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The Church Built on Peter
The Integrated Catholic Life ^ | June 29, 2011 | Fr. Roger Landry

Posted on 06/29/2011 5:46:53 AM PDT by Not gonna take it anymore

After St. Peter died upside down on a cross in the Circus of Caligula and Nero, the surviving Christians obtained his body and buried him quickly nearby, on the steeply sloping Vatican Hill to the north of the Circus. That hill had become a makeshift graveyard four months earlier after the fire of Rome had killed so many residents of the metropolis that their loved ones began to use any open spot they could find on the roadsides radiating outside the city. . . .

When the tropaion of Peter was found underneath the high altar during archaeological escavations in 1941, there was great rejoicing, because it matched what Gaius had written at the end of the second century. Even more exciting was the fact that they found bones in what was clearly Peter’s tomb underneath the victory monument.

(Excerpt) Read more at integratedcatholiclife.org ...


TOPICS: Catholic; History; Religion & Culture
KEYWORDS: basilica; grave; tomb
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1 posted on 06/29/2011 5:46:57 AM PDT by Not gonna take it anymore
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To: Not gonna take it anymore

Learned a lot when I read this. I knew about his bones but not about the rest of the story.

Read the whole thing.


2 posted on 06/29/2011 5:47:49 AM PDT by Not gonna take it anymore
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To: Not gonna take it anymore

Thanks for posting. I was familiar with most of the facts, but this was very enlightening.


3 posted on 06/29/2011 5:56:53 AM PDT by The Sons of Liberty (Psalm 109:8 Let his days be few and let another take his office. - Mene, Mene, Tekel, Upharsin)
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To: Not gonna take it anymore

Just received an email about The Bones of St. Peter,
Available July 15th, 2011 from Sophia Institute Press.

Should be a fascinating read.

“Upon this rock” takes a very literal meaning.


4 posted on 06/29/2011 6:01:19 AM PDT by OpusatFR
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To: OpusatFR
“Upon this rock” takes a very literal meaning.

The Rock is Christ.

5 posted on 06/29/2011 6:06:55 AM PDT by sr4402
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To: OpusatFR

Yet another book I’ll have to get. :-)

Just finished reading: The Jewish Roots of the Eucharist.

Wonderful book.


6 posted on 06/29/2011 6:06:55 AM PDT by Not gonna take it anymore
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To: sr4402

““Upon this rock” takes a very literal meaning.
The Rock is Christ.”

Thank you for your own personal interpretation of Scripture.

It has no more weight than that.

Have a good day.


7 posted on 06/29/2011 6:11:25 AM PDT by OpusatFR
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To: Not gonna take it anymore

I have to read it.

Finished Scott Hahn’s on the Mass and Revelation and was astounded by the beauty of it all.


8 posted on 06/29/2011 6:14:06 AM PDT by OpusatFR
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To: Not gonna take it anymore

If you’re ever in Rome, you have to take a scavi tour. We took the tour and were escorted by a Vatican priest to see the excavations below the Vatican, which includes St. Peter’s tomb. It was fascinating. I expected our priest would be Italian but ironically he was from Mississippi. The previous day was a bit more interesting when we had an audience with the Pope (JPII) and kissed his ring. Afterward, people were clawing at us like we were rock stars.


9 posted on 06/29/2011 6:41:24 AM PDT by ChuckShick (He's clerking for me...)
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To: ChuckShick
The previous day was a bit more interesting when we had an audience with the Pope (JPII) and kissed his ring. Afterward, people were clawing at us like we were rock stars.

If you had kissed him on the cheek that may have been love or veneration but to kiss a piece of jewelry that he wears or one of his feet, is worship...

I certainly hope the last guy to kiss that ring before you didn't have AIDS, or Tuberculosis or something...

If I was to have a meeting with your pope, I likely would say, hey, how ya doin' Joe???

Now Joe is supposed to represent something or someone out of the Bible...Here's what Peter thought about someone kissing his ring or his feet...

Act 10:25 And as Peter was coming in, Cornelius met him, and fell down at his feet, and worshipped him.
Act 10:26 But Peter took him up, saying, Stand up; I myself also am a man.

Had Peter been sitting on that throne at the Vatican (scratch that, Peter would never have set on a throne) and someone knelt to kiss his ring or his feet, Peter would have flipped backwards out of the chair and told you to get up and stop it...

It ought to be crystal clear to anyone who reads and believes the scripture that your pope and the Apostle Peter have no connection with each other...

10 posted on 06/29/2011 7:39:34 AM PDT by Iscool (I don't understand all that I know...)
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To: OpusatFR
“Upon this rock” takes a very literal meaning.

While I disagree that the "rock" that Christ was talking about was Peter, I have to admit that it's actually stunning on just how literally this passage has came to pass. It's a perfect example of God's faithfulness to see that all of His word is fulfilled, even the parts we think of as allegorical.

God is worthy to be praised, for He is faithful.

11 posted on 06/29/2011 7:58:54 AM PDT by paladin1_dcs (Voting for the lesser of two evils is still voting for evil.)
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To: paladin1_dcs

Matthew 16:18


12 posted on 06/29/2011 8:40:54 AM PDT by wordsofearnest (Proper aim of giving is to put the recipient in a state where he no longer needs it. C.S. Lewis)
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To: wordsofearnest

Matthew 21:42


13 posted on 06/29/2011 8:54:45 AM PDT by paladin1_dcs (Voting for the lesser of two evils is still voting for evil.)
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To: Not gonna take it anymore

Fascinating, thanks:)


14 posted on 06/29/2011 9:13:42 AM PDT by Jvette
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To: Iscool

“I certainly hope the last guy to kiss that ring before you didn’t have AIDS, or Tuberculosis or something...”

At least he was opposed to homosexuality.

Remind me, what church do you go to Iscool?


15 posted on 06/29/2011 9:42:31 AM PDT by BenKenobi (Honkeys for Herman!)
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To: sr4402

yep


16 posted on 06/29/2011 10:12:25 AM PDT by reaganaut ( "I once was lost, but now am found; was blind but now I see")
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Comment #17 Removed by Moderator

To: Not gonna take it anymore; Jvette; BenKenobi; OpusatFR
The differences between the meaning of the word "rock" in different language has been explained before. Perhaps in some of these links! How many times does it have to be explained? Or do people just NOT want to believe the truth?

The Church Built on Peter
The Twelve Apostles of the Catholic Church: St. Peter [Catholic Caucus]
Church Authority Doesn't "Peter" Out
Radio Replies Second Volume - St. Peter in Rome
Did Peter Have a Successor?
St. Peter and the Primacy of Rome
SAINT PETER'S CHAINS (44 A.D.)
Heart of the Church (St. Peter in Words and Stone)
A Saint for the Rest of Us
On This Rock

WAS ST. PETER IN ROME?
St. Peter and Rome
Did the Apostle Peter Ever Visit Rome?
Occasionally Naive and Fearful, Yet Honest and Capable of Repentance (Profile of St. Peter)
Saint Peter As Seen by His Successor (extraordinary document from B16 on his preaching and papacy)
HOMILIES PREACHED BY FATHER ALTIER ON THE FEAST OF SAINTS PETER AND PAUL
Peter, Witness of the Resurrection (Papal preparations for Easter 2006)
The Fraternal Society of St. Peter on EWTN
Saint Peter and the Vatican, the Legacy of the Popes
Saint Peter and The Vatican - Legacy of the Popes

18 posted on 06/29/2011 10:37:57 AM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Salvation; Not gonna take it anymore; Jvette; BenKenobi; OpusatFR
Peter is NOT the Rock, God the Father is.

If you want reference to God as the Rock here are some verses.

Deut. 32:4 He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.

2 Sam. 22:2 And he said, The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; 3 The God of my rock; in him will I trust: he is my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge, my saviour; thou savest me from violence.

Psalm 18:31, "And who is a rock, except our God."

Isaiah 44:8, "Is there any God besides Me, or is there any other Rock? I know of none."

Rom. 9:33, "Behold, I lay in Zion a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense, and he who believes in Him will not be disappointed."

1 Cor. 3:11, "For no man can lay a foundation other than the one which is laid, which is Jesus Christ,"

1 Cor. 10:4, "and all drank the same spiritual drink, for they were drinking from a spiritual rock (petras) which followed them; and the rock (petra) was Christ."

1 Pet. 2:8, speaking of Jesus says that he is "A stone of stumbling and a rock (petra) of offense"; for they stumble because they are disobedient to the word, and to this doom they were also appointed."

19 posted on 06/29/2011 10:56:20 AM PDT by CynicalBear
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To: Iscool
to kiss a piece of jewelry that he wears or one of his feet, is worship...

LOL. Maybe that's how you worship, but that's not the definition of worship for others.

I certainly hope the last guy to kiss that ring before you didn't have AIDS, or Tuberculosis or something...

Some people go through life being afraid of everything.

If I was to have a meeting with your pope, I likely would say, hey, how ya doin' Joe???

That's one of the problems with the culture now days. Many people aren't embarrassed about being crass, and are incapable of being respectful. Try that in a courtroom in front of a judge sometime and let us know how it works out for you.

And as Peter was coming in, Cornelius met him, and fell down at his feet, and worshipped him. But Peter took him up, saying, Stand up; I myself also am a man.

Don't miss that key phrase "worshipped him". As is consistent with this teaching from Scripture, it is Catholic teaching not to worship a created being.

It ought to be crystal clear to anyone who reads and believes the scripture that your pope and the Apostle Peter have no connection with each other...

It is clear, at least to those in the Church of the Almighty La-Z-Boy, where each person is their own Pope descended from the Apostles, but where the Catholic Pope can't possibly have any connection with the Apostles. Don't break your neck kissing your own foot.

20 posted on 06/29/2011 10:57:17 AM PDT by Titanites
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To: CynicalBear
Peter is NOT the Rock, God the Father is.

You are wrong on multiple counts.

    "For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock was Christ."
Christ is not God the Father.

Also, who was called "Cephas"?

21 posted on 06/29/2011 11:02:29 AM PDT by Titanites
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To: JohnGrace1
There is biblical evidence of genuflecting.

Not in the New Testament church, there isn't...

Peter set the example for the church...And what are you guys doing with it??? You are trashing the scripture, the words of God by bowing to another man and calling it good...

22 posted on 06/29/2011 11:06:21 AM PDT by Iscool (I don't understand all that I know...)
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To: Titanites
So you are saying that this verse is not the “inspired word of God” or He was mistaken, or what?

Isaiah 44:8, "Is there any God besides Me, or is there any other Rock? I know of none."

23 posted on 06/29/2011 11:08:21 AM PDT by CynicalBear
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To: Iscool; johngrace
bowing to another man and calling it good...

Now, bowing to another man is not good? Showing respect to another is a bad thing? Maybe in your church of one.

24 posted on 06/29/2011 11:09:47 AM PDT by Titanites
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To: CynicalBear
So you are saying that this verse is not the “inspired word of God” or He was mistaken, or what?

No. I'm saying Christ is not God the Father.

Also, you didn't answer my question. Who was called "Cephas"?

25 posted on 06/29/2011 11:11:48 AM PDT by Titanites
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To: Titanites
Don't miss that key phrase "worshipped him". As is consistent with this teaching from Scripture, it is Catholic teaching not to worship a created being.

Sure, sure...And it's Catholic teaching to keep active homos out of the clergy...And it's Catholic teaching that abortion and contraception is an abomination and not to be tolerated in your church...

I could also make the false claim that I love alcohol...Drink a fifth of Bourbon a day...A case of beer every night...

But on the other hand, I don't drink alcohol because I have a self imposed rule that I don't drink alcohol...It's not drinking...I am imbibing...

Sorry guys but you don't get to define what worship means...God has taken care of that and any cursory study on worship in the scriptures may set you on a straighter course...

26 posted on 06/29/2011 11:36:27 AM PDT by Iscool (I don't understand all that I know...)
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To: CynicalBear
Isaiah 44:8, "Is there any God besides Me, or is there any other Rock? I know of none."

But that's God speaking in the bible...They don't do bible...

27 posted on 06/29/2011 11:41:04 AM PDT by Iscool (I don't understand all that I know...)
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To: Iscool; JohnGrace1
Courtesy of Johngrace1:
    Deut. 5:9 - God’s command, “you shall not bow down to them” means “do not worship them.” But not all bowing is worship. Here God’s command is connected to false worship.

    Rev. 3:9 - Jesus said people would bow down before the faithful members of the church of Philadelphia. This bowing before the faithful is not worship, just as kissing a picture of a family member is not worship.

    Gen. 19:1 - Lot bowed down to the ground in veneration before two angels in Sodom.

    Gen. 24:52 - Abraham’s servant bowed himself to the earth before the Lord.

    Gen. 42:6 - Joseph’s brothers bow before Joseph with the face to the ground.

    Jos. 5:14 - Joshua fell to the ground prostrate in veneration before an angel.

    1 Sam. 28:14 - Saul bows down before Samuel with his face to the ground in honor and veneration.

    1 Kings 1:23 - the prophet Nathan bows down before King David.

    2 Kings 2:15 - the sons of the prophets bow down to Elisha at Jericho.

    1 Chron. 21:21 - Ornan the Jebusite did obeisance to king David with his face to the ground.

    1 Chron. 29:20 - Israelites bowed down to worship God and give honor to the king.

    2 Chron. 29:29-30 - King Hezekiah and the assembly venerate the altar by bowing down in worship before the sin offerings.

    Tobit 12:16 - Tobiah and Tobit fell down to the ground in veneration before the angel Raphael.

    Judith 14:7 - Achior the Ammonite kneels before Judith venerating her and praising God.

    Psalm 138:2 - David bows down before God’s Holy Temple.

    Dan. 2:46 - the king fell down on his face paying homage to Daniel and commands that an offering be made to him.

    Dan. 8:17 - Daniel fell down prostrate in veneration before the angel Gabriel.

    1 Macc. 4:40,55 - Judas and the faithful fell face down to the ground to praise heaven and worship God.

    2 Macc. 10:4,26; 13:12 - Maccabeus and his followers fall down prostrate praying to God.


28 posted on 06/29/2011 11:42:16 AM PDT by Titanites
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To: Iscool
Sure, sure...And it's Catholic teaching to keep active homos out of the clergy...And it's Catholic teaching that abortion and contraception is an abomination and not to be tolerated in your church...

Very good. It is Catholic teaching. The Church isn't a Church of just saints. There are also sinners.

It's not drinking...I am imbibing...

Sinners you all means to justify their sin. But it's still sin.

Sorry guys but you don't get to define what worship means...

Heh, I think that was you defining worship back there, not us.

and any cursory study on worship in the scriptures may set you on a straighter course

Something more that a cursory study might help set you straight.

29 posted on 06/29/2011 11:49:06 AM PDT by Titanites
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To: Iscool; CynicalBear
They don't do bible...

Please don't go spreading falsehoods. Making personal attacks is a sure sign of a weak argument.

30 posted on 06/29/2011 11:57:23 AM PDT by Titanites
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To: Titanites
Sinners you use all means
31 posted on 06/29/2011 11:58:56 AM PDT by Titanites
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To: sr4402

You are right. The rock IS Christ. There is no other name under Heaven by which we can be saved.


32 posted on 06/29/2011 11:59:05 AM PDT by JLLH
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To: Iscool

You are quite right, Iscool.


33 posted on 06/29/2011 12:02:50 PM PDT by JLLH
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To: Titanites
Deut. 5:9 - God’s command, “you shall not bow down to them” means “do not worship them.” But not all bowing is worship. Here God’s command is connected to false worship.

No it doesn't...It means what it says...Do not bow down to them...

Deu 5:8 Thou shalt not make thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the waters beneath the earth:
Deu 5:9 Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me,

The worship part is already taken care of in the do not serve them phrase...

Do not bow down to your false gods that you created is the context...No need to pervert the meaning to justify bowing to anything that you can come up with...

Of course it's ok to bow in respect or greeting to another person...BUt that's not what Peter was referring to and I believe you know it...Just as this verse in REV;

Rev 19:10 And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.

This is basically what Peter said...This is NOT what your pope says...

As I see it, your pope is a created little god whom you call Holy Father and numerous other God only names...You bow down to kiss his ring; kiss his feet...You pray to the little god...

Your pope doesn't tell you to stand up, he's just a servant like you, no, your pope revels in this worship he receives from you guys...

He wears the dresses with the red hat and shoes...Wears massive crowns of gold and jewels...

If one didn't know better, he'd think a pope was God's man on earth...Bud God doesn't have a 'man' on earth...

Peter didn't act like your pope...Paul didn't act like your pope...And Jesus certainly didn't act like your pope...Who or what is your pope???

34 posted on 06/29/2011 12:08:01 PM PDT by Iscool (I don't understand all that I know...)
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Comment #35 Removed by Moderator

To: Iscool; JohnGrace1
Please address your post to JohnGrace1. I posted that for him, so I'll let him respond.

It is noted however, that you ignored the rest of his post.

Of course it's ok to bow in respect or greeting to another person...BUt that's not what Peter was referring to and I believe you know it

Peter was objecting to the worshipping.

Do not bow down to your false gods that you created

We didn't create a god and we don't worship it.

This is basically what Peter said...This is NOT what your pope says...

Sure it is. The Pope does not agree with worship of him. If you prostrated your self in front of him, or kneeled in front of him, he would raise you up.

As I see it, your pope is a created little god

What you see is not a declaration of what "is". And we can't help what you see.

You bow down to kiss his ring

Yes, as a sign of respect of the office he holds; not as worship.

kiss his feet

I believe that's a figment of your imagination.

You pray to the little god

Unfortunatly, it appears your imagination is getting the best of you.

Wears massive crowns of gold and jewels...

So does the Queen of England. The Pope is the head of state of Vatican City.

he's just a servant like you

Yes, you are right. The Pope washes our feet; not the other way around.

36 posted on 06/29/2011 12:25:00 PM PDT by Titanites
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Comment #37 Removed by Moderator

Comment #38 Removed by Moderator

To: Titanites
Oh give it up. Jesus called Peter Cephas which is Aramaic the language that Jesus spoke and means rock. In Greek the word is Petros and in English it is Peter. Wow! Wasn’t that neat? So what? It still doesn’t mean that the church is built upon Peter as the foundation.

Paul made it rather clear.

1 Cor. 3:11 For other foundation no one can lay, but that which has been laid, which is Christ Jesus

I shouldn’t have said “the Father”. God, “and these three are one”, the Rock upon which the church is built.

Neither is the Pope the head of the church.

Eph. 5:23-24 "Let wives be subject to their husbands as to the Lord; because a husband is the head of the wife, just as Christ is head of the Church, being himself savior of the body. But just as the Church is subject to Christ, so also let the wives be to their husbands in all things."

The church is subject to only one head and that is Christ.

39 posted on 06/29/2011 12:38:33 PM PDT by CynicalBear
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To: CynicalBear
Jesus called Peter Cephas which is Aramaic the language that Jesus spoke and means rock.

Thank you.

In Greek the word is Petros and in English it is Peter. Wow! Wasn’t that neat?

Yes, it was. Cephas = rock = Peter.

It still doesn’t mean that the church is built upon Peter as the foundation.

I can understand why some take that interpretation of the Scripture:

    "And I also say to you that you are Peter [rock - as CynicalBear said above], and on this rock I will build My church"

I shouldn’t have said “the Father”

OK. Thanks.

Neither is the Pope the head of the church.

No, Christ is the head of the Church.

The church is subject to only one head and that is Christ.

Amen.

40 posted on 06/29/2011 12:50:54 PM PDT by Titanites
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To: CynicalBear
Jesus called Peter Cephas which is Aramaic the language that Jesus spoke and means rock. In Greek the word is Petros

There is a play upon words here. In the original Greek it is, “You are Petros [a little piece of rock, a pebble], and upon this petra [bedrock] I will build my church.”

41 posted on 06/29/2011 1:00:19 PM PDT by Former Fetus
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To: Not gonna take it anymore
Catholic
Almanac:

Wednesday, June 29

Liturgical Color: Red


Today is the Solemnity of Sts. Peter and Paul, Apostles. St Peter was crucified on Vatican Hill. He requested to be crucified upside down because he felt unworthy to die the same way as Jesus. He is buried under the altar of St. Peter’s Basilica.


42 posted on 06/29/2011 1:07:28 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Former Fetus

What I meant is that Jesus is the rock, petra, on which the Church is built. Peter is just a pebble, petros!


43 posted on 06/29/2011 1:10:47 PM PDT by Former Fetus
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To: Titanites
Let’s look at what the RCC says about who is head of the church and whether or not salvation depends on being subject to the Pope or just to Jesus.

Catholicism teaches that submission to the Pope is necessary for salvation, directly contradicting scripture.

One needs only to look at this from Pope Boniface VIII in an ex cathedra statement in his bull Unam Sanctam (A.D. 1302) and was later reaffirmed by subsequent popes and councils such as Vatican I.

Furthermore we declare, state, define, and pronounce that it is altogether necessary to salvation for every human creature to be subject to the Roman pontiff.”[ Cited in Henry Bettenson, ed., Documents of the Christian Church (London: Oxford Univ., 1963), 116. Vatican I, after affirming that the bishops of Rome are the rightful rulers over the church to whom all Christians must submit in matters of faith and morals and discipline states, 'This is the teaching of Catholic truth, from which no one can deviate without loss of faith and salvation'; cited by Philip Schaff, The Creeds of Christendom (New York: Harper, 1877),11:263.]

Catholicism “adds to” scripture and we know what that means. I would ask you not to twist my words and make it look like I agree that Peter is the Rock upon which the church is built because I don’t agree with that.

44 posted on 06/29/2011 1:10:57 PM PDT by CynicalBear
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To: Not gonna take it anymore
Catholic Culture

Daily Readings for: June 29, 2011
(Readings on USCCB website)

Collect: Lord our God, encourage us through the prayers of Saints Peter and Paul. May the apostles who strengthened the faith of the infant Church help us on our way of salvation. We ask this through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever. Amen.

Ordinary Time: June 29th 

  Solemnity of Sts. Peter and Paul, apostles Old Calendar: Holy Apostles Peter and Paul

Veneration of the two great Apostles, Peter and Paul, has its roots in the very foundations of the Church. They are the solid rock on which the Church is built. They are at the origin of her faith and will forever remain her protectors and her guides. To them Rome owes her true greatness, for it was under God's providential guidance that they were led to make the capital of the Empire, sanctified by their martyrdom, the center of the Christian world whence should radiate the preaching of the Gospel.

St. Peter suffered martyrdom under Nero, in A.D. 66 or 67. He was buried on the hill of the Vatican where recent excavations have revealed his tomb on the very site of the basilica of St. Peter's. St. Paul was beheaded in the via Ostia on the spot where now stands the basilica bearing his name. Down the centuries Christian people in their thousands have gone on pilgrimage to the tombs of these Apostles. In the second and third centuries the Roman Church already stood pre-eminent by reason of her apostolicity, the infallible truth of her teaching and her two great figures, Sts. Peter and Paul.

A plenary indulgence may be gained today by anyone who makes devout use of a religious article blessed by a bishop and who also recites any approved profession of faith (e.g. the Apostles Creed), as long as the usual conditions are satisfied.

Catholic Culture prepared this special section during the Year of St. Paul.


St. Peter
Peter's original name was Simon. Christ Himself gave him the name Cephas or Peter when they first met and later confirmed it. This name change was meant to show both Peter's rank as leader of the apostles and the outstanding trait of his character — Peter (in Hebrew Kephas) the Rock. Peter was born in Bethsaida on the Sea of Galilee. Like his younger brother Andrew, he was a fisherman and dwelt at Capernaum. Peter's house often became the scene of miracles, since the Master would stay there whenever He was teaching in that locality. Together with his brothers John and Andrew, Peter belonged to the first of Jesus' disciples (John 1:40-50).

After the miraculous draught of fish on the Sea of Galilee, Peter received his definitive call and left wife, family, and occupation to take his place as leader of the Twelve. Thereafter we find him continually at Jesus' side, whether it be as spokesman of the apostolic college (John 6:68; Matt. 16:16), or as one specially favored (e.g., at the restoration to life of Jairus' daughter, at the transfiguration, during the agony in the garden). His sanguine temperament often led him into hasty, unpremeditated words and actions; his denial of Jesus during the passion was a salutary lesson. It accentuated a weakness in his character and made him humble.

After the ascension, Peter always took the leading role, exercising the office of chief shepherd that Christ had entrusted to him. He delivered the first sermon on Pentecost and received the first Gentiles into the Church (Cornelius; Acts 10:1). Paul went to Jerusalem "to see Peter." After his miraculous deliverance from prison (Easter, 42 A.D.), Peter "went to a different place," most probably to Rome. Details now become scanty; we hear of his presence at the Council of Jerusalem (Acts 15:1), and of his journey to Antioch (Gal. 2:11).

It is certain that Peter labored in Rome as an apostle, that he was the city's first bishop, and that he died there as a martyr, bound to a cross (67 A.D.). According to tradition he also was the first bishop of Antioch. He is the author of two letters, the first Christian encyclicals. His burial place is Christendom's most famous shrine, an edifice around whose dome are inscribed the words: Tu es Petrus, et super hanc petram aedificabo ecclesiam meam.

Excerpted from The Church's Year of Grace, Pius Parsch

Patron: Against frenzy; bakers; bridge builders; butchers; clock makers; cobblers; Exeter College Oxford; feet problems; fever; fishermen; harvesters; locksmiths; longevity; masons; net makers; papacy; Popes; ship builders; shipwrights; shoemakers; stone masons; Universal Church; watch makers; Poznan, Poland; Rome; Diocese of Jackson, Mississippi; Diocese of Las Vegas, Nevada; Diocese of Marquette, Michigan; Archdiocese of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Diocese of Providence, Rhode Island; Diocese of Scranton, Pennsylvania.

Symbols: Two keys saltire; pastoral staff and two large keys; inverted cross; inverted cross and two keys saltire; crowing cock; fish; two swords; patriarchal cross and two keys saltire; two keys and a scroll; sword.
Often portrayed as: Bald man, often with a fringe of hair on the sides and a tuft on top; book; keys; man crucified head downwards; man holding a key or keys; man robed as a pope and bearing keys and a double-barred cross.


St. Paul
Paul, known as Saul (his Roman name) before his conversion, was born at Tarsus in the Roman province of Silicia about two or three years after the advent of the Redeemer. He was the son of Jewish parents who belonged to the tribe of Benjamin, was reared according to the strict religious-nationalistic party of the Pharisees, and enjoyed the high distinction of Roman citizenship.

As a youth he went to Jerusalem to become immersed in the Law and had as a teacher the celebrated Gamaliel. He acquired skill as a tent-maker, a work he continued even as an apostle. At the time of Jesus' ministry he no longer was at Jerusalem; neither did he see the Lord during His earthly-life. Upon returning to the Holy City, Paul discovered a flourishing Christian community and at once became its bitter opponent. When Stephen impugned Law and temple, Paul was one of the first at his stoning; thereafter his fiery personality would lead the persecution. Breathing threats of slaughter against the disciples of Jesus, he was hurrying to Damascus when the grace of God effected his conversion (about the year 34 A.D.; see January 25, Conversion of St. Paul).

After receiving baptism and making some initial attempts at preaching, Paul withdrew into the Arabian desert (c. 34-37 A.D.), where he prepared himself for his future mission. During this retreat he was favored with special revelations, Christ appearing to him personally. Upon his return to Damascus he began to preach but was forced to leave when the Jews sought to kill him. Then he went to Jerusalem "to see Peter." Barnabas introduced him to the Christian community, but the hatred of the Jews again obliged him to take secret flight. The following years (38-42 A.D.) he spent at Tarsus until Barnabas brought him to the newly founded Christian community at Antioch, where both worked a year for the cause of Christ; in the year 44 he made another journey to Jerusalem with the money collected for that famine stricken community.

The first major missionary journey (45-48) began upon his return as he and Barnabas brought the Gospel to Cyprus and Asia Minor (Acts 13-14). The Council of Jerusalem occasioned Paul's reappearance in Jerusalem (50). Spurred on by the decisions of the Council, he began the second missionary journey (51-53), traveling through Asia Minor and then crossing over to Europe and founding churches at Philippi, Thessalonia (his favorite), Berea, Athens, Corinth. He remained almost two years at Corinth, establishing a very flourishing and important community. In 54 he returned to Jerusalem for the fourth time.

Paul's third missionary journey (54-58) took him to Ephesus, where he labored three years with good success; after visiting his European communities, he returned to Jerusalem for a fifth time (Pentecost, 58). There he was seized by the Jews and accused of condemning the Law. After being held as a prisoner for two years at Caesarea, he appealed to Caesar and was sent by sea to Rome (60 A.D.). Shipwrecked and delayed on the island of Malta, he arrived at Rome in the spring of 61 and passed the next two years in easy confinement before being released. The last years of the saint's life were devoted to missionary excursions, probably including Spain, and to revisiting his first foundations. In 66 he returned to Rome, was taken prisoner, and beheaded a year later. His fourteen letters are a precious legacy; they afford a deep insight into a great soul.

Excerpted from The Church's Year of Grace, Pius Parsch

Patron: Against snakes; authors; Cursillo movement; evangelists; hailstorms; hospital public relations; journalists; lay people; missionary bishops; musicians; poisonous snakes; public relations personnel; public relations work; publishers; reporters; rope braiders; rope makers; saddlemakers; saddlers; snake bites; tent makers; writers; Malta; Rome; Poznan, Poland; newspaper editorial staff, Archdiocese of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Diocese of Covington, Kentucky; Diocese of Birmingham, Alabama; Diocese of Las Vegas, Nevada; Diocese of Providence, Rhode Island; Diocese of Worcester, Massachusetts.

Symbols: Book and sword, three fountains; two swords; scourge; serpent and a fire; armour of God; twelve scrolls with names of his Epistles; Phoenix; palm tree; shield of faith; sword; book.
Often portrayed as: Thin-faced elderly man with a high forehead, receding hairline and long pointed beard; man holding a sword and a book; man with 3 springs of water nearby;

Things to Do:

  • From the Directory on Popular Piety, this feast is important because "it is always useful to teach the faithful to realize the importance and significance of the feasts of those Saints who have had a particular mission in the history of Salvation, or a singular relationship with Christ such as St. John the Baptist (24 June), St. Joseph (19 March), Sts. Peter and Paul (29 June), the Apostles and Evangelists, St. Mary Magdalen (22 July), St. Martha (29 July) and St. Stephen (26 December)."

  • The Directory on Popular Piety also explains the devotion of the Christian Pilgrimage. During the Middle Ages in particular, "pilgrims came to Rome to venerate the tombs of the Apostles Peter and Paul (ad Limina Apostolorum), the catacombs and basilicas, in recognition of the service rendered to the universal Church by the successor of Peter."

  • Besides the recipes in our database, Cooking With the Saints by Ernst Schuegraf has seven recipes alone for the feast of St. Peter. This is a wonderful book, beautifully illustrated with art of the saints and the actual dishes. This would be a great addition to your liturgical year library.

  • Learn more about St. Paul, read Paul of Tarsus

45 posted on 06/29/2011 1:18:34 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Former Fetus
>> and upon this petra [bedrock] I will build my church.” <<

Let’s look at the passage containing that verse. Jesus asks who they (the Apostles) think He is.

Matthew 16:15 He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am? 16 And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. 17 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. 18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.

When Jesus makes the statement “and upon this rock I will build my church” He is referring back to who the Apostles say He is, not to Peter. He (Jesus) is the rock upon which the church is built.

46 posted on 06/29/2011 1:26:59 PM PDT by CynicalBear
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To: All

Peter’s original name was Simon. Christ Himself gave him the name Cephas or Peter when they first met and later confirmed it. This name change was meant to show both Peter’s rank as leader of the apostles and the outstanding trait of his character — Peter (in Hebrew Kephas) the Rock.


47 posted on 06/29/2011 1:30:28 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: CynicalBear

I agree with you. Jesus said He was the rock (petra) upon which He would build His church. Peter was just a humble pebble (petros).


48 posted on 06/29/2011 1:53:36 PM PDT by Former Fetus
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To: CynicalBear
Let’s look at what the RCC says about who is head of the church and whether or not salvation depends on being subject to the Pope or just to Jesus. Catholicism teaches that submission to the Pope is necessary for salvation, directly contradicting scripture.

Yes, let's look. Here is what the Church believes, as can be found in the Catechism of the Catholic Church:

    818 "However, one cannot charge with the sin of the separation those who at present are born into these communities [that resulted from such separation] and in them are brought up in the faith of Christ, and the Catholic Church accepts them with respect and affection as brothers .... All who have been justified by faith in Baptism are incorporated into Christ; they therefore have a right to be called Christians, and with good reason are accepted as brothers in the Lord by the children of the Catholic Church."

    819 "Furthermore, many elements of sanctification and of truth" are found outside the visible confines of the Catholic Church: "the written Word of God; the life of grace; faith, hope, and charity, with the other interior gifts of the Holy Spirit, as well as visible elements." Christ's Spirit uses these Churches and ecclesial communities as means of salvation, whose power derives from the fullness of grace and truth that Christ has entrusted to the Catholic Church.

    838 "The Church knows that she is joined in many ways to the baptized who are honored by the name of Christian, but do not profess the Catholic faith in its entirety or have not preserved unity or communion under the successor of Peter." Those "who believe in Christ and have been properly baptized are put in a certain, although imperfect, communion with the Catholic Church."

Unam Sanctam is often ripped out of context and used by those with an axe to grind.

Catholicism “adds to” scripture and we know what that means.

True, the Church does not use Scripture exclusively, but also uses teachings of the Church handed down through the ages. The doctrine of sola scriptura itself is an addition to Scripture; and we all know what that means.

I would ask you not to twist my words

I did not twist your words. I simply posted that you said - that Cephas/Peter means rock.

49 posted on 06/29/2011 4:12:30 PM PDT by Titanites
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To: Titanites
>>whose power derives from the fullness of grace and truth that Christ has entrusted to the Catholic Church.<<

You gotta be kidding me. Other churches get their power from the RCC? Ho boy!

>>Those "who believe in Christ and have been properly baptized are put in a certain, although imperfect, communion with the Catholic Church.<<

They are sanctimonious I’ll give them that! I pity all who put their faith and trust in the RCC.

50 posted on 06/29/2011 4:25:35 PM PDT by CynicalBear
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