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Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 10-24-12, OM, St. Anthony Mary Claret, Bishop
USCCB.org/RNAB ^ | 10-24-12 | Revised New American Bible

Posted on 10/23/2012 9:53:56 PM PDT by Salvation

October 24, 2012

 

Wednesday of the Twenty-ninth Week in Ordinary Time

 

Reading 1 Eph 3:2-12

Brothers and sisters:
You have heard of the stewardship of God's grace
that was given to me for your benefit,
namely, that the mystery was made known to me by revelation,
as I have written briefly earlier.
When you read this
you can understand my insight into the mystery of Christ,
which was not made known to human beings in other generations
as it has now been revealed
to his holy Apostles and prophets by the Spirit,
that the Gentiles are coheirs, members of the same Body,
and copartners in the promise in Christ Jesus through the Gospel.

Of this I became a minister by the gift of God's grace
that was granted me in accord with the exercise of his power.
To me, the very least of all the holy ones, this grace was given,
to preach to the Gentiles the inscrutable riches of Christ,
and to bring to light for all what is the plan of the mystery
hidden from ages past in God who created all things,
so that the manifold wisdom of God
might now be made known through the Church
to the principalities and authorities in the heavens.
This was according to the eternal purpose
that he accomplished in Christ Jesus our Lord,
in whom we have boldness of speech
and confidence of access through faith in him.

Responsorial Psalm Is 12:2-3, 4bcd, 5-6

R. (see 3) You will draw water joyfully from the springs of salvation.
God indeed is my savior;
I am confident and unafraid.
My strength and my courage is the LORD,
and he has been my savior.
With joy you will draw water
at the fountain of salvation.
R. You will draw water joyfully from the springs of salvation.
Give thanks to the LORD, acclaim his name;
among the nations make known his deeds,
proclaim how exalted is his name.
R. You will draw water joyfully from the springs of salvation.
Sing praise to the LORD for his glorious achievement;
let this be known throughout all the earth.
Shout with exultation, O city of Zion,
for great in your midst
is the Holy One of Israel!
R. You will draw water joyfully from the springs of salvation.

Gospel Lk 12:39-48

Jesus said to his disciples:
"Be sure of this:
if the master of the house had known the hour
when the thief was coming,
he would not have let his house be broken into.
You also must be prepared,
for at an hour you do not expect, the Son of Man will come."

Then Peter said,
"Lord, is this parable meant for us or for everyone?"
And the Lord replied,
"Who, then, is the faithful and prudent steward
whom the master will put in charge of his servants
to distribute the food allowance at the proper time?
Blessed is that servant whom his master on arrival finds doing so.
Truly, I say to you, he will put him
in charge of all his property.
But if that servant says to himself,
'My master is delayed in coming,'
and begins to beat the menservants and the maidservants,
to eat and drink and get drunk,
then that servant's master will come
on an unexpected day and at an unknown hour
and will punish the servant severely
and assign him a place with the unfaithful.
That servant who knew his master's will
but did not make preparations nor act in accord with his will
shall be beaten severely;
and the servant who was ignorant of his master's will
but acted in a way deserving of a severe beating
shall be beaten only lightly.
Much will be required of the person entrusted with much,
and still more will be demanded of the person entrusted with more."


TOPICS: Catholic; General Discusssion; Prayer; Worship
KEYWORDS: catholic; ordinarytime; prayer; saints
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1 posted on 10/23/2012 9:54:01 PM PDT by Salvation
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3 posted on 10/23/2012 10:04:28 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: All

From: Ephesians 3:2-12

St Paul’s Mission


[1] For this reason I, Paul, a prisoner for Christ Jesus on behalf of you Gentiles
[2] — assuming that you have heard of the stewardship of God’s grace that was
given to me for you, [3] how the mystery was made known to me by revelation,
as I have written briefly. [4] When you read this you can perceive my insight into
the mystery of Christ, [5] which was not made known to the sons of men in other
generations as it has now been revealed to his holy apostles and prophets by the
Spirit; [6] that is, how the Gentiles are fellow heirs, members of the same body,
and partakers of the promise in Christ Jesus through the gospel.

[7] Of this gospel I was made a minister according to the gift of God’s grace
which was given me by the working of his power. [8] To me, though I am the very
least of all the saints, this grace was given, to preach to the Gentiles the unsear-
chable riches of Christ, [9] and to make all men see what is the plan of the mys-
tery hidden for ages in God who created all things; that through the church the
manifold wisdom of God might now be made known to the principalities and po-
wers in the heavenly places. [11] This was according to the eternal purpose
which he has realized in Christ Jesus our Lord, [12] in whom we have boldness
and confidence of access through our faith in him.

*********************************************************************************************
Commentary:

1-21. Christ’s saving work on behalf of the Gentiles, calling them to be with the
Jews, living stones in the edifice of the Church, leads the Apostle once again to
overflow in prayer (vv. 14-21). But first he considers his own position and what
Christ has done in him by making him a minister or servant of the Mystery of
Christ (vv. 2-13). He witnesses to the revelation he himself has received, which
made this Mystery known to him (vv. 2-5); and he goes on to give a summary
of the Mystery, emphasizing the call of the Gentiles to the Church through the
preaching of the Gospel (v. 6); he then explains that his mission is precisely to
preach the Mystery of Christ to the Gentiles (vv. 7-13).

1-4. What led to St Paul’s imprisonment was Jewish charges that he had
preached against the Law and had brought Gentiles into the temple (they thought
Trophimus, a citizen of Ephesus, was a Gentile: cf. Acts 21:28f). He did not mind
so much the chains or the imprisonment or the Romans being his judges and jai-
lers: what he wanted to make clear was that he was imprisoned for preaching to
the Gentiles the salvation won by Jesus Christ.

He is very conscious of being an instrument specially chosen by God: he has
been given the grace to reveal the “Mystery” (cf. Rom 1:15; 2 Cor 12:2f). He is
clearly referring to the vision he had on the road to Damascus (cf. Acts 9:2) and
possibly to later revelations as well. His encounter with the risen Christ, who iden-
tifies himself with his Church (cf. Acts 9:5), is the origin and basis of his grasp of
God’s eternal plan, the “Mystery”, which is one of the central teachings in this let-
ter. The fact that Christ revealed himself to Paul and chose him to be the preacher
of the Gospel to the Gentiles is something which Paul sees as part of the syste-
matic implementation — the “oikonomia” — of God’s plan.

5. In the Old Testament the promise made to Abraham revealed that in his off-
spring all the nations of the earth would be blessed (cf. Gen 12:3; Sir 44:21); but
how this would happen was not revealed. The Jews always thought that it would
come about through their exaltation over other nations. Through the revelation Je-
sus made to him, St Paul has discovered that God has chosen another way —
that of bringing the Gentiles into the Church, the body of Christ, on equal terms
with the Jews. This is the “Mystery”, the plan of God as revealed by the mission
Christ gave his apostles or envoys (cf. Mt 28:19), of whom St Paul is one (cf. 3:8).
Once again, as in 2:20, prophets are mentioned together with apostles; this may
mean either the Old Testament prophets who announced the coming Messiah,
or the New Testament prophets, that is, the Apostles themselves and other Chris-
tians who had insight, through revelation, into God’s saving plans for the Gentiles
and who proclaimed them under the inspiration of the Spirit. The context and other
passages in Ephesians and elsewhere in the New Testament (cf. Eph 4:11; 1 Cor
12:28f; Acts 11:27; etc.) would suggest that he is referring to New Testament pro-
phets. The Holy Spirit has revealed the Mystery to them “that they might preach
the Gospel, stir up faith in Jesus the Messiah and Lord, and bring together the
Church” (Vatican II, “Dei Verbum”, 17). St Paul does not see himself as the only
person to whom it has been given to know the Mystery revealed in Jesus Christ.
All that he is saying is that, by the grace of God, it has been made known to him
and that its preaching has been entrusted to him in a special way, just as it was
given to St Peter to preach it to the Jews (cf. Gal 2:7).

St Paul attributes to the Holy Spirit the revelation of the Mystery, recalling, no
doubt, how he himself came to know it after his meeting with Jesus on the road
to Damascus (cf. Acts 9:17). It is the Spirit also who acts in the apostles and
prophets (cf. Acts 2:17), and it is he who on an on-going basis vivifies the Church,
enabling it to proclaim the Gospel. “The Holy Spirit is the soul of the Church. It
is he who explains to the faithful the deep meaning of the teaching of Jesus and
of his mystery. It is the Holy Spirit who, today just as at the beginning of the
Church acts in every evangelizer who allows himself to be possessed and led by
him. The Holy Spirit places on his lips the words which he could not find himself,
and at the same time the Holy Spirit predisposes the soul of the hearer to be o-
pen and receptive to the Good News and to the Kingdom being proclaimed” (Paul
VI, “Evangelii Nuntiandi”, 75).

7. The preacher of the Gospel carries out a ministry, a service to the people of
God and to the Gospel itself. St Paul stresses that he has been made a “minis-
ter” of the Gospel; he seems to be saying, “I am not carrying out this task as if
it were an initiative of my own; I am performing it as a service which comes from
God” (St Thomas Aquinas, “Commentary on Eph, ad loc.”). Those who teach
Christian doctrine are not passing on their personal opinions, but a divine mes-
sage. “That is how one should regard us, as servants of Christ and stewards of
the mysteries of God” (1 Cor 4:1).

In all generations, God, in his mercy and by his power, calls people to the minis-
try of the Word, to ensure that the Gospel is forever proclaimed and made known
to all mankind. This ministry belongs, in the first place, to bishops. As succes-
sors to the Apostles, “the bishops are heralds of the faith, who draw new disci-
ples to Christ; they are authentic teachers, that is, teachers endowed with the
authority of Christ, who preach the faith to the people assigned to them, the faith
which is destined to inform their thinking and direct their conduct; and under the
light of the Holy Spirit they make that faith shine forth, drawing from the store-
house of revelation new things and old (cf. Mt 13:52)” (”Lumen Gentium”, 25).
Alongside the bishops and acting as their helpers, priests and deacons also car-
ry out the ministry of the Word: “it is the first task of priests as co-workers of the
bishops to preach the Gospel of God to all men. In this way they carry out the
Lord’s command ‘Go into all the world and preach the gospel to the whole crea-
tion’ (Mk 16:15) and thus set up and increase the people of God” (