniality (1996)
1974 Tim Hall running back (Oakland Raiders)
1974 Ugueth Urbina Caracas Venezuela, pitcher (Montréal Expos)
1975 Robert Fuchs soccer player (PSV)
1977 Brook Wackman rocker
1979 Kaj-Erik Eriksen actor (Quarantine)
1983 Ashley Lyn Cafagna Iowa City IA, actress (Kimberly-Bold & the Beautiful, Saved By The Bell: The New Class)
1991 Nicholas Garland son of Pamela Sue Martin

Deaths which occurred on February 15:
1043 Gisela wife of Roman Catholic-German emperor Conrad II the Salier, dies at 52
1145 Lucius II [Gherardo Caccianemici], Italian Pope (1144-45), dies
1152 Konrad III Roman-German King (1138-1152), dies at about 58
1503 Henry Deane Archbishop of Canterbury (1501-03), dies
1568 Hendrik van Brederode Dutch noble (Compromise of Nobles), dies at 36
1580 Cunerus Petri Dutch theologist/bishop of Leeuwarden, dies
1597 Pieter J Kies Dutch mayor of Haarlem (1572-73), dies at about 66
1600 José the Acosta Spanish missionary (Peru), dies at 59
1621 Michael Praetorius German composer (In Dulce Jubilo), dies at 50
1637 Ferdinand II King of Bohemia/Hungary/German Emperor (1619-37), dies at 58
1660 Klaas Geritsz Compaen Dutch buccaneer/merchant, dies at 72
1680 Jan Swammerdam Dutch entomologist (Bible of Nature), dies at 41
1686 Mathias Rauchmüller German sculptor (Piasten mausoleum Poland), dies
1701 Adam Drese German composer, dies at 80
1713 Anthony Ashley Cooper 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, writer, dies
1744 Frantisek Antonin Mica composer, dies at 49
1744 John Hadley inventor (sextant), dies
1759 Alexander von Papenhoven Flemish religious sculptor, dies at 89
1761 Carlo Cecere composer, dies at 54
1778 Johann Gottlieb Gorner composer, dies at 80
1781 G E Lessing writer, dies at 52
1781 Gotthold Ephraim Lessing Saxon playwright/critic, dies
1818 Charles XIII King of Sweden (1809-18)/Norway (1814-18), dies at 69
1820 Pierre-Joseph Cambon member of Committee the Salut Public, dies at 63
1820 William Ellery US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 92
1831 Henry Maudslay inventor (metal lathe), dies
1832 Hardenack Otto Conrad Zinck composer, dies at 85
1835 Henry Hunt British politician, dies
1841 Sibrand Acker Stratingh Dutch doctor/chemist (electrical car), dies at 53
1844 Henry Addington Lord Sidmouth British premier (1801-04), dies at 86
1849 Pierre F Verhulst Belgian mathematician (logistic curve), dies at 44
1857 Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka Russian composer, dies at 53
1864 Israel Zangwill writer/Zionist/philanthropist, dies
1864 William Dyce painter, dies
1865 Nicholas Wiseman 1st Archbishop of Westminster (1850-65), dies
1885 Leopold Damrosch composer, dies at 52
1887 Alexander Borodin composer, dies
1896 E J Nicholson writer, dies
1902 Wilhelmina JR Albregt-Engelman Dutch actress, dies at 68
1903 Julie Verstraete-Lacquet Flemish actress, dies at 69
1905 Lewis Wallace US diplomat/writer (Ben Hur), dies at 77
1910 Albert Fuchs composer, dies at 51
1916 Nikolay Nikolayevich Lodizhensky composer, dies at 73
1917 Charles A van Ophuysen Dutch orientalist, dies at 60
1919 Pieter K Pel Dutch internist (Pel-Ebstein fever), dies at 66
1921 Hans Haym composer, dies at 60
1922 Clara [G Meijer-]Wichmann German/Dutch anarchist/feminist, dies at 36
1923 Josephine B Willson Bruce US black theorist, dies at 69
1924 Lionel Monckton English composer (Country Girl), dies at 62
1928 Hubert H Asquith premier Great-Britain (1908-16), dies at 75
1932 Minnie Maddern Fiske actress (Henrik Ibsen's plays), dies at 66
1933 Anton J Cermak (Mayor-D-Chicago), assassinated in Miami
1939 Foppe G Scheltema Dutch lawyer, dies at 47
1939 Henri Jaspar premier of Belgium (1926-31), dies at 68
1942 Guido Adler Austrian musicologist, dies at 91
1942 Stanislav Binicki composer, dies at 69
1943 Thomas "Fats" Waller US jazz pianist (Hot Chocolate), dies at 38
1943 William Victor Harris composer, dies at 73
1955 S Z Sakall actor (Dolly Sisters, Casablanca), dies at 71
1959 Owen W Richardson English physicist (Nobel 1928), dies at 69
1961 Jack Whiting actor (Top Speed, Life of the Party), dies at 59
1961 Marubel Vinaon Owen figure skater (Olympics-silver-1932), dies
1962 Vladimir Sokoloff actor (Road to Morocco, Cloak & Dagger), dies at 72
1964 Ken Hubbs 2nd baseman (Chicago Cubs), dies in plane crash at 22
1965 Nat King Cole singer (Unforgettable, Mona Lisa), dies at 45
1966 Camillo Torres Colombian priest/guerrilla fighter, dies
1967 Antonio Moreno Spanish actor/director (It, Careers), dies at 79
1967 William C Bullitt 1st US ambassador in USSR, dies at 76
1968 Little Walter rocker, dies at 37
1971 Marian Viktorovich Koval composer, dies at 63
1972 Edgar P Snow US author/journalist (Battle for Asia), dies at 66
1972 Jef [Josephus CF] Last Dutch poet/Indonesian politician, dies at 73
1973 Wally Cox actor (Mr Peepers, Hollywood Squares), dies at 48
1973 Tim Holt actor (Stagecoach, Hitler's Children), dies of cancer at 55
1974 Kurt Magnus Atterberg composer, dies at 86
1975 Julian Huxley biologist, dies
1975 Pelham G Wodehouse writer, dies
1978 Ilka Chase actress (Masquerade Party), dies at 72
1979 Alex Bradford actor/composer (Your Arms too Short...), dies at 51
1979 Mehdi Rahimi Iran General/military Governor of Tehran, executed
1981 Jack Crapp cricketer (7 Tests for England 1948-49, 319 runs), dies
1981 Mike Bloomfield rocker (Electric Flag), dies of drug overdose at 36
1981 Thomas Beversdorf composer, dies at 56
1982 Rolfe Sedan actor (Mailman-George Burns Show), dies at 86
1984 Leamon Hunt US director-General in Sinai, killed by communists
1984 Avon Long dancer/actor (Roots Next Generation), dies of cancer at 73
1984 Ethel Merman singer/actress (Kid Million), dies in her sleep at 76
1987 Jimmy Holiday US singer (Baby I Love You), dies at 42
1987 Osmo Uolevi Lindeman composer, dies at 57
1988 Frederick [Fritz] Loewe composer, dies
1988 Gardiner Means US economist, dies at 91
1988 Gerard Holt architect, dies at 83
1988 Neil R[onald] Jones science fiction writer (Space War, Twin Worlds), dies at 78
1988 Richard P Feynman physicist (Nobel 1965, Physical Law), dies at 69
1990 Henry Brandon actor (Assault on Precinct 13), dies at 77
1990 Jack Fletcher actor (Any Wednesday), dies of heart attack at 68
1991 Gary Gears Chicago disk jockey, dies at 46 of a heart attack
1991 Luis Escobar Spanish actor (Don Juan My Love), dies at 78
1992 William H Schuman US composer (Pulitzer)/President of Julliard, dies at 81
1993 George Wallington [Giacinto Figlia], Italian bebop-pianist/, dies
1994 Andrei Tsjikatilo [Rostov Ripper], Russian mass murdered, executed
1994 Tiger Haynes US actor (Moscow on the Hudson, Cosby Show), dies at 79
1995 Francis Taylor builder, dies at 90
1995 Joseph Ortiz French-Algerian extremist/rebel, dies at 77
1995 Lord Taylor of Hadfield British president of Taylor Woodrow Group, dies at 90
1995 Nabila Diahnine Algerian architect/feminist, murdered at 33
1995 Sahnoun Jawhari Tunisian Annahda-leader, dies at 40 in jail
1995 Viscount Camrose British large landowner/Conservative, dies
1996 Bruno Ferenc Straub Hungarian statesman, dies
1996 Margaret Courtenay actress (Royal Flash, Duet for One), dies at 72
1996 McLean Stevenson actor (MASH, Hello Larry), dies at 66
1996 Oscar Abrams community organiser, dies at 58
1996 Tommy Rettig actor (Lassie)/computer programmer (Clipper), dies at 54
1998 Martha Gelhorn female war correspondents, dies at 89

On this day...
0399 Philosopher Socrates sentenced to death
0732 Ho-tse Shen-hui, Zen teacher disputes founder of Northern Ch'an line
1145 Bernardo elected Pope Eugene III
1313 Peace of Angleur
1386 Duke Philip the Stout forms Council of Flanders
1539 Emperor Charles receives Cardinal Pole in Toledo
1552 Dutch coast hit by heavy storm
1563 Russian troops occupy Polotsk Lithuania
1637 Ferdinand III succeeds Ferdinand II as Holy Roman Emperor
1677 King Charles II reports anti-French covenant with Netherlands
1686 Jean Baptiste Lully's opera "Armide" premieres in Paris
1689 German Parliament declares war on France
1745 Colley Cibbers "Papal Tyranny" premieres in London
1763 Austria, Prussia & Saxony sign Peace of Hubertusburg
1764 St Louis founded as a French trading post by Pierre Laclade Ligue
1768 1st mustard manufactured in America advertised, Philadelphia
1775 Angelo Braschi chosen as Pope Pius VI
1797 Battle of Cape St Vincent
1799 1st US printed ballots authorized, Pennsylvania
1804 New Jersey becomes last northern state to abolish slavery
1842 1st adhesive postage stamps in US (private delivery company), New York NY
1845 William Parsons, Earl of Rosse, 1st uses 72" (183 cm) reflector
1848 Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston
1851 Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescuing a fugitive slave
1852 Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits 1st patient
1861 Ft Point completed & garrisoned (but has never fired cannon in anger)
1862 Grant's major assault on Ft Donelson TN
1864 Fire in Rotterdam Netherlands damages Museum Boymans
1869 Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped
1870 Ground broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth MN
1876 Historic Elm at Boston blown down
1879 Congress authorizes women lawyers to practice before the Supreme Court
1882 1st cargo of frozen meat leaves New Zealand for Britain, on SS Dunedin
1895 23 cm (9") of snow falls on New Orleans
1898 USS Maine blows up in Havana harbor, cause unknown-258 sailors die
1900 General French relieves Kimberley/Cecil Rhodes
1902 Underground railway (U-Bahn)
1903 1st Teddy Bear introduced in America, made by Morris & Rose Michtom
1905 1st race meet at Oaklawn Park (Hot Springs AR)
1906 British Labour Party organizes
1912 Fram reaches latitude 78º 41' S, farthest south ever by ship
1913 1st avant-garde art show in America opens in New York NY
1916 New York Yankees buy Frank "Home Run" Baker from the Athletics for $37,500
1917 San Francisco Public Library (Main Branch at Civic center) dedicated
1918 1st WWI US army troop ship torpedoed & sunk by Germany, off Ireland
1918 Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania adopt the Gregorian calendar
1919 American Legion organizes in Paris
1921 Arthur Mailey completes 9-121 vs England, Australian Test Cricket record
1922 Marconi begins regular broadcasting transmissions from Essex
1926 Contract air mail service begins in US
1926 Brooks Atkinson Theater opens at 256 W 47th St NYC
1929 St Valentine's Day massacre (Chicago)
1930 Weona beats Toluca in Illinois Basketball Tournament in 10 overtimes
1931 1st Dracula movie released
1931 Spring training site of New York Yankees in St Petersburg is renamed Miller Huggins Field in honor of the team's late manager
1932 US bobsled team member Eddie Eagan becomes only athlete to win gold in both Summer & Winter Olympics (1920 boxing gold)
1932 3rd Winter Olympics games close at Lake Placid NY
1932 Australia beat South Africa in cricket by an inn in 5 hours 53 minutes playing time
1932 George Burns & Gracie Allen debuted as regulars on "Guy Lombardo Show"
1932 John Van Druten's "There's Always Juliet" premieres in New York NY
1933 President-elect Franklin Roosevelt survives assassination attempt
1933 Karl Radek praises invincible force of German communist party
1933 Social-democratic newspaper "Vorwärts" banned again in Berlin
1936 -60º F (-51º C), Parshall ND (state record)
1936 Sonja Henie, Norway, wins 3rd consecutive Olympics figure skating gold
1936 Hitler announces building of Volkswagens (starting slug-bug game)
1939 German battleship Bismarck was launched
1939 Lillian Hellman's "Little Foxes" premieres in New York NY
1941 Duke Ellington 1st records "Take the A Train"
1942 Singapore surrenders to the Japanese
1942 German U-boat shells at Antillian oil refinery
1942 Japanese troops march into Palembang, South Sumatra
1943 Women's camp Tamtui on Ambon (Moluccas) hit by allied air raid
1944 891 British bombers attack Berlin
1944 Bombing & shooting at Monte Cassino convent Italy, begins
1946 Bank of England nationalized
1947 "Toplitzky of Notre Dame" closes at Century Theater NYC after 60 performances
1948 Mao Zedong's army occupies Yenan
1949 Dmitri Shostakovich's "Song of the Woods" premieres in Leningrad
1950 Walt Disney's "Cinderella" released
1950 KENS TV channel 5 in San Antonio TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
1950 WM Inge's "Come Back, Little Sheba" premieres in New York NY
1950 WSYR (now WSTM) TV channel 3 in Syracuse NY (NBC) begins broadcasting
1954 1st bevatron in operation-Berkeley CA
1954 WRDW TV channel 12 in Augusta GA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1955 1st pilot plant to produce man-made diamonds announced
1956 Pirates & Kansas City A's cancel an exhibition game in Birmingham AL, because of local ordinance barring black from playing against white
1956 Urho Kekkonen appointed President of Finland
1957 Andrei A Gromyko succeeds Dmitri Shepilov as Soviet foreign minister
1958 Ice Dance Championship at Paris won by June Markham/Courtney Jones Great Britain
1958 Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Barbara Wagner/Rob Paul of CAN
1958 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Carol Heiss of USA
1958 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by David Jenkins USA
1958 Sjafroeddin Prawiranegara forms anti-government of Middle Sumatra
1959 Antonio Segni forms Italian government
1959 Louise Suggs wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Tournament
1961 Entire US figure skating team of 18, dies in Belgian Sabena 707 crash
1961 Australia beat West Indies 2-1 in one of best Test Cricket series ever
1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963 1st US female world figure skating champion (Tenley Albright)
1963 Ken Lynch records "Misery", 1st Lennon-McCartney song by someone else
1964 Beatles' "Meet the Beatles!" album goes #1 & stays #1 for 11 weeks
1964 Bill Bradley scores 51 points for Princeton
1965 Canada replaces the Union Jack flag with the Maple Leaf
1965 John Lennon passes his driving test
1966 Kees Verkerk becomes world champion all-round skater
1967 1st anti-bootleg recording laws enacted
1967 French Diadème 1-D satellite launches into Earth orbit
1967 Longest dream (REM sleep) on record, Bill Carskadon, Chicago (2:23)
1967 D66 (D'66) wins 7 seats in Dutch 2nd Chamber
1968 Anaheim's Les Salvage scores 10, 3-point baskets in ABA game vs Denver
1968 WVUT TV channel 22 in Vincennes IN (PBS) begins broadcasting
1970 Nationalists disrupt UN session on Congo
1970 Ard Schenk becomes world champion all-round skater
1970 Carol Mann wins LPGA Burdine's Golf Invitational
1970 Dominican DC-9 crashes into sea at Santo Domingo, kills 102
1970 KAMU TV channel 15 in College Station TX (PBS) begins broadcasting
1971 After 1200 years Britain abandons 12-shilling system for decimal
1972 Bill Torrey becomes 1st Islander General Manager
1972 Dimitrios Papadopoulos becomes metropolitan of Imbros/Tenedos
1972 President Velasco Ibarra of Ecuador deposed for 4th time
1973 Friendsville Academy (Tennessee) ends 138-game basketball losing streak
1973 USSR launches Prognoz 3 to study sun (589/200,300 km)
1976 12th Winter Olympics games close at Innsbruck, Austria
1976 Joanne Carner wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
1977 Social-democrats win Danish parliamentary election
1978 Escaped mass murderer Ted Bundy recaptured, Pensacola FL
1978 Leon Spinks beats Muhammad Ali in 15 for world heavyweight crown
1978 England all out 64 for 1st loss to New Zealand in cricket (Boycott Captain)
1978 Zaire revises constitution
1979 Paul Shirley (21) of Australia, sucked a lifesaver for 4 hours 40 minutes
1979 Temple City Kazoo Orchestra appears on Mike Douglas Show
1979 21st Grammy Awards Just the Way You Are, Taste of Honey win
1979 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1980 Wayne Gretzky assists on NHL-record-tying 7 goals
1980 Eric Heiden skates Olympics record 500 meter in 38.03 seconds
1981 Rocket-powered ice sled attains 399 kph, Lake George NY
1981 Joanne Carner wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic
1982 Dan Issel (NBA-Nuggets), begins streak of 63 consecutive free throws
1982 Ocean Ranger oil-drilling platform lost off Newfoundland, 84 die
1984 500,000 Iranian soldiers move into Iraq
1985 STS 51-E vehicle moves to launch pad
1985 World chess championship match abandoned-Karpov 25, Kasparov 23
1986 44,180 largest NBA crowd to date-Philadelphia at Detroit
1986 Ferdinand Marcos wins rigged Philippines presidential election
1987 ABC-TV begins broadcasting "Amerika" mini-series
1987 Craig Stadler disqualified from Andy Williams Open for kneeling on a towel to make a shot
1987 Karlstad skates world record 10km (14:03,92)
1987 Nikolai Guljajev becomes world champion skater
1988 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1989 Israel attacks border strip Taba near Egypt
1989 Soviet military occupation of Afghánistán ends
1990 Baseball owners lock out players
1991 Freighter with dynamite explodes in Phang Nga Thailand, 120 die
1991 Troy State sets NCAA Division II record with 103 points in 2nd half routing DeVry Institute 187-117
1992 100th episode of "Cops" airs on the Fox Network
1992 Jeffrey Dahmer found sane & guilty of killing 15 boys
1993 Bombings by Mafia drug lords kill 14 in Bogotá Colombia
1993 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Rochester NY on WNVE 95.1 FM
1994 US asks Aristide to adopt a peace plan from Haiti
1995 Burundi premier Anatole Kanyenkiko, resigns
1995 Dow-Jones closes at record 3986.17
1995 Population of People's Republic of China hits 1.2 billion
1997 US female Figure Skating championship won by Tara Lipinski
1997 US male Figure Skating championship won by Todd Eldridge
1998 Dale Eggeling wins Los Angeles Women's Golf Championship
1998 Daytona 500 race; Dale Earnhardt wins

Note: Some Holidays are only applicable on a given "day of the week"

Massachusetts : Spanish-American War Memorial Day (1898)
US : Battleship Day, Remember the Maine (1898)
US : Presidents' Day (formerly Washington's Birthday)-legal holiday - - - - - ( Monday )

Religious Observances
Christian : Feast of St Georgia (St Georgette)
Orthodox : Meeting of the Lord/Purification of the Virgin
Roman Catholic : Commemoration of Sts Faustinus & Jovita, martyrs
Anglican : Commemoration of Thomas Bray, priest/missionary

Religious History
1386 King Jagiello of Lithuania was baptized into the Christian faith. Lithuania being the last heathen nation in Europe, Jagiello's conversion finalized the Macedonian Vision in Acts 16:9, leading St. Paul to begin taking the Gospel to Europe.
1762 Anglican hymnwriter John Newton wrote in a letter: 'We serve a gracious Master who knows how to overrule even our mistakes to His glory and our own advantage.'
1860 Wheaton College was chartered in Illinois under Methodist sponsorship. (The following year the school passed into Congregational control. Today, Wheaton is non-denominational.)
1930 Death of Franklin L. Sheppard, 78. He served on the editorial committee of the 1911 edition of the Presbyterian Hymnal, but is better remembered for composing the hymn tune TERRA BEATA, to which "This Is My Father's World" is most commonly sung.
1986 Living Bibles International moved to its present headquarters in Naperville, IL. Founded in 1968 by Ken Taylor, editor of the Living Bible, LBI is an interdenominational Bible distributing agency, working in 45 countries.

Thought for the day :
" Misery loves company, but company does not reciprocate. "
22 posted on 02/15/2003 6:10:50 AM PST by Valin (Age and Deceit, beat youth and skill)
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To: 68-69TonkinGulfYatchClub
A message to our soldiers: You have made nearly all the women I know in America feel safer since 9/11. We were all so terribly frightened that day, but knew that our soldiers would protect us and defend us. Because of your sacrifice we are able to fly our flags proudly and sleep soundly at night. You are forever in our hearts and prayers. Thank you is not enough, but I can and will always vote for politicians who will treat you with dignity and respect. May God keep you in the palm of his hand.
23 posted on 02/15/2003 6:23:10 AM PST by Peach
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To: snippy_about_it; radu; Radix; bentfeather; Kathy in Alaska; WVNan; SassyMom; kneezles; MeeknMing; ..

Good morning, Snippy! Good morning, Canteen Crew! Good morning, EVERYBODY!




24 posted on 02/15/2003 6:24:55 AM PST by tomkow6 (..............I hope it's not gonna be one of these dayz)
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To: radu; Radix; bentfeather; Kathy in Alaska; WVNan; SassyMom; kneezles; MeeknMing; SevenofNine; ...

Chicagoland Weather
Current Conditions:
As reported at KORD, O'Hare Arpt.. Last update Sat 15 Feb 2003 6:55 AM CST.

24°F Feels Like: 10°F
UV Index: 0 Minimal
Wind: From the ENE at 20 mph
Humidity: 69%
Visibility: unlimited
Barometer: 30.26 inches and Rising

Today's Forecast Sat 15 Feb 2003 03:46 AM CST
Low 13°F
High 24°F

25 posted on 02/15/2003 6:26:36 AM PST by tomkow6 (..............I hope it's not gonna be one of these dayz)
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To: radu; Radix; bentfeather; Kathy in Alaska; WVNan; SassyMom; kneezles; MeeknMing; SevenofNine; ...
Today's FEEBLE attempt at humor:

A dietitian was once addressing a large audience in Chicago. "The
material we put into our stomachs is enough to have killed most of us
sitting here, years ago.

Red meat is awful. Soft drinks erode your stomach
lining. Chinese food is loaded with MSG. Vegetables
can be disastrous, and none of us realizes the long-term
harm caused by the germs in our drinking water.

But there is one thing that is the most dangerous of
all and we all have, or will, eat it. Can anyone here
tell me what food it is that causes the most grief
and suffering for years after eating it?"

A 75-year-old man in the front row stood up and
said, "Wedding cake."

26 posted on 02/15/2003 6:28:29 AM PST by tomkow6 (..............I hope it's not gonna be one of these dayz)
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To: 68-69TonkinGulfYatchClub; coteblanche
Killed April 18 2002

3rd Battalion Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry

§ Sergeant. Marc Leger

§ Corporal Ainsworth Dyer

§ Private Richard Green

§ Private NathanSmith

Killed Feb 16 2002

§ Sergeant Andrew Russell. Australian SAS Regiment

27 posted on 02/15/2003 6:30:16 AM PST by snippy_about_it ( Pray for our troops!)
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To: 68-69TonkinGulfYatchClub; JohnHuang2
.."IS it SAFE?" = HILLARY on Armed Services Committee..
28 posted on 02/15/2003 6:32:13 AM PST by ALOHA RONNIE ( ..Vet-Battle of IA DRANG-1965 .)
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To: tomkow6
29 posted on 02/15/2003 6:38:36 AM PST by Pippin (Have you hugged a hobbit today?)
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To: tomkow6; *all
Good Morning Tomkow


Canteen Crew!

Have a Great Day!

30 posted on 02/15/2003 6:39:59 AM PST by Soaring Feather
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To: BeforeISleep; MurryMom; Eschoir; CyberAnt; FreeTheHostages; M. Thatcher; holdonnow
Kinda nasty weather here in Richmond, but the MudCave is warm and dry...

"The Commies/PeaceFakers/DemonRATwhore'd Been Targeting America for 40+ Years!!"

1. U.S. acceptance of coexistence as the only alternative to atomic war.
2. U.S. willingness to capitulate in preference to engaging in atomic war.
3. Develop the illusion that total disarmament [by] the United States would be a demonstration of moral strength.
4. Permit free trade between all nations regardless of Communist affiliation and regardless of whether or not items could be used for war.
5. Extension of long-term loans to Russia and Soviet satellites.
6. Provide American aid to all nations regardless of Communist domination.
7. Grant recognition of Red China. Admission of Red China to the U.N.
8. Set up East and West Germany as separate states in spite of Khrushchev's promise in 1955 to settle the German question by free elections under supervision of the U.N.
9. Prolong the conferences to ban atomic tests because the United States has agreed to suspend tests as long as negotiations are in progress.
10. Allow all Soviet satellites individual representation in the U.N.
11. Promote the U.N. as the only hope for mankind. If its charter is rewritten, demand that it be set up as a one-world government with its own independent armed forces. (Some Communist leaders believe the world can be taken over as easily by the U.N. as by Moscow. Sometimes these two centers compete with each other as they are now doing in the Congo.)
12. Resist any attempt to outlaw the Communist Party.
13. Do away with all loyalty oaths.
14. Continue giving Russia access to the U.S. Patent Office.
15. Capture one or both of the political parties in the United States.
[The DemonRATS and the RINOS!!]
16. Use technical decisions of the courts to weaken basic American institutions by claiming their activities violate civil rights.
17. Get control of the schools. Use them as transmission belts for socialism and current Communist propaganda. Soften the curriculum. Get control of teachers' associations. Put the party line in textbooks.
18. Gain control of all student newspapers.
19. Use student riots to foment public protests against programs or organizations which are under Communist attack.
20. Infiltrate the press. Get control of book-review assignments, editorial writing, policymaking positions.
21. Gain control of key positions in radio, TV, and motion pictures.
22. Continue discrediting American culture by degrading all forms of artistic expression. An American Communist cell was told to "eliminate all good sculpture from parks and buildings, substitute shapeless, awkward and meaningless forms."
23. Control art critics and directors of art museums. "Our plan is to promote ugliness, repulsive, meaningless art."
24. Eliminate all laws governing obscenity by calling them "censorship" and a violation of free speech and free press.
25. Break down cultural standards of morality by promoting pornography and obscenity in books, magazines, motion pictures, radio, and TV.
26. Present homosexuality, degeneracy and promiscuity as "normal, natural, healthy."
27. Infiltrate the churches and replace revealed religion with "social" religion. Discredit the Bible and emphasize the need for intellectual maturity which does not need a "religious crutch."
28. Eliminate prayer or any phase of religious expression in the schools on the ground that it violates the principle of "separation of church and state."
29. Discredit the American Constitution by calling it inadequate, old-fashioned, out of step with modern needs, a hindrance to cooperation between nations on a worldwide basis.
30. Discredit the American Founding Fathers. Present them as selfish aristocrats who had no concern for the "common man."
31. Belittle all forms of American culture and discourage the teaching of American history on the ground that it was only a minor part of the "big picture." Give more emphasis to Russian history since the Communists took over.
32. Support any socialist movement to give centralized control over any part of the culture--education, social agencies, welfare programs, mental health clinics, etc.
33. Eliminate all laws or procedures which interfere with the operation of the Communist apparatus.
34. Eliminate the House Committee on Un-American Activities.

FWIW...perhaps America needs to RE-ESTABLISH the House Committee on Un-American Activities!!

35. Discredit and eventually dismantle the FBI.
36. Infiltrate and gain control of more unions.
37. Infiltrate and gain control of big business.
38. Transfer some of the powers of arrest from the police to social agencies. Treat all behavioral problems as psychiatric disorders which no one but psychiatrists can understand [or treat].
39. Dominate the psychiatric profession and use mental health laws as a means of gaining coercive control over those who oppose Communist goals.
40. Discredit the family as an institution. Encourage promiscuity and easy divorce.
41. Emphasize the need to raise children away from the negative influence of parents. Attribute prejudices, mental blocks and retarding of children to suppressive influence of parents.
42. Create the impression that violence and insurrection are legitimate aspects of the American tradition; that students and special-interest groups should rise up and use ["]united force["] to solve economic, political or social problems.
43. Overthrow all colonial governments before native populations are ready for self-government.
44. Internationalize the Panama Canal.
45. Repeal the Connally reservation so the United States cannot prevent the World Court from seizing jurisdiction [over domestic problems. Give the World Court jurisdiction] over nations and individuals alike."

The Commie DemonRATS have accomplished much of their Agenda but America is striking back now...MUD

31 posted on 02/15/2003 6:41:24 AM PST by Mudboy Slim (Git the US Outta the UN...and Git the UN Outta the US!!!)
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Comment #32 Removed by Moderator

To: snippy_about_it
Thank you for the lovely tribute to our fallen heros.
33 posted on 02/15/2003 6:48:57 AM PST by Iowa Granny (Be kind to your children,,,,, they will select your nursing home)
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To: coteblanche; Trikebuilder
Thank you.
34 posted on 02/15/2003 6:50:49 AM PST by snippy_about_it ( Pray for our troops!)
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To: bentfeather

35 posted on 02/15/2003 6:52:20 AM PST by snippy_about_it ( Pray for our troops!)
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To: Mudboy Slim
The Commie DemonRATS have accomplished much of their Agenda but America is striking back now...MUD

accurate list you've got there....Hope that America is strong and accurate in her strike....commies having had a long time to dig in and hide....

Best Wishes,
36 posted on 02/15/2003 6:52:45 AM PST by firewalk
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To: snippy_about_it
That's a beautiful graphic Snippy!
37 posted on 02/15/2003 6:58:40 AM PST by Soaring Feather
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To: snippy_about_it
Thank you for the chance to participate in such great project.

Raise a glass in honor of the honored dead.

"To victory"!

38 posted on 02/15/2003 7:00:26 AM PST by Luis Gonzalez (The Ever So Humble Banana Republican)
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To: Luis Gonzalez

39 posted on 02/15/2003 7:03:10 AM PST by snippy_about_it ( Pray for our troops!)
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To: BeforeISleep
I'm 100% Confident in America's ability to SMITE the Wicked!!

Just Keep Fighting the Good Fight and Victory fer the Righteous is INEVITABLE!!!


40 posted on 02/15/2003 7:11:04 AM PST by Mudboy Slim (Git the US Outta the UN...and Git the UN Outta the US!!!)
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