Skip to comments.Inconvenient Truths about Race & Slavery
Posted on 05/15/2014 3:29:54 PM PDT by Dqban22
Inconvenient Truths about Race & Slavery
Posted By Jack Kerwick On May 15, 2014 @ 12:20 am In Daily Mailer,FrontPage
The truth is harsh.
So spoke the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, back in the 19th century.
On no topic is the truth harsher than on that of race.
The Eric Holders of the world incessantly bemoan the absence of an honest discussion of race in America. But such a discussion, beginning, as it must, with a discussion of slavery, is actually the last thing that they could afford to have, for such a discussion would include facts that would undermine much of the ideologically-invaluable conventional wisdom concerning this topic.
For instance, the very word slave stems from Slav, i.e. a reference to the experience of millions of (white) Slavish people who endured centuries of slavery at the hands of African Muslims. This, of course, is a most inconvenient truth, for it is a most Politically Incorrect truth. But it is the truth.
Yet the Slavish arent the only whites who spent centuries in captivity: Europeans of various backgrounds were enslaved by African Muslims as well. All of this is heavily documented in such neglected pieces of scholarship as Robert Daviss Christian Slaves, Muslim Masters: White Slavery in the Mediterranean, the Barbary Coast, and Italy, 1500-1800 and Paul Baeplers White Slaves, African Masters: An Anthology of American Barbary Captivity Narratives.
Nor is it just that millions of whites in Europe were made to toil in bondage for hundreds of years. Don Jordans White Cargo: The Forgotten History of Britains White Slaves in America and Michael Hoffmans They Were White and They Were Slaves: The Untold History of the Enslavement of Whites in Early America impeccably establish that whites were enslaved in colonial America as well. Moreover, these brave authors show that the conditions that whites, including, most tragically, white children, had to endure both en route to the colonies as well as once they arrived were at least as dreadful as those experienced by Africans.
The rest of the history
” .. the first slave master in early America was a black man.”
An article in Smithsonian Magazine, a decade or two ago, reported the name of the first owner of enslaved Africans in the Virginia colony, and he was a black man.
I vaguely recall that there was a court case, perhaps in colonial times but maybe later, which was won by a black slave owner. That case established the ownership and slavery for life of another black man. While I believe that the case was heard in Virginia, I may be mistaken on that point.
Michelle Obamas Slave Ancestry, Ann Romneys Atheist Immigrant Father & Presidential Identity Politics
The recent news, emerging from the new book American Tapestry: The Story of the Black, White, and Multiracial Ancestors of Michelle Obama, by New York Times reporter Rachel L. Swarns, finally provides in a detailed history how the First Ladys ancestry, like that of millions of other African-Americans who have had ancestors who were both white slave-owners and black slaves.
must also include today's domestic violence and honest reporting on slavery in Islamic countries. Holder does not want that. Period.
Earlier a talk show host said that to his knowledge DoJ stopped gathering crime statistics where race was included; i.e., white on black, black on white.
I think it is true that (as I call 'em) the Obama-Holder Department of Just Us and Our People have suppressed some very embarrassing race crime facts -- obviously because the stats expose the lies, lies, and more lies of the Victims and Civil Rights industries used to augment the retelling 24/7 of the horrors of 150 years ago.
Just one crime to illustrate. During the years listed above white victims of sex crimes identified black offenders every year -- usually in the range of 10 percent or so of the crimes.
Contrast that with white on black sex crimes.. there were years when there were none..zero.. to be accurate; if any were reported there were so few (less than 10) reported among the tens of thousands that statistically there were zero for each of those years.
What kind of honest race discussion does Obama and Holder want?
If anyone can find Statistical Tables Table 42: "Percent distribution of single-offender victimizations, by type of crime, race of victim, and perceived race of offender" for the years 2009 to the present then I'd appreciate links and may have to apologize for my error if indeed those are the tables like before.
The weaker African tribes were attacked and captured by the more powerful tribes who then sold them to the mudslime slave traders. They then sold the humans to the Dutch or English slave traders who transported them to the New World.
If you ask me, this is all the fault of mudslimes.
.. the first slave master in early America was a black man.
And the first slave master in modern day America is .........
When is tax freedom day this year?
Obama: Descendant Of Slave Owners
Very interesting... didn’t know any of that.
One could make a case that the first black slave owners were the african blacks that captured other blacks and sold them as slaves.
African Slaves In The Arab World
Over 28 Million Africans have been enslaved in the Muslim world during the past 14 centuries While much has been written concerning the Transatlantic slave trade, surprisingly little attention has been given to the Islamic slave trade across the Sahara, the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean.
While the European involvement in the Transatlantic slave trade to the Americas lasted for just over three centuries, the Arab involvement in the slave trade has lasted fourteen centuries, and in some parts of the Muslim world is still continuing to this day. A comparison of the Muslim slave trade to the American slave trade reveals some interesting contrasts.
While two out of every three slaves shipped across the Atlantic were men, the proportions were reversed in the Muslim slave trade. Two women for every man were enslaved by the Muslims.
While the mortality rate for slaves being transported across the Atlantic was as high as 10%, the percentage of slaves dying in transit in the Transsahara and East African slave trade was between 80 and 90%!
While almost all the slaves shipped across the Atlantic were for agricultural work, most of the slaves destined for the Muslim Middle East were for sexual exploitation as concubines, in harems, and for military service.
While many children were born to slaves in the Americas, and millions of their descendants are citizens in Brazil and the USA to this day, very few descendants of the slaves that ended up in the Middle East survive.
WHEN EUROPEANS WERE SLAVES: RESEARCH SUGGESTS WHITE SLAVERY WAS MUCH MORE COMMON THAN PREVIOUSLY BELIEVED
COLUMBUS, Ohio A new study suggests that a million or more European Christians were enslaved by Muslims in North Africa between 1530 and 1780 a far greater number than had ever been estimated before.
In a new book, Robert Davis, professor of history at Ohio State University, developed a unique methodology to calculate the number of white Christians who were enslaved along Africas Barbary Coast, arriving at much higher slave population estimates than any previous studies had found.
Most other accounts of slavery along the Barbary coast didnt try to estimate the number of slaves, or only looked at the number of slaves in particular cities, Davis said. Most previously estimated slave counts have thus tended to be in the thousands, or at most in the tens of thousands. Davis, by contrast, has calculated that between 1 million and 1.25 million European Christians were captured and forced to work in North Africa from the 16th to 18th centuries.
Daviss new estimates appear in the book Christian Slaves, Muslim Masters: White Slavery in the Mediterranean, the Barbary Coast, and Italy, 1500-1800 (Palgrave Macmillan).
Enslavement was a very real possibility for anyone who traveled in the Mediterranean, or who lived along the shores in places like Italy, France, Spain and Portugal, and even as far north as England and Iceland.
Much of what has been written gives the impression that there were not many slaves and minimizes the impact that slavery had on Europe, Davis said. Most accounts only look at slavery in one place, or only for a short period of time. But when you take a broader, longer view, the massive scope of this slavery and its powerful impact become clear.
Davis said it is useful to compare this Mediterranean slavery to the Atlantic slave trade that brought black Africans to the Americas. Over the course of four centuries, the Atlantic slave trade was much larger about 10 to 12 million black Africans were brought to the Americas. But from 1500 to 1650, when trans-Atlantic slaving was still in its infancy, more white Christian slaves were probably taken to Barbary than black African slaves to the Americas, according to Davis.
One of the things that both the public and many scholars have tended to take as given is that slavery was always racial in nature that only blacks have been slaves. But that is not true, Davis said. We cannot think of slavery as something that only white people did to black people.
During the time period Davis studied, it was religion and ethnicity, as much as race, that determined who became slaves.
Enslavement was a very real possibility for anyone who traveled in the Mediterranean, or who lived along the shores in places like Italy, France, Spain and Portugal, and even as far north as England and Iceland, he said.
Pirates (called corsairs) from cities along the Barbary Coast in north Africa cities such as Tunis and Algiers would raid ships in the Mediterranean and Atlantic, as well as seaside villages to capture men, women and children. The impact of these attacks were devastating France, England, and Spain each lost thousands of ships, and long stretches of the Spanish and Italian coasts were almost completely abandoned by their inhabitants. At its peak, the destruction and depopulation of some areas probably exceeded what European slavers would later inflict on the African interior.
Although hundreds of thousands of Christian slaves were taken from Mediterranean countries, Davis noted, the effects of Muslim slave raids was felt much further away: it appears, for example, that through most of the 17th century the English lost at least 400 sailors a year to the slavers.
Even Americans were not immune. For example, one American slave reported that 130 other American seamen had been enslaved by the Algerians in the Mediterranean and Atlantic just between 1785 and 1793.
Davis said the vast scope of slavery in North Africa has been ignored and minimized, in large part because it is on no ones agenda to discuss what happened.
The enslavement of Europeans doesnt fit the general theme of European world conquest and colonialism that is central to scholarship on the early modern era, he said. Many of the countries that were victims of slavery, such as France and Spain, would later conquer and colonize the areas of North Africa where their citizens were once held as slaves. Maybe because of this history, Western scholars have thought of the Europeans primarily as evil colonialists and not as the victims they sometimes were, Davis said.
Davis said another reason that Mediterranean slavery has been ignored or minimized has been that there have not been good estimates of the total number of people enslaved. People of the time both Europeans and the Barbary Coast slave owners did not keep detailed, trustworthy records of the number of slaves. In contrast, there are extensive records that document the number of Africans brought to the Americas as slaves.
So Davis developed a new methodology to come up with reasonable estimates of the number of slaves along the Barbary Coast. Davis found the best records available indicating how many slaves were at a particular location at a single time. He then estimated how many new slaves it would take to replace slaves as they died, escaped or were ransomed.
The only way I could come up with hard numbers is to turn the whole problem upside down figure out how many slaves they would have to capture to maintain a certain level, he said. It is not the best way to make population estimates, but it is the only way with the limited records available.
Putting together such sources of attrition as deaths, escapes, ransomings, and conversions, Davis calculated that about one-fourth of slaves had to be replaced each year to keep the slave population stable, as it apparently was between 1580 and 1680. That meant about 8,500 new slaves had to be captured each year. Overall, this suggests nearly a million slaves would have been taken captive during this period. Using the same methodology, Davis has estimated as many as 475,000 additional slaves were taken in the previous and following centuries.
The result is that between 1530 and 1780 there were almost certainly 1 million and quite possibly as many as 1.25 million white, European Christians enslaved by the Muslims of the Barbary Coast.
Davis said his research into the treatment of these slaves suggests that, for most of them, their lives were every bit as difficult as that of slaves in America.
As far as daily living conditions, the Mediterranean slaves certainly didnt have it better, he said.
While African slaves did grueling labor on sugar and cotton plantations in the Americas, European Christian slaves were often worked just as hard and as lethally in quarries, in heavy construction, and above all rowing the corsair galleys themselves.
Davis said his findings suggest that this invisible slavery of European Christians deserves more attention from scholars.
We have lost the sense of how large enslavement could loom for those who lived around the Mediterranean and the threat they were under, he said. Slaves were still slaves, whether they are black or white, and whether they suffered in America or North Africa.
For example Criminal Victimization, 2010 no mention that I could find of the offender's race. Using Adobe Reader "Find" to search the pdf document for the word offender. And also search for the word race in a separate search.
It only counts if you were black and picked cotton.
There is other research that shows Whites and Indians being sold into slavery by the Puritans in New England. Families that did not conform or individuals, were banished and sent to the West Indies as servants.
So I did try a couple of variations concentrating on the word "offender" and the DoJ's National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS). It appears that they collect offender race data but do not publish that data any longer.
The pdf files now have a different format -- or at least the ones for 2009 and 2012 that I looked at did. And no offender race data published but description of the NCVS did say that the victims were asked to ID the race of the offender. I could not find that data in what I believe to be the new NCVS format.
But until I see a professional prove it I am not 100 percent sure. Simple logic however says it's true because the facts are extremely damaging for the Victims Industry.
Whites are far more often the victims of black-on-white violence of all kinds than the reverse -- plus maybe even worse than the numbers show because I believe that illegal alien and gang-banger Hispanics are counted as white.
Of course the DoJ's NCVS is not the FBI's reported crime stats.
The new search did find a shortcut to Table 42 data for up through 2007 still available on the Dept. of Just Us and Our People here . At least it was there at this at the time I posted this reply. :)
Just one more thing that I found interesting.
I believe that by using DoJ 2007 Table 42 I was able to verify
Patrick J. Buchanan writings in Suicide of a Superpower, An analysis of single offender victimization figures from the FBI for 2007 finds blacks committed 433,934 crimes against whites, eight times the 55,685 whites committed against blacks. Interracial rape is almost exclusively black on white with 14,000 assaults on white women by African Americans in 2007. Not one case of a white sexual assault on a black female was found in the FBI study.
Others reported the same numbers.
But I could not find FBI stats.
Turns out that DoJ stats obtained from interviews with tens of thousands of victims of crime match those numbers.
Crimes of violence against whites 3,262,660 and 13.3 % were black offenders; that's 433,934 times
Crimes of violence against blacks 562,470 and 9.9% were white offenders; that's 55,685 times
Crimes of violence against whites by blacks is 7.79 times the number of crimes of violence against blacks by whites.
Also verified was "Not one case of a white sexual assault on a black female was found."