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The Last Ancient Patriarch of Jerusalem: Saint Sophronius
Crisis Magazine ^ | 5/12/12 | Robert Shaffern

Posted on 07/12/2012 11:45:17 AM PDT by marshmallow

Heavy-hearted, Sophronius, the patriarch of Jerusalem, set out to meet the Caliph, the successor to the Muslim prophet Muhammad, at the gates of the Holy City. The surrender had already been negotiated, after a siege that had lasted four months. Sophronius, patriarch of the city since 634, had decided that the city must be surrendered. For several years, Palestine had been cut off from the rest of Christian-Byzantine territory. Sophronius could have known nothing of Emperor Heraclius’s intentions to relieve or leave the city to its fate. He did know that invaders had ransacked villages of Palestine for the second time in a generation. That terror certainly encouraged him to accept surrender in exchange for the lives of the Jerusalemites and the safety of its churches. In the meantime, he sent many of the city’s precious relics, including the True Cross, to Constantinople, where they could be kept safe. Shortly after the capitulation of the city, Sophronius seems to have fled into a voluntary exile. He died shortly thereafter, sometime in 638, many said of a broken heart.

Sophronius lived in a religiously and politically tumultuous era. Violence between Monophysite and Chalcedonian Christians often erupted in the great cities of Antioch and Alexandria. These two rival groups had been at odds since the fifth century, when oriental Christians began to insist on the one nature in the incarnate Christ, in opposition to the teaching of the Council of Chalcedon in 451, which taught two natures in Christ, one fully divine and the other fully human. In addition to this religious strife, Byzantine politics destabilized, and made the empire vulnerable to invasion from Persia, the Roman Empire’s age-old enemy. In 602, a bloody coup in the palace in Constantinople ushered in a decade of terror and instability, which the Persians used............

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TOPICS: Catholic; History; Islam; Orthodox Christian
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1 posted on 07/12/2012 11:45:26 AM PDT by marshmallow
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To: marshmallow

Thanks for the post


2 posted on 07/12/2012 12:14:10 PM PDT by mosesdapoet (The best way to punish a - country is let professors run it. Fredrick the Great p/p)
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To: marshmallow

He was the guy who signed the Act of Umar making Christians as Dhimmi’s. This guy was no saint, rather a fool imho


3 posted on 07/13/2012 4:52:47 AM PDT by Cronos (**Marriage is about commitment, cohabitation is about convenience.**)
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