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"Bless me Father, for I have sinned ... "

Please allow me a few minutes to post the Scriptural Basis for this thread. Thank you.

1 posted on 02/10/2007 2:05:47 PM PST by NYer
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To: Lady In Blue; Salvation; narses; SMEDLEYBUTLER; redhead; Notwithstanding; nickcarraway; Romulus; ...

In keeping with guidelines posted by the Religion Moderator, we are posting this thread (and future ones) in a series on the Early Church Fathers, as a Catholic/Orthodox Caucus. Protestants are welcome to post comments but restraint from attacks, would be appreciated. This thread is posted to inform, support and defend the historic orgins of the Catholic and Orthodox Churches.

2 posted on 02/10/2007 2:07:38 PM PST by NYer ("Where the bishop is present, there is the Catholic Church" - Ignatius of Antioch)
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To: NYer; cowtowney; xsmommy; TitansAFC; coton_lover; SoCalPol; talkshowamerica; markomalley; pbear8; ..
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3 posted on 02/10/2007 2:09:37 PM PST by narses ("Freedom is about authority." - Rudolph Giuliani)
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To: All
Scriptural Basis



Scripture

I. Jesus Christ Granted the Apostles His Authority to Forgive Sins

John 20:21 - before He grants them the authority to forgive sins, Jesus says to the apostles, "as the Father sent me, so I send you." As Christ was sent by the Father to forgive sins, so Christ sends the apostles and their successors forgive sins.

John 20:22 - the Lord "breathes" on the apostles, and then gives them the power to forgive and retain sins. The only other moment in Scripture where God breathes on man is in Gen. 2:7, when the Lord "breathes" divine life into man. When this happens, a significant transformation takes place.

John 20:23 - Jesus says, "If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven. If you retain the sins of any, they are retained." In order for the apostles to exercise this gift of forgiving sins, the penitents must orally confess their sins to them because the apostles are not mind readers. The text makes this very clear.

Matt. 9:8 - this verse shows that God has given the authority to forgive sins to "men." Hence, those Protestants who acknowledge that the apostles had the authority to forgive sins (which this verse demonstrates) must prove that this gift ended with the apostles. Otherwise, the apostles' successors still possess this gift. Where in Scripture is the gift of authority to forgive sins taken away from the apostles or their successors?

Matt. 9:6; Mark 2:10 - Christ forgave sins as a man (not God) to convince us that the "Son of man" has authority to forgive sins on earth.

Luke 5:24 - Luke also points out that Jesus' authority to forgive sins is as a man, not God. The Gospel writers record this to convince us that God has given this authority to men. This authority has been transferred from Christ to the apostles and their successors.

Matt. 18:18 - the apostles are given authority to bind and loose. The authority to bind and loose includes administering and removing the temporal penalties due to sin. The Jews understood this since the birth of the Church.

John 20:22-23; Matt. 18:18 - the power to remit/retain sin is also the power to remit/retain punishment due to sin. If Christ's ministers can forgive the eternal penalty of sin, they can certainly remit the temporal penalty of sin (which is called an "indulgence").

2 Cor. 2:10 - Paul forgives in the presence of Christ (some translations refer to the presences of Christ as "in persona Christi"). Some say that this may also be a reference to sins.

2 Cor. 5:18 - the ministry of reconciliation was given to the ambassadors of the Church. This ministry of reconciliation refers to the sacrament of reconciliation, also called the sacrament of confession or penance.

James 5:15-16 - in verse 15 we see that sins are forgiven by the priests in the sacrament of the sick. This is another example of man's authority to forgive sins on earth. Then in verse 16, James says “Therefore, confess our sins to one another,” in reference to the men referred to in verse 15, the priests of the Church.

1 Tim. 2:5 - Christ is the only mediator, but He was free to decide how His mediation would be applied to us. The Lord chose to use priests of God to carry out His work of forgiveness.

Lev. 5:4-6; 19:21-22 - even under the Old Covenant, God used priests to forgive and atone for the sins of others.

Top

 


II. The Necessity and Practice of Orally Confessing Sins

James 5:16 - James clearly teaches us that we must “confess our sins to one another,” not just privately to God. James 5:16 must be read in the context of James 5:14-15, which is referring to the healing power (both physical and spiritual) of the priests of the Church. Hence, when James says “therefore” in verse 16, he must be referring to the men he was writing about in verses 14 and 15 – these men are the ordained priests of the Church, to whom we must confess our sins.

Acts 19:18 - many came to orally confess sins and divulge their sinful practices. Oral confession was the practice of the early Church just as it is today.

Matt. 3:6; Mark 1:5 - again, this shows people confessing their sins before others as an historical practice (here to John the Baptist).

1 Tim. 6:12 - this verse also refers to the historical practice of confessing both faith and sins in the presence of many witnesses.

1 John 1:9 - if we confess are sins, God is faithful to us and forgives us and cleanse us. But we must confess our sins to one another.

Num. 5:7 - this shows the historical practice of publicly confessing sins, and making public restitution.

2 Sam. 12:14 - even though the sin is forgiven, there is punishment due for the forgiven sin. David is forgiven but his child was still taken (the consequence of his sin).

Neh. 9:2-3 - the Israelites stood before the assembly and confessed sins publicly and interceded for each other.

Sir. 4:26 - God tells us not to be ashamed to confess our sins, and not to try to stop the current of a river. Anyone who has experienced the sacrament of reconciliation understands the import of this verse.

Baruch 1:14 - again, this shows that the people made confession in the house of the Lord, before the assembly.

1 John 5:16-17; Luke 12:47-48 - there is a distinction between mortal and venial sins. This has been the teaching of the Catholic Church for 2,000 years, but, today, most Protestants no longer agree that there is such a distinction. Mortal sins lead to death and must be absolved in the sacrament of reconciliation. Venial sins do not have to be confessed to a priest, but the pious Catholic practice is to do so in order to advance in our journey to holiness.

Matt. 5:19 - Jesus teaches that breaking the least of commandments is venial sin (the person is still saved but is least in the kingdom), versus mortal sin (the person is not saved).


4 posted on 02/10/2007 2:12:59 PM PST by NYer ("Where the bishop is present, there is the Catholic Church" - Ignatius of Antioch)
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To: All

Preliminary

Besides telling the NATURE of our sins, we must also recollect, as far as possible, the NUMBER of times we have committed them, telling also (and only) those CIRCUMSTANCES which at times may either make a venial sin mortal or a mortal sin notably worse.

  1. Have I ever failed to confess a serious sin or disguised it?
  2. Have I been guilty of irreverence for this sacrament by failing to examine my conscience carefully?
  3. Have I failed to perform the penance given me by the confessor or disobeyed any of his directions?
  4. Have I neglected the Easter duty of receiving Holy Communion or failed to confess my sins within a year?
  5. Have I any HABITS of serious sin to confess first (impurity, drunkenness, etc.)?

First Commandment

  1. Am I ignorant of my catechism (Act of Contrition, Apostle's Creed, Ten Commandments, Seven Sacraments, the Our Father)?
  2. Have I willfully doubted or denied any of the teachings of the Church (heresy)?
  3. Have I taken active part in any non-Catholic worship?
  4. Am I a member of any anti-Catholic or any secret society?
  5. Have I knowingly read any anti-Catholic literature?
  6. Have I practiced any superstitions (horoscopes, fortune tellers, etc.)?

Second Commandment

  1. Have I used God's name in vain by way of profanity?
  2. Have I murmured or complained against God (blasphemy)?
  3. Have I maligned priests or others consecrated to God?
  4. Have I sworn by God's name (oath) either falsely or rashly?
  5. Have I broken any private vow?

Third Commandment

  1. Have I missed Mass on Sundays or holydays through my own fault?
  2. Have I been late for Mass through my own negligence?
  3. Have I been inattentive at Mass or otherwise failed in reverence for the Most Blessed Sacrament?
  4. Have I done unnecessary servile work (physical labor) or shopping on Sunday?

Fourth Commandment

  1. Have I been disrespectful to my parents or neglected them?
  2. Have I failed in obedience or reverence to others in authority?
  3. Have I mistreated my wife or children?
  4. Have I been disobedient or disrespectful to my husband?
  5. Regarding my children:
    • Have I neglected their material needs?
    • Have I failed to care for their early Baptism or their proper religious instruction?
    • Have I allowed them to neglect their religious duties?
    • Have I otherwise failed to discipline them?
    • Have I given bad them example?
    • Have I interfered with their freedom to marry or follow a religious vocation?

Fifth & Eighth Commandments

  1. Have I quarreled with any one?
  2. Have I cursed anyone or otherwise wished evil on him?
  3. Have I taken pleasure in anyone's misfortune?
  4. Is there anyone to whom I refuse to speak or be reconciled?
  5. Have I lied about anyone (calumny)?
  6. Have I rash judged anyone of a serious sin?
  7. Have I engaged in gossip (detraction) or spread scandal?
  8. Have I lent an ear to scandal about my neighbor?
  9. Have I been jealous or envious of anyone?

Sixth & Ninth

  1. Have I denied my spouse his or her marriage rights?
  2. Have I practiced birth control?
  3. Have I abused my marriage rights in any other way?
  4. Have I committed adultery or fornication?
  5. Have I touched or embraced another impurely?
  6. Have I sinned with others of the same sex?
  7. Have I committed masturbation or otherwise sinned impurely with myself?
  8. Have I harbored lustful desires for anyone?
  9. Have I indulged in other impure thoughts?
  10. Have I failed to dress modestly?
  11. Have I done anything to provoke or occasion impure thoughts in others?
  12. Have I read indecent literature or looked at indecent pictures?
  13. Have I watched suggestive films or programs?
  14. Have I permitted my children or others under my charge to do these things?
  15. Have I used indecent language or told indecent stories?
  16. Have I willingly listened to such stories?
  17. Have I boasted of my sins?
  18. Have I sinned against chastity in any other way?

Seventh & Tenth Commandments

  1. Have I stolen anything?
  2. Have I damaged anyone's property through my own fault?
  3. Have I cheated or defrauded other?
  4. Have I refused or neglected to pay any debts?
  5. Have I neglected my duties or been slothful in my work?
  6. Have I refused or neglected to help anyone in urgent necessity?
  7. Have I failed to make restitution?

OTHER SINS

  1. Have I knowingly caused others to sin?
  2. Have I cooperated in the sins of others?
  3. Have I sinned by gluttony?
  4. Have I become intoxicated?
  5. Have I used narcotics?
  6. Have I been motivated by avarice?
  7. Have I indulged in boasting or vainglory?
  8. Have I received Holy Communion or another sacrament in the state of mortal sin?
  9. Is there any other sin I need to confess?

Prayer for a Good Confession

O my God, by my grievous sins I have re-crucified Thy divine Son to myself and have deserved Thy everlasting wrath in the fires of hell. Even more, I have been most ungrateful by my sins to Thee, my Heavenly Father, Who have created me out of nothing, redeemed me by Thy Son, and sanctified me in the sacraments by Thy Holy Spirit. But Thou hast spared me to make this confession. Receive me back as Thy prodigal son and grant me to confess myself well, that I may begin anew to love Thee with my whole heart and soul, henceforth keeping Thy Commandments and suffering patiently whatever temporal punishment for my sins may remain. I hope by Thy goodness and power to obtain everlasting life in paradise. Through Christ Our Lord. Amen.

5 posted on 02/10/2007 2:16:31 PM PST by NYer ("Where the bishop is present, there is the Catholic Church" - Ignatius of Antioch)
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To: All
[The bishop conducting the ordination of the new bishop shall pray:] God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. . . pour forth now that power which comes from you, from your Royal Spirit, which you gave to your beloved Son, Jesus Christ, and which he bestowed upon his holy apostles. . . and grant this your servant, whom you have chosen for the episcopate, [the power] to feed your holy flock and to serve without blame as your high priest, ministering night and day to propitiate unceasingly before your face and to offer to you the gifts of your holy Church, and by the Spirit of the high priesthood to have the authority to forgive sins, in accord with your command (Apostolic Tradition 3 [A.D. 215]).


6 posted on 02/10/2007 2:25:50 PM PST by NYer ("Where the bishop is present, there is the Catholic Church" - Ignatius of Antioch)
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To: All

"I absolve you of your sins ... in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen"


The most beautiful words you will ever hear. As we begin our pilgrimage towards Lent, this is the time to reflect on your life and prepare for a good confession.


Seal of Confession

The solemn obligation of keeping secret all sins confessed in a sacramental confession and anything else made known by the penitent in connection therewith, the manifestation of which might be obnoxious to him or might render the sacrament of Penance odious. This obligation arises from the natural law, the positive law of Christ, and the law of the Church. It binds the confessor and any other person whco may discover what has been told in confession. Under no circumstances is it allowed to reveal the matter of another's confession, unless the penitent freely gives permission. Confessors are enjoined not to speak of what happens in the confessional even in a general manner, even though they do not mention the time, place, or other circumstances connected with it.

New Catholic Dictionary

11 posted on 02/10/2007 2:51:08 PM PST by NYer ("Where the bishop is present, there is the Catholic Church" - Ignatius of Antioch)
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