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Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Truth Handling and Teaching Authority
CatholicApologetics.org ^ | 1985-1997 | Dr. Robert Schihl and Paul Flanagan

Posted on 03/24/2010 11:11:58 PM PDT by Salvation

Catholic Biblical Apologetics


Apologetics without apology!


What does the Roman Catholic Church teach about ...? ... and why?

This website surveys the origin and development of Roman Catholic Christianity from the period of the apostolic church, through the post-apostolic church and into the conciliar movement. Principal attention is paid to the biblical basis of both doctrine and dogma as well as the role of paradosis (i.e. handing on the truth) in the history of the Church. Particular attention is also paid to the hierarchical founding and succession of leadership throughout the centuries.

This is a set of lecture notes used since 1985 to teach the basis for key doctrines and dogmas of the Roman Catholic Church. The objectives of the course were, and are:

The course grew out of the need for the authors to continually answer questions about their faith tradition and their work. (Both authors are active members of Catholic parish communities in the Diocese of Richmond, Virginia. Dr. Robert Schihl was a Professor and Associate Dean of the School of Communication and the Arts at Regent University. Paul Flanagan is a consultant specializing in preparing people for technology based changes.) At the time these notes were first prepared, the authors were spending time in their faith community answering questions about their Protestant Evangelical workplaces (Mr. Flanagan was then a senior executive at the Christian Broadcasting Network), and time in their workplaces answering similar questions about their Roman Catholic faith community. These notes are the result of more than a decade of facilitating dialogue among those who wish to learn more about what the Roman Catholic Church teaches and why.

Truth Handling and Teaching Authority

Truth Handling and Teaching Authority

Catholic Christians believe that the Bible reveals an order--a hierarchy--among the faithful people to whom Paul commits the role of truth handling: episcopoi (bishops) over presbyteroi (priests, elders) and diaconoi (deacons).

The Bible reveals that the Apostles took the role of episcopoi. Christ and the Evangelists revealed a primary role among the Apostles in the person of Peter or Kephas.

The Catholic Church from Apostolic times believed that Peter ("Rock") is the foundation for the Church of Christ as revealed in Matthew 16.

The Catholic Church believes that there were successors to Peter at the See of Rome as bishops. Successors to Peter are listed by historians from the third century down to our own day. As Bishops of Rome they share the primacy and authority given to Peter by Christ.

First to Peter and then to the other Apostles--and to their successors--Jesus conferred a charism of handling truth with authority. That authority is known as the charism of infallibility.

A recent example of the exercise of that charism in the Church--its teaching authority--can be found in the documents of the Second Vatican Council.



TOPICS: Apologetics; Catholic; History; Theology
KEYWORDS: apologetics; catholic; catholiclist
Beginning a new section in this series. Should get interesting!
1 posted on 03/24/2010 11:11:58 PM PDT by Salvation
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To: nickcarraway; Lady In Blue; NYer; ELS; Pyro7480; livius; Catholicguy; RobbyS; markomalley; ...
Catholic Discussion Ping!

Please notify me via FReepmail if you would like to be added to or taken off the Catholic Discussion Ping List.

2 posted on 03/24/2010 11:13:00 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: All
Foundation

Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Foundation: Apologetics Without Apology
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Foundation: An Incomplete Picture
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Foundation: Dearly Beloved Catholic Brothers and Sisters

Being Catholic and Christian: Faith and Salvation

Catholic Biblical Apologetics:Being Catholic & Christian:Faith and Salvation-Authoriative
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Being Catholic & Christian: Apostolic Confessions of Faith
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Post-Apostolic Confessions of Faith
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Salvation: A Biblical Portrait
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Salvation: "Being Saved"
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: The Catholic Response to "Are You Saved?"
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: The Knowledge of Salvation
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Faith and Works
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: The Process of Christian Initiation

The Church: A Biblical Portrait - A New Testament Apologetic

Catholic Biblical Apologetics: The Church: A Biblical Portrait - A New Testament Apologetic: Jesus Christ preached a Reign or Kingdom, the Kingdom of God (or of heaven).
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Jesus preached an end-times kingdom but one already existing on earth
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Jesus preached that the kingdom was primarily spiritual and internal but also visible and external.
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Christ called and founded an exclusive, inner core group of twelve men called the "apostles."
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Christ committed His very mission to this twelve man inner core group, his Apostles, alone.
Christ gave to the Twelve, the Apostles, the power of ruling, teaching and sanctifying.
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: This same church Christ willed to endure until the end of the world.
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Christ instituted only one church, and that society was both formally and specifically a visible one.
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: The Marks of the Church, One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Labels Among Christians
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Genealogy of Christian Faith Communities, Roman Catholicism
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: American Christian Branches Among European Founded Churches
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Modes of Transmitting Authoritative Doctrine

The Church: A Biblical Portrait - A New Testament Apologetic

Catholic Biblical Apologetics: The Church: A Biblical Portrait - A New Testament Apologetic: Jesus Christ preached a Reign or Kingdom, the Kingdom of God (or of heaven).
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Jesus preached an end-times kingdom but one already existing on earth
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Jesus preached that the kingdom was primarily spiritual and internal but also visible and external.
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Christ called and founded an exclusive, inner core group of twelve men called the "apostles."
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Christ committed His very mission to this twelve man inner core group, his Apostles, alone.
Christ gave to the Twelve, the Apostles, the power of ruling, teaching and sanctifying.
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: This same church Christ willed to endure until the end of the world.
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Christ instituted only one church, and that society was both formally and specifically a visible one.
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: The Marks of the Church, One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Labels Among Christians
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Genealogy of Christian Faith Communities, Roman Catholicism
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: American Christian Branches Among European Founded Churches
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Modes of Transmitting Authoritative Doctrine

Divine Revelation "By Letter" (2 Thes 2:15) The Bible

Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Divine Revelation "By Letter" (2 Thess 2:15): The Bible
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Divine Revelation
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: The Bible: Written Revelation
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: The Hebrew Scriptures: Books of the Old Testament
Historical and Geographical Background for the Development of the Two Old Testament Canons
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Background Chart: Development of the Old Testament Canons
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Chronology of the Apostolic Age and the Development of the New Testament Canon
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Comparison of Terms for Disputed Books
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Inspiration of the Bible
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Hermeneutics: Understanding Revelation
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Hermeneutics: Understanding Revelation: Literal Sense
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Hermeneutics: Literary Form and History of John 6:25-69
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Hermeneutics: Interpretation of John 6:25-69
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Hermeneutics: Fuller Sense (of Scripture)
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Hermeneutics: Typical Sense (of Scripture)
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Major Church Pronouncements on the Bible

Divine Revelation "By Word of Mouth" (2 Thess 2:15): Handing On

Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Divine Revelation "By Word of Mouth" (2 Thess 2:15): Handing On
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Paradosis: Handing On Divine Revelation (Orally)
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: The Biblical Model for Handing On Truth and Refuting Error: Acts 15, The Council of Jerusalem
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Acts 15 Model: General or Ecumenical Councils of the Church Universal
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: General Councils of the Church, 49-870
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: General Councils of the Church, 1123-1545
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: General Councils of the Church, 1870-1962
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Apostolic Fathers of the Church
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Post-Apostolic Fathers of the Church
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Doctors of the Church
Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Handing On Divine Revelation: Vatican Council II

Truth Handling and Teaching Authority

Catholic Biblical Apologetics: Truth Handling and Teaching Authority

3 posted on 03/24/2010 11:14:54 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Salvation
evolution of biblical teaching in the Church

That's interesting. Does that mean that what the Pope believes today is not the same as what Peter believed?

4 posted on 03/24/2010 11:19:15 PM PDT by In veno, veritas (Please identify my Ad Hominem attacks. I should be debating ideas.)
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To: In veno, veritas

Yep.


5 posted on 03/24/2010 11:30:47 PM PDT by dasboot
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To: In veno, veritas
You might want to read that statement again -- it's talking about Holy Scripture. LOL!

Nothing is said about what the Pope believes. So I am wondering why you even asked the question. Perhaps you can explain in more detail.

6 posted on 03/25/2010 9:30:38 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Salvation
No, it's saying two things: the first is the development of the canon of Scripture (how we got the bible), and the second is that biblical teaching has evolved in the Church. Evolved means that there have been changes over time in biblical teaching, which would imply that what was originally taught by St. Peter, Paul, etc. is different than what is taught today. Since we teach what we believe and confess, it further implies that we believe different things.
7 posted on 03/26/2010 8:50:48 AM PDT by In veno, veritas (Please identify my Ad Hominem attacks. I should be debating ideas.)
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To: In veno, veritas; Salvation

I find the words in the title, “truth handling,” to be rather interestingly phrased as well.


8 posted on 03/26/2010 9:09:34 AM PDT by Belteshazzar
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To: Salvation; In Vino Veritas; dasboot
Nothing is said about what the Pope believes. So I am wondering why you even asked the question. Perhaps you can explain in more detail.

It doesn't mention the word "pope" but it plainly states that Biblical teaching in the Catholic Church has "evolved," ie, that it is different now from what it was in the beginning.

All one has to do is compare ancient/medieval to modern Catholic Biblical teaching to see that this is just what happened.

9 posted on 03/26/2010 9:30:36 AM PDT by Zionist Conspirator (Hinneh, 'Anokhi sholeach lakhem 'et 'Eliyyah HaNavi'; lifney bo' yom HaShem hagadol vehanora'!)
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To: Zionist Conspirator

Quite so.

Love the Malachi quotation by the way.


10 posted on 03/26/2010 9:49:54 AM PDT by Belteshazzar
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To: Salvation

Define “interesting”. :)


11 posted on 03/26/2010 9:56:03 AM PDT by trisham (Zen is not easy. It takes effort to attain nothingness. And then what do you have? Bupkis.)
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To: Belteshazzar
Quite so.

Love the Malachi quotation by the way.

Thanks. It's from tomorrow's Haftarah (tomorrow is Shabbat HaGadol).

12 posted on 03/26/2010 11:02:52 AM PDT by Zionist Conspirator (Hinneh, 'Anokhi sholeach lakhem 'et 'Eliyyah HaNavi'; lifney bo' yom HaShem hagadol vehanora'!)
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To: Zionist Conspirator
Islam, Judaism, Catholic, Mormon:
The Bible is a living, breathing document.

Pharisees and Sadducee's

13 posted on 03/26/2010 11:38:38 AM PDT by dasboot
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To: dasboot
Islam, Judaism, Catholic, Mormon: The Bible is a living, breathing document.

Pharisees and Sadducee's

Sorry, but the "Sadducee's" were on your side in this argument, since they rejected the Oral Torah.

And I reject sola scriptura. The Written Torah is nothing but a string of consonants that only the Oral Torah can decipher (all chr*stian translations are based on this Oral tradition, btw, so there goes that argument).

My only dog in this fight is the Catholic/Orthodox relinquishing of Biblical inerrancy and their slavish caving in to evolution and modernism.

14 posted on 03/26/2010 12:45:58 PM PDT by Zionist Conspirator (Hinneh, 'Anokhi sholeach lakhem 'et 'Eliyyah HaNavi'; lifney bo' yom HaShem hagadol vehanora'!)
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To: Zionist Conspirator
The Sadducees were elitists who wanted to maintain the priestly caste, but they were also liberal in their willingness to incorporate Hellenism into their lives, something the Pharisees opposed. The Sadducees rejected the idea of the Oral Law and insisted on a literal interpretation of the Written Law; consequently, they did not believe in an afterlife, since it is not mentioned in the Torah. The main focus of Sadducee life was rituals associated with the Temple.

That part.

My dog[not in any fight] is that all of these, and more of them, reject the wholeness of the Word as spoke by God when on earth, as a man....much like progressives, whom we loathe, reject the same with the Constitution. A parallel.

And while Catholics bob, weave, bend, fabricate and parry to protect the sanctity of their later tradition, ceremony, and 'revelation'.....it is not unlike any of the above. They all reject 'sola scriptura'.

Just an observation while reading. Felt like posting it.

15 posted on 03/26/2010 1:24:07 PM PDT by dasboot
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To: dasboot
Exactly. The Tzadduqqim rejected the Oral Torah and accepted only the Written (which includes the Temple rituals, though not their details).

Sola scriptura doesn't work.

16 posted on 03/26/2010 1:27:48 PM PDT by Zionist Conspirator (Hinneh, 'Anokhi sholeach lakhem 'et 'Eliyyah HaNavi'; lifney bo' yom HaShem hagadol vehanora'!)
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To: In veno, veritas

It’s still all referring to the Bible and bliblical teaching. Nothing about doctrine or dogma.


17 posted on 03/26/2010 9:27:49 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: dasboot

**Bible is a living document”” Does that mean it is continually changing? That there is an evolution as your fellow poster seems to think?


18 posted on 03/26/2010 9:29:47 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Salvation
The “Living, breathing...” thing should have been in quotes....pertaining to the religions ahead of it. There is some misunderstanding of a point between me and OP.

But, no: the Bible does not evolve. Doesn't need to....unless you're a festooned priest, pastor, ayatollah or poobah with need to deceive. I don't think the notion falls short of plain fact.

19 posted on 03/26/2010 11:05:06 PM PDT by dasboot
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To: dasboot

**But, no: the Bible does not evolve.**

I agree. I do think that because of the study of languages and discovery of ancient documents that some translations have come into a new light or a new way of thinking.

The truth as interpreted by the Church, however, does not change.

For us feeble men — our interpretation can change according to the kind of day we are having. We are mere humans — not God!


20 posted on 03/26/2010 11:16:23 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Salvation

Which church are you writing of....the Christian or Catholic??


21 posted on 03/27/2010 12:16:39 AM PDT by dasboot
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To: dasboot

Catholic is Christian.


22 posted on 03/27/2010 12:23:07 AM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: dasboot

Catholic is Christian.

The Catholic Mass is centered on two things
1 — The Liturgy of the Word == Old Testant Reading, New Testament Reading, usually from St. Paul and a GOSPEL reading with the word of Jesus Christ in it. — Totally Catholic and Totally Christian

2 — The Liturgy of the Eucharist == A difference here since some Christians do not believe in the transubstantiation of the bread and wine actually becoming the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ — which Catholic DO BELIEVE!

Again totally centered on Jesus Christ. In other words — I think it is you that is missing out on a true Christian/Catholic celebration. Have you ever attended a Catholic Mass? It was during a Catholic Mass that many formerly Protestants or members of other denominations had a turning point in their lives and made decision to become Catholic.

We welcome you should that be your decision.


23 posted on 03/27/2010 12:28:09 AM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Salvation

When you eat the body and blood....is it body and blood? Taste like it, and everything?


24 posted on 03/27/2010 1:02:13 AM PDT by dasboot
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To: Salvation
I'm confused about what you think doctrine is and how it is different from biblical teaching. Doctrine, by definition, is something that is taught.
25 posted on 03/27/2010 4:50:28 AM PDT by In veno, veritas (Please identify my Ad Hominem attacks. I should be debating ideas.)
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