Free Republic
Browse · Search
Topics · Post Article

Skip to comments.

Why Should I Study the Old Testament?
Enrichment Journal ^ | J. Birney Dibble

Posted on 06/18/2011 6:47:10 AM PDT by Amerisrael

A few years ago when I was on the mission field, a fellow missionary said, “I don’t find the Old Testament much help in my work. So I seldom read it and have never really studied it.” When he saw my eyebrows go up a few inches, he added, “Look, my call from the Lord was to take Jesus to the people of this country who have never heard of Him.”

Recently, a member of my Bible study said, “I suppose I should know more about the Old Testament, but I don’t really see what it has to do with being a Christian.” When he saw the question in my eyes, he began to list the parts of the Old Testament that were unacceptable to him as a Christian.

Were they right? There are parts of the Bible some see as irrelevant for Christians: Song of Songs, much of Leviticus, Deuteronomy, and Numbers. What about the apocryphal books such as Tobit, Baruch, and Daniel and Susanna (Daniel 13)?

Maybe some in your congregation have questioned the need to study the Old Testament. There are many reasons why we need to not only read the Old Testament but also study it, preferably with the help of a commentary. Here are some reasons that will help you answer their questions.

Because Jesus Did Jesus was a scholar of the Old Testament. When Jesus quoted Scripture, He quoted from the Hebrew Bible (our Old Testament).

In Matthew 4, Jesus was in the desert being tempted by Satan. In verse 4, Jesus resisted Satan’s first temptation by quoting Deuteronomy 8:3. To tempt Jesus the second time, Satan quoted Psalm 91:11,12 (Matthew 4:5–7). Jesus resisted by quoting Deuteronomy 6:16 (Matthew 4:7). Jesus resisted the third temptation by quoting Deuteronomy 6:13,14 (Matthew 4:8–10).

Do you think Jesus made up the Sermon on the Mount? Think again. Jesus clearly had studied the Old Testament and the Talmudic writings. He borrowed extensively from both. In Matthew 5, Jesus may have taken verse 3 from Isaiah 66:2; verse 4 from Isaiah 61:2,3; verse 5 from Psalm 37:11; verse 8 from Psalm 24:3,4; verse 9 from Psalm 34:14; verses 10,11 from Isaiah 51:7,8; verse 12 from 2 Chronicles 36:16; verses 21–26 from Exodus 20:13; Proverbs 10:12; Ecclesiastes 7:9; verse 39 from Proverbs 20:22; verse 43 from Proverbs 25:21. (Jesus also paraphrases the Talmud in at least eight passages.)

Perhaps the scriptural reference that best illustrates the respect Jesus had for the Hebrew Bible is found in John 10:31–38: “Again the Jews picked up stones to stone him, … Jesus answered them, ‘Is it not written in your Law, “I have said you are gods”? If he called them “gods,” to whom the word of God came — and the Scripture cannot be broken (my emphasis) — what about the one whom the Father set apart as his very own and sent into the world? Why then do you accuse me of blasphemy because I said, “I am God’s Son”?’ ”

The Disciples Quoted From the Hebrew Bible The disciples’ use of the Old Testament indicates their thorough knowledge of those Scriptures. Here are a few in the Gospel of John:

In 1:45, Philip finds Nathanael and says, “ ‘We have found the one Moses wrote about in the Law, and about whom the prophets also wrote — Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.’ ”

In 2:19, Jesus said “Destroy this temple, and I will raise it again in three days.” Verse 22 reads, “After he was raised from the dead, his disciples recalled what he had said. Then they believed the Scripture and the words that Jesus had spoken.”

In chapter 12, Jesus made His triumphant entry into Jerusalem riding on the colt. In verse 16 we read, “At first his disciples did not understand all this. Only after Jesus was glorified did they realize that these things had been written about him and that they had done these things to him.”

In John 19, John made sure his readers would understand all that had happened was written in the prophecies of the Hebrew Bible. Verse 18: “Here they crucified him, and with him two others — one on each side and Jesus in the middle.” Verse 24: “ ‘Let’s not tear it,’ they said to one another. ‘Let’s decide by lot who will get it.’ This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled which said, ‘They divided my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing.’ So this is what the soldiers did.” Verse 28: “Later, knowing that all was now completed, and so that the Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, ‘I am thirsty.’ ” And finally, in verse 36: “These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: ‘Not one of his bones will be broken.’ ”

Paul Knew the Hebrew Bible Paul quoted from the Old Testament many times. In Romans 3 Paul quoted from the Hebrew Bible seven times: verse 4 (Psalms 51:4; 116:11); verses 10–12 (Psalm 14:1,3); verse 13 (Psalm 5:9); verse 14 (Psalm 10:7); verse 15 (Proverbs 1:16); verse 17 (Isaiah 59:7).

In Roman 9 through 12, Paul quoted from the Hebrew Bible 36 times from Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Deuteronomy, 1 Kings, Psalms, Proverbs, Isaiah (10 times), Jeremiah, Hosea, Joel, and Malachi.

As Christians, can we do less than study those books from which Paul quoted? If, for example, you are studying Paul’s doctrine of grace superseding the observance of the Law — and you want to study the Law — you need to read Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. The task may seem almost insurmountable because these four books have instructions that are seemingly irrelevant for today’s Christian community. You will need help to understand the Old Testament Law. Consult a commentary to help you through the maze.

We must studythe Law to comprehend the context from which Paul originally quoted. In fact, once you have studied these Old Testament books, you will find it much easier to understand Paul’s doctrine.

To Fully Comprehend Messianic Prophecy

Christians declare that Jesus is the Messiah. But many in Jesus’ time did not believe He was the Messiah. A hard-fought battle raged for centuries: beginning with Jesus himself, then by the disciples, by the first missionaries (Paul, Barnabas, Silas), by leaders in the new churches (Apollos, Timothy, Aquila and Priscilla), eventually by hundreds and then thousands of others. The vast majority of Jews of that time did not accept Jesus as their Messiah. Jews today still await Him.

All too often we passively accept the messianic oracles selected for us by our theologians, pastors, Bible instructors, and parents. We need to respect their judgment, but we also need to investigate these claims for ourselves, studying the prophetic writings to fully understand just what these claims are.

We need to inculcate into our minds a cohesive prophetical background of the 2,500 years that led up to the coming of the Messiah at that particular timein history. We can do this by reading passages other than those selected for us to prove that Jesus was truly the expected Christ. Here is such a list, but with the caveat that they are taken out of context and do not give a true picture of the grand sweep of Messianic prophecy.

Here is a selection of Hebrew Bible oracles quoted in the New Testament. Jesus used many of these as He announced to the disciples and the world that He is the Messiah: Psalm 2:2; 16:8–11; 18:5–7,16,17; 21:1–5; 22:6–18; 49:15; 69:20,21,25,26; 109:3–7; 118:22; 138:7,8; Isaiah 26:19; 50:6; 53:3–5,7,8; Hosea 6:1,2; Micah 5:1–3; Zechariah 9:9,10; 12:10; 13:6,7. There are many others, but this gives you a starting point.

To Understand the Book of Hebrews The writer of Hebrews quotes from the Hebrew Bible at least33 timesto make his points. But those points will be clear only if you know your Hebrew Bible. Two examples:

To understand Hebrews 6 though 8 you need to have a thorough comprehension of the complex relationship between Melchizedek, Abraham, and Jesus. You must turn to Genesis 14:13–20 and Psalm 110 (especially verse 4).

To obtain the proper perspective about Hebrews 7:21, “The Lord has sworn, and he will not change his mind,” turn to the many times God reversed His judgment on His people. One of the earliest examples is when Abraham interceded with God about the destruction of Gomorrah and Sodom in Genesis 18:23–33. Another very early example is Moses’ discussion with God in Exodus 32. A few others are found in 1 Samuel 15:29; Jeremiah 15:6; 18:10; Ezekiel 24:14; Zechariah 8:14,15.

It is not enough to just look up those references. To reach full comprehension, you need to study the context in which these passages occur. To understand the Book of Hebrews you need a thorough knowledge of the Hebrew Bible.

To Understand the Book of Revelation It is difficult enough to grasp the sense of this book even with a knowledge of the Hebrew Bible. Some chapters (e.g. 1,18,19, and 21) are full of Hebrew Bible references that one cannot possibly understand the text without a thorough knowledge of the books John quoted. The classic apocalyptic parts of the Hebrew Bible you need to study in toto are: the Book of Daniel and Isaiah 24–27. There are also references to the coming apocalypse in Ezekiel 38,39, and Zechariah 12–14. A careful study of Daniel and Isaiah will ground you sufficiently to better understand what John is saying in Revelation.

To Extract for Yourself the Wisdom of Proverbs Proverbs are one-liners we can use to order our lives. For many centuries people called the Book of Proverbs “The Wisdom Book,” and for good reason. The wisdom it teaches covers a wide field of human and divine activity, ranging from matters purely secular to most lofty moral and religious truths. Jesus and the apostles often quoted from Proverbs (see John 7:38; Romans 12:20; James 4:6; Luke 14:10).

There are at least three ways to study Proverbs. First, read a chapter a day, consistent with the same day of the month, before or after your regular Bible study. Second, read one proverb a day, type it out on a small piece of paper, and put it somewhere in your house (the TV, fridge, bathroom mirror) where you will see it during the day. Third, simply start at the beginning and read it through to the end.

To Be Enthralled by the Psalms For paeans of praise and poetry, for wisdom, doxologies, and thanksgiving, for echoes of our own cries to the Lord for help, and for prayers that go up to God in words we would use if we had the gift, we turn to the Book of Psalms. There is not another book like it in the whole world — not the Koran, the Upanishads nor the Bhagavid Gita, the Book of Mormon, the sayings of Confucius — not even our own New Testament.

Forty percent of the Hebrew Bible quotes in the New Testament are from the Psalms. Jesus began His ministry when He heard a voice coming out of heaven paraphrasing Psalm 2:7, which reads, “I will proclaim the decree of the Lord: He said to me, ‘You are my Son; today I have become your Father.’ ” Jesus ended His ministry by quoting Psalm 22:1, which reads, “ ‘My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from saving me, so far from the words of my groaning?’ ”

To Learn the History of the Israelites To fully comprehend the coming of Jesus, we must read and study the history of the Jews up to His time. The story of Jesus begins with Abraham, continues through the patriarchs, the Egyptian captivity, the Exodus, the conquest of Canaan under Joshua, the 200 year period of the judges, the beginning of the monarchy under Saul, the glory years of David and Solomon, the breakup of the monarchy into Israel and Judah, the deportations of Israel and Judah to Assyria and Babylon. It continues with the return of the exiles from Babylon, the rebuilding of the Temple in the days of Ezra, Nehemiah, and Habakkuk, the years of Greek rule culminating in the persecution under the Seleucids, and the Maccabean revolt ending with restoration of a free people until the coming of the Romans. For the Greek and Maccabean periods you will need to read at least the First Book of the Maccabees, a book Protestants consider apocryphal but which is historical and will increase your understanding of that era.

To Recognize that in Genesis God Establishes Our Identity, Origins, Purpose, and Destiny In Genesis, Christians find their identity: an anchor for our understanding of the beginning of all things. We find in Genesis our origins: that human life is not an accident but a purposeful creative act of God. We are a common humanity made in the image of God. We learn from Genesis that our lives have a purpose: to live in the company of the Creator as obedient children. Finally, we see in Genesis the first glimmers of our destiny: as God declares that sin and disobedience will not be the final word about mankind — the serpent’s demise is in the making. The Creator’s initial intention for humanity will come full circle when we again walk in unrestrained fellowship with Him.

I recommend you start with Genesis 1:1 — “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters. And God said, ‘Let there be light,’ and there was light.” — and finish with the last two verses of Malachi: “See, I will send you the prophet Elijah before that great and dreadful day of the Lord comes. He will turn the hearts of the fathers to their children, and the hearts of the children to their fathers; or else I will come and strike the land with a curse.”

You might say, “That will take forever.”

No, it won’t; but it will take at least 2 years if you do it right.

At the end of those 2 years you will better understand when Jesus, the disciples, and the letter writers quote the Hebrew Bible.

And, too, I think you will look back and say, “Now, wasn’t that great.”

TOPICS: General Discusssion; History; Theology; Worship
KEYWORDS: bible; hebrew; study; teaching
Navigation: use the links below to view more comments.
first 1-2021-4041-6061-71 next last

1 posted on 06/18/2011 6:47:13 AM PDT by Amerisrael
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: Amerisrael

Wow, the comments at the beginning, scary.

First thing that comes to mind to answer the title question - because no one starts reading a book toward the end. Or to be more specific, it would be absurd to skip the first two thirds of any instruction manual.

Now I’ll read the article...

2 posted on 06/18/2011 7:07:59 AM PDT by agrace
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Amerisrael
One imperative reason to study the Old Testament is that it is essential to learn and know the symbolism, prophecy, and parallels with the of book of Revelation and the OT, and the Messianic revelation of Jesus Christ fulfilled in the New Testament and the book of Revelation. In fact, it has been the failure of the church throughout history to properly grasp and understand the book of Revelation simply because they have misinterpreted its meaning.
3 posted on 06/18/2011 7:09:15 AM PDT by bibletruth
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Amerisrael
Old and New Testament MP3s - free

I listen on my commute on days when I don't carpool or Rush isn't on.

4 posted on 06/18/2011 7:13:02 AM PDT by E. Pluribus Unum (If Sarah Palin really was unelectable, state-run media would be begging the GOP to nominate her.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Amerisrael

some very good reasons to do so within here..

5 posted on 06/18/2011 7:14:08 AM PDT by mo ("If you understand, no explanation is needed; if you do not, no explanation is possible")
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Amerisrael

Some of my favorite stories in the OT.....the book of Esther, Jacob and Esau, Joseph being betrayed by his brothers, Moses, and in every story, there is a message that is pertinant today.

*God’s eyes are on the righteous, and he delivers them out of all of their troubles.

*He lifts us up and brings us justice, when we are treated unfairly.

*We need to be careful not to deceive others, or we will be deceived.

Old Testament scriptures are excellent reading, and full of wisdom.

6 posted on 06/18/2011 7:15:49 AM PDT by Joyell
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Amerisrael

My mother in law has been a member of the Methodist Church all her life. She’s 96. She doesn’t get to church anymore but someone visits her occasionally, sometimes an assistant pastor, a young woman. My MIL delighted in telling me that this woman told her that she doesn’t really use the Bible much or really believe much in it. Sad for both of them.

7 posted on 06/18/2011 7:17:40 AM PDT by Mercat
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Amerisrael
The OT prophets, particularly Ezekiel, have forecasts that relate to today's news in a very interesting way.

8 posted on 06/18/2011 7:34:14 AM PDT by Genoa (Starve the beast.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: agrace

Do you listen to the stories of your parents and grandparents? Each story they tell says something about what’s important in their life, how they act, how they react, or what makes them laugh.

The Old Testament is filled with God’s stories — His stories about Himself and His interaction with those whom He loves.

As you read the Bible, do not look at it as a lawyer looks at the law; it is God’s revelation of Himself. Ask yourself, what does this story say about God? Look at the Sovereign, who is in the story, behind the scenes, and tells the story. As you do so, you will get to know Him better and draw nearer to the Lover.

9 posted on 06/18/2011 7:34:16 AM PDT by Qout
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 2 | View Replies]

To: Amerisrael

I have NEVER heard a Christian express this sentiment. In the Catholic Church as well as any Evangelical Church I hever been to and including the numberless radio preachers I’ve dialed in over the years the Old Testament is HUGE with respect to illuminating God for the human mind.

10 posted on 06/18/2011 7:34:35 AM PDT by TalBlack ( Evil doesn't have a day job.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: TalBlack
Many mainline Protestant churches (left-wing) are infected with gross biblical ignorance from the pulpit right on down.

11 posted on 06/18/2011 7:37:49 AM PDT by Genoa (Starve the beast.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 10 | View Replies]

To: E. Pluribus Unum

Cool, thanks!

12 posted on 06/18/2011 7:44:49 AM PDT by ViLaLuz (2 Chronicles 7:14)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 4 | View Replies]

To: Mercat

Unfortunately, as I understand it, most seminary students these days pretty much have to overcome the disbelief of their seminary professors.

It never ceases to amaze me at the truth and wisdom of the Bible, Old and New Testament. I am a Cumberland Presbyterian, and here is part of our view of the Bible:

1.04 God’s words and actions in creation, providence, judgment, and redemption are witnessed to by the covenant community in the scriptures of the Old and New Testaments.

1.05 God inspired persons of the covenant community to write the scriptures. In and through the scriptures God speaks about creation, sin, judgment, salvation, the church and the growth of believers. The scriptures are the infallible rule of faith and practice, the authoritative guide for Christian living.

1.06 God’s word spoken in and through the scriptures should be understood in the light of the birth, life, death, and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth. The authority of the scriptures is founded on the truth contained in them and the voice of God speaking through them.

A Christian minister who doesn’t believe the truth of the Bible lives a lie every day.

13 posted on 06/18/2011 7:48:03 AM PDT by RatRipper (I'll ride a turtle to work every day before I buy anything from Government Motors.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 7 | View Replies]

To: bibletruth
In fact, it has been the failure of the church throughout history to properly grasp and understand the book of Revelation simply because they have misinterpreted its meaning.

Yeah, that old prankster Paraclete made sure that no one would understand Revelation until Darby, Scofield and that reprobate Lindsey came along! They Futurists exclusive knowledge was so great and perfect that they only came up with thousands upon thousands of false and failed predictions based on this gnosticism of Revelation! That is exactly what Jesus wanted when people read Revelation!

Rev 22:7 "Behold, I am coming quickly! Blessed is he who keeps the words of the prophecy of this book."

And the laughs keep on coming. Jesus was playing a prank on thousands of years of martyrs and firm believers who dedicated their lives to knowing our LORD. If these idiots only knew that there was no blessing for them since only the modern Aposostate American Religion that worships God with zip-lines, motorcycles and fireworks during their "worship" services could ever have any understanding of Revelation and experience the Blessing! Ho, ho ho!

Yep, all of those Post Mils, and Classical Pre Mils and A-Mils - yep, hundreds of millions of the Saints of God added to and deleted from Revelation (22:18-19) and are now burning in Hell because, while they believed Christ and many martyred in His Name, the Holy Spirit made sure that they would never understand Revelation fully until the "Left Behind" book series got published.

14 posted on 06/18/2011 7:59:02 AM PDT by The Theophilus (Obama's Key to win 2012: Ban Haloperidol)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 3 | View Replies]

To: TalBlack

“I have NEVER heard a Christian express this sentiment.”

I have.

And once from conservative radio host Laura Ingraham. It came about because they were having a debate discussion about the violent [jihadist] verses in the Koran.

An Islamist apologist on the radio show tried to point out how the Bible, the Hebrew portion, “also” has “similar” violent verses.

Laura Ingraham seemed not to know how to adequately defend against that line of attack on the Bible. Her response was to assert that Christians for the most part just focus on the New Testament.

Sorry, but I do not remember the particular show episode.

The fact of the matter is that when Islamists, or others, try to make that bogus accusation against the Hebrew portion of our Bible, trying to make moral equivalence between the Bible and the Koran, they omit and ignore what the Bible actually says.

For example, time and again God reaffirms to Abraham that He “will not destroy the wicked along with the righteous” in Gen. 18:23-32.

From that we can know that God would not have given an order to Joshua or other Israeli commanders to destroy innocent people.

15 posted on 06/18/2011 8:17:49 AM PDT by Amerisrael
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 10 | View Replies]

To: Genoa

Mainline protestant churches are also infected with gross heresies—the most prominant of which is the arian heresy —for which the nicean creed was designed to repudiate.

16 posted on 06/18/2011 8:20:29 AM PDT by ckilmer (Phi)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 11 | View Replies]

To: The Theophilus

A mil post mil pre mil issues are secondary. People can believe whatever they want in this area and remain in the pale of christian orthodoxy. What’s anethma and killing parts of the catholic and protestant churches is the arian heresy.

17 posted on 06/18/2011 8:24:56 AM PDT by ckilmer (Phi)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 14 | View Replies]

To: ckilmer

can you explain in greater detail where you see the arian hersy today and who is teaching it?

18 posted on 06/18/2011 8:31:28 AM PDT by one Lord one faith one baptism
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 16 | View Replies]

To: Amerisrael
The Old Testament is an indispensable part of Sacred Scripture. With God as their author its books are divinely inspired and retain a permanent value, for the Old Covenant has never been revoked.

The Old Testament forms the prologue to the New Testament. Although satisfied by the death and resurrection of Christ, it prepares the way for the New and Everlasting Covenant and provides necessary context for the Gospel. Together with the New Testament it has have been handed on as such to the Church herself for our benefit.

19 posted on 06/18/2011 8:37:43 AM PDT by Natural Law (For God so loved the world He did not send a book.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: The Theophilus

“...that no one would understand Revelation until Darby, Scofield and that reprobate Lindsey came along”

Hal Lindsey, Scofield reprobates?

That kind of rubbish brings to mind the common smear attacks by those who embrace the heretical false teaching of replacement theology:

“While most born-again Christians today are supportive of Israel, there is a growing movement among Evangelicals which is sympathetic to Palestinian suffering and claims to statehood.”

“Yet to provide a biblical basis for their position, they are generally uncomfortable with being identified with classical Replacement heology, due to its malevolent fruit – namely the pogroms, inquisitions and expulsions, right up to the Holocaust”

“So instead, these Christians are turning to the trendy new answer of Fulfillment theology. This is a biblical outlook which does give natural Israel some credit for having been chosen by God for redemptive purposes. But this calling is seen as having been already “fulfilled” with the coming of Christ and the birth of the Church. Thus it ends up at the same place as Replacement theology in concluding that God is finished with Israel, albeit with less inherent hostility toward the Jews”

20 posted on 06/18/2011 8:40:41 AM PDT by Amerisrael
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 14 | View Replies]

Navigation: use the links below to view more comments.
first 1-2021-4041-6061-71 next last

Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.

Free Republic
Browse · Search
Topics · Post Article

FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794 is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson