Well, they were sure driven away from Catholic seminaries. I know some.
Dittos. Unfortunately its still happening in some places.
Vatican II, had to do with the encouragement of the 1960’s. It was just the open acknowledgement, of Rome’s prior real direction of faith. There is no faking the obvious history of staggering papal abuse of the Faithful, by political corruption at the highest points of contact/contract. There is a good reason, you know some who were driven, to not attend.
I know several young men from my own parish...note: several, that left the seminary...they were at Mount St. Mary’s...because of the “shower games” on the third floor.