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Op-Ed: Islam's [tenuous] Connection to Jerusalem - vs. Israel's
INN ^ | March 29, 2012 | E. Hertz

Posted on 04/01/2012 1:46:02 AM PDT by Milagros

Various Islamic dynasties governed Jerusalem, but not one made it their capital. The Jews were a majority there - in what is called East Jerusalem today - for generations, including in 1948.

Despite 1,300 years of Muslim Arab rule, Jerusalem was never the capital of an Arab entity.

Oddly, the PLO's National Covenant, written in 1964, never mentioned Jerusalem. Only after Israel regained control of the entire city did the PLO "update" its Covenant to include Jerusalem...

Mohammed, who founded Islam in 622 CE, was born and raised in present-day Saudi Arabia, he never set foot in Jerusalem.

His connection to the city came years after his death when the Dome of the Rock shrine and the al-Aqsa mosque were built in 688 and 691, respectively, their construction spurred by political and religious rivalries.

In 638 CE, the Caliph (or successor to Mohammed) Omar and his invading armies captured Jerusalem from the Byzantine Empire. One reason they wanted to erect a holy structure in Jerusalem was to proclaim Islam's supremacy over Christianity and its most important shrine, the Church of the Holy Sepulcher.. Jews constituted a majority of the city's population for generations. In 1898, "In this City of the Jews, where the Jewish population outnumbers all others three to one …" Jews constituted 75 percent of the Old City population in what former Secretary-General Kofi Annan called 'East Jerusalem.'

In 1914, when the Ottoman Turks ruled the city, 45,000 Jews made up a majority of the 65,000 residents. And at the time of Israeli statehood in 1948, 100,000 Jews lived in the city, compared to only 65,000 Arabs.

Arab claims to Jerusalem, a Jewish city by all definitions, reflect the "what's-mine-is-mine, what's-yours-is-mine" mentality, underlying Palestinian concepts of how to end the Arab-Israeli conflict.

(Excerpt) Read more at ...

KEYWORDS: christianity; islam; jerusalem; judaism

When (always) Jewish Jerusalem - Beit-Hamikdash was translated into: Bayt al-Makdis / al- Muqaddas

Ibn Khallikan's biographical dictionary‎ - Page 235 - Ibn Khallikān - Authors, Arab - 1843

Makdisi means belonging to Bait al-Makdis (the House of the Holy Place, or

Description of Syria: including Palestine‎ - Page 11 - Muhammad ibn Ahmad Mukaddasī - History - 1886 - 116 pages

Among its cities are : Bait-al-Makdis (Jerusalem), Bait Jibril, Ghazzah (Gaza),
Maimas, 'Askalan (Ascalon), Yafah (Joppa), Arsuf, Kaisariyyah (Caesarea),

Palestine under the Moslems: A description of Syria and the Holy Land from A description of Syria and the Holy Land from A.D. 650 to 1500‎ - Page 83 - Geography, Medieval - (Alexander P. Watt for the Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund,) 1890 - 604 pages

JERUSALEM is known to the Muslims by the names of Bait at Mukaddas or Bait al
Makdis, signifying " The Holy House " ; or else simply as Al Kuds,

Palestine under the Moslems: a description of Syria and the Holy Land from A.D. 650 to 1500. Translated from the works of the medieval Arab geographers‎ - Page 83 - Guy Le Strange - Palestine - (Houghton, Mifflin and Company, ) 1890 - 604 pages

Jerusalem is known to the Muslims by the names of Bait at Mukaddas or Bait al
Makdis, signifying " The Holy House " ; or else simply as Al Kuds,

The origins of the Islamic state: being a translation from the Arabic accompanied with annotations, geographic and historic notes of the Kitâb futûh al-buldân of al-Imâm abu-l'Abbâs Ahmad ibn-Jâbir al-Balâdhuri, Volume 1‎ - Page 30 - Ahmad ibn Yahyá Balādhurī - Islamic Empire - (Columbia university) 1916 - 519 pages

Bait al-Makdis or al-Bait al-Mukaddas. See ibn-Khurdadhbih, Kitab al-
Masalik, pp. 78 and 79. ...

The Encyclopaedia of Islam: Volume 2, Part 1 - Page 322 - Sir H. A. R. Gibb, Brill Archive

In early Islam the full name of Jerusalem was lliyd' madinat bayt al-makdis, " Aelia, the city of the Temple"

Whose Jerusalem?‎ - Page 62 - Eliyahu Tal - History -  (International Forum for a United Jerusalem) 1994 - 318 pages

The lengthy Arabic inscription on the Dome of the Rock (which is over 230 metres long) represents a polemic against Christianity, containing many Koranic verses ... Caliph Omar built a small house of prayer near the holy "sakhra" (rock) on the site of the destroyed Jewish Temple. The sanctity of the rock - in Hebrew, "Even Ha'shtiya" - is based on Jewish tradition. According to the Aggadah (Tosefta, Yom Kippur, 3:6), this is the foundation stone of the creation of the world. It was only 50 years later, that Umayyad Caliph Abd-al-Malik built the magnificent Dome of the Rock (CE 692) - erroneously called the Mosque of Omar - on the same site, to commemorate the place of Abraham's sacrifice and Noah's Ark. It must be

At about the same time, the Hebrew word for 'Temple" (Beit Hamikdash) was translated into Arabic and became the Muslim name for Jerusalem: "al- Bayt al- Muqaddas." It is significant that at this stage the city was not described as "al-Quds," the Holy...

The real and ideal Jerusalem in Jewish, Christian, and Islamic art: studies in honor of Bezalel Narkiss on the occasion of his seventieth birthday - Page 380 - Bezalel Narkiss, Bianca Kühnel - Center for Jewish Art, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 1998 - 689 pages

Khathiralu-l-kuds as the designation of the Heavenly City is naturally associated with the image of Jerusalem, whose Arabic names point to the idea of the sacred city: al-Kuds (the Holy), al-Bayt al-Makdis (the House of Sanctity), al-Bayt al-Mukaddas (the House of Sanctuary or the Holy House),..

Constructing Ottoman beneficence: an imperial soup kitchen in Jerusalem - Page 39 - Amy Singer - (SUNY Press) 2002 - 240 pages

... AND A LOAF OF BREAD "Whoever gives one dirham of sadaka in Jerusalem (Bayt al- Makdis)..

Empire of Thebes, or, Ages in chaos revisited‎ - Page 68 - Emmet John Sweeney - History - Algora Publishing, 2007  - 194 pages

The answer is provided by Danelius: Among the names enumerated as designating Jerusalem is Bait-al-Makdis, or in brief, Makdis, corresponding to Beith-ha- Miqdash...

Know the facts: a historical guide to the Arab-Israeli conflict - Page 76 - David Niv, World Zionist Organization. Dept. for Education and Culture in the Diaspora - 1985 - 254 pages

These names were taken from Jewish tradition, which emphasized the centrality of Jerusalem as "shrine of the king and royal city". Since this was the city of the Temple (Beit HaMikdash), the Moslems also adopted the names "Beit al-Makdis" and "al-Beit al-Mukadas", that is, "the sanctified house" [similar in meaning to the Hebrew "Beit HaMikdash"].

Christians & Jews faith to faith: tragic history, promising present, fragile future - Page 136 - James Rudin - Jewish Lights Publishing, 2010 - 267 pages

The Hebrew name for the Temple Mount area, Beit HaMikdash (the House of the Sanctuary), became one of the Arabic names for Jerusalem: Beit al- Makdis. Omar, the Muslim caliph, captured Jerusalem in 638, and a half century later the Dome

The Jewish spectator: Volume 66 - Page 56 - School of the Jewish Woman (New York, N.Y.) - 2001

After the tenth century, the Moslems called the city by names of Jewish origin: Beit al-Makdis, the Arabic version of the Hebrew name for the Temple, Beit Hamikdash/House of the Sanctuary; Al-Kuds, Arabic for the (Ir) Hakodesh/(City of )..


Moshe Kohn - Jerusalem in the Sources
... names of Jewish origin: Beit al-Makdis, the Arabic vversion of the Hebrew name for the Temple, Beit Hamikdash/House of the Sanctuary; Al-Kuds, Arabic for the (Ir) Hakodesh/(City of) Holiness; and even Siyyun, Arabic for the Hebrew Tziyon/Zion .
Some Facts About Jerusalem - Moshe Kohn

Ahmadinejad Offering Jews Alaska - Latest News Briefs - Israel National News
[”Al Kuds” means “the Holy” in Arabic, and is a contraction that refers to Jerusalem, site of what Arabic sources call Bayt Al-Makdis, or Beit Hamikdash in Hebrew and the Temple in English.] He was quoted by Iranian news agency IRNA. ...

Back - On The Road To Statehood
AUDIO4.4: I’ll be back soon, too, but I want you to understand Jerusalem’s importance to my people, the Moslems. Jerusalem has been significant to us from the time of our prophet, Muhammed, in the first part of the seventh century. Even though the city is not mentioned by name in the Koran (the Moslem holy book), Muhammad decreed at first that we should face Jerusalem while praying. Our ancestors captured Jerusalem from the Christians of the Byzantine Empire in 638 C.E. They soon found themselves isolated from Mecca and Medina – the Moslem holy cities in the Arabian peninsula. Jerusalem then became even more important to us. Our ancestors built the Dome of the Rock on the site of the Jews’ Holy Temple. They also built the El-Aqsa Mosque and magnificent palaces. We consider Jerusalem to be a holy city and the Temple Mount to be one of our holiest sites. In fact, we still call the city ‘Bait El Makdis’ or ‘El Kuds’ (from the Hebrew “Beit Hamikdash Hakadosh”, the Holy Temple).

In prayer, Jews face Jerusalem but Muslims face Mecca [CFP]
Victor Sharpe - Sunday, May 29, 2011
...The heroic Bar-Kochba Revolt broke out in 135 AD but was crushed three years later by the Roman emperor, Hadrian, who razed Jewish Jerusalem, plowed the city under, and renamed it Aelia Capitolina in part after his own name, Hadrian Publius Aelius. He built a shrine to the Roman god, Jupiter, on the site where the Holy Jewish Temple's Holy of Holies had once stood.

From the 10th century, the Muslim Arabs still called the city various names that echoed its original Jewish origins. For instance they called it Beit al-Makdis, the Arabic version of the Hebrew name, Beit HaMikdash-House of the Sanctuary.

The Arabic name, beloved of Palestinian terrorists, is Al-Kuds, which is derived from the Hebrew, Ir Hakodesh-City of Holiness.

1 posted on 04/01/2012 1:46:12 AM PDT by Milagros
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To: Milagros

I will merely point out that the Dome of the Rock is not on the site of the Jewish Temple: Rather it is on the site of the Roman stables, a bit south of the temple. When the Romans trashed Jerusalem, they didn’t trash their own buildings.

The rest of Islam appears to have a foundation of horse manure too.

2 posted on 04/01/2012 2:35:32 AM PDT by donmeaker (Blunderbuss: A short weapon, ... now superceded in civilized countries by more advanced weaponry.)
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To: donmeaker


3 posted on 04/01/2012 3:12:36 AM PDT by golux
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To: Milagros; donmeaker

Islam’s claim to Jerusalem is that that ground was once owned by Moslems. once owned by them, they want it back — the same with La Mesquita in Spain...

4 posted on 04/01/2012 11:40:37 AM PDT by Cronos (Party like it's 12 20, 2012)
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To: Milagros

Jerusalem is mentioned over 600 times in the Bible, it is never mentioned in the Quran. So much for it being a holy city/site. It’s all about the destruction of the Jews.

5 posted on 04/01/2012 12:05:43 PM PDT by bjorn14 (Woe to those who call good evil and evil good. Isaiah 5:20)
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To: Cronos

.....Or so they claim. Plus never once was Jerusalem ever mentioned in the Koran, unlike the Bible in which it was mentioned over 600 times.

6 posted on 04/01/2012 12:52:03 PM PDT by Biggirl ("Jesus talked to us as individuals"-Jim Vicevich/Thanks JimV!)
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To: Milagros
One thing islamic fundamentalists and secular rationalists have in common is the belief that Jewish history as recorded in the Bible is fraudulent. Our "great" universities have taught this for over a hundred years (without so much as a peep from Orthodox Jewish students and faculty, unfortunately).

Now these "great" secular universities are being inundated with funds from islamic fundamentalists like the Saudi royal family. Coincidence?

Let me know when our "great" universities ever dissect the "holy qur'an" with their "higher criticism" as they have the Jewish TaNa"KH. I won't be waiting up, though.

7 posted on 04/01/2012 1:13:42 PM PDT by Zionist Conspirator (Ki-hagoy vehamamlakhah 'asher lo'-ya`avdukh yove'du; vehagoyim charov yecheravu!)
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To: Biggirl

it’s a fact that they conquered Jerusalem, so ownership by force of arms. Jerusalem was an add-on by Mo as he was busy trying to assimilate various aspects of various religions into his farce of a cult...

8 posted on 04/01/2012 8:59:37 PM PDT by Cronos (Party like it's 12 20, 2012)
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To: bjorn14

Right on. It is mentioned by Muslim “scholars” only as him having a “dream” by the man, they consider a “prophet.” I can’t blame Mohammed for longing to Jews’ capital... in his dreams.

9 posted on 04/03/2012 1:42:48 AM PDT by Milagros (Y)
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