Skip to comments.Stop Persecuting Pius -- WWII Pontiff is Branded "Hitler's Pope," But He Did Much to Save the Jews
Posted on 05/04/2009 12:36:03 PM PDT by marshmallow
Pope Pius XII, born Eugenio Pacelli, was pontiff during WWII and considered by many one of the greatest heroes of the war. To others, he is simply "Hitler's Pope."
The 46-year-old controversy surrounding Pacelli casts a shadow over Pope Benedict's trip this week to the Holy Land. Benedict's visit will include a stop in Israel, where he will pay respects to Holocaust victims at Yad Vashem but refrain from visiting the museum there that features an exhibit critical of Pius. The exhibit includes a photo of the wartime pontiff with a caption that says he failed to protest the Holocaust and maintained a "neutral position."
In an effort to blast the academic logjam, I launched my own investigation into Pius' role during the Holocaust.
In 2007, Pope Benedict ordered the Vatican secret archives up to 1939 and other sections up to 1947 to be opened. Recently, he ordered the balance of the war year's archives to be opened as quickly as possible. Unfortunately, many historians say they will reserve their decision until the full archives are open. It surprises me that critics continue to defend their outdated theories and assumptions without studying the newly opened archives covering the vast majority of Pacelli's ministry.
I, along with several researchers, have discovered many documents detailing little-known activities of Pacelli. In 1917, for example, he intervened to protect Jews in Palestine from the Ottoman Turks. In 1925 he helped the head of the World Zionist Organization meet with Vatican officials to promote a Jewish homeland in Palestine. We found a confidential U.S. Foreign Service document reporting the Pope's hatred of Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler, and a letter signed by Pacelli moving to overturn a proposed Polish law against kosher slaughtering. We located a nun's diary entry stating that her community received orders from the Pope to protect the Jews.
"Krupp, who is Jewish, along with his wife, Meredith, founded the Pave the Way Foundation. (ptwf.org)"
Church basements, Convents, Seminaries, were FULL of Jews during that time, all across Europe.
If the Church had done more, vocally, it would not have saved any lives, it would have DOOMED the lives that the Chruch tried to protect, and DID protect!
It doesn’t matter. If you repeat a lie often enough the Oprah/Springer/Chris Mathews crowd will believe it. The good news is Mathews only has about 25 followers.
I will never understand the American jewish community on this.
“The public controversy began in 1963 with a negative portrayal of Pius in a fictitious play called “The Deputy.” The highest ranking KGB agent to ever defect recently wrote an article detailing how the KGB planned, financed and edited this play in an operation called “SEAT TWELVE.” This illicit KGB effort to discredit the church has been the most successful character assassination of the 20th century.
It’s time for our “historians” to correct this academic negligence and honestly research the open archives. Jewish teaching says, if you save one life you save all humanity. We must acknowledge what Pius actually did rather than criticize him for what he should have done. Pope Pius should be commended for his courageous actions that saved more Jewish lives than all the world’s leaders combined.
Krupp, who is Jewish, along with his wife, Meredith, founded the Pave the Way Foundation. (ptwf.org)
Read more: “Stop persecuting Pius — WWII pontiff is branded “Hitler’s Pope,” but he did much to save the Jews” - http://www.nydailynews.com/opinions/2009/05/03/2009-05-03_stop_persecuting_pius__wwii_pontiff_is_branded_hitlers_pope_but_he_did_much_to_s.html?page=1#ixzz0EZTMwhPN&A
Thanks for posting this great article. It should be posted at least on a monthly basis. Unfortunately despite people reading it - they prefer to believe the myth.
For now, we've all plenty enough trouble handing islamo-muslim issues and growth. And by "all", that would include any and all groups of Christians as well as Jews.
Let's take care of them...then, y'all can return to arguing history.
The persistent piling on Pius XII is an example of how it is NOT true that hindsight is 20-20. A nice juicy myth, especially one which gives us a sense of moral superiority, often trumps truth.
Is there any particular reason why efforts to combat Islamic fundamentalism and efforts to combat lies perpetrated about the Catholic Church can’t occur simultaneously?
The same people would give Felix Dzerzhinsky a pass. Go figure?
You should ask that question of Opie Cunningham and all of the suckers who willingly give him their money.
F.D.R. ANTISEMITISM AND ANTICATHOLICISM
Why is it that some Jews, instead of slander Pope Pius XII, who did his up must to save the Jews (risking the destruction of the Catholic Church by the Nazis), do not condemn those who, like president Franklin Delano Roosevelt, could have spoken against the Holocaust but no only kept silent, he denied entrance into U.S. those Jews fleeing Nazi occupied Europe?
©1998 by Robert Michael
The records of the Casablanca Conference contain the clearest and most significant evidence concerning the President attitudes toward the Jews and the basic reason why he did nothing to end the anti-refugee policy of the United States.
The conference took place in January 1943 in the middle of the period when the mass murder of Jews was taking place in Europe. By this time, Roosevelt knew nearly everything about these atrocities. Roosevelt had been informed over the years by American diplomats and American press reports about the Jewish condition in Europe.1 Moreover, in December 1942 the Polish government in exile had accurately informed the U.S. government of many of the facts of the Holocaust.
Yet at Casablanca, Roosevelt amazingly seemed to sympathize with Nazi discrimination against Jews. He proposed to Generals Noguès and Giraud that the French government in North Africa discriminate against the Jews of French North Africa just as Hitler had done in Germany before the war .2)
Roosevelt stated that the number of Jews engaged in the practice of the professions . . . should be definitely limited to the percentage that the Jewish population in North Africa bears to the whole North African population.
He endorsed the same plan for Germany. Limiting the number of Jews in the professions, he stated, would further eliminate the specific and understandable complaints which the Germans bore toward the Jews in Germany, namely, that while they represented a single part of the population, over 50 per cent of the lawyers, doctors, school teachers, college professors, etc., in Germany were Jews. 3)
Roosevelts misinformation and solutions were shared by American Ambassador to Germany, William Dodd, who had written to Charles Crane that he, Dodd, had told the Germans unofficially that they had a serious [Jewish] problem but that they did not know how to solve it. The Jews had held a great many more of the key positions in Germany than their numbers or their talents entitled them to. 4)
The errors in Roosevelt statements were telling, because they mirrored modern antisemitic stereotypes. In the interwar period, the facts are that Jews comprised about 16 percent of German lawyers, 11 percent of physicians, 4 percent of the university teachers, and 1 percent of teachers in lower grades. 5 )
At Casablanca, F.D.R.¸s comments echoed Nazi and American anti-Jewish propaganda of the 1930s. Father Coughlin praised the National-Socialists¸ understandable effort to block the Jewish-Communist plan for subjugating Germany.6
Congressman Louis McFadden had encouraged Hitler¸s attempts to destroy the alleged Jewish control of the German economy, media, education, and professions.7)
For President Roosevelt, America was a Protestant nation,8) and Jews were here on suffrance. F.D.R.¸s feelings about Jews (and Catholics) are clear from a private conversation with Leo Crowley, the Catholic economist and wartime Alien Property Custodian.
One day in January 1942, Roosevelt proclaimed to a shocked Crowley: Leo, you know this is a Protestant country, and the Catholics and the Jews are here on sufferance. It is up to both of you [Crowley and Henry Morganthau, a Jew and Secretary of the Treasury] to go along with anything that I want at this time. 9)
F.D.R.¸s comment confirms his belief that Jews as well as Catholics would always be aliens in a Protestant nation like the United States. This attitude, not uncommon among Americas Protestant elite, may help explain FDRs aloofness from the agonized experience of the Holocausts Jews. He may have hated the Nazis and their collaborators for the crimes they committed against non-Jews, but he remained aloof, unable to make the human connection with Jewish victims. 10)
Like many liberals, FDR avoided the realities of the Jewish catastrophe based on a mild antisemitism. As Life magazines managing editor, John Billing, wrote in his diary, Were all antisemitic, only some of us have better self-control than others.11)
FOOTNOTES 1) At the time of Kristallnacht in November 1938, President Roosevelt had already been warned by his ambassador to Poland, Anthony Biddle, that The plight of the Jewish populations as a whole in Europe is steadily becoming . . . untenable. Biddle to Roosevelt (10 November 1938). See Lipstadt, Beyond Belief.
2) Noguès was Vichy France¸s Resident General of Morocco.
3) The Roosevelt-Noguès and the Roosevelt-Giraud Conversations at the President¸s Villa (noon and 4:20 p.m., 17 January 1943), Roosevelt Papers, McCrea Notes, in Foreign Relations of the United States: The Conferences at Washington 1941-1942 and Casablanca 1943 (Washington D.C. 1968), 608-11.
4) Brecher, Charles R. Crane¸s Crusade for the Arabs, 47, 54n34.
5) See Jewish Historical Atlas.
6) Curran, Xenophobia and Immigration, 149.
7) Shapiro, The Approach of War, 48.
8) Robert Herzstein, Jews, the Holocaust, and Henry Luce, Dimensions, 15.
9) Entry of 27 January 1942, Henry Morganthau Diaries, in Morgan, FDR, 553.
10) NAnother example was Henry Luce, the owner and director of Time Magazine, AMericas most powerful journalistic enterprise. Herzstein, Jews, the Holocaust, and Henry Luce, Dimensions, 19.
11) Herzstein, Jews, the Holocaust, and Henry Luce, 21.
©1998 by Robert Michael
F.D.R. DENIED ASYLUM TO JEWS FLEEING NAZI OCCUPIED EUROPE
The St. Louis and U.S. Policy Failures
German Jews Denied Entrance to America in 1939
Aug 22, 2009 Michael Streich
Allowing 937 Jews to leave Germany in May 1939 served Nazi propaganda goals, particularly when the the United States rejected asylum after Cuba refused their entry visas.
In May 1939, the S.S. St. Louis sailed out of Hamburg, Germany bound for Havana with 937 Jewish men, women, and children. It was only seven months since Kristallnacht had wrecked a bloody havoc on the Jews in the German Reich and only five months from the outbreak of World War II. The plight of these Jews would become intimately entangled with insensitive American immigration quotas, President Franklin Roosevelts political expediency, and deeply rooted Anti-Semitism in the United States.
The passengers on the St. Louis were a varied group. They represented young and old, professional and worker. Some had been in concentration camps. Both Dachau and Buchenwald camps were in full operation, a fact known to most foreign governments including the United States.
Dr. Joseph Goebbels, Nazi Minister of Propaganda, used the sailing of the St. Louis to strengthen the ideological posture of Germany toward the Jews to appeal to world public opinion.
On the one hand, Germany was demonstrating compassion by allowing these Jews to leave, albeit at a steep price. Those with property forfeited everything to the Reich. This aspect of the Nazi procedures was not for public opinion. Although issued exit visa, the passengers entry documents into Cuba would not be honored. The passengers did not know this.
Dr. Goebbels, Reichsmarschal Goering, and Hitler knew that, inevitably, the St. Louis would be turned away, proving to the world that nobody wanted the Jews. Most European nations had already stopped the flow of refugees crossing their borders. Britain not only curtailed Jews from entering Britain, but severely limited the number of Jews migrating to Palestine, a viable and logical destination coming out of late 19th-Century Zionist efforts.
FRANCO OFFERED REFUGE IN CATHOLIC SPAIN TO PERSECUTED JEWS.
The reaction of the Western democracies was in stark contrast with that of Fascist Spain. General Francos regime, even though his country was devastated and impoverished after a bloody civil war, recognized all the Sephardic Jews living in the Nazi occupied territories as Spanish citizens. That measure allowed them to return to Spain- the beloved Sepharad, land of their ancestors where they lived a golden age more than five centuries ago. Francos government also collaborated with the Holy See and several South American countries in providing false passports for Jews trying to flee the Nazi scourge.
More than 50,000 Jews were saved thanks to the Spanish government actions. When the Nazis discovered the covert operation, some of the Latin American countries retracted from accepting the validity of the faked passports.
The Vatican, on January 24, 1944, interceded with the Latin American governments asking them to recognize the passports no matter how illegally obtained, and the humanitarian operation proceeded. Brazil gave 3,000 enter visas. Paraguay, Chile and others South American countries were also very receptive to the Popes pleas in favor of the Jews.
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