Skip to comments.Military History of the Great Powers(The complete list)
Posted on 05/28/2003 9:18:49 PM PDT by NP-INCOMPLETE
The following is a general listing of all wars fought by the current "great powers" except for France during the last two thousand years . I believe that there are enough articles on the military history of France.
43 AD Roman Invasion- Lost celts slaughtered by legions of Emporor Claudius
60 AD Boudica Rebellion- Lost Single Roman Legion slaughtered 60,000 british celts
600 AD Anglo-Saxon Invasion- Won Celts eliminated by modern inhabitants of Britain(Legend of Arthur born of that era).
1066 AD Norman-Invasion- Lost Last Saxon king Harold shot in the eye by a barbed arrow in the Battle Hastings. William the Norman takes over the country.
1200 AD Expansion- Won took over Scotland, Ireland and Wales after decades of warfare, refined longbow technology was the decisive factor of victory.
1337 AD Hundred Years War- Won (Mostly) English Longbowmen slaughtered the French nobility in a series of one-sided battles. War ended with the English in control of Normandy and Castile.
1455 AD War of the Roses- Won Three decades of civil war between the houses of York and Lancaster
1588 AD Spanish Invasion- Won British fleet crushed the Spanish Armada, Britain becomes the dominant naval power of Europe.
1642 AD English Civil War- Won(Barely) British beat themselves
1689 AD French And Indian Wars- Won British forces crushed the French defense in Canada and took over Montreal
1751 AD Conquest of India- Won British forces conquors the Indian Subcontinent. Chandernagore, the last major Indian stronghold taken during the Battle of Plassy.
1756 AD War if the West Indies- Won British Navy takes control of the West Indies
1776 AD American Revolutionary War- Lost British defeated by their own colonists.
1793 AD Napoleonic Wars- Won, Duke of Wellington destroyed Napoleon's armies at the Battle of Warterloo.
1812 AD War of 1812- Lost, British again defeated by their own colonists.
1846 AD Opium War- Won British Naval forces easily crushed the Chinese Navy and took Hong Kong.
1854 AD Crimean War- Won British wins a land war against Russia and takes over the Crimean region and Svestapol from the Russian Empire.
1862 AD Second Opium War- Won British forces take control of Shanghai and portions of the Chinese Coast from the Chinese Empire.
1863 AD Mau Mau Wars- Won British forces sacks Timbuktu, and takes over Eastern africa.
1872 AD Ashanti Wars- Won British forces takes over most of the Ivory Coast
1879 AD Zulu War- Won British forces suffered several defeats but eventually wiped out 70% of the Zulu population and took over southern Africa.
1881 AD Busato Wars- Won British forces takes over central Africa.
1899 AD Anglo-Boer War- Won British forces slaughtered the Dutch settlers and took control of Rhodesia and the northern portion of South Africa.
1900 AD Boxer Rebellion- Won British forces along with 11 other nations destroyed China's rebellion, gained control of China's coastal region from Shanghai to Hong Kong.
1914 AD World War I- Won British forces fought off the German submarine campaign and destroyed the Ottoman Empire. Gained control of Iraq, Iran, Trans-Jordan, Arabia, and Eygpt.
1938 AD World War II- Won(Barely) Britain won with the aid of the U.S but suffered such losses that it did not have the resources to maintain its Empire.
1982 AD Falklands War- Won(Barely) Britain takes back control of the Falklands after losing 8 capital Ships due to the Exocet missiles of the Argentine airforce.
1991 AD Persian Gulf War- Won Britan fought alongside the U.S.
370 AD Hunnic Invasion- Lost King Ermanaric killed by the inital Hun invasion, Ostrogoth tribes driven out of European Russia by the nomadic Huns. Local Slavic tribes begin paying tribute to Hun overlords instead of Ostrogoth overlords.
850 AD Viking Invasion- Won Viking leader Rurik first captured Novogrod then proceeded to sack Keiv. After decades of Viking raids, local slavic towns adapted by fielding indigenous navies and armies thus gradually eliminating the Viking prescence over a period of 100 years.
1223 AD Mongol Invasion of Kievan Rus - Lost Kievan Rus came under attack by the hordes of Genghis Kahn. First use of biological warfare during the seige of Kiev. Plague-laced warheads atop chinese rockets were launched at the city. The state of Kiev was destroyed
1240 AD Mongol Invasion of Novogrod- Lost Mongels proceeded to defeat the state of Novogrod, thus consolidating Western Russia along with the eastern portion into the Kahnate of the Golden Horde. About 40% of entire population of European Russia killed due to Mongol invasions.
1367 AD Muscovy Rebellion- Won New state of Muscovy under Ivan III refused to pay tribute to the Mongol overlords. Russian army defeated the Golden Horde at the Battle of Kulikovo in 1380. Novogrod regained autonomy by 1420. Mongols driven out of European Russia by 1480. State of Muscovy absorbs Novogrod and other states to become the dominant power of European Russia.
1549 AD Southern Kahnate Wars- Won Russia under Ivan the terrible destroys the Kazan and Astakhan Khanates. Took the the Volga river valley and central asia.
1558 AD Livonian War- Lost Under Ivan the terrible, Russia fought the Swedes, Lithuanians, Poles, and the Teutonic Knights and lost after 24 years of continous warfare.
1581 AD Siberian Kahnate War - Won General Yermak defeated the Siberian Khanate and claimed the territories west of the Ob' and Irtysh rivers for Muscovy.
1598 AD Muscovy Civil War- Won Russians won against themselves.
1648 AD Ukranian War- Won Bogdan Khmel'nitskiy offered to place Ukraine under the protection of the Muscovite tsar, Russia took Ukraine from Poland.
1684 AD Amur War- Lost Technically more like a 3-way skirmish than a war, the Russian empire clashed with the expanding chinese empire as both states were trying to finish off the last of the mongol hordes in Siberia. After a period of conflict, Muscovy made peace with China in 1689. By the Treaty of Nerchinsk, Muscovy ceded the Amur Valley to China.
1697 AD First Ottoman War-Won Russia under Peter the Great defeated the Ottoman Empire and took over the Crimean region including the Black Sea ports of Azov and Taganrog.
1709 AD Second Livonian War- Won Peter the great crushed the swedish defenders at the battle of Poltava. Took over Estonia, Lativia.
1772 Belarus War- Won Russia took Belarus from Poland.
1787 AD Second Ottoman War- Won By the Treaty of Jassy in 1792, Russia expanded southward to the Dnestr River. Ottoman influence effectively removed from Eastern Europe.
1812 AD Napoleonic Invasion- Won(Barely) Over 10 million Russians dead and most of European Russia in ruins. But the French Army under Napoleon was defeated.
1854 AD Crimean War- Lost Britain wins a land war against Russia and takes over the Crimean region and Svestapol from the Russian Empire.
1887 AD Sino-Russian War-Won Russia took most of Siberia , established puppet state in Mongolia, and sets up sphere of influence in Manchuria.
1904 AD Russo-Japanese War-Lost Japanese crushed the main Russian fleet at Tsushima and proceeded to slaughter 500,000 Russians in Siberia. Lost Port Arthur and control of Manchuria to Japan.
1914 AD World War I- Lost 19 million Russians dead and a revolution at home force Russia to sign a cease-fire on German terms. Lost Ukraine and Belarus to Germany.
1918 AD Russian Revolution- Won Russians beat themselves, Soviet Union established.
1938 AD World War II- Won 37 million Russian dead versus 8 million German dead. Russia takes control of Eastern Europe, East Germany.
1979 AD Invasion of Afghanistan- Lost Soviet Union suffered high casualties against the Islamic Mujahadeen.
1991 AD Collapse of the Soviet Union- Lost Revolts began in all satillite states and smaller Soviet republics. Russia lost control of all of Eastern Europe, the Baltics, and central Asia.
1994 AD First Chechen War- Lost Poor logistics and obsolete equipment prevent Russia from ever securing the Chechen capital of Grozny during that war.
2000 AD Second Chechen War-Still being fought.
200 BC War of Unification-won Chinese beat themselves
100 BC War against the Hakka-won Slaughtered the natives of central china
50 BC War against the Min, Miao, Tocharian-won took over southern China
50 AD War against Central Asian Tribes, Sassinid Dynasty in Persia Won, took over most of central Asia
65 AD War against Korea-won took over Korean Peninsula
70 AD War against Vietnam-won took over Vietnam
75 AD War against the Huns-won, took over inner mongolia, drove the Huns out of East Asia and into Western Europe
210 AD Three Kindoms, Han Dynasty collapsed, civil war for the next 500 years-stalemate for most of the time.
700 AD Sui Dynasty established, new Emporer launches invasion of Japan-stalemate leaning towards defeat
800 AD Tang Dynasty resumes war to the south and west-won reconquored Vietnam, took Laos and colonized Hainan. Wiped out persia to the west(Persia was being attacked by the Arabs at the same time)
950 AD Sino-Arab war- lost at the battle of Talas gunpowder and magnetic compass technology taken by the Arabs.
970 AD Tang Government Collapses Song Dynasty emerges just as Ganghis Kahn attacks-Lost, all of Northern China taken over including Beijing.
1050 Sino-Tibetan war-lost, chinese troops can't stand the high altitude
1100 AD Mongol Conquest-Lost Song Dynasty was destroyed by Kublai Kahn ~40 million Chinese killed.
1250 AD First Sino-Japanese war-lost 3 separate naval invasions failed due to Kamikazees
1300 AD Moonlight Rebellion-won Mongols driven out, China regains original territories.
1500 AD First Sino-Japanese war-won, Japanese fleet destroyed in Korea.
1570 AD Manchu-war-Lost country taken over by Manchu's, the invaders where subsequently assimilated into Chinese culture.
1640 AD Sino-Dutch war-won Dutch colonists driven out of Taiwan by Chinese colonists.
1720 AD Sino-Mongolian War-won destroyed the home Kahnate of the Mongols, takes over outer mongolia
1740 AD Invasion of Siberia-won destroyed last holdouts of the Mongol golden horde.
1780 AD Sino-Urghar war-won Took over East Turkistan
1842 AD First Opium War-Lost Chinese military no match for British firepower, Britain takes Hong Kong from China
1853 AD Taiping Rebellion-won against themselves(barely) 20 million chinese dead and the most productive part of the country was ruined.
1864 AD Second Opium War-Lost same reason as the first, Britain takes over portions of Shangai and 10 other coastal cities.
1872 AD Sino-French War-Lost one of the few victories of the french, Fance takes Vietnam from China
1887 AD Sino-Russian War-Lost Russia took most of Siberia , established puppet state in Mongolia, and sets up sphere of influence in Manchuria
1896 AD Sino-Japanese War-Lost Japan crushed China's fleet and took over Korea.
1900 AD Boxer Rebellion-Lost , Japan takes Taiwan, Britain, France, Belgium, Spain divides Shanghai and the eastern coast, Germany takes Dalian, Russia takes portions of Manchuria.
1938 AD World War II-Won(Barely) 15 million dead Chinese vs 2 million dead Japanese but defeats Japan's army in Mainland East Asia, and regains Eastern coast, Manchuria, Hainan, and Taiwan.
1946 AD Chinese Civil war-won(but might as well be a loss), 5 million Chinese dead, communists drives Nationalists to Taiwan.
1950 AD Korean War-Stalemate 500 thousand Chinese dead and a de-populated Korea as a result of the war.
1951 AD Invasion of Tibet-Won Tibetan military was no match for the PLA(1 million Tibetans brutally murdered, but hey, china got some high quality Uranium ore out of it)
1962 AD Sino-Indian War- Won Chinese troops outnumbered the indians 3 to 1, takes over Askin Chin plateau, and parts of Kashmir
1979 AD Sino-Vietnamese War-Stalemate(on the way to a loss) Bad logistics, crappy weapons, low morale, and a battle-hardened enemy made the war untenable.
That is it folks, the list of wars that these states fought during the last two thousand years.
I was pinging the list when you were typing it :)
15 MILLION Chinese died during WWII? That's really interesting. I never knew that.
The Sino-Japanese War of 1933?-1945 (aka WWII in the Pacific) was probably one of the most savage wars in the 20th century, if not the most savage. I've actually heard the death toll for the Chinese to be a little higher.(Around 20 million)
Whaaa.... Thought the French and Indian War was in the 1750's. I had an ancestor who served. George Washington did, too.
French Canada fell to General Wolfe on the battlefield at the Plains of Abraham, Sept 13, 1759.
1689, now that might be King William's War, when England won Nova Scotia and sent the Acadians (Cajuns) packing to Louisiana. A war against the French, but not the French and Indian War.
All your grammer and history are belong to us.
Article posted on FR a few days ago about a recent DNA study revealed that modern inhabitants of the British Isles are overwhelmingly Celtic and there's surprisingly little Anglo-Saxon DNA present.
So they weren't eliminated. Big difference between conquered and eliminated. It now seems the Anglo-Saxon invasion was like the Normans, a very small elite that came in and took over, not a mass migration.
Indisputably LOST by the English, even though they won all the big battles, interestingly.
They began the war controlling most of France and France was a small and weak state, and at the end they controlled very little of France and France had become quite powerful.
Castile is the central province of Spain, not France, and I don't believe the British ever controlled it in this war. Did you mean some pother province?
IMHO this war was won by Britain; at best, it was a draw. In no way, shape, or form did America win.
The main reason the war was started was so we could conquer Canada. (Forget all that business about impressing sailors and whatnot...that was the cover story. And the British actually gave in on those demands prior to us declaring war, though we didn't find out about it till after we declared war.)
We failed completely in Conquering Canada, our main war aim. Hence, we lost.
For obvious reasons the victories of the Constitution and other frigates, the Battle of Lake Erie, and the Battle of New Orleans, are emphasized in the US, while the battles of Bladensburg and a lot of really embarassing US losses on the Canadian border (most of the fighting in the war was on this border) are not mentioned much if at all. Even the burning of Washington doesn't get all that much play.
Not correct, Novograd never fell to Mongols, swamps melted and horde turned south to Kiev. After Catholics betray Orthodox by sending first Lithuanians (defeated on Nevo river) then Tuetonics, Saint Prince Alexander Nevski allied with Mongols against Catholics.
PS: missed the whole Russian Kieven wars against Kazars (won) against Constintinople (won) against various barbaric nomads (upto Mongols) won.
There were two Boer wars...first not victory.
Most Siberia never in Chinese hands...only SE Siberia, north of Manchuria.
That was second Napoleonic Wars, first defeated by Russia. Russian occupation of Paris.
First two British won, last British/French alliance defeated by Netherlands/Spanish alliance.
Novograd was not physically destroyed, but it did pay tribute for to the mongols for the next 200 years after the war. So I coun't that as a loss
Not lost not won...draw. Treaty signed so Tsar gives up land in Balkins to Ottomans. Svestapol was British occupied not taken. Returned with peace.
Not true. 20 million civilians killed by German, 8 million Russian troops killed vs 6 million German troops....unknown German civilians casualties...but much less since we did not exterminate them.