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Some brands of cigarettes ' more addictive'
Telegraph ^ | 27/07/2003

Posted on 07/27/2003 12:15:45 PM PDT by yonif

Some cigarette brands are likely to be far more addictive than others, new research warns.

For the first time, scientists have measured the amount of super-addictive "freebase" nicotine different cigarettes deliver to the smoker. Like crack cocaine, freebase nicotine vaporises and passes rapidly through the lungs into the bloodstream.

Because it reaches the brain so quickly it is thought to be more addictive than normal nicotine, which stays in the form of sooty smoke particles. Until now it has not been known how much freebase nicotine various types of cigarette contain.

The new research, from a team at Oregon Health and Science University in Portland, US, could lead to ways of rating the addictiveness of different brands.

Scientists compared 11 brands of cigarette available in the US.

They found that some brands contained 10 to 20 times higher percentages of freebase nicotine than experts had previously been led to believe. Brands were compared with a laboratory "reference" cigarette containing one per cent freebase nicotine.

They varied greatly, ranging from one per cent or two per cent to 36 per cent for a speciality US brand called American Spirit.

The popular Marlboro brand contained up to 9.6 per cent freebase nicotine. Other well known brands included Camel (2.7 per cent), Winston (five per cent - 6.2 per cent) and Gauloises Blondes (5.7 per cent - 7.5 per cent).

In many cases, the freebase content was higher in the first puffs. Marlboro, for instances, had a freebase nicotine level of 9.6 per cent in the first three puffs and 2.7 per cent in later puffs.

Professor James Pankow, who led the study reported in the journal Chemical Research in Toxicology, said: "We found big differences in the percentages of freebase nicotine among 11 commercial cigarette brands.

"During smoking, only the freebase form can volatise from a particle into the air in the respiratory tract. Gaseous nicotine is known to deposit super-quickly in the lungs. From there, it's transported rapidly to the brain.

"Since scientists have shown that a drug becomes more addictive when it is delivered to the brain more rapidly, freebase nicotine levels in cigarette smoke thus are at the heart of the controversy regarding the tobacco industry's use of additives like ammonia and urea, as well as blending choices in cigarette design."

The tests were carried out using a laboratory smoking device and a gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer which analyses chemical composition. Separate measurements were made of the first three puffs and about eight subsequent puffs.


TOPICS: Business/Economy; Culture/Society; Front Page News; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: addication; brands; cigarettes; nicotine; smoking; tobacco
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To: DaughterOfAnIwoJimaVet
(I feel like Forrest Gump sometimes without any of that stuff.)

LOL, me too. Sometimes the "senior moments" seem to start at sunrise and go 'til sunset.

41 posted on 07/27/2003 8:04:47 PM PDT by TigersEye (Joe McCarthy was right ... so was PT Barnum!)
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To: Yeti
Before viagra, much of the business that "fertility clinics" did had to do with male impotence problems. There were studies done, and IIRC, upwards of 70% of the men were heavy cigarette smokers, ...

I better not quit smoking then or I will have to live my life in pain and embarrassment.
(not that it's not already painful and embarrassing to be me) ;^)

42 posted on 07/27/2003 8:11:15 PM PDT by TigersEye (Joe McCarthy was right ... so was PT Barnum!)
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To: Rodney King
You sir have great taste!

I agree that Silk Cuts are the finest cigarette in the world. I just wish they were easier to get ahold of!


43 posted on 07/27/2003 8:19:25 PM PDT by Hazzardgate (RIP Bender)
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To: TigersEye
LOL (I'm too young for "senior moments" - I sure hope it doesn't get worse from here!)
44 posted on 07/27/2003 8:20:54 PM PDT by DaughterOfAnIwoJimaVet
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To: Rodney King
You realize you just gave up a million bucks by stating that, don't you.

At least a billion, if he lives in California.

45 posted on 07/27/2003 8:24:55 PM PDT by L.N. Smithee (Just because I don't think like you doesn't mean I don't think for myself)
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To: huggadawg
I gotta admit tho, that I really do miss smoking, I feel like my best friend has left me.....

Maybe it will help to think of smoking as your best friend that you discovered has been banging your girlfriends on the sly since you first met.

46 posted on 07/27/2003 8:30:54 PM PDT by L.N. Smithee (Just because I don't think like you doesn't mean I don't think for myself)
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To: yonif
Off with their filters!
47 posted on 07/27/2003 8:37:20 PM PDT by ladyinred (The left have blood on their hands.)
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To: vikingcelt
Me either. I feel like a real cosmo polo ton hip chick.
48 posted on 07/27/2003 8:38:40 PM PDT by ladyinred (The left have blood on their hands.)
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To: L.N. Smithee
I've been smoking Pall Malls for 55 years now, can't stand filtered cigarettes!

About 10 years ago I quit for 7 months strictly for bugetary purposes by just laying the half empty pack down on the coffee table and when they fit the budget again I picked up the pack and resumed my pack and a half a day.

I have no desire to quit!
49 posted on 07/27/2003 8:39:46 PM PDT by dalereed (,)
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To: Cathryn Crawford
The Easter Bunny isn't real? Really? Scenic told me that he was real. I can't believe it!

You just listen to Scenic, Cathryn. You must not pay any attention to what others tell you. The Easter Bunny is very real. You can count on it! ;-)

50 posted on 07/27/2003 9:38:03 PM PDT by Scenic Sounds (Summertime!)
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To: Tacis
On behalf of the many smokers who can't speak for themselves because those mecahnical voices boxes don't always work

On behalf of some smokers that can speak, bite me.

51 posted on 07/28/2003 6:20:15 AM PDT by Just another Joe (FReeping can be addictive and helpful to your mental health)
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