Is he saying, “God created Muslims in the image of God, too?”
Seems to be, so. And?
He created ALL in His image but many wanted their own image so they sought out ‘religion’ and made it their god. A flavor for every taste.
The others have a relationship with The Father because they want to know God and all about HIM and the imagine they represent. And through His Word they get to know Him more and more and never stop until they are face to face with Him and they will be. His Word is written on their hearts. His seal is on them.