Skip to comments.Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Chronology...Apostolic Age and...Development of the N. T. Canon
Posted on 03/02/2010 10:06:40 PM PST by Salvation
This website surveys the origin and development of Roman Catholic Christianity from the period of the apostolic church, through the post-apostolic church and into the conciliar movement. Principal attention is paid to the biblical basis of both doctrine and dogma as well as the role of paradosis (i.e. handing on the truth) in the history of the Church. Particular attention is also paid to the hierarchical founding and succession of leadership throughout the centuries.
This is a set of lecture notes used since 1985 to teach the basis for key doctrines and dogmas of the Roman Catholic Church. The objectives of the course were, and are:
The course grew out of the need for the authors to continually answer questions about their faith tradition and their work. (Both authors are active members of Catholic parish communities in the Diocese of Richmond, Virginia. Dr. Robert Schihl was a Professor and Associate Dean of the School of Communication and the Arts at Regent University. Paul Flanagan is a consultant specializing in preparing people for technology based changes.) At the time these notes were first prepared, the authors were spending time in their faith community answering questions about their Protestant Evangelical workplaces (Mr. Flanagan was then a senior executive at the Christian Broadcasting Network), and time in their workplaces answering similar questions about their Roman Catholic faith community. These notes are the result of more than a decade of facilitating dialogue among those who wish to learn more about what the Roman Catholic Church teaches and why.
Chronology of the Apostolic Age and the Development of the New Testament Canon
A chronology is now appropriate in order to present a sequence of events both biblical and extra-biblical which affect the canon of the Bible, both Old Testament and New Testament. It is said that no two scripture scholars will agree on one apostolic chronology. Hence what is presented here is acceptable to some but not universally. It serves to give points of reference for the events that took place and their consequences.
|Preaching of John the Baptist||27|
|Outpouring of the Holy Spirit on the Church||30|
|Stephen is stoned to death.||36/37|
|The conversion of Paul|
|Paul's first missionary journey||45/49|
|Council of Jerusalem||50|
|Paul's second missionary journey||50/52|
|51||1 and 2 Thessalonians written|
|Paul's third missionary journey||53/58|
|57||1 and 2 Corinthians written|
|The voyage to Rome||59/60|
|Paul's first Roman imprisonment||61-63||Philemon written|
|1 Timothy written|
|The Apostle James is martyred|
|Paul taken to Rome||63/64|
|Peter in Rome||64||1 Peter written|
|Paul's second imprisonment and death||67||2 Timothy written|
|Peter's death; Linus is Bishop of Rome||Hebrews written|
|The destruction of Jerusalem||68-70|
|Luke and Acts written|
|Anacletus is Bishop of Rome||78|
|1, 2, and 3 John written|
|Clement is Bishop of Rome||92-101||1 Clement written|
|John's death at Ephesus||98|
END OF THE APOSTOLIC AGE
|Council of Rabbis at Jamnia||99-100||Palestinian Canon in Hebrew|
|First Christian Canon of the Old Testament||c. 100||Alexandrian Canon in Greek|
|100-125||2 Peter written|
|Melito, Bishop of Sardis||c. 170||Produced the first known Christian attempt at an Old Testament canon. His list uses the Septuagint order of books but contains only the Old Testament protocanonicals minus Esther.|
|Irenaeus, Bishop of Lyons||185||Developed a New Testament Canon (without 3 John, James or 2 Peter)|
|c. 200||Muratorian Fragment contained a canon similar to Trent|
|Eusebius, Bishop of Caesarea||c. 325||History of the Church written; referred to James, Jude,2 Peter, and 2 and 3 John as "disputed, yet similar to most."|
|Council of Laodicea||c. 360||List of books similar to Trent's canon.|
|Pope Damasus||382||Decree listing the books of Trent's canon.|
|Council of Rome||382||Prompted Pope Damasus' Decree.|
|Council of Hippo (North Africa)||393||Approved a list of OT and NT Canon (same as later Trent)|
|Council of Carthage (North Africa)||397||Approved a list of OT and NT Canon (same as later Trent)|
|Exuperius, Bishop of Toulouse||405||Wrote to Pope Innocent I requesting a list of canonical books. Pope Innocent listed the Trent canon.|
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About where does Barnabas fit in?
One of the things that I enjoy is the in-depth history and evaluation that stems from the early days of our Church.
I noticed that some other New Testaments references, especially to books, were also missing.
Maybe we have some historians that will come on this thread and can answer your question. I’m just posting from this site. It really is quite thorough, though, or else I wouldn’t be using it.
Makes one wonder, doesn’t it? But then, I’ve heard it said that the moment we get to heaven we won’t have anymore questions — because they will all be answered. LOL!