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Cur Deus Homo (Why God Became Man) is the first major theological work in the West that followed the Great Schism of 1054. This book is a major contribution to the theology of Atonement.

I plan to publish it for discussion in short installments as Catholic-Orthodox caucus threads. All Christians as well as non-Christians are very welcome, but I ask all to maintain the caucus discipline: no interconfessional attacks, no personal attacks, and no off-topic posts. Avoid mentioning confessions outside of the caucus for any reason.

Previous:

Cur Deus Homo I-III
Cur Deus Homo III-V
Cur Deus Homo VI-VIII: Is God Omnipotent and Wise?
Cur Deus Homo IX-X: Did The Father Wish Christ To Die?
Cur Deus Homo XI-XIV: God's Honor, Compassion, and Justice
Cur Deus Homo XV-XVIII: Men and Angels, Perfection and Election
Cur Deus Homo XIX-XX: No Satisfaction
Cur Deus Homo XXI-XXIII: Enormity of Sin
Cur Deus Homo XXIV-XXV: Unhappiness of Man
Cur Deus Homo Book Second I-IV: Holy, Happy Man

1 posted on 07/06/2007 3:03:26 PM PDT by annalex
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To: Andrew Byler; Blogger; Forest Keeper; fr maximilian mary; Huber; jo kus; Kolokotronis; kosta50; ...
Write to me if you want in or out on this St. Anselm ping list.

The summary:

***

Previously we established that it is necessary that God should finish what He started and restore man to perfection. But how can necessity even apply to sovereign God?

when we say that God does anything to avoid dishonor, which he certainly does not fear, we must mean that God does this from the necessity of maintaining his honor; which necessity is after all no more than this, viz., the immutability of his honor, which belongs to him in himself, and is not derived from another; and therefore it is not properly called necessity.

If God acts out of a necessity, can salvation He offers be a gift to us?

when [someone] freely places himself under the necessity of benefiting another, and sustains that necessity without reluctance, then he certainly deserves greater thanks for the favor

[...]

we owe all thanks to God for completing his intended favor to man; though, indeed, it would not be proper for him to fail in his good design, because wanting nothing in himself he begun it for our sake and not his own

Because of the enormity of the sin of the Fall, only God can repay it, but only man ought to repay it:

it is necessary that he who can give God anything of his own which is more valuable than all things in the possession of God, must be greater than all else but God himself

[...]

none but a man ought to do this, other wise man does not make the satisfaction

And so we arrive, logically, at the necessity of perfect God and perfect man united in a single person, the God-man:

it is necessary that the God-man preserve the completeness of each nature, [and] it is no less necessary that these two natures be united entire in one person, just as a body and a reasonable soul exist together in every human being; for otherwise it is impossible that the same being should be very God and very man.

2 posted on 07/06/2007 3:18:39 PM PDT by annalex
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To: annalex
Next installment:


Cur Deus Homo Book Second VIII: The Necessity of the Virgin Mary

3 posted on 07/11/2007 4:55:17 PM PDT by annalex
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