Skip to comments.The Last Church is Lukewarm (Laodicea)
Posted on 09/20/2009 7:23:15 AM PDT by OneVike
Founded around 255 BC and named after his wife Laodice by the Seleucid King Antiochus II, this city was located about 100 miles directly east of the first church mentioned by Christ, "Ephesus". Situated on one of the great Asian trade routs, Laodicea become prosperous because of its garment industry which used a black wool that had a soft texture like silk and could be found only in the Lycus Valley. However, it was also known for a medical school that grew out if its temple worship of the Phrygian god Men Karou, located 13 miles west of Laodicea.
Its most famous medicines were ointments made from spice; "nard" for the ears and an eye salve made from alum called "Phrygian powder". This eye salve was actually a powder made by crushing Phrygian stones and forming it into tablets. Believed to be a cure for weak eyes this medication was sold throughout the Asian and the Mediterranean lands. All of these aspects of its economy led Laodicea to becoming a leading banking center. Due to the frequent earthquakes in the area, their financial success in banking meant they did not need to depend upon any aid from Rome to rebuild. Laodicea was thus a kind of Bank of America, Wal-Mart and Mayo Clinic all rolled into one
In this letter, Christ introduces Himself to the Laodicean church as "the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the ruler of Gods creation" (Rev 3:14). By introducing Himself as a faithful and true witness, Christ presented them with a sharp contrast to their own inactivity in witnessing and serving. Upon reading the letter, they would have been convicted by its description of their faith. Christ likened it to being lukewarm, an obvious reference to their tepid drinking water supplied from a distant thermal springs in Hierapolis (Rev 3:15-16). They also would have found it ironic that He called them "poor and naked and blind" (Rev 3:17). An obvious reference to their banking, clothing, and eye salve industries that enriched them to the point of being able to turn down Romes financial help in times of need. They needed no one and obviously they acted in such a way when it came to their walk with Christ.
The Laodiceans wore black garments with pride, but Christ advised the Christians of this city to buy from Him "white garments" of purity and righteousness. Although they were renowned for having an expertise in medical treatments for the eyes, they were unaware of their spiritual blindness. Jesus appeals to them to buy salve from him for better spiritual vision. Christ also tells them to zealously seek out His forgiveness and stop being indifferent. In his commentary on Revelation, Robert Thomas puts it so eloquently that I would like to borrow the following quote:
"Let my strong criticisms of you open your eyes at once to the need of repentance and also to the fact that it is really love on My part that prompts Me to reprove and chastise you. A realization of My loving concern, as well a your own desperate condition, should bring a resolute change of purpose and kindle within you a warm fervor of devotion that will dispense with lukewarmness".
The Laodiceans are asked to let Christ in because He stands at the door knocking and only they can open the door for Him to dine with them at His throne in the presence of His Father.
The name Laodicea means "Rule of the people", and like the democratic systems of our present age, the church of Laodicea represents the end times. A time when men rule and governments listen to them, but we are also getting closer yet to the end of the last period of time. In the last 50 years there have been scholars who have predicted that the Western style capitalist democracies would be replaced by socialist democracies. They have pointed out that these socialist governments would become more totalitarian as the people became more defendant upon them. The theory being, that while a capitalist society would raise the level of prosperity for all, the people themselves would in turn demand more from the government while moving farther away from God.
Like the wealthy and independent Laodiceans, who allowed their wealth and prosperity to turn them into lukewarm worshipers of Christ, so to are the citizens of the Western world. Throughout history, the warning from Christ that "it is easier for a camel to go through and eye of a needle than for a rich man to get into heaven" has proved to be so true. It was after all, just a matter of time before our wealth and prosperity would begin to cloud our spiritual walk as it did the Laodiceans. That sense of self reliance and a lukewarm approach towards the one and only true God allows the enemy to sneak in and steel our crown. So as we look at the letter to the lukewarm Laodiceans, it is my prayer that Christians around the world would hear the knock at the door, see the obvious signs of the times we live in, and repent.
I pray that those who have ears to hear, will hear what the Spirit says to the churches, and call upon His name.
This was a very interesting post. I hadn’t known the social/economic background on Laodicea -— it certainly gives insight into their spiritual sluggishness. It seems wealth is the enemy of the Spirit -— in many cases.
Good post bump.
“They also would have found it ironic that He called them “poor and naked and blind” (Rev 3:17). An obvious reference to their banking, clothing, and eye salve industries that enriched them to the point of being able to turn down Romes financial help in times of need. They needed no one and obviously they acted in such a way when it came to their walk with Christ.”
I was not familiar with that part of their culture either.
I will check ou thtis website.
Thank you for posting this.
Thanks for the ping!
Thanks for the post!!!! A very good reminder we now find America today, in comparison to Laodicea ??????
I will definitely check out your blog.
Thank you again!
There’s an interesting historical tidbit about Laodicea that the author doesn’t mention. Across the valley from Laodicea is modern-day Pammukale, a geological resort area that consists of terraced hotsprings. In the ancient world, it was known as Heiropolis and was frequented by Roman elites who vacationed there to soak in the warm, healing waters.
One such Roman, the famous Cicero, was on vacation in Hieropolis and he ran out of cash. There were no banks near the baths, So he trekked across the valley to a bank in Laodicea, where he cashed a check so his holiday could continue.
Thanks for the information. I am always looking for more knowledge of the ancient world.
Although I really don’t think I would have added that if I knew it when I wrote the commentary. Mainly because of my need to keep the article informative yet short enough that it will not cause some to turn away.
Again thank you for the tidbit.
Awesome article, and love the practical applications for today. God bless you brother.
ROTB: OneVike has had a great series on the 7 Churches in Revelation and thought this may interest you.
I do understand about the need for brevity.
Another interesting factoid about Laodicea is that the civil engineers had tried to pipe in hot and cold running water. They built a clay pipeline from Hieropolis to bring some of that hot spring water in. And they piped in water from the cold streams that flowed from the snow runoff from the mountains near Colossae.
The enterprise yielded poor results. The hot spring water from Hieropolis combined with the clay pipes to become a muddy, putrid polluted water and the water from Colossae did not maintain its cool nature. And it took the flavor of pipes through which it traveled.
If the water was cold like the cool snow runoff at Colossae, it would be delicious. If the water was drunk at Hieropolis before it was piped to Laodicea, it was warm and healing. But it was neither.
Laodicean water was therefore well known for being stinky and bad-tasting. Visitors would take a sip and would spew it out of their mouths. The recipients of the Lord’s letter to them understood full well what was being said to them.
Again I am in your debt, for I did not know that either, but unlike the other tidbit, this would have made it into my commentary, even if it added a few more words.
Thank you for posting this very informative but where did you get the info ?
OV: Thank you for another great article on the seven churches.
Guyin40s: And also thanks for the interesting info about Laodecia.
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