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Catholic Biblical Apologetics: American Christian Branches Among European Founded Churches
http://www.catholicapologetics.org/ ^ | 1985-1991 | Dr. Robert Schihl and Paul Flanagan

Posted on 02/22/2010 8:35:05 PM PST by Salvation

Catholic Biblical Apologetics


Apologetics without apology!


What does the Roman Catholic Church teach about ...? ... and why?

This website surveys the origin and development of Roman Catholic Christianity from the period of the apostolic church, through the post-apostolic church and into the conciliar movement. Principal attention is paid to the biblical basis of both doctrine and dogma as well as the role of paradosis (i.e. handing on the truth) in the history of the Church. Particular attention is also paid to the hierarchical founding and succession of leadership throughout the centuries.

This is a set of lecture notes used since 1985 to teach the basis for key doctrines and dogmas of the Roman Catholic Church. The objectives of the course were, and are:

The course grew out of the need for the authors to continually answer questions about their faith tradition and their work. (Both authors are active members of Catholic parish communities in the Diocese of Richmond, Virginia. Dr. Robert Schihl was a Professor and Associate Dean of the School of Communication and the Arts at Regent University. Paul Flanagan is a consultant specializing in preparing people for technology based changes.) At the time these notes were first prepared, the authors were spending time in their faith community answering questions about their Protestant Evangelical workplaces (Mr. Flanagan was then a senior executive at the Christian Broadcasting Network), and time in their workplaces answering similar questions about their Roman Catholic faith community. These notes are the result of more than a decade of facilitating dialogue among those who wish to learn more about what the Roman Catholic Church teaches and why.

American Christian Branches Among European Founded Churches

American Christian Branches Among European Founded Churches

The following American Christian branches to European founded churches take their beginning from the history chart of the preceding page. The date before each denomination indicates the beginning of that American branch church fellowship.

Lutheran Branch

1818 - Ohio Lutheran Synod
1930 - American Lutheran Church
1988 - Evangelical Lutheran Church of America
1820 - General Lutheran Synod
1863 - United Synod South
1867 - General Lutheran Council
1918 - United Lutheran Church in America
1962 - Lutheran Church in America
1988 - Evangelical Lutheran Church of America
1847 - Lutheran Church Missouri Synod
1976 - Association of Evangelical Lutherans
1988 - Evangelical Lutheran Church of America
1854 Iowa Lutheran Synod
1930 - American Lutheran Church
1988 - Evangelical Lutheran Church of America
1860 - Swedish Augustana Synod
1962 - Lutheran Church in America
1988 - Evangelical Lutheran Church of America
1872 - American Evangelical Lutheran Church
1962 - Lutheran Church in America
1988 - Evangelical Lutheran Church of America
1890 - Finnish Evangelical Lutheran Church
1962 - Lutheran Church in America
1988 - Evangelical Lutheran Church of America
1896 - United Evangelical Lutheran Church
1960 - American Lutheran Church
1988 - Evangelical Lutheran Church of America
1900 - Church of the Lutheran Brethren of America
1988 - Evangelical Lutheran Church of America
1918 - Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod

1929 - Apostolic Lutheran Church of America

Reformed Branch

1628 - Dutch Reformed Church
1857 - Christian Reformed Church
1926 - Protestant Reformed Churches of America
1867 - Reformed Church in America
1628 - Puritans/Congregationalists
Evangelical Protestant Church of North America
1931 - Congregational Christian Churches
1957 - United Church of Christ
1790 - Universalists
1961 - Unitarian Universalist Association
1793 - German Reformed Church
1826 - Churches of God in North America
1869 - Reformed Church in the United States
1934 - Evangelical and Reformed Church
1957 - United Church of Christ
1801 - Christians/Churches of Christ
1832 - Christian Church/Disciples of Christ
1807 - Disciples of Christ
1832 - Christian Church/Disciples of Christ
1849 - Evangelical Synod of North America
1934 - Evangelical and Reformed Church
1957 - United Church of Christ

Anglican Branch

1787 - Protestant Episcopal Church
1861 - North Protestant Episcopal Church
1865 Protestant Episcopal Church
1873 - Reformed Episcopal Church
1861 - South Protestant Episcopal Church
1865 Protestant Episcopal Church
1873 - Reformed Episcopal Church

Presbyterian Branch

1706 - Presbyterian Church
1741 - New Side Presbyterian Church
1758 - Presbyterian Church
1741 - Old Side Presbyterian Church
1758 - Presbyterian Church
1810 - Cumberland Presbyterian Church
1837 - New School
1870 - Presbyterian Church, U.S.A.
1937 - Orthodox Presbyterian Church
Bible Presbyterian Church
1956 - Bible Presbyterian Church
1965 - Reformed Presbyterian Church, Evangelical Synod
1982 - Presbyterian Church of America
1837 - Old School
1861 - Presbyterian Church, Confederate States
Presbyterian Church in the United States
1973 - Presbyterian Church of America
1983 - Presbyterian Church, USA
1870 - Presbyterian Church, U.S.A.
1937 - Orthodox Presbyterian Church
Bible Presbyterian Church
1956 - Bible Presbyterian Church
1965 - Reformed Presbyterian Church, Evangelical Synod
1982 - Presbyterian Church of America
1752 - Reformed Presbytery
1833 - Reformed Presbyterian Church of No. America (Covenanters)
Associate Presbyterian Church
1858 - United Presbyterian Church of No. America
1958 - United Presbyterian Church, USA
1983 - Presbyterian Church, USA
Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church
1822 - Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church (Covenanters)
1958 - United Presbyterian Church, USA
1983 - Presbyterian Church, USA
1774 - Reformed Presbyterian Church in North America
1965 - Reformed Presbyterian Church, Evangelical Synod
1982 - Presbyterian Church of America

Baptist Branch

1639 - British Separatists
1672 - Seventh-Day Baptists
1727 - Free Will Baptists
1770 - Old Lights
1787 - General Association of Separatists Baptists
1814 - Baptist Missionary Convention
1827 - Primitive Baptists
1845 - Northern Baptist Convention
1932 - General Assoc. of Regular Baptist Churches
1947 - Conservative Baptist Assoc. of America
1950 - America Baptist Convention
1770 - New Lights
1780 - Free Will Baptists (North)
1827 - Primitive Baptists
1910 - Northern Baptist Convention
1814 - Baptist Missionary Convention
1845 - Southern Baptist Convention
1895 - National Baptist Convention of America
1915 - National Baptist Convention of the U.S.A., Inc.
1961 - Progressive Baptist Convention
1905 - American Baptist Association
1895 - Northern Baptist Convention of America
1932 - General Assoc. of Regular Baptist Churches
1947 - Conservative Baptist Association of America
1950 - American Baptist Convention

Anabaptists

1840 - North American Baptist General Conference
1852 - Baptist General Conference

Methodist

1784 - Methodist Episcopal Church
1816 - African Methodist Episcopal Church
1821 - African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
1830 - Methodist Protestant Church/Bible Protestant Church
1939 - Methodist Church
1946 - Evangelical Methodist Church
1968 - United Methodist Church
1843 - Wesleyan Methodist Church of America
1968 Wesleyan Church
1844 - Methodist Episcopal
1860 - Free Methodist Church
1908 - Church of the Nazarene
1939 - Methodist Church
1946 - Evangelical Methodist Church
1968 - United Methodist Church
1844 - Methodist Episcopal Church (South)
1870 - Christian Methodist Episcopal Church
1897 - Pilgrim Holiness Church
1968 - Wesleyan Church
1800 - Church of the United Brethren in Christ
1946 - Evangelical United Brethren Church
1807 - Evangelical Church
1946 - Evangelical United Brethren Church
1829 - Primitive Methodist Church
1886 - Church of God (Cleveland, TN)
1923 - Tomlinson Church of God
1943 - Church of God (Queens Village, NY)
1953 - Church of God of Prophecy
1957 - Church of God of All Nations
1886 - Church of God
1922 - Original Church of God, Inc.
1886 - United Holy Church of America, Inc.
1898 - Fire-Baptized Holiness Church
1953 - Emanuel Holiness Church
1911 - Pentecostal Holiness Church
1918 - Pentecostal Fire-Baptized Holiness Church
1899 - Pentecostal Holiness Church
1911 - Pentecostal Holiness Church
1901 - Pentecostal Union
1917 - Pillar of Fire
1914 - Assemblies of God, General Council
1914 - Church of God by Faith, Inc.
1914 - Pentecostal Assemblies of the World, Inc.
1924 - Pentecostal Church, Inc.
1945 - United Pentecostal Church, Inc.
Pentecostal Assemblies of Jesus Christ, Inc.
1917 - Pentecostal Church of Christ
1918 - International Church of the Foursquare Gospel
1919 - Pentecostal Church of God of America, Inc.
1919 - International Pentecostal Assemblies
1919 - Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ of the Apostolic Faith, Inc.
1957 - Bible Way Church, World-Wide
1919 - Bible Standard, Inc.
1935 - Open Bible Standard Churches, Inc.
1932 - Open Bible Evangelistic Association
1935 - Open Bible Standard Churches, Inc.
1932 - Calvary Pentecostal Church, Inc.
1947 - Elim Missionary Assemblies




TOPICS: Apologetics; Catholic; Charismatic Christian; Evangelical Christian; History; Mainline Protestant; Other Christian; Theology
KEYWORDS: catholic; catholiclist
I think we, as Catholics, are spoiled. We have only One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church with 20 plus rites.

This list is amazing to me. I had no idea there were so many denominations under each heading above.

1 posted on 02/22/2010 8:35:07 PM PST by Salvation
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To: All

I’m interested in knowing if all these dates are accurate. I noticed that one date was missing in the main document.


2 posted on 02/22/2010 8:37:55 PM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: nickcarraway; Lady In Blue; NYer; ELS; Pyro7480; livius; Catholicguy; RobbyS; markomalley; ...
Catholic Discussion Ping!

Please notify me via FReepmail if you would like to be added to or taken off the Catholic Discussion Ping List.

3 posted on 02/22/2010 8:39:26 PM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: lightman; xzins; sionnsar; Huber

Ping!


4 posted on 02/22/2010 8:40:46 PM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Salvation; informavoracious; larose; RJR_fan; Prospero; Conservative Vermont Vet; ...
+

Freep-mail me to get on or off my pro-life and Catholic List:

Add me / Remove me

Please ping me to note-worthy Pro-Life or Catholic threads, or other threads of general interest.

5 posted on 02/22/2010 8:41:41 PM PST by narses ("lex orandi, lex credendi, lex vivendi")
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To: All
Foundation

Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Foundation: Apologetics Without Apology
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Foundation: An Incomplete Picture
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Foundation: Dearly Beloved Catholic Brothers and Sisters

Being Catholic and Christian: Faith and Salvation

Catholic Biblical Apologetics:Being Catholic & Christian:Faith and Salvation-Authoriative
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Being Catholic & Christian: Apostolic Confessions of Faith
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Post-Apostolic Confessions of Faith
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Salvation: A Biblical Portrait
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Salvation: "Being Saved"
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: The Catholic Response to "Are You Saved?"
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: The Knowledge of Salvation
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Faith and Works
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: The Process of Christian Initiation

The Church: A Biblical Portrait - A New Testament Apologetic

Catholic Biblical Apologetics: The Church: A Biblical Portrait - A New Testament Apologetic: Jesus Christ preached a Reign or Kingdom, the Kingdom of God (or of heaven).
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Jesus preached an end-times kingdom but one already existing on earth
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Jesus preached that the kingdom was primarily spiritual and internal but also visible and external.
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Christ called and founded an exclusive, inner core group of twelve men called the "apostles."
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Christ committed His very mission to this twelve man inner core group, his Apostles, alone.
Christ gave to the Twelve, the Apostles, the power of ruling, teaching and sanctifying.
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: This same church Christ willed to endure until the end of the world.
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Christ instituted only one church, and that society was both formally and specifically a visible one.
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: The Marks of the Church, One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Labels Among Christians
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Genealogy of Christian Faith Communities, Roman Catholicism
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: American Christian Branches Among European Founded Churches

6 posted on 02/22/2010 8:43:51 PM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Salvation
LOL, yeah, just one:
  1. American Catholic Church in the United States
  2. Antiochian Catholic Church in America
  3. Apostolic Catholic Church
  4. Armenian Catholic Church
  5. Belarusian Greek Catholic Church
  6. Brazilian Catholic Apostolic Church
  7. Bulgarian Catholic Church
  8. Byzantine Catholic Church
  9. Catholic Charismatic Church of Canada
  10. Celtic Catholic Church
  11. Chaldean Catholic Church
  12. Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association
  13. Communion of Christ the Redeemer
  14. Coptic Catholic Church
  15. Croatian Greek Catholic Church
  16. Ethiopian Catholic Church
  17. Free Catholic Church
  18. Georgian Catholic Church
  19. Greek Catholic Church
  20. Hungarian Greek Catholic Church
  21. Italo-Greek Catholic Church
  22. Liberal Catholic Church
  23. Macedonian Catholic Church
  24. Mariavite Church
  25. Maronite Catholic Church
  26. Melkite Catholic Church
  27. Old Catholic Church
  28. Old Catholic Church in Europe
  29. Old Catholic Church of America
  30. Orthodox-Catholic Church of America
  31. Palmarian Catholic Church
  32. Philippine Independent Church
  33. Polish National Catholic Church
  34. Romanian Catholic Church
  35. Russian Catholic Church
  36. Slovak Greek Catholic Church
  37. Spiritus Christi
  38. Syrian Catholic Church
  39. Syro-Malabar Church
  40. Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
  41. True Catholic Church
  42. Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church

The religion of Ted Kennedy is always good for a belly laugh.

7 posted on 02/22/2010 8:57:30 PM PST by Anti-Utopian ("Come, let's away to prison; We two alone will sing like birds I' th' cage." -King Lear [V,iii,6-8])
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To: Anti-Utopian

As I said above — ONLY 220 rites.

What is the source of your list, please.


8 posted on 02/22/2010 9:04:49 PM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Anti-Utopian

Some of those are not recognized by the Vatican. Your source for your list, please. Second request.


9 posted on 02/22/2010 9:06:24 PM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Salvation

Oops

As I said above — ONLY 22 rites.

My mistake.


10 posted on 02/22/2010 9:07:16 PM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Salvation

And so on. I bet you wish you could just burn 'em all at the stake and seize their property like in the good old days.

11 posted on 02/22/2010 9:28:38 PM PST by Anti-Utopian ("Come, let's away to prison; We two alone will sing like birds I' th' cage." -King Lear [V,iii,6-8])
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To: Salvation
This isn't a complete list.

What I do find amazing is how quickly these groups die out while The Church continues.
12 posted on 02/22/2010 9:32:45 PM PST by Cronos (Philipp2:12, 2Cor5:10, Rom2:6, Matt7:21, Matt22:14, Lu12:42-46,John15:1-10,Rev2:4-5,Rev22:19)
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To: Anti-Utopian; Salvation
You do realise that the Maronites, Melkites, Latin, Syro-Malankara, Ukrainian Catholic, Slovak Greek CAtholic, Byzantine CAtholic, Armenian Catholic, Antiochian Catholic are just rites within The Church, correct? i.e. they are dogmatically united in The Church?

This is not the same as comparing say Lutherans and Presbyterians who don't agree on predestination, the episcopal nature or on the nature of the Eucharistic sacrament.
13 posted on 02/22/2010 9:35:59 PM PST by Cronos (Philipp2:12, 2Cor5:10, Rom2:6, Matt7:21, Matt22:14, Lu12:42-46,John15:1-10,Rev2:4-5,Rev22:19)
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To: Anti-Utopian
The Armenian Catholic Church (Armenian: Հայ Կաթողիկէ Եկեղեցի Hay Kat’oġikē Ekeġec’i) is an Eastern Catholic Church sui juris in full union with the Roman Catholic Church.

The Belarusian Greek Catholic Church (Belarusian: Беларуская грэка-каталіцкая царква, BHKC), sometimes called, in reference to its Byzantine Rite, the Belarusian Byzantine Catholic Church, is the heir within Belarus of the Union of Brest. It is listed in the Annuario Pontificio as a sui iuris Church, an Eastern rite particular Church in full union with the Catholic Church.
14 posted on 02/22/2010 9:42:56 PM PST by Cronos (Philipp2:12, 2Cor5:10, Rom2:6, Matt7:21, Matt22:14, Lu12:42-46,John15:1-10,Rev2:4-5,Rev22:19)
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To: Cronos

Thanks, those would have applied to yesterday’s thread, but I appreciate the information here.


15 posted on 02/22/2010 9:44:47 PM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Anti-Utopian

The Apostolic Catholic Church is a mainline protestant denomination that can be classified as paleo-orthodox because its goal is to mediate Christianity to revive its ancient traditions that Jesus Christ had taught humanity.[8] The church manifests itself to be protestant because it does not accept the authority of the Pope nor the Doctrine of Papal Infallibility and the conditions approved in the Vatican II Council that removed some ancient Christian traditions.


16 posted on 02/22/2010 9:46:00 PM PST by Cronos (Philipp2:12, 2Cor5:10, Rom2:6, Matt7:21, Matt22:14, Lu12:42-46,John15:1-10,Rev2:4-5,Rev22:19)
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To: Cronos

Source?


17 posted on 02/22/2010 9:47:52 PM PST by Religion Moderator
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To: Cronos

Yes, I realize that — I was trying to point out that some were not really Catholic and/or recognized by the Vatican.


18 posted on 02/22/2010 9:48:12 PM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Religion Moderator
The Apostolic Catholic Church is a mainline protestant denomination that can be classified as paleo-orthodox because its goal is to mediate Christianity to revive its ancient traditions that Jesus Christ had taught humanity.[8] The church manifests itself to be protestant because it does not accept the authority of the Pope nor the Doctrine of Papal Infallibility and the conditions approved in the Vatican II Council that removed some ancient Christian traditions. --> content?
19 posted on 02/22/2010 9:50:54 PM PST by Cronos (Philipp2:12, 2Cor5:10, Rom2:6, Matt7:21, Matt22:14, Lu12:42-46,John15:1-10,Rev2:4-5,Rev22:19)
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To: Salvation
Sorry, that wasn't directed at you :)

I think anti-utopian may have fallen under an understandable error: he's mixed 2 groups:

1. different rites within The Church
2. Protestant groups that use the "Catholic" word in their title but are as Protestant as the ELCA or worse (the American... allows gay priests, doesn't it?).

His error is understandable to those who don't know -- you do a commendable job of explaining it


20 posted on 02/22/2010 9:55:42 PM PST by Cronos (Philipp2:12, 2Cor5:10, Rom2:6, Matt7:21, Matt22:14, Lu12:42-46,John15:1-10,Rev2:4-5,Rev22:19)
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To: Cronos
Good. The moderators need source information to enforce copyright restrictions. Also, posters and lurkers need source information for context, validation, etc.
21 posted on 02/22/2010 9:58:11 PM PST by Religion Moderator
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To: Cronos

Great Diagram — I just wish it would post a little larger — old eyes == new glasses. LOL!


22 posted on 02/22/2010 9:58:56 PM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Salvation


A little larger :)
23 posted on 02/22/2010 10:14:04 PM PST by Cronos (Philipp2:12, 2Cor5:10, Rom2:6, Matt7:21, Matt22:14, Lu12:42-46,John15:1-10,Rev2:4-5,Rev22:19)
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To: Salvation

I find those dates vey interesting also. I thought the Lutherans were the first to leave the church.


24 posted on 02/23/2010 5:17:26 AM PST by mgist
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To: Salvation

catholic; catholic list


25 posted on 02/23/2010 7:52:59 AM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Anti-Utopian

So you are saying that you did not get the list from a single source, but rather did websites? Is that correct?


26 posted on 02/23/2010 7:53:59 AM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Cronos

Thanks, I can read it now!


27 posted on 02/23/2010 7:54:44 AM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Cronos
So posting a huge list of Protestant denominations is proof that protestants are wrong, but posting a huge list of Catholic denominations is an "error," because having different rites and other religions using "Catholic" in the name somehow isn't the same as the Protestants having different rites and using "Baptist" or "Lutheran" in the name?

Right, right, I know, I know, it's error because the difference is that a Pope nobody but you recognizes didn't bless any of those things, except for the Orthodox and Anglicans, who teach different things and worship in different ways.

Did it ever occur to any of you that perhaps those various Protestant denominations were constructed without the blessings of their particular synods? That they are simply using "Baptist" or "Lutheran" in their names without blessing? You know, the same excuse you use to deny all these Catholic denominations that exist? Of course it didn't. Should I even bother trying to reason with people who obviously gave up logic and embraced the censer fumes decades ago? Obviously not.

28 posted on 02/23/2010 9:24:26 AM PST by Anti-Utopian ("Come, let's away to prison; We two alone will sing like birds I' th' cage." -King Lear [V,iii,6-8])
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To: Anti-Utopian

The lead in paragraph states:

**The following American Christian branches to European founded churches take their beginning from the history chart of the preceding page. The date before each denomination indicates the beginning of that American branch church fellowship. **

There is absolutely nothing that says anything is right or wrong.

It is merely a list of factual names and dates.


29 posted on 02/23/2010 4:18:27 PM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Salvation
"There is absolutely nothing that says anything is right or wrong."

I see. So the word "Apologetics" was snuck in later by a shifty Protestant or a crafty Jew. LOL

30 posted on 02/23/2010 6:32:49 PM PST by Anti-Utopian ("Come, let's away to prison; We two alone will sing like birds I' th' cage." -King Lear [V,iii,6-8])
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