>> into what at the time was Mexico, though in the north the Mexican government had zero control.
On that note, the history of the U.S. Southwest towards the bottom of my FR home page is worth reading.
U folks R missing the point: Stockton(bankrupt) would be much better off today if it was Mormon.
Nice. In general I agree with your summation.
Except I don’t think you are up to date on Hispanics in the SW. I lived in NM for three years about 30 years ago, and even then there were two groups of Hispanics in the state.
The old line group, mostly in the northern mountains, were just as you say. They were Spanish, not Mexican, and damn proud of it.
In the south and Albuquerque you ran into a lot of more recent immigrants and their descendants who considered themselves Mexican-American or even just Mexican.
I suspect the two groups have merged to some extent and that there is a lot more “Mexican” sentiment today, even in the North.
Possibly someone with more recent information can update us on NM.
More recently I lived for 5 years in Sacramento, and the Hispanics there were most definitely Mexican, not Spanish. Though it isn’t often counted as such for some reason, CA is obviously the most southwestern state.