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Jesus: Prophet, Priest, and King [Ecumenical]
LoyolaPress ^ | 1997 | Loyol Press

Posted on 08/08/2013 8:09:57 PM PDT by Salvation

 

Jesus: Prophet, Priest, and King

At your baptism you were marked with oil as a sign that you are consecrated to God and anointed by the Holy Spirit. Your anointing also was a sign that you are joined to Christ and share in his threefold mission as prophet, priest, and king.

The Israelites anointed their priests and kings with oil. They spoke of their prophets as being anointed with the spirit. Jesus, known as the Christ, the anointed one, fills all three roles. According to Luke, at the outset of his public ministry, Jesus read from Isaiah and claimed that the words referred to him:
     The Spirit of the Lord is upon me,
     because he has anointed me
          to bring glad tidings to the poor.
Luke 4:18

A prophet is a messenger sent by God, a person who speaks for God. He or she witnesses to God, calls people to conversion, and may also foretell the future. Prophets often are killed for their message.

Jesus fits this description. He is none other than the Word of God in the flesh. He called the world to turn from sin and return to the Father and was put to death for it. In Scripture Jesus is presented as a prophet. Crowds identified him as “Jesus the prophet” (Matthew 21:11). He spoke of himself as a prophet: “No prophet is accepted in his own native place” (Luke 4:24). He foretold his passion and resurrection.

A priest is a mediator, or bridge, between God and human beings. He offers sacrifice to God on behalf of all. Once a year on the Day of Atonement the Jewish high priest went into the Holy of Holies in the Temple. There he offered sacrifice to God to make up for his sins and the sins of the people.

The writer of the Letter to the Hebrews compared Jesus to Melchizedek, a mysterious, superior priest in the Old Testament who blessed Abraham. Jesus is the greatest high priest. Because he is both divine and human, Jesus is the perfect mediator. He is not only the perfect priest, holy and sinless, but the perfect sacrifice. The sacrifice of Jesus need never be made again. Jesus “entered once for all into the sanctuary, not with the blood of goats and calves but with his own blood, thus obtaining eternal redemption” (Hebrews 9:12). Jesus continues his role as priest. “He is always able to save those who approach God through him, since he lives forever to make intercession for them” (Hebrews 7:25).

A king is a person who has supreme authority over a territory. When the Jewish people were ruled by kings, they became a nation. They longed for a Messiah who would again make them great.

Jesus is spoken of as a king in the Gospels. Gabriel announced to Mary that the Lord God would give her son the throne of David his father, and he would rule over the house of Jacob forever. Magi looked for a newborn king of the Jews. When Jesus last entered Jerusalem, crowds hailed him as a king. He was arrested for making himself king, and the soldiers mocked him as one. When Pilate asked if he were king of the Jews, Jesus replied, “You say so,” and he clarified, “My kingdom does not belong to this world” (John 18:36). The charge written against Jesus was “Jesus the Nazorean, the King of the Jews.” Jesus announced the kingdom of God. His mission was to have God reign in the hearts of all and to have peace and justice in the world. Jesus exercised his royal office by serving.

† Christ, help me carry out my baptismal mission! †



TOPICS: Apologetics; Catholic; History; Theology
KEYWORDS: catholic; jesuschrist
A simple presentation for discussion by all
1 posted on 08/08/2013 8:09:57 PM PDT by Salvation
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To: All
This is an Ecumenical thread.

Please follow the Guidelines of the Religion Moderator when posting on this thread.

2 posted on 08/08/2013 8:11:25 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Religion Moderator

Clicking on the Guidelines link will take you to the Religion Moderator’s guidelines for Ecumenical threads. Thanks for no antagonism.


3 posted on 08/08/2013 8:12:41 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: All
Jesus: Prophet, Priest, and King [Ecumenical]
150 Titles of Christ from the Scriptures [Ecumenical]
Tome of St. Leo the Great on the Two Natures of Christ
Jesus Christ—True God and True Man (¶422-570) [Catholic Caucus]

4 posted on 08/08/2013 8:18:25 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: nickcarraway; NYer; ELS; Pyro7480; livius; ArrogantBustard; Catholicguy; RobbyS; marshmallow; ...

Prophet, Priest and King Ping!


5 posted on 08/08/2013 8:19:29 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Salvation

This missive is succint, simple and Scripturally sound, IMHO.

Jesus Christ is both the Lamb of God, and the Lion of the Tribe of Judah.

His Return in Glory is ever closer!


6 posted on 08/08/2013 8:21:58 PM PDT by One Name (Ultimately, the TRUTH is a razor's edge and no man can sit astride it.)
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To: Salvation

Don’t forget Acts 2:38 and see II Chronicles 7:14
Amos 5


7 posted on 08/08/2013 8:31:29 PM PDT by Southern by Grace
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To: Salvation
Jesus: Prophet,

A prophet is a messenger sent by God, a person who speaks for God.
He or she witnesses to God, calls people to conversion, and may also
foretell the future.

Calling Yah'shua a Prophet would on it's face seem to deny His Divinity.
shalom b'SHEM Yah'shua HaMashiach
8 posted on 08/09/2013 6:56:09 AM PDT by Uri’el-2012 (Psalm 119:174 I long for Your salvation, YHvH, Your teaching is my delight.)
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To: Salvation

Thanks for this.


9 posted on 08/09/2013 7:28:21 AM PDT by Rich21IE
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To: Salvation
and may also foretell the future

Charismatics seem to forget the "may" part. To them a prophet is all about the future.

10 posted on 08/09/2013 7:54:53 AM PDT by Gamecock (Member: NAACAC)
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To: Salvation
Jesus: Prophet, Priest, and King

And the God of all creation in the flesh!
11 posted on 08/09/2013 7:59:14 AM PDT by ForAmerica (Texas Conservative Christian *born again believer in Jesus Christ* Black Man!)
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To: UriĀ’el-2012
Jesus: Prophet,
A prophet is a messenger sent by God, a person who speaks for God. He or she witnesses to God, calls people to conversion, and may also foretell the future.

Calling Yah'shua a Prophet would on it's face seem to deny His Divinity.

Why would it, especially given the definition presented?
Didn't Jesus himself say that he was sent by God? Didn't Jesus say that his words were from God?

Jn 12:44 — Then Jesus cried aloud: “Whoever believes in me believes not in me but in him who sent me.
Jn 5:19 — Jesus said to them, “Very truly, I tell you, the Son can do nothing on his own, but only what he sees the Father doing; for whatever the Father does, the Son does likewise. (Whatever includes speaking.)

So, it would seem that to deny that Jesus is a prophet would be to deny that he was sent from God. And if he was not sent from God, then how can he be God?
Thus denying the role of Prophet becomes denying his divinity.

12 posted on 08/09/2013 9:19:50 AM PDT by OneWingedShark (Q: Why am I here? A: To do Justly, to love mercy, and to walk humbly with my God.)
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To: OneWingedShark
So, it would seem that to deny that Jesus is a prophet would be to deny that he was sent from God. And if he was not sent from God, then how can he be God?

If Yah'shua was sent by YHvH then He is not YHvH.

I believe that Yah'shua NAME in Hebrew means "YHvH is/be my Salvation"

Rom 10:13 for "WHOEVER WILL CALL ON THE NAME OF THE LORD WILL BE SAVED."
shalom b'SHEM Yah'shua HaMashiach

13 posted on 08/09/2013 10:46:58 AM PDT by Uri’el-2012 (Psalm 119:174 I long for Your salvation, YHvH, Your teaching is my delight.)
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To: UriĀ’el-2012
If Yah'shua was sent by YHvH then He is not YHvH.

Wrong.
Jn 6:29 Jesus answered them, “This is the work of God, that you believe in him whom he has sent.
Jesus is obviously talking about himself there, and the reference is that He is sent; he makes it even more clear as the conversation progresses.

I believe that Yah'shua NAME in Hebrew means "YHvH is/be my Salvation"
Rom 10:13 for "WHOEVER WILL CALL ON THE NAME OF THE LORD WILL BE SAVED."

And? I think you're too wound up on 'name', it's not some particular pronunciation that makes it a magic word for salvation: it is who God is.
Or do you think that the God that caused the confusion of languages is too stupid to recognize his own name in another language? Even the prophets were recognized by the translation of their names (e.g. "Elijah" => "Elias").

I believe that this is the reason that God placed the New Testament immediately into Greek, and that translations into other languages started VERY early: God is more understanding than Allah in this matter. The good news of Jesus is for mankind, not some particular linguistic group; hence the great commission:

Mat 28:18-20
And Jesus came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything that I have commanded you. And remember, I am with you always, to the end of the age.”

Besides all of this, to be discriminatory based on languages would make God into one that was a respecter of persons; this is utterly untrue:
"Of a truth, I perceive that God is no respecter of persons: But in every nation he that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with him" (Acts 10:34-35).

James 2:1-13
My brothers and sisters,[i] do you with your acts of favoritism really believe in our glorious Lord Jesus Christ?[j] 2 For if a person with gold rings and in fine clothes comes into your assembly, and if a poor person in dirty clothes also comes in, 3 and if you take notice of the one wearing the fine clothes and say, “Have a seat here, please,” while to the one who is poor you say, “Stand there,” or, “Sit at my feet,”[k] 4 have you not made distinctions among yourselves, and become judges with evil thoughts? 5 Listen, my beloved brothers and sisters.[l] Has not God chosen the poor in the world to be rich in faith and to be heirs of the kingdom that he has promised to those who love him? 6 But you have dishonored the poor. Is it not the rich who oppress you? Is it not they who drag you into court? 7 Is it not they who blaspheme the excellent name that was invoked over you?

8 You do well if you really fulfill the royal law according to the scripture, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” 9 But if you show partiality, you commit sin and are convicted by the law as transgressors. 10 For whoever keeps the whole law but fails in one point has become accountable for all of it. 11 For the one who said, “You shall not commit adultery,” also said, “You shall not murder.” Now if you do not commit adultery but if you murder, you have become a transgressor of the law. 12 So speak and so act as those who are to be judged by the law of liberty. 13 For judgment will be without mercy to anyone who has shown no mercy; mercy triumphs over judgment.
Or do you call Peter and James liars?
14 posted on 08/09/2013 11:17:16 AM PDT by OneWingedShark (Q: Why am I here? A: To do Justly, to love mercy, and to walk humbly with my God.)
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To: OneWingedShark
Mat 28:18-20

"Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost." Matthew 28:19 KJV

Go, and make disciples of all the nations in My Name, teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you,” [[Matt. xxviii. 19.]]

From Proof of the Gospel (the Demonstratio) by Eusebius.

Eusebius (265-339 CE) Bishop of Caesarea around 314 CE

Book III, Chapter 7, 136 (a-d), p. 157

http://www.ccel.org/ccel/pearse/morefathers/files/eusebius_de_05_book3.htm

also
(2) Book III, Chapter 6, 132 (a), p. 152
(3) Book III, Chapter 7, 138 (c), p. 159
(4) Book IX, Chapter 11, 445 (c), p. 175
(5) Book I, Chapter 3, 6 (a), p. 20
(6) Book I, Chapter 5, 9 (a), p. 24

In ~311 CE Eusebius (265-339) Bishop of Caesarea
In his _Proof of the Gospels_
in Book three chapter seven states

Go, and make disciples of all the nations in My Name, teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you,” [[Matt. xxviii. 19.]]
http://www.ccel.org/ccel/pearse/morefathers/files/eusebius_de_05_book3.htm

Apparently Matthew 28:19 was changed
after Eusebius wrote his Proof of the Gospel.

shalom b'SHEM Yah'shua HaMashiach
15 posted on 08/09/2013 1:14:33 PM PDT by Uri’el-2012 (Psalm 119:174 I long for Your salvation, YHvH, Your teaching is my delight.)
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To: UriĀ’el-2012
But the part that I was using remains unchanged.
Moreover, what of Acts and James?
16 posted on 08/09/2013 1:18:21 PM PDT by OneWingedShark (Q: Why am I here? A: To do Justly, to love mercy, and to walk humbly with my God.)
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To: OneWingedShark
Acts 10:34-35

As it relates to what ?

James 2:1-13

See: Romans 2:9

shalom b'SHEM Yah'shua HaMashiach
17 posted on 08/09/2013 1:28:07 PM PDT by Uri’el-2012 (Psalm 119:174 I long for Your salvation, YHvH, Your teaching is my delight.)
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To: UriĀ’el-2012
"Of a truth, I perceive that God is no respecter of persons: But in every nation he that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with him" (Acts 10:34-35).

Obviously the implication is that God will work with/for the 'righteous' (granted, all human righteousness is utterly contemptible compared to God's) to accept them, and this without respect to position or tongue or privilege. — indeed, one could argue that such is the express purpose of the Holy Spirit.

18 posted on 08/09/2013 1:43:30 PM PDT by OneWingedShark (Q: Why am I here? A: To do Justly, to love mercy, and to walk humbly with my God.)
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To: OneWingedShark

19 posted on 08/09/2013 2:39:32 PM PDT by Uri’el-2012 (Psalm 119:174 I long for Your salvation, YHvH, Your teaching is my delight.)
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To: Salvation; alphadog; infool7; Heart-Rest; HoosierDammit; red irish; fastrock; NorthernCrunchyCon; ..
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20 posted on 10/13/2013 10:48:13 AM PDT by narses (... unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you do not have life within you.)
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