In nine short verses, Jesus lays out the character sketch of the spiritually successful person who is truly blest, fortunate, positioned to experience perfect happiness and the fullness of joy. This is what beatitude means.
Now the very first qualification takes us back a bit. Blessed are the poor in spirit. Is Jesus endorsing indigence? Is He a Marxist who champions the proletariat and vilifies the bourgeoisie?
Not at all. Note that He is talking about the poor in spirit here. In other words, those who are aware of their own smallness and emptiness. The poor in spirit are not those who beat themselves up, but those who frankly recognize how puny they are before the mysteries of the universe and the Creator of that universe. They dont let their own accomplishments and abilities blind them to their mortality and vulnerability. They dont fool themselves.
Jesus mentions elsewhere how hard it is for the rich to enter the kingdom because it is very easy for the successful to lose touch with their neediness and to actually believe the flattery of the fan club. Those who are not influential, educated, or wealthy have an easier time recognizing their need since it stares them in the face every place they turn. For this reason, the Church was full of such people in the New Testament era (1 Cor 1:26-31) just as it is today.
The poor of spirit are empty and so long to be filled. They hunger and thirst for the wholeness that is called holiness, for the food that truly satisfies.
The rich in spirit dont hunger for anything. They are full of themselves, self-satisfied. When offered an opportunity to grow spiritually, they protest, But Im a good person and worship God in my own way, or I go to Mass every Sunday, isnt that enough? They are too busy for prayer and yawn when exposed to a spiritual discussion. They are too absorbed with themselves to be interested in God. They may be able to get excited about the Superbowl, but never about heaven.
This lack of spiritual hunger, this utter apathy in the face of the things of God, is actually one of the Seven Deadly Sins. It is called sloth or spiritual laziness, and it is one of the most striking characteristics of American society. It is a sneaky sin that quietly creeps into the lives of even religious people and gradually chokes out true spirituality. It diverts our attention from the things of heaven to a myriad of other things until we find ourselves bored with God, making only routine and mechanical efforts to fulfil our Sunday obligation. There is no passion, no zeal, no desire. Just lots of excuses.
Blessed are the single-hearted, for they shall see God. The hearts of the blessed, the truly happy, are not divided among God, and football, and career, and money. Those truly happy have only one God, and look to Him alone to be filled. If they play sports, they do it for His honor and glory, not theirs. If they marry, they love Christ and are loved by Christ through their spouse. If they pursue a career or build a business, they do it according to His will to advance His kingdom.
Reading the Sermon on the Mount, and especially the Beatitudes, is a gut check for us all. Its one of the best examinations of conscience that there is, perfect to read before every confession and every Lent. Incidentally, thats what the penitential season of Lent is about. The fasting is meant to re-stimulate our spiritual appetite. The spiritual exercises are designed to shrug off the laziness of sloth. Christianity is not just a matter of believing in God, but avidly pursuing Him.
Dr. D'Ambrosio studied under Avery Cardinal Dulles for his Ph.D. in historical theology and taught for many years at the University of Dallas. He now directs www.crossroadsinitiative.com which offers Catholic resources for RCIA, adult faith formation, and teens with a special emphasis on the year of the Eucharist, the theology of the Body, the Early Church Fathers, and the sacrament of Confirmation.
(This article originally appeared in Our Sunday Visitor and is used by permission of the author.)