Our apostate friends, the ex-Catholics, routinely go on an invective against paganism in Catholic theology and spirituality, while ignoring how this same sort of pagan thought has shaped how they read the Bible.
We’ve seen it in their acceptance of Nestorianism, which derived from Aristotelianism. Their interpretation of the Bible on grace, free-will, and justification derives from Calvin’s and Luther’s reading of St. Augustine, who was influenced by Manichaeism and Neo-Platonism.
Quite frankly, there isn’t a shred of Jewish thought in anything they teach.
Actually, the Essene Jews invented monasticism around the time of Christ, and a lot of the early monastics looked to St. John the Baptist as an inspiration because they were initially only hermits who lived in the desert.
Communal monasticism only developed later with the Rule of St. Pachomius.
While there is nothing commanding monasticism in the Bible, there similarly isn’t anything forbidding it either.
When the name of Jesus is used like Harry Potter uses spells, why then anything that spills from one's lips or into one's brain must be infallible. It matters not a whit whether any other verses of Scripture either add to or contradict that infallible interpretation that accompanies the worship of the god in the Reformation mirror.
While there is nothing commanding monasticism in the Bible, there similarly isnt anything forbidding it either.
There are the numerous calls by Jesus for man to give up everything and follow Him. Now, what those forms of selflessness and full submittal to God might be for each man vary. Monasticism developed, as Trinitarian beliefs did, over the next few centuries. Certainly the Desert Fathers led the way and the Latin branch adopted their ways in the 300's.