Skip to comments.U.S. Military Helicopters Land in Liberia
Posted on 08/06/2003 9:17:22 AM PDT by Sparta
By GLENN McKENZIE
Associated Press Writer
MONROVIA, Liberia (AP) - Three U.S. military helicopters landed at Liberia's high-walled U.S. Embassy on Wednesday, a day after President Bush promised to send a first American team to Liberia's war-divided capital.
U.S. officials declined to immediately confirm whether the helicopters contained the promised six- to 10-member U.S. military team. The team is moving in as Nigerian troops at Monrovia's airport - the vanguard of a West African peacekeeping force - prepared to enter the capital for the first time.
American authorities barred journalists from the embassy for the landing. They would confirm only that three members of a U.S. humanitarian team were on the flights.
The helicopters, swooping in from across the Atlantic, disappeared behind the embassy walls as they landed.
Bush on Tuesday authorized a contingent to deploy for logistical support of the steadily building West African deployment. A senior Bush administration official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said the team could grow as large as 20 in coming days, but the official said that it should not be seen as the beginning of a larger deployment.
The USS Iwo Jima amphibious assault ship and USS Carter Hall amphibious landing dock were within 100 miles of Liberia, out of sight from shore. The amphibious transport dock USS Nashville was moving toward Liberia. U.S. officials have spoken of the ships moving into sight of Monrovia at some point - in an intended show of force for combatants and residents.
With hundreds of thousands of refugees and residents in government-held parts of Monrovia desperate for food, West African and U.S. diplomats have been working - with no word of success - to negotiate access routes to the rebel-held port area, where warehouses stocked with food are located.
Nigerian Lt. Col. Sam Nudamajo said he expected to send the first troops from his force into the city later Wednesday, to head toward the port. Three days since they arrived, Nigerian forces were building to battalion strength of 770-men at Liberia's main airport, outside Monrovia.
Rebels have besieged the capital for months with the goal of ousting President Charles Taylor, a former warlord blamed in 14 years of conflict in once-prosperous Liberia and indicted for war crimes in nearby Sierra Leone. The fighting in Monrovia has killed well over 1,000 civilians.
On Wednesday, Taylor's forces stood guard in the middle of the bridges between the port and the government's stronghold downtown. They turned back hungry civilians trying to cross into the rebel territory in search of food.
Taylor's forces allowed only journalists to cross Wednesday. On the rebel side, civilians waited anxiously inside for clearance to cross over to reach hospitals in government territory for malaria and bullet- and shrapnel wounds from fighting.
``We have enough food here. But there are insufficient drugs to give medical attention to our sick, and war-wounded,'' said Sam Van Kesselly, a journalism professor.
Residents of the rebel side were tending their wounded and sick in schools, churches and rebel headquarters, with local doctors helping as they could.
In front of journalists, rebels cracked down on looting of shops and warehouses - at one point shooting a man they said was a looter before an Associated Press Television News camera. It was unclear if the man died.
Six bodies - some naked, others with their hands tied behind their backs - lay on sidewalks and water-clogged streets among cans of orange juice, emptied boxes and other looted goods.
Rebel officers used rubber hoses to whip three crying, shirtless subordinates, also accused of looting.
On Tuesday, U.S. Ambassador John Blaney joined West African officials in a convoy to the rebel-held side, appealing to rebel commanders to open up humanitarian access to the port.
Rebel chief of staff Maj. Gen. Abdulla Seyeah Sheriff told reporters Wednesday that would happen only when Taylor resigns and leaves Liberia. ``We will hold our positions,'' until then, said Sheriff.
Earlier, Taylor's military chief of staff, Gen. Benjamin Yeaten, warned that if rebels fail to withdraw from the port it could ``tempt me'' to break the cease-fire.
Bush and West African leaders have demanded that Taylor cede power and leave Liberia, taking an asylum offer in Nigeria. Taylor has pledged to leave office Monday, but his government says he will leave the country only when an adequate number of peacekeepers are on the ground - and a U.N.-Sierra Leone war-crimes indictment against him is dropped.
On Wednesday, the World Court confirmed that Liberia had asked it to stop the war crimes prosecution. Officials at the World Court, the U.N.'s highest judicial body, said it would have jurisdiction only if Sierra Leone agrees.
The U.N.-backed Sierra Leone court accuses Taylor of crimes against humanity for backing Sierra Leone's rebels in a brutal 10-year civil war there.