No more so than being raised in a church that practices adult baptism would.
A child raised in a Baptist church would be more likely to remain a baptist in adulthood; a child raised a Methodist is more likely to remain a Methodist. The fact the Methodist was baptised as an infant and the Baptist was not is likely to be the least relevant factor in future membership.
And, not being quite sure what you mean by sect (belief system or denomination), whether an Orthodox Presbyterian , for example, remains one or joins the PCA or the ARP will more likely turn on geographic availability rather than baptism.
I was told by a group of RC posters that they were insulted by the term denomination. I am not willing to concede the language, so I began using the term sect to differentiate various Christian churches. No hidden meaning behind the term.