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Ukrainians want pro-Stalin writer stripped of Pulitzer
The Observer ^ | May 4, 2003 | Askold Krushelnycky

Posted on 05/03/2003 7:04:07 PM PDT by MadIvan

Drug addict, sexual predator on both sexes and apologist for Stalin, British reporter Walter Duranty still managed to win America's most coveted award for journalism, the Pulitzer prize, for his coverage of Soviet life in the Thirties.

Now a campaign has been launched to strip him posthumously of the award by Ukrainians, who insist that Duranty, who was born in Britain and worked for the New York Times, helped Stalin to cover up an extermination campaign that claimed millions of lives, mostly in Ukraine.

Ukrainian politicians and academics and Ukrainian communities in Britain, Canada, the US and Australia have started to bombard the Pulitzer offices with postcards demanding that the award be revoked. The campaign was timed to begin this month because it is the seventieth anniversary of the high point of an artificial famine engineered by Stalin's regime which, by some accounts, cost more than 10 million lives.

The famine was part of a war against peasant farmers, loathed by Stalin because they were hostile to communism. Stalin also regarded the Ukrainian peasantry as the cradle for nationalist tendencies aimed at breaking Ukraine away from the Soviet Union.

In 1932 and 1933 Stalin imposed crippling demands on peasants for grain and other foodstuffs, which were extracted by brute force and executions. By the spring of 1933, people in Ukraine were reduced to eating grass, tree bark, earthworms and anything else they could find. There were hundreds of cases of cannibalism in a country with some of the world's most fertile farmland, and at its climax an estimated 25,000 people were starving to death each day.

Duranty was a correspondent in Moscow while the famine raged and he knew it was happening. He not only turned a blind eye, but vilified the few Western journalists who did report on it, branding their dispatches as anti-Soviet lies.

Born in Britain in 1884 into a well-to-do family, he studied languages at Cambridge. In the Twenties he lived in Paris, where he developed an opium habit and took part in drunken orgies with both men and women.

During his time in Paris he married and began writing reports for the New York Times. His clever and well-crafted articles won him a job as the newspaper's Moscow correspondent. There is no evidence that Duranty particularly sympathised with communism, but he wrote glowing reports about the Soviet Union because he wanted to gain access to top officials.

He succeeded in doing that spectacularly by securing the first interview for an American newspaper with Stalin himself, who Duranty described as 'the greatest living statesman'. He became the Soviet regime's favourite correspondent, always presenting the Soviet Union in a positive light, and in 1932 he won the Pulitzer prize for a series of articles about the Soviet economy.

When stories about the famine began to surface in Moscow, Duranty dismissed them as 'exaggerated or malignant propaganda', and in one report employed the phrase 'you can't make an omelette without breaking eggs'. However, British Foreign Office documents show that Duranty confided to a diplomat at the British Embassy in Moscow that he believed around 10 million people had perished.

Malcolm Muggeridge, then the Manchester Guardian 's Moscow correspondent, travelled secretly and at great risk to Ukraine. He was appalled at the scenes of mass starvation and heaps of dead bodies that he witnessed and described them in his reports. Duranty attacked Muggeridge and debunked his reports. Duranty was 'the greatest liar of any journalist I have ever met', retorted Muggeridge.

Historian Robert Conquest told The Observer that Duranty played an important role in covering up the famine and 'he should be exposed again and again and again'. Conquest believes the Soviet secret police may have been blackmailing Duranty over his sexual behaviour.

Sig Gissler of the Pulitzer Board said that the prize was given for a story unconnected with the famine. The Pulitzer board has only once before revoked a prize, when in 1981 Washington Post reporter Janet Cooke's story about an eight-year-old ghetto boy she claimed was already a heroin addict turned out to be a fabrication.


TOPICS: Crime/Corruption; Culture/Society; Extended News; Foreign Affairs; News/Current Events; US: New York; United Kingdom
KEYWORDS: duranty; famine; pulitzer; stalin; ukraine; ussr; walterduranty
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He should be stripped. However this is informative about the "great reporting tradition" down at the New York Times. Shocking that this is in the Observer.

Regards, Ivan


1 posted on 05/03/2003 7:04:08 PM PDT by MadIvan
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To: alnick; knews_hound; faithincowboys; hillary's_fat_a**; redbaiter; MizSterious; Krodg; ...
Bump!
2 posted on 05/03/2003 7:04:26 PM PDT by MadIvan
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To: MadIvan
bttt
3 posted on 05/03/2003 7:05:51 PM PDT by BenLurkin (Socialism is slavery.)
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To: MadIvan
The New York Times won't back this. If they did- it would unleash a torrent of other reporters who were in the pay or service of the Soviet Regime.
4 posted on 05/03/2003 7:06:30 PM PDT by Burkeman1 (B)
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To: MadIvan
"When stories about the famine began to surface in Moscow, Duranty dismissed them as 'exaggerated or malignant propaganda', and in one report employed the phrase 'you can't make an omelette without breaking eggs'. However, British Foreign Office documents show that Duranty confided to a diplomat at the British Embassy in Moscow that he believed around 10 million people had perished. "

Nothing's changed at the Grey Lady since the 1930's, I see.
5 posted on 05/03/2003 7:07:18 PM PDT by annyokie (If you have to be one, be a Big Red One.)
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To: MadIvan
The New York Times used to run a full-page ad every year celebrating all the Pulitzer Prizes they had won. Walter Duranty was their first reporter to win the prize, so each year he appeared at the head of the list.

I haven't subscribed to the Times for some time now, so I don't know if they still include Duranty in this annual ad. But they did for many years, long after it was known that he was instrumental in covering up one of Stalin's worst atrocities.
6 posted on 05/03/2003 7:39:34 PM PDT by Cicero (Marcus Tullius)
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To: annyokie

The New York Times has always been consistent in one area: its editors never let the facts get in the way of a good story. Also, the Times editors will print anything that they believe will earn a Pulitzer Prize. I am a retired newspaper reporter who made it a policy to never enter writing contests because of a long-held conviction that they are always rigged. By the way, I read Robert Conquest's wonderful book, "Harvest of Sorrow", which exposes Duranty's lies.
7 posted on 05/03/2003 7:42:39 PM PDT by daddypatriot
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To: MadIvan
Wonderful news!

Never stop fighting those lying commie b*stards!
8 posted on 05/03/2003 8:02:39 PM PDT by headsonpikes
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To: MadIvan
Isn't he credited with the phrase, following an initial visit to the USSR, "I have seen the future, and it works"?
9 posted on 05/03/2003 8:06:47 PM PDT by gcruse (Piety is only skin deep, but hypocrisy goes clear to the soul.)
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To: MadIvan
"Born in Britain in 1884 into a well-to-do family, he studied languages at Cambridge. In the Twenties he lived in Paris, where he developed an opium habit and took part in drunken orgies with both men and women."

Bung piracy is a long standing tradition at the NY Slimes, it's a Yale/Cambridge/Oxfag sort of thing, dontcha know. Makes their hirelings very malleable in the hands of the Russkies and other such thugs. But this curious propensity among many of the NY Slimesmen has had some very real and unfortunate effects, over the years. To put it most succinctly, thank the Lord for the internet.

10 posted on 05/03/2003 8:07:56 PM PDT by Bedford Forrest (Roger, Contact, Judy, Out. Fox One. Splash one.)
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To: MadIvan
MEGA-BUMP

My heart-felt thanks to the justice-starved Ukrainians. This has upset me for years.

It is time to once and for all utterly crush the evil New York Times.

11 posted on 05/03/2003 8:11:47 PM PDT by friendly
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To: MadIvan
By the way, Duranty is very much alive today.

You can find him in the CNN, AP, Reuters and NY Times offices in Havana.

And, before the recent unpleasantness, also lounging in Bagdad, sipping their drinks in luxurious surroundings.

12 posted on 05/03/2003 8:17:11 PM PDT by friendly
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To: MadIvan
"The famine was part of a war against peasant farmers, loathed by Stalin because they were hostile to communism."

But, but how could farmers hate communism, the worker's paradise?
13 posted on 05/03/2003 8:21:02 PM PDT by pragmatic_asian
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To: MadIvan
For over 7 decades, Drug addicts, sexual predators on both sexes and apologists for Stalin, Castro, Mao, Saddomite, Assad and the murdering mullahs of Iran have controlled what has been printed in the NY Slimes.

For over 7 decades, the NY Slimes's Drug addicts, sexual predators on both sexes and apologists for Stalin, Castro, Mao, Saddomite, Assad and the murdering mullahs of Iran, have resulted in the mass murder, rape and imprisonment of millions of innocents.
14 posted on 05/03/2003 8:33:21 PM PDT by Grampa Dave (Being a Monthly Donor to Free Republic is the Right Thing to do!)
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To: pragmatic_asian
They just hated successful farmers, the ones that were smart enough or worked hard enough to own a horse or cow, or to build their own house. Known as Kurkuls or kulaks these were driven off their lands into captivity or starved to force the others into the communal farming system.
In Ukraine, this was done to destroy any vestige of Ukranian nationalism.
Along with grain confiscation , the peasants were left with nothing to eat and nothing to plant in the spring after starving all winter.
Red Brigades made up of dedicated Komsomol members confiscated foodstuffs,animals, or any family savings often
leading to death by starvation, or cannibilism.
The hatred of the Communists was such that they even killed
the song birds in the area so the Ukrainians would not know
that spring had arrived.
Duranty knew all about this.
15 posted on 05/03/2003 8:56:19 PM PDT by tet68 (Jeremiah 51:24 ..."..Before your eyes I will repay Babylon for all the wrong they have done in Zion")
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To: gcruse
Isn't he credited with the phrase, following an initial visit to the USSR, "I have seen the future, and it works"?

That was John Reed.

16 posted on 05/03/2003 9:03:53 PM PDT by dighton (Amen-Corner Hatchet Team, Nasty Little Clique, Vulgar Horde)
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To: tet68
If they'd had guns, it would have been different. Live free or die.
17 posted on 05/03/2003 9:10:57 PM PDT by henderson field
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To: dighton
Doink. Ok. Now I 'member.
18 posted on 05/03/2003 9:12:29 PM PDT by gcruse (Piety is only skin deep, but hypocrisy goes clear to the soul.)
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To: MadIvan
After Duranty, let's revisit the sleazy Herbert L. Matthews, whose New York Slimes stories were shameless public relations for Fidel Castro.
19 posted on 05/03/2003 9:36:53 PM PDT by T'wit
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To: friendly
Good point...the fellow travellers.
20 posted on 05/03/2003 10:09:30 PM PDT by MEG33
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To: MadIvan
I'm not sure what I hate more!

Communists, or neo-Communists who try to score points by bombarding postcards on the dead. It's a whole load of bullshit if you ask me.

Match those people writing postcards better, if they stood up for something modern, and real! You can bet your bottom dollar for every professor sending off a postcard, is also a fricken' Democrat!
21 posted on 05/03/2003 10:46:31 PM PDT by Happygal
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To: Happygal; MadIvan
BTW..the reason I say that, is because, only people so consumed in themselves even give a shit about a Pulitzer prize winner of seven decades ago. I don't know who won the Pulitzer prize last year, and I sure as hell am not going to care if I don't know tomorrow.

Heads up their own arsehole academics don't do it for me. Sorry.
22 posted on 05/03/2003 10:49:34 PM PDT by Happygal
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To: T'wit
After Duranty, let's revisit the sleazy Herbert L. Matthews, whose New York Slimes stories were shameless public relations for Fidel Castro.

[Castro] has strong ideas of liberty, democracy, social justice, the need to restore the Constitution, to hold elections." — Herbert L. Matthews New York Times, Feb. 24, 1957

"Señor Castro’s men, the student leaders who are on the run from the police, the people who are bombing and sabotaging every day, are fighting blindly, rashly, perhaps foolishly. But they are giving their lives for an ideal and for their hopes of a clean, democratic Cuba.... "Communism has little to do with the opposition to the [Batista] regime.... [T]here is no communism to speak of in Fidel Castro’s 26th of July Movement...." — Herbert L. Matthews New York Times, Feb. 25, 1957

23 posted on 05/03/2003 10:50:35 PM PDT by friendly
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To: MEG33
The modern Durantys include the evil NY Times and CNN, both guilty of deception and murder.
24 posted on 05/03/2003 10:52:31 PM PDT by friendly
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To: friendly
I think America is waking up to biased viewpoints coming out of our media. I gag on the Castro quotes.
25 posted on 05/03/2003 11:13:56 PM PDT by MEG33
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To: MEG33
bttt
26 posted on 05/03/2003 11:16:33 PM PDT by friendly
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To: MadIvan
Thanks, Mad Ivan, for posting this. Duranty should be stripped of all awards, and his name relegated to the ranks of folks like Quisling and the other disgusting reprobates in the garbage heap of history. It would be foolish, however, to let the Sulzberger family (owners of the NY Times) off the hook on this one. There is no way they could not have known what was going on given the number of reports leaking out from the Socialist Paradise. The Sulzbergers, through their action in hiring Duranty (and others like him) and standing in support of his abominable record, are the exact moral equivalent of those who deny the holocaust.
27 posted on 05/03/2003 11:27:17 PM PDT by Bogolyubski
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To: Bogolyubski
Didn't Friedman from the Times (who got all his Iraqi war predictions wrong) also win the Pulitzer? Why are people surprised? It seems the Pulitzer has gone the way of the Nobel Peace Prize: to people that represent the antithesis of the original award!
28 posted on 05/03/2003 11:38:38 PM PDT by winner3000
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To: Bogolyubski
New York Times ethics bump.
29 posted on 05/04/2003 9:09:29 AM PDT by headsonpikes
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To: MadIvan; dix; WaterDragon; Cicero; daddypatriot; gcruse; Bedford Forrest; friendly; ...
Considering the events at the New York Times these last few days, now might be a good time to ratchet-up the move to strip Duranty of his and the paper's Pulitzer Prize.

The full text of Duranty's notorious March 31st 1933 dispatch is here:

RUSSIANS HUNGRY, BUT NOT STARVING

Duranty's piece was not only a cover up, it was a hatch job on the first reporter to tell the truth--Gareth Jones. A former aide to Lloyd George, Jones "The Welsh Investigative Journalist" was only 28 when he reported from Moscow. He was killed two years later by bandits while reporting from China. His account of the genocide in the Ukraine:

Manchester Guardian March 31st 1933
FAMINE IN RUSSIA

Notice how quickly Duranty was able to respond. Jones filed his report on March 29th from Berlin. The New York Times was able to print a rebuttal from Duranty on the same day the Guardian printed the expose of the famine.

Malcolm Muggeridge was also reporting from Moscow at the time. Full text:

The Morning Post. 7th June 1933
RUSSIA REVEALED
III. Terror of the G.P.U.

30 posted on 05/13/2003 9:48:23 AM PDT by DPB101
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To: DPB101
Bumping for truth re the liars of the NY Slimes for decades.
31 posted on 05/13/2003 9:55:00 AM PDT by Grampa Dave
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To: DPB101
Remove the liar's award.
32 posted on 05/13/2003 9:57:16 AM PDT by friendly
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To: DPB101
Thank you for the wonderful links.

This story has always deserved MUCH more publicity; maybe the Time is ripe.

;^)
33 posted on 05/13/2003 10:25:25 AM PDT by headsonpikes
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To: headsonpikes; Liz; BOBTHENAILER; NormsRevenge; WarSlut; liberalnot; Just mythoughts; onyx; ...
Isn't the Gareth Jones website terrific? I'm disappointed in myself that I had never heard of him until yesterday. Sent the links out to five or six people who are, interested in the history of communism. They never heard of him either. Jones was a brave Welshman indeed.

Pushing on the Duranty issue might be a good way to keep the Blair story alive. Now that the New York Times is on the ropes, it is time to kick them in the groin.

Harold Denny was another Times reporter who covered for Stalin. The only quote from him I can find comes from this left wing site which claims Duranty was a credible source and cites Denny to deny genocide in the Ukraine. Denny wrote:

`Your correspondent was in Kiev for several days last July about the time people were supposed to be dying there, and neither in the city, nor in the surrounding countryside was there hunger . . .Nowhere was famine found. Nowhere even the fear of it. There is food, including bread, in the local open markets. The peasants were smiling too, and generous with their foodstuffs'.

34 posted on 05/13/2003 11:34:00 AM PDT by DPB101
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To: Temple Owl
ping
35 posted on 05/13/2003 11:35:29 AM PDT by Tribune7
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To: MadIvan
He should be stripped. However this is informative about the "great reporting tradition" down at the New York Times. Shocking that this is in the Observer.

Not really as the WSWS has already used this line. Here's a link: http://wsws.org/articles/2003/may2003/nyt-m12.shtml.

Notice they now scramble away from Stalin and NYT as "right wing".

36 posted on 05/13/2003 11:41:06 AM PDT by amused (Republicans for Sharpton!)
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To: DPB101
Thanks
37 posted on 05/13/2003 11:46:37 AM PDT by MEG33
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To: DPB101
Thank you no I had not heard of this reporter and did not know of his web site.

I have to tell you considering Korean War and Vietnam some of these writings are very difficult to read.
38 posted on 05/13/2003 11:47:38 AM PDT by Just mythoughts
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To: DPB101
Bump.
39 posted on 05/13/2003 11:50:45 AM PDT by headsonpikes
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To: DPB101
Duranty attacked Muggeridge and debunked his reports. Duranty was 'the greatest liar of any journalist I have ever met', retorted Muggeridge.

Sounds just like the group they have there now. What a foul bunch they are.

Thanks for the flag to this.

40 posted on 05/13/2003 12:01:21 PM PDT by BOBTHENAILER (FReepers discover the TRUTH, and distribute it.)
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To: amused
Now that's a reach too far!
41 posted on 05/13/2003 12:04:42 PM PDT by MEG33
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To: MEG33
Now that's a reach too far!

Sometimes you read this stuff and you need a leftist to English dictionary. ;-)

42 posted on 05/13/2003 12:09:00 PM PDT by amused (Republicans for Sharpton!)
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To: MadIvan
I'm sure you're aware of the story of Pavlik Morozov, the peasant kid who turned in his father and other villagers for trying to keep enough food so as not to starve and was himself killed by his grandfather with an axe. Pavlik became a hero of the CCCP with pioneer and comsomol lagers and what not named after him. A thoroughly perverted system.
43 posted on 05/13/2003 12:12:03 PM PDT by martianagent
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To: DPB101
Gareth Jones website

Wow... that is going to be a fun read. I'd never heard of him either. Thanks!

44 posted on 05/13/2003 1:28:13 PM PDT by jodorowsky
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To: martianagent
I like Burroughs' take on the incident...
Fifty years ago, deep in the Ural mountains of Lower Slobbovia, a thirteen-year old prick named Pavlik Morozov denounce his father to the local authorities as a counter-revolutionary kulak because he had a pig hidden in his basement. (A kulak is a subsistence farmer.) That was when Stalin was starving out the kulaks to make way for collective farms, which didn't work. Stalin levied an outrageous produce tax, knowing that the farmers would hide their crops, then sent out patrols to search and seize concealed produce and farm animals. At least three million people starved to death in the winters of 1932 and 1933, and that's a conservative estimate.

Little Pavliki was hacked to stroganoff by the outraged neighbors -- good job and all. Thus perish all talking a******s.

"His name must not die!" sobbed Maxim Gorky, his hearty voice contracted by painful emotion. So Pavliki became a folk hero. Got a street in Moscow named after him, and a statue to commemorate his heroic act. He should have been sculpted with the head of a rat. And the viilage of Gerasimovka is a f*****g shrine, drawing legions of youthful pilgrims to the home of Pavlik Morozov.

"Dirty little Stukach."

That's Ruski for "rat" -- a word designed to be spat out.


45 posted on 05/13/2003 1:32:01 PM PDT by jodorowsky
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To: jodorowsky
Good Burroughs quote. Another from a letter he wrote to Jack Kerouac in 1950:

"I fear the U.S. is headed for socialism, which means, of course, ever increasing interference in the business of each citizen. Whatever happened to the glorious frontier, of minding one's own business? The word liberal has come to stand for the most damnable tyranny, a snivelling, mealymouthed tyranny of bureaucrats, social workers, psychologists and union officials. The world of 1984 is not even 30 years away."

Wonder if anyone has heard of Gareth Jones?. He died young but was a prolific writer. I've read most of the anticommunist books and can't recall ever hearing the name.

46 posted on 05/13/2003 2:50:40 PM PDT by DPB101
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To: MadIvan
The overwhelming number of Pulitzer Prizes went to left-wing liberals. That's because the board, which decides who gets them, is composed of left-wing liberals--many are communists.
47 posted on 05/13/2003 3:55:28 PM PDT by Temple Owl
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To: DPB101
I saw your link to Gareth Jones via a later post -- thanks a lot!

I collect English-language pro-Soviet stuff from the 30s and prior. (That has a different sort of appeal from the likes of Jones.)

One day I am going to web my collection of English language apologetics for the 5 Year Plans.

I have this excellent children's primer on the plan, that was a Book of the Month in 1931! ("New Russia's Primer"). Professor George S. Counts of Columbia wrote the introduction to this translation. Upon reading this book, says Prof Counts, the American teacher will

be forced to put to himself the question: Can we not in some way harness the school to the task of building a better, a more just, a more beautiful society? Can we not broaden the sentimnt of patriotism to embrace the struggles which men must ever wage with ignorance, disease, poverty, ugliness, injustice? This means that we shall have to turn our attention increasingly from the mechanics of school procedure to the fundamental problems of American life and culture."

Columbia.

I am also a great fan of Pat Sloan, author of "Russia Without Illusions", a hilariously naive travel journal by a young and idealistic Englishman. With a preface by Beatrice Webb, of course ;) I mean,

If, in the USSR, a citizen is tried for any offence it is the duty of the trade union not only to pay any expenses which may arise out of the case, but in addition to assist the court in the reform of the person concerned, if found guity. In the case of a serious offence the person may be deprived of liberty and sent to a labour camp. In such circumstances he or she will lose trade union membership. But a common treatment of less serious offences lies in the imposition of what is called, strangely enough, "forced labour". When condemned to forced labour, a Soviet citizen retains his or her liberty, but a regular deduction is made from wages as a sort of instalment-system fine...

From 1917 to the present time much propaganda in this country has been carried on to the effect that in the USSR there are no longer moral standards. Nothing could be more misleading. (...)

This is from 1938.
48 posted on 05/13/2003 6:42:50 PM PDT by jodorowsky
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To: DPB101
thanks for the gareth jones tip. i, too, had never heard of him. but then it's obvious--the leftists are always the ones in the news.

i was amazed a couple of weeks ago to find in the print ed of the new york times that when they listed all of the pulitzers they've won, that they listed walter duranty for 1932! unbelievable.

the standard source on the number of deaths in stalinist russia has been robert conquest and his book on the same.

i've been in los angeles all day and am tired.
49 posted on 05/13/2003 8:17:58 PM PDT by liberalnot (what democrats fear the most is democracy.)
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To: MadIvan
The Muggeridge piece is stunning. It is the very moment of disillusion of a man reared on socialism, in his every thought and hope a True Believer, who at last sees the grim and hideous truth. His words are like swords slicing down on venomous snakes.
50 posted on 05/13/2003 9:16:48 PM PDT by T'wit
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