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Facts on Who Benefits From Keeping Saddam Hussein In Power
Heritage Foundation | February 28, 2003 | Heritage Foundation

Posted on 03/27/2003 12:55:46 PM PST by Bob J

France

a. According to the CIA World Factbook, France controls over 22.5 percent of Iraq's imports.[1] French total trade with Iraq under the oil-for-food program is the third largest, totaling $3.1 billion since 1996, according to the United Nations.[2] In 2001 France became Iraq's largest European trading partner.

b. Roughly 60 French companies do an estimated $1.5 billion in trade with Baghdad annually under the UN oil-for-food program.

c. France's largest oil company, Total Fina Elf, has negotiated a deal to develop the Majnoon field in western Iraq. The Majnoon field purportedly contains up to 30 billion barrels of oil.

d. Total Fina Elf also negotiated a deal for future oil exploration in Iraq's Nahr Umar field. Both the Majnoon and Nahr Umar fields are estimated to contain as much as 25 percent of the country's reserves.

e. France's Alcatel company, a major telecom firm, is negotiating a $76 million contract to rehabilitate Iraq's telephone system.

f. From 1981 to 2001, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), France was responsible for over 13 percent of Iraq's arms imports.

Germany

a. Direct trade between Germany and Iraq amounts to about $350 million annually, and another $1 billion is reportedly sold through third parties.

b. It has recently been reported that Saddam Hussein has ordered Iraqi domestic businesses to show preference to German companies as a reward for Germany's "firm positive stand in rejecting the launching of a military attack against Iraq." It was also reported that over 101 German companies were present at the Baghdad Annual exposition.

c. During the 35th Annual Baghdad International Fair in November 2002, a German company signed a contract for $80 million for 5,000 cars and spare parts.

d. In 2002, DaimlerChrysler was awarded over $13 million in contracts for German trucks and spare parts.

e. German officials are investigating a German corporation accused of illegally channeling weapons to Iraq via Jordan. The equipment in question is used for boring the barrels of large cannons and is allegedly intended for Saddam Hussein's Al Fao Supercannon project.

Russia

a. According to the CIA World Factbook, Russia controls roughly 5.8 percent of Iraq's annual imports. Under the UN oil-for-food program, Russia's total trade with Iraq was somewhere between $530 million and $1 billion for the six months ending in December of 2001.

b. According to the Russian Ambassador to Iraq, Vladimir Titorenko, new contracts worth another $200 million under the UN oil-for-food program are to be signed over the next three months.

c. Soviet-era debt of $7 billion through $8 billion was generated by arms sales to Iraq during the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war.

d. Russia's LUKoil negotiated a $4 billion, 23-year contract in 1997 to rehabilitate the 15 billion-barrel West Qurna field in southern Iraq. Work on the oil field was expected to commence upon cancellation of UN sanctions on Iraq. The deal is currently on hold.

e. In October 2001, Salvneft, a Russian-Belarus company, negotiated a $52 million service contract to drill at the Tuba field in Southern Iraq.

f. In April 2001, Russia's Zaruezhneft Company received a service contract to drill in the Saddam, Kirkuk, and Bai Hassan fields to rehabilitate the fields and reduce water incursion.

g. A future $40 billion Iraqi-Russian economic agreement, reportedly signed in 2002, would allow for extensive oil exploration opportunities throughout western Iraq. The proposal calls for 67 new projects, over a 10-year time frame, to explore and further develop fields in southern Iraq and the Western Desert, including the Suba, Luhais, West Qurna, and Rumaila projects. Additional projects added to the deal include second-phase construction of a pipeline running from southern to northern Iraq, and extensive drilling and gas projects. Work on these projects would commence upon cancellation of sanctions.

h. Russia's Gazprom company over the past few years has signed contracts worth $18 million to repair gas stations in Iraq.

i. The former Soviet Union was the premier supplier of Iraqi arms. From 1981 to 2001, Russia supplied Iraq with 50 percent of its arms.

China

a. According to the CIA World Factbook, China controls roughly 5.8 percent of Iraq's annual imports.

b. China National Oil Company, partnered with China North Industries Corp., negotiated a 22-year-long deal for future oil exploration in the Al Ahdab field in southern Iraq.

c. In recent years, the Chinese Aero-Technology Import-Export Company (CATIC) has been contracted to sell "meteorological satellite" and "surface observation" equipment to Iraq. This contract was approved by the UN oil-for-food program.

d. CATIC also won approval from the UN in July 2000 to sell $2 million worth of fiber optic cables. This and similar contracts approved were disguised as telecommunications gear. These cables can be used for secure data and communications links between national command and control centers and long-range search radar, targeting radar, and missile-launch units, according to U.S. officials. In addition, China National Electric Wire & Cable and China National Technical Import Telecommunications Equipment Company are believed to have sold Iraq $6 million and $15.5 million worth of communications equipment and other unspecified supplies, respectively.

e. According to a report from SIPRI, from 1981 to 2001, China was the second largest supplier of weapons and arms to Iraq, supplying over 18 percent of Iraq's weapons imports.


TOPICS: Foreign Affairs; Front Page News; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: china; france; germany; iraqifreedom; mdm; russia
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This has been posted before, but it can't be posted enough.
1 posted on 03/27/2003 12:55:47 PM PST by Bob J
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To: Bob J
You left off the UN. They received over $500mil last year for administering (some 4000 employees) the oil for food program according to a CNN report last night.
2 posted on 03/27/2003 12:59:25 PM PST by The_Victor
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To: Bob J
Not only who benefits...but who actually HAS KEPT THAT AHOLE IN POWER ALL THIS TIME
AND KEPT US FROM TAKING HIM OUT

And the number one beneficiary......the UNITED NATIONS.....and Kaffi Anan
the UN is a terror sponser...

Since we declared a war on terror and ALL who support terrorists....
arent France, Germany, Russia, China and the UN on our list of next targets?
3 posted on 03/27/2003 1:02:11 PM PST by joesnuffy
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To: Bob J
French total trade with Iraq under the oil-for-food program is the third largest, totaling $3.1 billion since 1996, according to the United Nations.

Someone please tell me why President Bush chose to reinitiate the oil-for-food programme Under the UN. I have a hard time believing Blair needs it that badly.

4 posted on 03/27/2003 1:08:24 PM PST by Carry_Okie (Because there are people in power who are truly evil.)
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To: Bob J
Thanks, I have bookmarked it.


5 posted on 03/27/2003 1:09:18 PM PST by Grampa Dave ("Those who are kind to the cruel end up being cruel to the kind!")
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To: Bob J
If we make Saddam a hero in the Arab world, he may win the election in the New Iraq.

It would be kind of like what goes on in DC.
6 posted on 03/27/2003 1:11:03 PM PST by Fulbright
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To: Bob J
Man, I am just totally shocked and awed! I cannot believe this. Before I read this, I was sure it was more like Paraguay, Lithuania, Mozambique and Liechtenstein. I am just shocked!
7 posted on 03/27/2003 1:12:30 PM PST by RetiredArmy
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To: joesnuffy
I think if USA declare war to just Russia and China, it will be USA end. It will be quick nuclear war.

8 posted on 03/27/2003 1:13:17 PM PST by Russian_Vanya
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To: The_Victor
And that $500M is off the top, (i.e., profit, probably untaxed), while the other numbers are sales, not profits.
9 posted on 03/27/2003 1:20:41 PM PST by expatpat
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To: Warrior Nurse; W04Man; Mudboy Slim; nutmeg
ping
10 posted on 03/27/2003 1:22:54 PM PST by FreeTheHostages (Remember the 507th www.freerepublic.com/focus/news/875918/posts)
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To: Bob J
PING!
11 posted on 03/27/2003 1:26:50 PM PST by jmstein7
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To: Bob J
Here are the latest numbers as a percent of total imports:

France 22.5%, Australia 22%, China 5.8%, Russia 5.8% (2000)

Notice the absence of Autralia in the article and the absence of Germany on the list. I don't mind cites to support hypothesis but by the authors inference the afore unmentioned Australia is part of the problem and not the solution.

A point of argument yes, but also flawed inductive reasoning if taken to a conclusion certain.

12 posted on 03/27/2003 1:27:06 PM PST by Amerigomag
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Comment #13 Removed by Moderator

To: Bob J
Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money! Follow the money!
14 posted on 03/27/2003 1:29:38 PM PST by dfwgator
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To: Russian_Vanya
I think if USA declare war to just Russia and China, it will be USA end. It will be quick nuclear war.

Don't count on it. BTW, welcome to FR. Now please crawl back into your hole. (Russian_Vanya signed up 2003-03-27.)

15 posted on 03/27/2003 1:30:14 PM PST by fivecatsandadog (fur, cryin' out loud...)
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To: Amerigomag
And where is the US on that list? I know we're a big buyer in the food-for-oil program...
16 posted on 03/27/2003 1:31:24 PM PST by m1911
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To: The_Victor
Who paid the 500m?
17 posted on 03/27/2003 1:34:18 PM PST by Bob J
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To: Bob J
So now we know what the Frogs, Krauts, and Russians get out of it. Still the big question: What does the Pope get out of it?
18 posted on 03/27/2003 1:34:50 PM PST by merak
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To: Bob J
I have read this before, but the question that I want answered is what would the loss of these contracts mean to the economy of both France and Germany?
19 posted on 03/27/2003 1:35:49 PM PST by Eva
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To: Carry_Okie
Bush wants to use the Iraqi oil to pay for the humanitarian assistance. Once the war is over, the trade ban will be lifted, so who cares?
20 posted on 03/27/2003 1:36:35 PM PST by Bob J
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To: Russian_Vanya
It will be Russia and China (and the rest of the world, for that matter) end as well.
21 posted on 03/27/2003 1:39:05 PM PST by bassmaner (Let's take back the word "liberal" from the commies!!)
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To: m1911
And where is the US on that list

It's an import list.

22 posted on 03/27/2003 1:41:07 PM PST by Amerigomag
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To: Amerigomag
Part of the problem? I think you missed the entire thrust of the article. It isn't about trade it's about who's ox is going to get gored and why these countries act as they do.

France, Germany, Russia and China are protecting their financial interests, thus, their attempts to derail any military action. Their statements about protecting the Iraqi people are a smokescreen for the almighty Franc, Mark, Ruble and whatever.

Looking at the numbers, it appears Germany is right up there with the other weasels, but maybe they weren't ranked because, as the article points out, much of their trade is through third parties and harder to track.

Even though Australia seems to do significant trade with Iraq, it's military is assisting in the war, so by all measure, their position is more noble as they will lose it all if somewhow Saddam stays in power.
23 posted on 03/27/2003 1:43:46 PM PST by Bob J
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To: Bob J
2.2% of the proceeds of the oil for food program go to the UN, so I guess anyone who buys the oil pays the UN.
24 posted on 03/27/2003 1:44:08 PM PST by The_Victor
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To: joesnuffy
I believe Russian Generals and Military are running this war and not Saddam since he is dead as a door nail!
25 posted on 03/27/2003 1:48:56 PM PST by TLBSHOW
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To: Carry_Okie
That is a question that needs a real answer!
26 posted on 03/27/2003 1:50:20 PM PST by TLBSHOW
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To: The_Victor
Who pays the premium? Seller or buyer?
27 posted on 03/27/2003 1:51:50 PM PST by Bob J
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To: Amerigomag
So Iraq's only US import is hard currency. :)
28 posted on 03/27/2003 1:58:17 PM PST by m1911
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To: Bob J
To the best of my understanding, oil from Iraq is sold on the open market, with the procedes of the sale going into an account administered by the UN. The UN then buys food with funds drawn from that account, and sends the food to Iraq. The UN skims 2.2% of the account to cover administrative costs. I guess that means Iraq pays the premium in the reduced amount of food received. The point CNN surprisingly made last night was that the UN has a vested (perhaps conflicted) interest in keeping Saddam in power, because if the food for oil program is eliminated, the UN is out hundreds of mils of $ per year.
29 posted on 03/27/2003 2:00:51 PM PST by The_Victor
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To: The_Victor
Oops

I said: if the food for oil program is eliminated

In the immortal words of Willie Wonka: "Strike that... turn it around."

30 posted on 03/27/2003 2:03:39 PM PST by The_Victor
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To: Bob J
Once the war is over, the trade ban will be lifted, so who cares?

Me.

I want coalition partners paid for administering the program. I don't want the UN to siphon off a cut. I don't want France and Germany using the UN to get in on the goodies.

Now, once again, why did President Bush choose to reinitiate the oil-for-food programme under the UN?

31 posted on 03/27/2003 2:07:21 PM PST by Carry_Okie (Because there are people in power who are truly evil.)
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To: The_Victor
Only if their royalty is not used up in adminstrative expenses for the program.
32 posted on 03/27/2003 2:08:01 PM PST by Bob J
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To: Russian_Vanya
Nobody has talked about declaring war on Russia or China. As corrupt as both of those countries are. They will simply be left out of the rebuilt Iraq.
33 posted on 03/27/2003 2:09:55 PM PST by BJClinton (Except for ending Slavery, Fascism, Nazism and Communism war has never solved anything.)
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To: Carry_Okie
Now, once again, why did President Bush choose to reinitiate the oil-for-food programme under the UN?


BLAIR?
34 posted on 03/27/2003 2:10:23 PM PST by TLBSHOW
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To: Carry_Okie
Because that is the only mechanism currently in place to turn Iragi oil profits into humanitarian assistance from other counties and offset the US burden...during the war.

As I said, once the war is over (30 days?) the first thing Bush will do is ask that the UN lift it's embargo. At that point, the Oil for Food program goes bye bye. The US will be in charge, all previous contracts will be null and void, and France, Germany and Russia can go cry in their milk.

So I ask again, who cares?
35 posted on 03/27/2003 2:12:45 PM PST by Bob J
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To: Bob J
This has been posted before, but it is still "breaking news." Give me a break.
36 posted on 03/27/2003 2:13:29 PM PST by xm177e2 (Stalinists, Maoists, Ba'athists, Pacifists: Why are they always on the same side?)
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To: Russian_Vanya
"I think if USA declare war to just Russia and China, it will be USA end. It will be quick nuclear war."

Welcome comrade newbie. If it came down to that, Russia and China would cease to exist.

37 posted on 03/27/2003 2:13:39 PM PST by bribriagain
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To: Russian_Vanya
Most would seriously doubt the US plans any kind of war, nuclear or other, with Russia and China. Sorry to burst your bubble...

However, if you desire experiencing a regime change firsthand, I suggest moving to Iran.
38 posted on 03/27/2003 2:15:41 PM PST by Bob J
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To: xm177e2
Alright, you have 10 minutes.
39 posted on 03/27/2003 2:16:43 PM PST by Bob J
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To: Russian_Vanya
Nyet!

You guys don't have the ability to stop one coming at you.
40 posted on 03/27/2003 2:17:09 PM PST by mabelkitty
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To: m1911
Under Clinton/Gore, it was huge.

Wonder where that money went.
41 posted on 03/27/2003 2:18:02 PM PST by mabelkitty
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To: xm177e2
On a serious note, with all the rallies going on, this information could be valuable to organizers and media representatives.
42 posted on 03/27/2003 2:18:11 PM PST by Bob J
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To: fivecatsandadog
Russian_Vanya signed up 2003-03-27.

Nice to know we've got someone's attention.
43 posted on 03/27/2003 2:18:25 PM PST by Darksheare (Nox aeternus en pax.)
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To: Bob J
. France's largest oil company, Total Fina Elf:

The Family of the Canadian Prime Minister is one of the biggest share holders in this Company
44 posted on 03/27/2003 2:19:27 PM PST by CanadaRob
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To: The_Victor
Oil for food my a$$.

Look at the Shi-ites. Tell me when was the last time they ate? They subsist on one cup of broth a day, I'm sure.

Why is leukemia so high among Iraqi children? What did the UN do about it?

Shame on UN!! Shame, Shame, Shame!!
45 posted on 03/27/2003 2:20:23 PM PST by mabelkitty
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To: Russian_Vanya
tebya ne ebut, ti ne podmakhivai
46 posted on 03/27/2003 2:20:53 PM PST by Darksheare (Nox aeternus en pax.)
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To: CanadaRob
I didn't know that...
47 posted on 03/27/2003 2:21:54 PM PST by Bob J
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To: Bob J
And who will be in the "Catbird Seat" when Iraq is "freed"?
48 posted on 03/27/2003 2:22:34 PM PST by iconoclast
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To: Bob J
Looking ahead toward the future, there is indeed a very important role for the United Nations in the humanitarian efforts and the reconstruction efforts that lie ahead. That is, indeed, important.



Q Ari,

snip

so what role the United Nations will play in this war?

MR. FLEISCHER: Okay, it's not my role to speak for the other nations in the region, Muslim or otherwise. They are sovereign; they speak for themselves. In terms of the role of the United Nations, I think that's an issue that's broken into two parts. Regrettably, the United States was not able to enforce its resolutions requiring Saddam Hussein to disarm. And as a result of the importance of the United Nations and the importance of the resolutions they passed calling for disarmament, force has been used to make certain that those resolutions are meaningful.

The President is disappointed that the United Nations Security Council failed to act to keep the peace.





The United Nations has fulfilled that role in all corners around the world with ability in the past, and the President will look to them to do that again in the future. http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030320-3.html#20

49 posted on 03/27/2003 2:22:58 PM PST by TLBSHOW
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To: Darksheare
"tebya ne ebut, ti ne podmakhivai"

I couldn't have said it better. That said, I have no idea what you said.

50 posted on 03/27/2003 2:23:28 PM PST by bribriagain
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