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Three Things Only a PhD Can Believe
SALVO ^ | 05/22/2013 | Louis Markos

Posted on 05/22/2013 2:18:46 PM PDT by SeekAndFind

It is often believed that people who have PhDs are possessed of higher self-esteem and greater independent thought than the average population. As a PhD myself, I fully understand why people believe this. The rigorous studying, testing, and writing required to receive a doctorate should free the PhD's mind from the idols of the marketplace and teach him that great truth that Socrates discovered: the more we learn, the more we realize what we do not know.

That's what should happen. What I have more often found (in myself, as well as in others) is that the knowledge acquired puffs up the mind of the PhD, making him feel wiser and more in touch with the truth of things than his less educated fellow mortals. And yet—and here is the ironic part—at the same time the PhD gains a sense of his own superiority, his intellectual, emotional, and psychological need to fit in with his academic colleagues is multiplied tenfold.

At times, this academic groupthink leads PhDs to defend issues that are indefensible and to give their allegiance to causes that are immoral or unethical. At other times, it leads them to believe things that are simply and demonstrably false—things that violate objective observation, common sense, and the collective experience of mankind. Indeed, colleges and universities across Europe and America brazenly teach their students three things that are so patently absurd that only a PhD could believe them.

Absurdity #1 There Are No Universal Standards

In his apologetics classic, Mere Christianity, C. S. Lewis grounds his argument for the existence of God in a simple observation: when two people disagree about something, they argue about it rather than fight. Lewis's observation may seem, at first, to have nothing to do with the existence of God, until we ask ourselves why it is that we are able to argue about anything. We can only argue about something if we take for granted a common standard that is binding on both of us. And if that standard exists and is universal, then it must have a super-natural source that transcends differences in time and culture.

We would not have our court system if we did not all take for granted that things like murder, adultery, theft, and lying are wrong (as opposed to right) and that people who commit one or more of these wrong things know they are wrong and yet do them anyway. The Nuremberg trials of Nazi war criminals could not have been conducted if universal moral and ethical principles did not exist and hold binding power upon all people. Even an atheistic judge would not have let one of Hitler's henchmen off if the henchman had claimed that his actions were carried out in accordance with his own personal moral code and that Nazi ethics were just as legitimate as democratic ethics.

Now, the judge might have argued that the henchman was insane and should be put in an asylum rather than a prison cell, but even in doing that, he would not be arguing that the henchman was "innocent" because universal moral standards didn't exist, but because the accused had an impairment to his brain that made it impossible for him to understand and apply those standards. To proclaim a man innocent by reason of insanity is to say that when he committed his crime, he was not a responsible moral agent. It is also to say that the rest of us are!

Arguments and examples like this could be multiplied, but the fact is that we all know that universal moral standards exist and are binding. How do we know it? We know it because even when we are able to convince ourselves that we can break one or more of those standards in order to achieve our desired ends, we nevertheless expect other people to treat us in accordance with those standards! We know it as well because most of the academics who advocate moral relativism fight for causes (usually liberal ones) that can only be justified by the existence of universal standards of right and wrong.

And yet, in the face of this self-evident truth—that objective moral standards exist—universities continue to teach that morality (especially sexual morality) is man-made and varies wildly from culture to culture. The sophists of ancient Greece taught this as well, and they were just as wrong as their academic heirs today. In the fifth and fourth centuries before Christ, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle rose up to dash the sophists' ethical house of cards, but over the last two centuries, relativism has returned with a vengeance. True, there have been many brave souls in academia (C. S. Lewis was one of them) who have spoken out against this resurgent relativism, but the majority chooses to remain silent or even to propagate the lie that morality is a human invention.

Absurdity #2 There Are No Essential Differences Between Men & Women

At least those who preach moral and ethical relativism from their ivy-covered, tenure-padded offices can claim the sophists as their predecessors. The second absurdity that only a PhD can believe is one that would have been considered ludicrous—if not downright unthinkable—by nearly every human being who lived before the nineteenth century.

Though most Americans fancy that feminism only means "equal pay for equal work," the feminism I have witnessed being taught in our modern universities has little to do with the rules of fair play in the workplace. Students who enroll in a psychology or sociology class today, even if that class is taught in a Christian college, are indoctrinated to believe that there are no essential differences between the sexes. More than that, they are taught that there is no such thing as masculinity and femininity, that the differences we see between boys and girls are merely a product of long-standing customs of socialization, such as giving boys trucks to play with and girls dolls to play with.

Indeed, in discussing the sexes, modern feminists won't even use the word "sexes." For them, "sex" is a bad word, for it connotes an essential link between body and soul. The preferred word today is "gender," a word taken from linguistics but used to mean something that is not inherent in our makeup but constructed by external forces. Masculinity and femininity, that is to say, do not delineate God-created (or even nature-created) natures that we are born with; they are only man-made social constructs. According to Karl Marx, not only our political, religious, and aesthetic beliefs, but even our very consciousness is a product of our socio-economic milieu. For the feminist, gender, too, is a product of social and economic forces over which we have no control. And yet, as any parent who has raised a boy and a girl can attest, the essential differences between the sexes manifest themselves almost from birth and appear regardless of socialization. For the truth of the matter is that not only our bodies but also our souls are masculine or feminine. God made us male and female (Genesis 1:27), and that maleness or femaleness is hard-wired into our physical, emotional, and spiritual nature.

Unfortunately, anti-essentialist feminism carries with it a terrible irony. Although feminism purports to raise the value and status of women, it actually deconstructs femininity, treating it as an illusion or even an aberration. The male chauvinist of the past identified women as unique and different, but then treated femininity as a lesser thing than masculinity. The feminist of today, rather than celebrating femininity as a thing of equal worth, dismisses it as a bourgeois construction.

Far from championing femininity as a beautiful, God-created gift, the feminist absorbs femininity into a hyper-masculine world of competition, struggle, and ideology. As G. K. Chesterton noted a full century ago (in What's Wrong with the World), the proper definition of a feminist is someone "who dislikes the chief feminine characteristics."

Absurdity #3 There Is No Clear Dividing Line Between Humans & Animals

But even the absurdity of anti-essentialist feminism pales in comparison to an even greater absurdity that would have been rejected as unabashed nonsense just twenty years ago. Though I am embarrassed even to think it (much less write it down), a large and growing number of PhDs seriously believe—and teach their students to believe—that the gap between man and animal is merely one of greater or lesser complexity.

If a student were to confront such a professor with the self-evident truth that the difference between man and monkey is qualitative rather than quantitative, he would be dismissed as a naïve creationist. And yet the fact remains that no creature in the animal kingdom has anything even approximating a human soul.

Animals lack both conscience and consciousness, and all the attempts on the part of scientists to "prove" otherwise have resulted in no proof at all. Monkeys can no more be immoral than giraffes can experience guilt and shame. And although wolves move in packs, they are in no way political animals. When a pit bull mauls a child, we do not put the pit bull on trial, for it is not a moral agent.

In The Everlasting Man, Chesterton argues that even in the area of the arts, the difference between man and animal is one of kind rather than degree. Birds build nests that look pretty to us, but the bird is no artist. No animal, he writes, begins to create art; no animal even begins to begin to create art. Art is a wholly human enterprise. The so-called caveman who painted gazelles and horses on the cave walls in Lascaux, France, was neither a half-man nor a half-ape. He was fully human, and the paintings he produced are part of a wholly unique human enterprise. The aesthetic sense, Chesterton reminds us, does not mark an evolution, but a revolution. There is a leap between the bird's nest and the human painting that takes place outside of time. And yet, in the face of all the evidence, the PhD convinces first himself and then his students of something that no sane person should be able to accept.

PhDs are often accused by the less educated of lacking common sense. Though those who level the charge are often motivated by envy, and the charge itself is generally unfair, when it comes to the three absurdities listed above, I'm afraid that the charge is sadly justified. •

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Louis Markos is (www.Loumarkos.com) is Professor in English and Scholar in Residence at Houston Baptist University; he holds the Robert H. Ray Chair in Humanities. His books include From Achilles to Christ, Apologetics for the 21st Century, and Literature: A Student's Guide.


TOPICS: Moral Issues; Religion & Culture; Religion & Politics
KEYWORDS: morality; phd

1 posted on 05/22/2013 2:18:46 PM PDT by SeekAndFind
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To: SeekAndFind

4. Anthropogenic Global Warming is heating the globe.


2 posted on 05/22/2013 2:25:12 PM PDT by Uncle Miltie ("The White House can't be trusted." - Ron Fournier, National Journal)
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To: SeekAndFind

the problem is education sometimes takes the ability to reason and transforms it into the ability for rationalization


3 posted on 05/22/2013 2:26:03 PM PDT by tophat9000 (American is Barack Oaken)
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To: SeekAndFind

4 Man is basically good.


4 posted on 05/22/2013 2:27:06 PM PDT by Raycpa
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To: SeekAndFind

While some that I have known are OK, a lot of the PhDs that I have dealt with are not even smart enough to understand that they ought to take a bath more often than once every week or two, let alone put on clean clothes before they come to work.


5 posted on 05/22/2013 2:29:33 PM PDT by Zeppo ("Happy Pony is on - and I'm NOT missing Happy Pony")
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To: SeekAndFind

Libs:
The more I learn, the smarter I am than other people.

Conservatives:
the more I learn, the more I learn I how much I have yet to learn.

Libs:
Men and women are basically the same and are just smarter animals.

Conservatives:
Men and women are similar as people, but fundamentally different at their core, and both are made in the image of God, their Creator and Sustainer.

Libs:
When I think a new thought or idea, nobody else has ever thought my brilliant, original thought ever before.

Conservatives:
There is nothing new under the sun. Old ideas get a new paint of coat or wording slapped on them and are trotted out as “original” and “novel”.

Libs:
People are basically good.

Conservatives:
People are basically bad. We have to spend far more time teaching kids to be nice and play nice and share, and get over this “me me me” self centered universe. If people were generally nice we wouldn’t need mountains of laws, thousands of courts, judges and lawyers, millions of cops and soldiers, tens of millions of guns, and hundreds of millions of locks and alarms and cameras.


6 posted on 05/22/2013 2:30:00 PM PDT by Secret Agent Man (I can neither confirm or deny that; even if I could, I couldn't - it's classified.)
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To: SeekAndFind

I dated a Serbian PhD and found her to be a whole different animal than the American academics. She pointed out that American academics tend to insulate themselves and never speak to anyone outside their social class so they never face disagreement and can’t really cope with it.

Obviously there are exceptions but my brother in law is a perfect example of the American version. Just the other day my sister was telling me that her husband can’t handle conflict. His parents were college professors and all their friends were college professors so he never had any contact with us “lesser beings” and is often shocked at the little things we do they he would pay someone to do.


7 posted on 05/22/2013 2:32:38 PM PDT by cripplecreek (REMEMBER THE RIVER RAISIN!)
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To: SeekAndFind

It is no proof of a man’s understanding to be able to affirm whatever he pleases; but to be able to discern that what is true is true, and that what is false is false, this is the mark and character of intelligence. — Emanuel Swedenborg


8 posted on 05/22/2013 2:36:08 PM PDT by Lexington Green (First, they came for the Tea Party...)
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To: SeekAndFind

I once did some work for a man who had 3 PHDs, along with multiple MAs and BAs. He didn’t bother getting out of his pajamas during the day. I asked what he did for a living. He chuckled, and told me of his degrees. Then he said, “Watch this.”

He sat down at a typewriter, wrote half a page, and faxed it to about two dozen universities. He informed me that those universities will each send him a check for about $2K for “...sharing my advanced knowledge with them, because I’m a learned man. Ain’t that a hoot?”


9 posted on 05/22/2013 2:36:28 PM PDT by wolfpat (Not to know what has been transacted in former times is to be always a child. -- Cicero)
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To: SeekAndFind

Piled higher and deeper.


10 posted on 05/22/2013 2:36:40 PM PDT by TBP (Obama lies, Granny dies.)
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To: Secret Agent Man

Libs:
There are no moral absolutes.

Conservatives:
There are moral absolutes. Murder is always wrong. Taking God’s name in vain is always wrong. Lying so that an innocent person is punished for something they didn’t do, is always wrong. Unjust persecution of people by individuals, groups, or government, is always wrong.

Libs:
All moral systems are equal and therefore you cannot say one moral system is any better than another.

Conservatives:
All moral systems are not equal and some are far better than others. What if I adopted a moral system that said it was totally acceptable to kill anyone that didn’t agree with me? (ie stalinist communism, pol pot communism, castro communism, mao communism)


11 posted on 05/22/2013 2:36:42 PM PDT by Secret Agent Man (I can neither confirm or deny that; even if I could, I couldn't - it's classified.)
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To: SeekAndFind

A PhD knows more and more about less and less.


12 posted on 05/22/2013 2:36:58 PM PDT by Paladin2
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To: SeekAndFind
...greater independent thought...

Spewed coffee over my shirt on that one. Academic PhDs are butt-smooching automatons. Confusion comes because PhDs are frequently awarded to independent thinkers AFTER they have made some breakthrough.

13 posted on 05/22/2013 2:42:29 PM PDT by jjotto ("Ya could look it up!")
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To: SeekAndFind
What I have more often found (in myself, as well as in others) is that the knowledge acquired puffs up the mind of the PhD, making him feel wiser and more in touch with the truth of things than his less educated fellow mortals.

That's a fair observation. Some of the most arrogant jerks on FR are doctors.

14 posted on 05/22/2013 2:43:44 PM PDT by Cyber Liberty (I am a dissident. Will you join me? My name is John....)
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To: Paladin2

True. Dat.

Specialization, my friend.


15 posted on 05/22/2013 2:47:24 PM PDT by Sir Napsalot (Pravda + Useful Idiots = CCCP; JournOList + Useful Idiots = DopeyChangey!)
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To: SeekAndFind

The fundamental difference between women and men is that men don’t understand women.


16 posted on 05/22/2013 2:48:43 PM PDT by piasa (Attitude adjustments offered here free of charge)
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To: piasa

RE: men don’t understand women.

And women know how to exploit that...


17 posted on 05/22/2013 2:49:54 PM PDT by SeekAndFind
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To: Paladin2

RE: A PhD knows more and more about less and less.

The more you forget, the less you know; so why study? The less you study, the less you forget. The less you forget, the more you know; so why study?


18 posted on 05/22/2013 2:51:07 PM PDT by SeekAndFind
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To: Paladin2

...knows more and more about less and less until he knows everything about nothing.


19 posted on 05/22/2013 2:53:02 PM PDT by jjotto ("Ya could look it up!")
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To: SeekAndFind
I am one of an endangered species - conservative Ph.D.. I don't argue with liberals, waste of my time.

I don't argue with friends or family relations. I don't have a desire to “make” someone agree with me.

Years ago, I had a friend who had enough intelligence to make really big mistakes. I enjoyed her company and she talked all the time. Usually, it was about her various family members and I enjoyed hearing her interpretation of her family. I had no desire to correct her mistakes, I just let it roll off and enjoyed her for what she was.

However, I had another friend who was a stickler for fact and she had an incurable desire to force her way of thinking on everyone. When the three of us were together, the stickler got infuriated every time because she had to convince the talker that she was wrong and the talker wasn't getting it - she just talked longer and refused the logic of the stickler.

I didn't interfere, I just let them go at it, knowing in the end, each would be exactly like she was before it started.

The talker had strange takes on life. One day she said, “I always keep a lot of cash in the house in case a family member gets arrested and needs bail. The jail doesn't want to take checks.”

Inside myself I was laughing. It was just like her to think that and prepare for that event. I suppose at some time in her past, a family member had been arrested for something. Do you have cash set aside in case you get arrested and need cash for bail? That had never crossed my mind.

I enjoyed both of those ladies, but it was war when they got together.

20 posted on 05/22/2013 2:54:41 PM PDT by Marcella (Prepping can save your life today. Going Galt is freedom.)
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To: Uncle Miltie

Any sort of social system they can dream up can be made fact.


21 posted on 05/22/2013 2:55:25 PM PDT by arthurus (Read Hazlitt's Economics In One Lesson ONLINE http://steshaw.org/econohttp://www.fee.org/library/det)
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To: SeekAndFind

#4. I’m smarter than everyone else.


22 posted on 05/22/2013 3:01:05 PM PDT by bigbob
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To: SeekAndFind

#4 There’s nothing wrong with human nature.


23 posted on 05/22/2013 3:03:32 PM PDT by ForAmerica (Texas Conservative Christian Black Man!)
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To: tophat9000
the problem is education sometimes takes the ability to reason and transforms it into the ability for rationalization

And the more absurd the point they are rationalizing, the greater their sense of accomplishment and superiority. Anyone can prove what is patently obvious but as an intellectual exercise it is more interesting and you get more notice when you can build a case for the absurd.

24 posted on 05/22/2013 3:17:57 PM PDT by Teotwawki (For a person to get a thing without paying for it, another must pay for it without getting it.)
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To: Secret Agent Man

Libs:
All moral systems are equal and therefore you cannot say one moral system is any better than another.

They only say that in attacking a system that predominates which they despise. When they impose their own system it WILL be unassailable and absolute.


25 posted on 05/22/2013 3:23:39 PM PDT by TalBlack (Evil doesn't have a day job.)
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To: TalBlack

RE: All moral systems are equal and therefore you cannot say one moral system is any better than another.

Is that a moral statement? If so, is belief in this moral statement a superior belief?


26 posted on 05/22/2013 3:29:28 PM PDT by SeekAndFind
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To: Uncle Miltie

I cornered a phd in electrical engineering with some evidence against global warming. His only response was “why would anyone risk their professional career on something that wasn’t true.”


27 posted on 05/22/2013 3:30:44 PM PDT by PeterPrinciple
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To: SeekAndFind

“Animals lack both conscience and consciousness...”

Maybe he’s never had a cat or a dog as a pet.


28 posted on 05/22/2013 3:51:09 PM PDT by KrisKrinkle (Blessed be those who know the depth and breadth of their ignorance. Cursed be those who don't.)
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To: SeekAndFind

Yes, you have to be taught to be that stupid.


29 posted on 05/22/2013 3:57:04 PM PDT by fortheDeclaration (Pr 14:34 Righteousness exalteth a nation:but sin is a reproach to any people)
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To: Zeppo

Not that far back I watched a bunch of engineers with numerous degrees spend over 10 million dollars producing a design that couldn’t and didn’t work. I later saw an other engineer with just a high school diploma take on the same project and successfully complete it for a few thousand dollars.

It seems that the “professional” engineers used their electronic brains and never realized they had introduced a major error.

The project?

Designing a new gun mount for the AC-130U aircraft.


30 posted on 05/22/2013 4:14:26 PM PDT by Nip (BOHEICA and TANSTAAFL - both seem very appropriate today.)
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To: SeekAndFind
What I have more often found (in myself, as well as in others) is that the knowledge acquired puffs up the mind of the PhD...the real mistake is to confuse spending a lot of time thinking about things and studying them with the idea of being intelligent - those who are really smart probably don't have to spend a lot of time in study and thought - they catch on to things right away......
31 posted on 05/22/2013 4:23:28 PM PDT by Intolerant in NJ
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To: Marcella
When I was in high school I knew a woman who was a vegetarian. Not because she loved animals, but she thought that someday aliens would come to Earth and use "inferior" humans for food, and she didn't want to be a hypocrite.

She wasn't joking.

I wonder what asylum she lives in now.

Probably a professor at Berkely.

32 posted on 05/22/2013 4:26:52 PM PDT by boop ("You don't look so bad, here's another")
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To: Marcella
"I am one of an endangered species - conservative Ph.D."

May I be so bold as to guess your PhD is NOT in "Women's Studies"?

33 posted on 05/22/2013 4:31:07 PM PDT by boop ("You don't look so bad, here's another")
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To: boop
“...NOT in “Women's Studies”?”

Weird university degrees weren't available when I was in colleges/universities. You had to actually learn something worthwhile when I was there.

Counseling Psychology (including Psychological Testing)

I held the following certificates:
Medical Psychotherapist
Licensed Professional Counselor
Assoc. School Psychologist
Special Programs Counselor/Psychological Examiner
School All Level Counselor

34 posted on 05/22/2013 4:45:48 PM PDT by Marcella (Prepping can save your life today. Going Galt is freedom.)
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To: SeekAndFind

PhDs, as is commonly said, know a whole lot about very little. Most of us are way to curious about way too much to concentrate on so little.


35 posted on 05/22/2013 5:02:29 PM PDT by muir_redwoods (Don't fire until you see the blue of their helmets)
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To: SeekAndFind

Just another stupid article written by a moron, proving, if this guy is a PhD, that not everyone awarded one deserves one.


36 posted on 05/22/2013 5:09:29 PM PDT by CodeToad (Liberals are bloodsucking ticks. We need to light the matchstick to burn them off. -786 +969)
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To: Secret Agent Man
Conservatives: People are basically bad. .. If people were generally nice we wouldn’t need mountains of laws, thousands of courts...

I've heard this dichotomy a lot recently and thought before it was the opposite.

Conservatives believe man is basically good and the role of government is further and allow him/her to exercise his innate nature to do what is right. Whereas liberals believe man to be naturally evil and requiring of a strong government to control him/her.

I agree that man's instincts are often evil, but that the moral and religious man emerges with universal values - even if any single individual is unable to follow them.

In this context I think of the founders belief that freedom and the republic depend on moral citizens and no amount of laws can overcome an immoral electorate.

37 posted on 05/22/2013 5:57:27 PM PDT by D-fendr (Deus non alligatur sacramentis sed nos alligamur.)
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To: Teotwawki; tophat9000
the problem is education sometimes takes the ability to reason and transforms it into the ability for rationalization - tophat9000
And the more absurd the point they are rationalizing, the greater their sense of accomplishment and superiority. Anyone can prove what is patently obvious but as an intellectual exercise it is more interesting and you get more notice when you can build a case for the absurd.
. . . which is what you might expect of a Sophist.
And yet, in the face of this self-evident truth—that objective moral standards exist—universities continue to teach that morality (especially sexual morality) is man-made and varies wildly from culture to culture. The sophists of ancient Greece taught this as well, and they were just as wrong as their academic heirs today. In the fifth and fourth centuries before Christ, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle rose up to dash the sophists' ethical house of cards, but over the last two centuries, relativism has returned with a vengeance. True, there have been many brave souls in academia (C. S. Lewis was one of them) who have spoken out against this resurgent relativism, but the majority chooses to remain silent or even to propagate the lie that morality is a human invention.
IMHO claims of “journalistic objectivity” are inherently sophistry, because nobody can know that they themselves - or anyone they agree with - is objective. IMHO journalists use the term “objective” as a code for “wise,” knowing that the Sophists were defeated by the Philosophers on precisely that point.

38 posted on 05/22/2013 7:25:09 PM PDT by conservatism_IS_compassion (“Liberalism” is a conspiracy against the public by wire-service journalism.)
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To: D-fendr

the more laws a country has - if they are godly laws - is a barometer of the moral condition of the general populous.

we had tons less laws when this country was founded. our founders said our system could only work with a moral people self controlling themselves.


39 posted on 05/22/2013 7:56:02 PM PDT by Secret Agent Man (I can neither confirm or deny that; even if I could, I couldn't - it's classified.)
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To: SeekAndFind

That is a wonderful article. Thank You for posting.

I am especially amused by #2, the lack of distinguishing between the sexes.

Male and Female characteristics exist all through the Animal Kingdom. A quick look at a Pride of Lions, or a pair of Peacocks, shows a decided difference. Even when the differences aren’t so obvious, I don’t have to look at an animal’s “undercarriage” to know if it is Male or Female. “Sugar-The-Boxer”, my student’s beloved pet, has a definite Feminine “look” to her Dog-Face. Her “mannerisms” are also VERY Female. Nature is divided perfectly along sexual lines. Anyone who messes with it is being foolish, evil, or both.

As other FReepers have pointed out, there are a number of other STUPID theories to which PHD’s tend to subscribe (AGW, Gaia, etc.).

It is as if they must believe Absurdity in order to feel superior to the “hoi polloi”.


40 posted on 05/23/2013 6:46:20 AM PDT by left that other site (You Shall Know the Truth, and the Truth Shall Set You Free...John 8:32)
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