Skip to comments.August 1933 - Simele Massacre
Posted on 08/16/2012 3:50:35 PM PDT by Milagros
August, 1933, Iraq.
THE SIMELE MASSACRE
With Iraq's independence, Arabism and Arab-Nationalism grew, so did fanatical Islam, especially as Assyrians revolted. Assyrians as a "race" became a target; As Christians, there were now the despised 'infidels' and anti-Assyrian jihad declaration became routine by the Government to inflame the locals. There were attempted forcible conversions to Islam. Some 3,000 were brutally butchered, asides from a massaive ethnic cleansing. Perpetrators: Iraqi Government; local Arab and Druze Muslims.
August 7th ~ "Assyrian Ethnic Cleansing," The New Assyrian Martyrs Day
August 7th of every year marks the Assyrian Martyrs Day, what began as the commemoration of the Simele massacre in 1933, where an estimated 3,000 Assyrians were systematically targeted by the Iraqi government to cleanse the Assyrian race, the indigenous people of Iraq whose roots date back to the Sumerians, the earliest recorded civilization in the mid 4th millennium B.C.
The Simele massacre took place in the provinces of Northern Iraq, where a killing spree took place among 63 Assyrian villages. But the Assyrian Martyrs Day represents all genocides and atrocities committed against the Assyrians, beginning in 1914 and 1915 where countless Assyrian villagers were massacred. In 1918 thousands of men, women and children were trafficked on foot en route to Baquba from Iran where more than one half fell to death unaccounted for, and without burial sites. In the same year, the Assyrian Patriarch, the late Mar Benyamin Shimun was assassinated. Not forgotten are the massacres of Sairt, Khoi, Soriya and Port Sharabkhana. The massacres of Mosul and Kirkuk, and the attack on Hebbaniya and Barwar have made their marks too on the pages of history. And let's not forget the assassination of Youbert, Yousip and Youkhana in 1985 by the Baathist regime.
It has been 74 years since the Simele massacre, and the Assyrians of today, among all other Christians in Iraq, continue to suffer at the hands of Muslim fundamentalists. Let's just call it what it is ~ ethnic cleansing. Yes, the year is 2007 and the international world is watching as the Assyrians flee their homes by the hour to neighboring countries, where an average teen at the age of fourteen does not have essential reading and writing skills in Jordan. Hence, Iraqis are barred from education in neighboring Jordan, where heavy sums of monies are levied on Iraqis to maintain temporary visa statuses.
Not only have the Assyrians become a stateless-people, but in homeland Iraq, they have become refugees, where they are threatened and coerced into abandoning their homes due to death threats. In some parts of Baghdad and Basra, it has become a familiar practice to approach families with a three-fold proposition: convert to Islam, pay a hefty tax (referred to jizya in Arabic), or face becoming beheaded. Oftentimes in the bigger cities, the Assyrian families are banning girls from attending schools for fear of kidnapping and rape. Read "The Departed" www.INNANAmagazine.com/editorials
On August 7th, the international Assyrian community commemorates its martyrs in traditional church prayers and feasts, honoring those who have died for their nationalistic beliefs. Gone, but not forgotten are our martyrs. We will tell their stories and speak their names for generations to come.
British documents on foreign affairs--reports and papers from the Foreign Office confidential print: From the First to the Second World War. Series B, Turkey, Iran, and the Middle East, 1918-1939, Volume 9, Great Britain. Foreign Office, University Publications of America, 1985, page 325
Simel Massacre.. The culmination of the indiscriminate action against Assyrian men, regardless of party or guilt...
Between the 8th and 10th August, widespread looting, raiding and burning of Assyrian villages in the Simel, Dohuk and Al Qosh areas had been in progress... Both Kurds and Arabs of the Shammar and Jabur tribes were implicated. Numbers of refugees had Med to the three ...
The Assyrians of Turkey: victims of major power policy - Page 188 - Salâhi Ramadan Sonyel - The Assyrians of Turkey: victims of major power policy - Salâhi Ramadan Sonyel - 2001 - 226 pages
which the Assyrians were visited... and the massacre... is a shameful blot on the pages of Arab history’... Assyrians were butchered’. They also claim that this ‘massacre, noted for the black treachery in which it was conceived, and the callousness with which it was executed, was preceded by the public declaration of a Holy War’ against the Assyrians, and that attempts were made to forcibly convert them to Islam. ‘Such an exhibition of fanaticism has probably seldom been seen’, declared unfairly the Archbishop of Canterbury in the House of Lords on 28 November 1933.
Inside Pan-Arabia - Page 96 - Morris Jacob Steiner - Packard, 1947 - 237 pages
Those horrible massacres of the Assyrians, as the first sign of Iraqi political maturity (1933), aroused such a storm all over the world that the Arabs themselves found it extremely hard to whitewash their hands from that ignominious feat.
Even such an Arab nationalist as George Antonius* had to admit that “the massacre which took place is a shameful blot on the pages of Arab history.” Second, the bellicose tribes of the Middle Euphrates, with their patriarchal system and lack ...
The Arab awakening: the story of the Arab national movement
- Page 367 - George Antonius - G.P. Putnam, 1979 - History - 471 pages
Nothing can excuse the acts of savagery with which the Assyrians were visited after their armed insurgence in the summer of 1933, and the massacre which took place is a shameful blot on the pages of Arab history. This does not alter the fact ...
The Assyrians of Turkey: victims of major power policy
- Page 188 - Salâhi Ramadan Sonyel - Turkish Historical Society, 2001 - 226 pages
which the Assyrians were visited... and the massacre... is a shameful blot on the pages of Arab history’4”5. ... by the public declaration of a Holy War’407 against the Assyrians, and that attempts were made to forcibly convert them to Islam. ‘Such an exhibition of fanaticism has probably seldom been seen’, declared unfairly the Archbishop of Canterbury in the House of Lords on 28 November 1933.
Protestant digest: Volume 5, Issue 1 - Page 18 - Kenneth Leslie - 1943
...sleeping national faith. Several times the Bedawi were roused to a Jehad (holy war) against the British, the hate of the stranger in our midst having at all times been the most obvious and useful instrument to rouse the primitive chauvinist spirit...
Then came the Assyrian massacre in 1933 and the flame of Iraqi national passion flared high for one ghastly moment only to peter out when nearly all the Assyrians had been killed and only the Mar Shimum and his chapter had been rescued by the British ...
(The forgotten ally - Page 306 - Pierre Van Paassen - 1943 - 343 pages
Whither Christian missions?: John Van Ess of the Foreign Misions of the Reformed Church in America persecutes the Assyrian race and church - David Barsum Perley, Assyrian National Federation - Randolph Press, 1944 - History - 22 pages
During the crisis of 1933, forced conversion to Islam was the order of the day; while the proclamation of a Holy War against the Assyrian infidels was responsible for the creation of a universal belief in the Arabs that the crisis was a war between the Crescent and the Cross...
What actually happened in the north of Mosul, the scene of the massacre, during the first weeks of August, 1933, surpasses in horror anything imaged by Dante in his vision of Hell. Some sixty-five villages’’’ were looted and destroyed. Women ...
This massacre, noted for the black treachery in which it was conceived and the callousness with which it was executed, was preceded by the proclamation of a Holy War’*) against the Assyrians and attempts made to forcibly convert them to Islam
After the surrender of the mandate, “the Iraqi Cabinet,” in the words of Prof. J. Hampton Jackson’*’, “determined on the extermination of the infidels.” In the first weeks of August, 1933, a Holy War was proclaimed against the Assyrians and the Government press, officials, and deputies were in the foremost of those who ...
Official journal: Volume 14 - Page 1810 - League of Nations - 1933
The ill-feeling against the Assyrians became universal when certain deputies delivered fiery speeches in the Iraqi Parliament implying the necessity for the extermination of the Assyrian people.
There was a general outcry through sheer fanaticism and hatred created and promoted by the Government for a holy war against the Assyrians. Demands for anti-Assyrian demonstartions were pouring in from Baghdad and Mosul at the instigation of the Government...
The Encyclopedia of Middle East Wars: The United States in the Persian Gulf, Afghanistan, and Iraq Conflicts, Volume 1 - Page 687 - Spencer C. Tucker, Priscilla Mary Roberts - ABC-CLIO, Oct 8, 2010 - 1887 pages
The book, titled Republic of Fear: The Politics of Modern Iraq (1990), traces the extreme violence in Iraq and the prominent role of the military in the nation back to the massacre of 3000 Assyrians in 1933; hostility to the enemies of Pan-Arabism ...
Syriaca II: Beiträge zum 3. Deutschen Syrologen-Symposium in Vierzehnheiligen 2002, Volume 2 - Page 288 - Martin Tamcke - LIT Verlag Münster, 2004 - 374 pages
As a preparation to Assyrian Massacre the Iraqi Ministers and High Officials removed their head quarters from Bagdad to Mosul. Inflammatory speeches were made in both parliament and senate, as if supporting a Holy War. On June 29l\ 1933 the Patriarch protested to 12 foreign Embassies included that of Great Britain. But it was suppressed. Finally, the Assyrians were ...
The Hashemite kings, Jan Morris - Page 85 -Pantheon, 1959 - 208 pages
Even the Government was shocked by the Simel massacre, and for years the scars in the north remained unhealed. The surviving Assyrians were spiritless, cowed, and apprehensive. The Kurds and Arabs were hideously inflamed.
Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: A-C - Page 209 - James Minahan - Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002 - 2241 pages
In all, some 3,000 Assyrians were massacred during August 1933. The massacres sparked a massive emigration, mostly to North America but also to countries throughout the world. In 1968 nationalists formed the Assyrian Universal Alliance ...
Note: this topic is from 8/16/2012. Thanks Milagros.