Free Republic
Browse · Search
Religion
Topics · Post Article

Skip to comments.

St. Joseph the Worker, Memorial, May 1
Women for Faith and Family.org ^ | n/a | Women for Faith and Family

Posted on 05/01/2006 8:16:35 AM PDT by Salvation

Saint Joseph the Worker
Memorial

May 1st

Saint Joseph

What we know about the life of Saint Joseph is contained in the gospels of Saint Matthew and Saint Luke. He has become known as the "Just man".

The name foster-father of Our Lord appears in local martyrologies of the ninth and tenth centuries. The first church dedicated in his honor was in 1129 in Bologna. Pope Sixtus IV(1471-84) added the feast of Saint Joseph to the Roman Calendar. Pope Pius IX placed the whole Church under the Patronage of Saint Joseph in 1870.

In 1989, Pope John Paul II reflected deeply on the life and witness of Saint Joseph in Redemptoris Custos "Guardian of the Redeemer" (q.v).

Among the saints known to have had particular devotions to Saint Joseph are Saint Bernard, Saint Thomas Aquinas, Saint Gertrude, Saint Bridget of Sweden, Saint Alphonsus and Saint Teresa of Avila.

As the Bible tells us, Saint Joseph was descended from the royal house of David. A village carpenter of Nazareth, he was chosen among all men to be the husband and protector of the Virgin Mother of Jesus Christ. To his loving care was entrusted the childhood and youth of the Redeemer of the world. He reveals to us the perfect model of Christianity through his purity of heart, patience, and fortitude.

Poor in worldly possessions, he was rich in grace. Devotion to Saint Joseph, was fervent in the East from the early ages, and has spread and increased. Today, Catholics of all nations honor him.

There are many stories about the miraculous intervention of Saint Joseph. One is a medieval account of how a famine in Sicily was ended after a Novena to Saint Joseph. A more recent story is of the mysterious "itinerant carpenter" who volunteered to build an architecturally unique spiral staircase in a convent chapel in Santa Fe, New Mexico, which is as sound today as when it was first built, and has never needed repair.

According to ancient tradition, Saint Joseph watches over and protects the Church. He is considered the model of perfect Christian life and the patron of a happy death. His patronage extends over the Mystical Body of Christ, over the Christian family and schools, carpenters, fathers, laborers, and all individuals who appeal to his charity and intercession, especially in the hour of death. Joseph, when dying, received the loving ministry of his foster Son, Jesus, and his spouse, the Blessed Virgin Mary, so it is believed that his intercession may well obtain the mercy of God and the grace of a peaceful and holy death.

His feast is celebrated on March 19, and a special memorial to Saint Joseph the Worker is observed on May 1.

 

Pope John Paul II, in his Angelus Message on March 17, 2002, stressed that Saint Joseph is a model of fatherhood in the following excerpts:

Dear Brothers and Sisters,
The day after tomorrow, 19 March, we will celebrate the solemnity of Saint Joseph, spouse of the Virgin Mary and patron of the universal Church. The extreme discretion with which Joseph carried out the role entrusted to him by God highlights his faith even more, which consisted in always listening to the Lord, seeking to understand his will and to obey it with his whole heart and strength. This is why the Gospel describes him as a "just" man (Mt 1,19). In fact, the just man is the person who prays, lives by faith, and seeks to do good in every concrete circumstance of life.

Saint Joseph and fathers

Faith nourished by prayer:  this is the most precious treasure that Saint Joseph transmits to us. Generations of fathers have followed in his footsteps who, with the example of a simple and laborious life, imprinted on their children's souls the inestimable value of faith, without which every other good runs the risk of being in vain. So even now, I am happy to assure all fathers of a special prayer, on the day dedicated to them:  I ask God that they be men of a robust interior life, in order to fulfil their mission in the family and society in an exemplary way.

Prayers to Saint Joseph

Prayer to Saint Joseph
To thee, O Blessed Joseph, we have recourse in our affliction, and having implored the help of thy most holy Spouse, we seek with confidence thy patronage also. By that affection wherewith thou wast united to the Immaculate Virgin, Mother of God; by the fatherly love with which thou didst embrace the Child Jesus, we humbly beseech thee to look down with gracious eye upon that inheritance which Jesus Christ purchased for us by His Blood, and to help us in our need by thy powerful intercession.

Defend, O thou most watchful guardian of the Holy Family, the chosen offspring of Jesus Christ. Keep from us, O most loving father, all blight of error and corruption. Aid us from on high, O thou our most valiant defender, in this conflict with the powers of darkness. And even as of old thou didst rescue the Child Jesus from the peril of His life, so now defend God's Holy Church from the snares of the enemy and from all adversity. Shield us ever under thy patronage, so that imitating thy example and strengtheded by thy help, we may live a holy life, die a happy death, and attain to everlasting bliss in heaven. Amen.

Litany of Saint Joseph
Lord, have mercy on us.
Christ, have mercy on us.
Lord, have mercy on us.
Christ, hear us.
Christ, graciously hear us.
God, the Father of Heaven, have mercy on us.
God, the Son, Redeemer of the world, have mercy on us.
God, the Holy Ghost, have mercy on us.
Holy Trinity, One God, have mercy on us.
Holy Mary, pray for us.
Holy Joseph, pray for us.
Illustrious Son of David, pray for us.
Light of the Patriarchs, pray for us.
Spouse of the Mother of God, pray for us.
Chaste Guardian of the Virgin, pray for us.
Foster-Father of the Son of God, pray for us.
Faithful Protector of Christ, pray for us.
Head of the Holy Family, pray for us.
Joseph most just, pray for us.
Joseph most chaste, pray for us.
Joseph most prudent, pray for us.
Joseph most courageous, pray for us.
Joseph most obedient, pray for us.
Joseph most faithful, pray for us.
Mirror of patience, pray for us.
Lover of poverty, pray for us.
Model of working men, pray for us.
Ornament of the domestic life, pray for us.
Guardian of virgins, pray for us.
Pillar of the family, pray for us.
Consoler of the miserable, pray for us.
Hope of the sick, pray for us.
Patron of the dying, pray for us.
Terror of demons, pray for us.
Protector of the Holy Church, pray for us.
Lamb of God, who takest away the sins of the world, Spare us, O Lord.
Lamb of God, who takest away the sins of the world, Graciously hear us, O Lord.
Lamb of God, who takest away the sins of the world, Have mercy on us.
V. He hath made him master of His house.
R. And ruler of all His possessions.

Let us pray.
O God, who in Thy ineffable providence didst vouchsafe to choose blessed Joseph to be the Spouse of Thy most holy Mother: grant, we beseech Thee, that we may have him for our intercessor in Heaven, whom on earth we venerate as out most holy Protector. Who livest and reignest world without end. Amen.

Family activities for Saint Joseph's Day

 

§2110: Superstition is the deviation of religious feeling and of the practices this feeling imposes. It can even affect the worship we offer the true God, e.g., when one attributes an importance in some way magical to certain practices otherwise lawful or necessary. To attribute the efficacy of prayers or of sacramental signs to their mere external performance, apart from the interior dispositions that they demand, is to fall into superstition. (emphasis added)

§2138: Superstition is a departure from the worship that we give to the true God. It is manifested in idolatry, as well as in various forms of divination and magic.

Yield: about 25 Frittelle



Pretzels

The pretzel represents the shape of the penitent's crossed arms, and was a traditional Lenten food in central European towns. Because the pretzel is shaped like arms folded in prayer, the German tribes who invaded Rome called the bracellæ "brezel'" or "prezel". Pretzels are traditionally eaten throughout Lent, and in some places are especially associated with Saint Joseph's Day [March 19] which usually falls within Lent. A recipe for soft pretzels follows:
This recipe is for a chewy soft pretzel, like those hot pretzel vendors sell.

Combine in a mixing bowl:

1 cup warm water
1 package (1 1 1/2 T) active dry yeast
1 tsp sugar

Add and beat at least 3 minutes:

1 1/2 cups sifted all purpose flour
2 Tbsp soft butter
1/2 tsp salt
1 Tbsp sugar

Stir in 1 1/4 cups sifted all purpose flour and knead until the dough loses its stickiness.

Let the dough rise in a covered greased bowl until it is doubled in bulk (this is called "proofing" the dough). Punch down and divide it into 12 pieces. Roll each piece into a long rope and form it into a pretzel shape. Place the pretzels on a greased baking sheet and let them rise until almost doubled in bulk. Preheat oven to 475°F.

In a large non aluminum kettle, prepare a boiling solution of

4 cups water

5 tsp baking soda

With a slotted spoon, carefully lower the pretzels into the water and boil about 1 minute or until they float to the top. Return them to the greased sheet. Sprinkle them with coarse salt. (Sea salt or Kosher salt.) Bake the pretzels until they are nicely browned, about 10-12 minutes. Pretzels are best when eaten while still warm, but they may be stored in an air tight container for up to a week, or frozen. (Makes twelve 6 inch pretzels)



TOPICS: Activism; Apologetics; Catholic; Charismatic Christian; Current Events; Eastern Religions; Ecumenism; Evangelical Christian; General Discusssion; History; Islam; Judaism; Mainline Protestant; Ministry/Outreach; Moral Issues; Orthodox Christian; Other Christian; Other non-Christian; Prayer; Religion & Culture; Religion & Politics; Religion & Science; Skeptics/Seekers; Theology; Worship
KEYWORDS: blessed; chastespouse; johnpaulii; litany; stjoseph; virginmary; worker
For your information, prayers, family activities, etc.
1 posted on 05/01/2006 8:16:41 AM PDT by Salvation
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: nickcarraway; sandyeggo; Lady In Blue; NYer; american colleen; ELS; Pyro7480; livius; ...
Saint of the Day Ping!

Please notify me via FReepmail if you would like to be added to or taken off the Saint of the Day Ping List.

2 posted on 05/01/2006 8:18:54 AM PDT by Salvation (†With God all things are possible.†)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Salvation

and I believed this feast day was moved from another on the old calendar to May first to satisfy the communists. am I correct?


3 posted on 05/01/2006 8:19:49 AM PDT by JustMytwocents70
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: JustMytwocents70

Don't know about that. The Solemnity of St. Joseph is still celebrated on May 19th.


4 posted on 05/01/2006 8:24:03 AM PDT by Salvation (†With God all things are possible.†)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 3 | View Replies]

To: Salvation

Generally March 19 - This year the 19th fell on a Sunday so it was the 20th.


5 posted on 05/01/2006 8:26:32 AM PDT by ConorMacNessa (HM/2 USN - 3rd Bn. Fifth Marines RVN 1969 - St. Michael the Archangel, defend us in battle!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 4 | View Replies]

To: Salvation
Prayer to Saint Joseph

To thee, O Blessed Joseph, we have recourse in our affliction, and having implored the help of thy most holy Spouse, we seek with confidence thy patronage also. By that affection wherewith thou wast united to the Immaculate Virgin, Mother of God; by the fatherly love with which thou didst embrace the Child Jesus, we humbly beseech thee to look down with gracious eye upon that inheritance which Jesus Christ purchased for us by His Blood, and to help us in our need by thy powerful intercession.

Defend, O thou most watchful guardian of the Holy Family, the chosen offspring of Jesus Christ. Keep from us, O most loving father, all blight of error and corruption. Aid us from on high, O thou our most valiant defender, in this conflict with the powers of darkness. And even as of old thou didst rescue the Child Jesus from the peril of His life, so now defend God's Holy Church from the snares of the enemy and from all adversity. Shield us ever under thy patronage, so that imitating thy example and strengtheded by thy help, we may live a holy life, die a happy death, and attain to everlasting bliss in heaven. Amen.

Thanks for posting this. We pray this every Sunday before mass right after the Rosary at my chapel.

6 posted on 05/01/2006 8:30:49 AM PDT by murphE (These are days when the Christian is expected to praise every creed but his own. --G.K. Chesterton)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: JustMytwocents70; Salvation

Solemnity of Saint Joseph is March 19, the feast of the Patronage of Saint Joseph used to be the third Wednesday after Easter. The Feast of Saint Joseph the Worker is the what that Patronage feast became (I think) under Pius XII.

But it wasn't to satisfy the communists, it was to give them a more suitable role model. Saint Joseph pray for us.


7 posted on 05/01/2006 8:31:42 AM PDT by Nihil Obstat
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 3 | View Replies]

To: Warthogtjm

I'm confused.


8 posted on 05/01/2006 8:32:41 AM PDT by Salvation (†With God all things are possible.†)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 5 | View Replies]

To: Nihil Obstat

**Saint Joseph pray for us.**

Thank you!


9 posted on 05/01/2006 8:33:44 AM PDT by Salvation (†With God all things are possible.†)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 7 | View Replies]

To: JustMytwocents70; Salvation; Claud

Claud...ping.

The Feast of St. Joseph the Worker was instituted in 1955 by Pope Pius XII. Many consider this an appeasement to the commies; however, I disagree and see this feast as a counterattack against the Marxist notion of labor and a wonderful Feast Day for working men to have St. Joseph as a patron.

As to the old calendar question you raise:

Before 1955, today was the Feast of Sts. Philip and James, Apostles. This feast was moved to May 11th. in 1955, and then moved back to May 3rd. in 1969.

Likewise, before 1955, there existed a second Feast of St. Joseph under the name "The Solemnity of St. Joseph" which was celebrated on the Wednesday in the 2nd. Week after the Octave of Easter (i.e. this Wednesday if still in existence). The Solemnity was meant to be a Feast to "fully" celebrate St. Joseph in the joy of Eastertide since his original feast almost always falls in Lent. The Solemnity Feast was removed from the Calendar and replaced with today's Feast on the fixed date of May 1st.

In the 1962 Calendar, which Claud and I adhere to on account of our attending the TLM, St. Joseph the Worker is a Feast of the First Class. Unfortunately, in my opinion, when the Calendar was changed in 1969, this Feast was downgraded to an optional Memorial.


10 posted on 05/01/2006 8:34:41 AM PDT by jrny
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 3 | View Replies]

To: All
Catholic Devotions: St. Joseph the Worker

HOMILIES PREACHED BY FATHER ALTIER ON THE FEAST OF SAINT JOSEPH, THE WORKER.

Feast of St. Joseph the Worker (May 1st.)- Discussion

11 posted on 05/01/2006 8:35:37 AM PDT by Salvation (†With God all things are possible.†)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 10 | View Replies]

To: jrny
Nothing Will Be Denied Him (St. Joseph)

The Heart of a Father [St. Joseph]

Quemadmodum Deus - Decree Under Blessed Pius IX, Making St. Joseph Patron of the Church

St. Joseph [Husband of the Blessed Virgin Mary], Solemnity, March 19

MORE THAN PATRON OF HOMES, IT'S TIME FOR ST. JOSEPH TO GAIN HIGHEST OF RECOGNITION [Fatherhood]

(Saint) Joseph the Patriarch: A Reflection on the Solemnity of St. Joseph

How I Rediscovered a "Neglected" Saint: Work of Art Inspires Young Man to Rediscover St. Joseph

The Heart of St. Joseph

The Importance of Devotion to St. Joseph

St. Francis de Sales on St. Joseph (Some Excerpts for St. Joseph's Day 2004)

St. Joseph: REDEMPTORIS CUSTOS (Guardian Of The Redeemer)

St. Joseph's Humility (By St. Francis de Sales)

March 19 - Feast of St. Joseph - Husband of Mary - Intercessor of civil leaders

St. Joseph's Spirit of Silence

Father & Child (An Evangelical Minister preaches on St. Joseph)

12 posted on 05/01/2006 8:36:34 AM PDT by Salvation (†With God all things are possible.†)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 10 | View Replies]

To: Salvation

Generally the Soleminty of St. Joseph is on March 19 - This year the 19th fell on a Sunday so it was observed on the 20th.


13 posted on 05/01/2006 8:40:08 AM PDT by ConorMacNessa (HM/2 USN - 3rd Bn. Fifth Marines RVN 1969 - St. Michael the Archangel, defend us in battle!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 8 | View Replies]

To: Warthogtjm; Salvation

There are two Feasts of St. Joseph in both the old and new calendars. March 19th and May 1st.


14 posted on 05/01/2006 8:42:07 AM PDT by jrny
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 13 | View Replies]

To: Warthogtjm

Check you May calendar, please. The 19th is on a Friday. So I'm still confused about your statement.


15 posted on 05/01/2006 8:42:07 AM PDT by Salvation (†With God all things are possible.†)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 13 | View Replies]

To: Salvation

The Solemnity of St. Joseph is March 19. St. Joseph the Worker Memorial is May 1.


16 posted on 05/01/2006 8:57:25 AM PDT by ConorMacNessa (HM/2 USN - 3rd Bn. Fifth Marines RVN 1969 - St. Michael the Archangel, defend us in battle!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 15 | View Replies]

To: jrny
Many consider this an appeasement to the commies; however, I disagree and see this feast as a counterattack against the Marxist notion of labor and a wonderful Feast Day for working men to have St. Joseph as a patron.

Thanks for the ping! And you're absolutely right. Beating the commies at their own game (like we used to do with the pagans).

I'm wondering whether we should institute the feast of Adam and Eve to counteract the atheistic evolutionists. (The East celebrates it on Dec. 24)

17 posted on 05/01/2006 9:15:50 AM PDT by Claud
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 10 | View Replies]

To: Claud

I'll second that. Plus, it will counter-attack "same-sex marriage".


18 posted on 05/01/2006 9:24:18 AM PDT by jrny
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 17 | View Replies]

To: Salvation

Thanks. St. Joseph is on my ping list daily.


19 posted on 05/01/2006 9:27:37 AM PDT by ex-snook ("But above all things, truth beareth away the victory.")
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 2 | View Replies]

To: Salvation; JustMytwocents70; Nihil Obstat; All

Dear Freepers in Christ,

Please keep me in your prayers. Today, my condition deteriorated to an even greater extent, than I had expected as a result I was unable to post a Link regarding Homilies preached by Father Altier on the Solemnity of Saint Joseph, The Worker on Freeper Salvation's Daily Caucus Readings for the Solemnity of Saint Joseph for May 1, 2006.

That is why I have not yet posted a Thread on one of Father Altier's Lessons namely Lesson 17 on the Holy Eucharist which I will be posting now.

I am grateful that Freeper Salvation has created a Link with regard to those Homilies on this Thread.

To: Freeper JustMytwocents70

This Solemnity was insituted by Pope Pius XII not to appease the Communists at all rather just the opposite.

It was instituted and designed to counter the Commmunist Influence in the World which in the 1950's you and other will agree with me was a major menace.

Check out the Homilies of Father Altier for the Solemnity of Saint Joseph, the Worker -- Father Robert Altier specifically talks in one of his Homilies as to how this Solemnity was meant to tackle the Communist Menace.

To Salvation:

I am posting the Link for the Homilies preached by Father Altier on this Solemnity on Daily Catholic Caucus Readings right now.

HAPPY SAINT JOSEPH, THE WORKER SOLEMNITY OR FEAST TO Y'ALL.


20 posted on 05/01/2006 10:49:48 AM PDT by MILESJESU (MERCIFUL JESUS CHRIST, I TRUST IN YOU. JESUS CHRIST IS THE GOOD SHEPHERD AND TRUE GOD AND TRUE MAN.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 11 | View Replies]

To: Salvation
In recent years the practice has arisen of burying a statuette of Saint Joseph in the yard of property that is for sale in the belief that the sale will be concluded quickly. (Probably because of the saint's association with building and carpentry he has been adopted as the patron of real estate agents.)

I've always felt the special protection of Saint Joseph. Throughout my life there has always been some use of the name "Saint Joseph" at every crucial turn life took, and at every perilous transition. Today, quite unexpectedly, I sold my house---without burying any statues. :) It hadn't even been listed yet. Not even a sign in the yard. This morning I had no idea there'd be a buyer here today. But I am not surprised. St. Joseph is looking out for me.

21 posted on 05/01/2006 1:10:04 PM PDT by Graymatter
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Salvation

my little post for this morning for our dear St. Joseph, who has kindly been a dear interceder for me time and again:

http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-religion/1624555/posts


22 posted on 05/01/2006 2:53:50 PM PDT by Knitting A Conundrum (Act Justly, Love Mercy, and Walk Humbly With God Micah 6:8)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 12 | View Replies]

To: Graymatter

I am an aspiring Catholic, and I have recently heard this story about burying St. Joseph in the yard. I thought, so, that's what Catholics REALLY do with all those statues. I am trying to grasp the true place of saints in the faith. This didn't help. :-)


23 posted on 05/01/2006 6:27:35 PM PDT by virgil
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 21 | View Replies]

To: virgil

Even in Catholic circles there's arguing about doing that particular activity...


24 posted on 05/01/2006 6:37:56 PM PDT by Knitting A Conundrum (Act Justly, Love Mercy, and Walk Humbly With God Micah 6:8)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 23 | View Replies]

To: SOLDIEROFJESUSCHRIST

Prayers that your health might improve.


25 posted on 05/01/2006 11:15:02 PM PDT by Salvation (†With God all things are possible.†)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 20 | View Replies]

To: All

BTTT on the Optional Memorial of St. Joseph the Worker, May 1, 2007!


26 posted on 05/01/2007 8:54:04 AM PDT by Salvation (" With God all things are possible. ")
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 25 | View Replies]

To: All
American Catholic’s Saint of the Day

                                                        

May 1, 2007
St. Joseph the Worker

Apparently in response to the “May Day” celebrations for workers sponsored by Communists, Pius XII instituted the feast of St. Joseph the Worker in 1955. But the relationship between Joseph and the cause of workers has a longer history.

In a constantly necessary effort to keep Jesus from being removed from ordinary human life, the Church has from the beginning proudly emphasized that Jesus was a carpenter, obviously trained by Joseph in both the satisfactions and the drudgery of that vocation. Humanity is like God not only in thinking and loving, but also in creating. Whether we make a table or a cathedral, we are called to bear fruit with our hands and mind, ultimately for the building up of the Body of Christ.

Comment:

“The Lord God then took the man and settled him in the garden of Eden, to cultivate and care for it” (Genesis 2:15). The Father created all and asked humanity to continue the work of creation. We find our dignity in our work, in raising a family, in participating in the life of the Father’s creation. Joseph the Worker was able to help participate in the deepest mystery of creation. Pius XII emphasized this when he said, “The spirit flows to you and to all men from the heart of the God-man, Savior of the world, but certainly, no worker was ever more completely and profoundly penetrated by it than the foster father of Jesus, who lived with Him in closest intimacy and community of family life and work. Thus, if you wish to be close to Christ, we again today repeat, ‘Go to Joseph’” (see Genesis 41:44).

Quote:

In Brothers of Men, René Voillaume of the Little Brothers of Jesus speaks about ordinary work and holiness: “Now this holiness (of Jesus) became a reality in the most ordinary circumstances of life, those of word, of the family and the social life of a village, and this is an emphatic affirmation of the fact that the most obscure and humdrum human activities are entirely compatible with the perfection of the Son of God...in relation to this mystery, involves the conviction that the evangelical holiness proper to a child of God is possible in the ordinary circumstances of someone who is poor and obliged to work for his living.”



27 posted on 05/01/2007 9:11:34 AM PDT by Salvation (" With God all things are possible. ")
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 26 | View Replies]

To: All

St. Joseph, protect us as you protected Jesus and Mary.


28 posted on 05/01/2009 7:54:33 AM PDT by Salvation ( †With God all things are possible.†)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 2 | View Replies]

Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.

Free Republic
Browse · Search
Religion
Topics · Post Article

FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794
FreeRepublic.com is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson